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November 05, 1965 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-11-05

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THE JEWISH NEWS

incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue

of July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial
Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 48235 Mich.,
VE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid at Detroit, Michigan

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

Editor and Publisher

SIDNEY SHMARAK

CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ

Advertising Manager

Business Manager

CHARLOTTE HYAMS

City Editor

Sabbath Scriptural Selections
.This Sabbath, the 11th day of Heshvan, 5726, the following scriptural selections

will be read in our synagogues:

Pentatevchal portion: Gen. 12:1-17:27; Prophetical portion: Isa. 40:27-41:16.

Licht benshen, Friday, Nov. 5, 5:04 p.m.

VOL. XLVIII, No. 11

Nov. 5, 1965

Page 4

Strength Emerging From Chaos in Israel

Israel's democratic election on Tuesday
was preceded by all the hullabaloo of an
American political campaign. There was a
measure of mudslinging, former pals split
bitterly, a new party was created, there were
charges and countercharges, and the elec-
torate showed signs of impatience with a
party in power.
As in our own experience over the years,
Israelis seemed to be in the mood for "a
change." How often have we heard the cla-
mor: it's time for a change. The fact that
there are too many parties in Israel may have
stood in the way of an actual emergence of
a challenging party strong enough to vie for
first place in Israel's government.
In spite of the Ben-Gurion opposition, the
Mapai labor party must be recognized as the
dominant factor in Israel's political setting.
The prejudices that were so steadily ingrain-
ed against the Herut, the party of the right-
ists, and in opposition to the General Zionists,
in their functions as the Liberal Party, stood
in the way of notable gains by the two groups
that are now merged into one party. But
they may gain ground, and that should be
considered as being in Israel's benefit.
The major fact to be taken into considera-
tion is that the democratic processes func-
tioned in Israel where, as contrasted by the
dictatorial rules in the neighboring Arab
states, citizens have all opportunities to ex-
press independent views in matters involving
the government. It is true that there have
been charges of pressures upon voters ema-
nating from labor union controls. Similar
charges have been leveled at labor leaders
in this country, but it is more difficult to
dictate to voters in larger areas like ours, and

in Israel there may have been submissions to
Mapai-Histadrut threats. But even there such
instances could not have been overwhelming.
Now the independent voter is proving in
Israel that democracy works and that while
there may be crises resulting from the shaky
coalitions, the independent voter who has
shaken the strength of the dominant parties
is proving the validity of the contention that
the Israelis are the most vital factors for the
ideals inherent in democracy in the Middle
East.
Thus, a crucial election in Israel has its
elements of progress that gives assurance of
an uninterrupted and self-strengthening lib-
eralism.
In the course of time, there will no doubt
be stabilization in Israel's governing proc-
esses. Perhaps governments will fall often —
more often perhaps than in Great Britain and
possibly as often as they used to fall in France
in pre-De Gaulle days. But there will be ad-
justments. The need for common action in
the country's defense will assure it. The strug-
gle to retain the status of a state that must
endlessly absorb large numbers of newcomers
will add to the people's determined will to
protect the country's freedoms.
Israel is, indeed, a laboratory for social,
political and economic actions — all of which
played roles in the election on Tuesday. As
in the achievements registered by Israel's
noted scientists, the social experiments, too,
are certain to benefit from the experiences
of the young nation's developing activities.
The events, the debates, even the animosities,
that preceded Tuesday's election, contributed
towards an emerging new strength that will
undoubtedly supplement Israel's other pow-
ers that assure survival.

Old Russian Trick: Dive rt Attention from Guilt

Under the Czars, Russia already had re-
sorted to tricks to divert attention from anti-
Semitism that has been rampant in that
country.
Whenever there arose the Jewish question
and there were proteSts against the anti-
Semitic practices of the Russian rulers, there
were schemes to charge Jews with all sorts
of crimes.
The Russians did not hesitate to charge
Jews with the atrocious blood libel. That
was true in the Mendel Beilliss Case in 1910.
It was true again under the Communists who
permitted this outrageous accusation to
emerge from the Ukraine on several occas-
ions in recent years.
The anti-Zionist resolution at the United
Nations was not a new tactic to link Jews
with Nazism. The Arabs tried it for many
years, and Russia became a partner in an
unholy alliance by carrying the ball for the
faltering Arab bloc from whose .ranks there
hasn't been a new word in the repeating
assaults on Israel and on Jewry since the
emergence of Israel.
It is no wonder that Russia resorts to
such schemes. A glance at the record will
provide proof of a recurring anti-Semitism
in the Soviet Union. An inheritance from
Czarist times, the anti-Semitism of the Com-
munist regime has not abated. It reached
a stage of such shocking proportions, during
the doctors' trials and their accompanying
events, in the era of Stalinism, that Commun-
ist leaders found it necessary to apologize
for them. Then came a period of anti-
Semitic practices under Khrushchev. It was
hoped that the post-Khrushchev experiences
would witness an end to the discriminations.
But there has not been a halt to the outrage-
ous Kremlin policies.
The Legislative Reference Service of the
Library of Congress contains such a tremen-
dous amount of proof of a continuing Rus-
sian anti-Semitic policy that there is cause
for concern-about the future. United States

Senator Philip A. Hart of Michigan had oc-
casion to expose some of the tragedies im-
posed upon Russian Jewry, and in the course
of Senatorial discussions of the events trans-
piring in the USSR presented to the Senate
a mass of material gathered by the Joint
Committee on Slavic Studies of Ann Arbor
which pointed to numerous occurrences that
continue the terror imposed on Russian
Jewry.
The tragedy of the Russian happenings
is that they are inexplainable, that they are
enacted without rhyme or reason against a
loyal element in the Russian population. The
only valid explanation for the existence of
the USSR anti-Semitism is that the Russian
rulers have not been able to shake off the
inheritance from Czarism: a hatred for the
Jewish people.
Meanwhile it is becoming increasingly
more apparent that the Jews in Russia have
not totally abandoned their Jewish loyalties,
that they live in hopes for the coming of
a time when they will be able to share their
Jewish heritage without fear of reprisals
for doing so with their kinsmen throughout
the world. The Simhat Torah celebration at
the Moscow synagogue, last month, was
transformed into a very happy occasion. One
correspondent described the expression of
Joy on that festival as an indication of
"greater leniency toward Jews" by Russian
officialdom. Would that this were true, but
it seemed to have been -negated by the shock-
ing actions of USSR spokesmen at the United
Nations.
Naturally all hope for a change in Ru -s-
sia's attitude. Russia can not possibly bene-
fit from her prejudices. Will she abandon
them? Jews everywhere plead for a change
in policy. But the attitude of hatred seems
to be self-perpetuating. We had believed
that Russia was sensitive to the protests
against her policies. So far these protests
have not borne fruit. We continue to live
' •
in hopes that they will.



-

'Heritage Reader' is Replete
With Most Important Selections

Jewish Heritage, the quarterly published by Bnai Brith, places
emphasis on the highly cultural aspects of Jewish life and on the most
valued of our literary creations. The appearance of a volume containing
the most important selections from the magazine is a welcome contribu-
tion to the Jewish bookshelf.
"Jewish Heritage Reader," published by Taplinger (119 W. 57th,
NY 19), was first presented to Bnai Brith delegates at the convention
held recently in Jerusalem. In an introductory essay, "The Creative
Uses of the Past," Dr. Morris Adler, chairman of the Bnai Brith adult
education commission, poses many questions relating to the status of
the Jew in the modern world, and he asserts that this Reader "presents
a sampling of the many elements of the Jewish past that have shaped
the Jewish present and the issues that grew out of the modern Jew's
confrontation with them." He adds:
"Implied in its very title are both affirmation and challenge. The
affirmation is that the Jewish heritage is significant and enriching and,
like all great heritages of the human spirit, relevant and modern. The
challenge is to transmute the many yesterdays incarnate in the exPer-
ience of the Jew into the resource for fashioning a multitude of to-

morrows."

An essay from Jewish Heritage by Rabbi Adler, "The Jew—A
Profile," is - the leading one in this volume. Another of the included
essays by Rabbi Adler is entitled "Judaism's Central Affirmation."
Included among 'the authors whose works have been selected
for this Reader are many outstanding Jews and non Jews William
F. Albright, Raphael Patai, Ellis Rivkin, Lion Feuchtwanger, Horace
M Kallen, Salo W. Saxon, Erwin Goodenough, Abba Eban, Herbert
H. Lehman, Harry M. Orlinsky, Cecil Roth and many others.
The subjects cover every area of Jewish life, all aspects of Jewish
thought, the philosophical and historical analyses - related to our history
and traditions.
The section entitled "Encounter and Dialogue" contains the eh/is-
Han-Jewish viewpoints, an es-say on Philo, views on folklore, attitudes on
conversions, etc.
Then there is a special section on "Israel Reborn," analyzing tradi-
tions, the new literature, the emergence of a society.
Of special interest is the section devoted to Jewish life in this
country, and the posed question whether Jews can be culturally
creative here is accompanied by essays on education, Jewish writers,
the Jewish community.
Added to discussions of dilemmas and challenges are reappraisals
of existing conditions. Jewish law, the dynamics of Judaism, the new
translation of the Bible are among the included subjects.
A section entitled "Backgrounds and Influences" treats such sub,
jects as "The Shtetl," "The Library in Jewish Life," "Levi Yitzhak of
Berdichev," the Kaddish, Bible, Pharisees, Midrash and many other
titles.
The incorporated essays and documents include the text of the
Israeli court decision "When Is a Jew Not a Jew?"
"Jewish Heritage Reader" is a splendid work. The editor of the
quarterly, Lily Edelman, edited this volume and performed as -spies-
didly in making the selections as she does in editing the magazines
whence the articles are quoted.

-



'The Man' and 'An Infinity of
Mirrors' Out in Paperbacks

Two best sellers now are available in paperbacks, issued by Fawcett
World Library (67 W. 44th, N.Y. 36). •
"An Infinity of Mirrors" by Richard Condon and "The Man" by
Irving Wallace now are available in the popular priced editions, and
best sellers are certain to reach new heights in the paperback claw.
Already reviewed in The Jewish NewS when it first appeared oft
the presses of Random House, in 1964, the novel, "An Infinity of 31/00-
tors," deserves an added commendation. •
It is the story of a half-Jewess who falls in love with a German
officer and goes through all the hells of Nazi experiences. The author
throws out a challenge whether vengeance is in order.
Having utilized all available works dealing with the Nazi holocaust,
Richard Condon paints a picture of the Nazi rule in Paris, of the
German horrors, of retribution, of the moral issues that were involved
in the last war's experiences.
On the best-seller list for nearly a year, "The Man" is the
overwhelming story about a Negro who, overnight, becomes Presi-
dent of the United States.
There is a timely message in this overwhelming drama. It is a
fascinating story, fast moving, filled with emotion, with action, with
challenges for our era and for all time.

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