Latvia Trial Draws Thousands; Guard Tried Again in Germany
RIGA (JTA). — A Riga court,
trying six Latvians on charges of
of the war-time murder of several
thousand Jews in the Latvian town
of Rezneke, hear testimony Tues-
day that the defendants carried
out the killing with such "effici-
ency" that only one Jewish resi-
dent of the town survived.
The only survivor was Jacob
Israeli, then a boy of 14, who was
not killed by the Latvian collabora-
tors with the Nazis because a non-
Jewish neighbor had hid him.
The trial is being held in the
Latvian capital's huge palace of
culture and three of the defendants
are being tried in absentia. Latvian
Soviet officials charged earlier in
the case that Albert Eichelis, for-
mer police chief in Rezneke, was
in West Germany; Boleslaw Mia-
kowskis, a former Rezneke police
officer, in the United States; and
Harold Puntelis, another former
Rezneke police office, in Canada.
The court indicated that a ver-
dict was probable next Friday.
Three defendants present are
Josef Basankowcs, a former
police officer; Yannis Krasofsky,
another former police officer;
and Peter Voicuk, former chief
of the Rezneke prison.
All three pleaded not guilty, con-
tending that they had no choice
but to carry out orders and that
they were merely "minor cogs" in
a machine which they did not con-
The prosecution charged that
Eichelis gave an order that "not
one Jew must remain alive in Rez-
neke" and the other five defend-
ants not only carried out that order
but also took the initiative in mur-
dering Jewish victims. The prose-
cutor said there was conclusive
evidence that the defendants had
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served the Nazis willingly and com-
mitted brutal murders on their
He also noted they had approp-
riated the possessions of their vic-
Thousands of spectators have
crowded the hall during the trial.
The walls of the lobby have been
covered with photographs and
photostatic copies of documents
dealing with the crimes of the de-
fendants. V. Kauka, deputy chief
justice of the Soviet Latvian Re-
public, is serving as president of
Each of the defendants. includ-
ing the three who are missing, has
been assigned legal aid and defend-
ed by a Riga attorney.
Meanwhile in Bonn, George
Schlosser, 51, formerly a guard
in the Czenstochova ghetto in
Poland, went on trial again as a
war criminal. It is his fifth trial.
In 1959 he went on trial on
charges of having killed a Jewish
child, and was acquited. The fol-
lowing year, after an appeal
against the first verdict by the
prosecution, he was tried a second
time, sentenced to 10 years' im-
prisonment, but released when a
higher court canceled the sentence.
His third trial, scheduled in 1962,
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
NEW YORK—Six teen-age boys
w e r e arraigned Wednesday on
charges of burglary and arson in
a two-alarm fire in the synagogue
of Cong. Sons of Israel in Brook-
lyn, which caused damages esti-
mated at nearly $400,000.
Four of the youths were booked
on both charges and the other two
were held on burglary charges
2 Jews Get
American Jewish scientists were
named along with a Japanese phy-
sicist, as winners
of the Nobel
Prize in physics
for 1965. They
are Dr. Richard
P. Feynmari, 47,
sor of theoretical
physics at the
California Insti -
tute of Tech-
nology, and Dr.
also 47, professor
of physics at Har-
Both were born
in New York
Dr. Feynman is a member of the
Royal Society of London and of
the National Academy of Science.
He won the Albert Einstein Award
of the Institute Advanced Studies
at Princeton in 1954 and the Ein-
stein Award of the Albert Einstein
Medical College of Yeshiva Univer-
sity. Dr. Schwinger also is a mem-
ber of the National Academy of
Science which honored him with
its Nature of Light Award in 1949.
Famous 19th Century Painter
Jeremias Fiorino, a German
Jewish artist noted for his paint-
ing on porcelain, was one of the
most famous minature painters of
the 19th Century.
• 27100 LAHSER at 11 Mile
, THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
I 6—Friday, October 29, 1965
death camp, and Josef Erber and
Gerhard Neuber, former SS men
who were defendants at the major
Auschwitz trial held earlier this
year but who were removed from
the list because of illness.
A third Auschwitz trial will open
in Frankfurt towards the end of
1965, according to an announce-
ment by the Frankfurt prosecu-
tor's office which is now prepar-
ing indictment against eight to 10
former SS men for their participa-
tion in the mass murder of Jews.
* * *
Dutch Premier Asked
to Extradite Nazi Aide
THE HAGUE (JTA) — The
Dutch Auschwitz Committee sent
an appeal to Dr. Joseph Cals, the
Dutch prime minister, to take im-
mediate action to extradite Erich
A large number of Nazi war
Rajakowitch from Austria.
criminals are at present standing
The former key aide to Nazi
trial in various towns in West
Adolph Eichmann was arrested and
Germany and many more are ex-
tried in connection with the depor-
pected to be brought to justice
tation of 100,000 Dutch Jews dur-
at trials scheduled to open in
ing the German occupation. He
the near future.
was released from a Vienna jail
On Nov. 14, the so called "Small Oct. 17 after serving three years
Auschwitz Trial" will begin in there.
Frankfurt involving Wilhelm Bur-
ger, a former SS officer and admin-
istrative director of the Auschwitz
Six Teens Charged in $400,000 Fire
at NY Synagogue; Judaica Ruined
• 15565 NORTHLAND Drive
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was postponed because some wit-
nesses were unable to appear.
The forth effort to bring him to
justice resulted in the death sen-
tence for having murdered a Jew-
ish medical orderly, but again the
highest court in Germany reversed
the verdict on grounds that errors
had crept into the proceedings.
A Warsaw report recently
said that Stanislaw Bibinski, a
Pole, who served as a policeman
during the Nazi regime, was sen-
tenced in Poland to 15 years' im-
prisonment at hard labor for kill-
ing Jews during the war period.
The man was convicted at Bialy-
stok of having murdered "a num-
ber of Jews" in the town of Knis-
zin. He was arrested recently after
escaping detection for years by
changing his home and occupation
only. They were released in their
parents' custody for appearance in
Brooklyn Family Court.
The blaze destroyed a priceless
collection of rare Judaica, the ark
with 18 scrolls, a stained glass
window, prayer shawls, and other
Police who rounded up the sus-
pects said the four charged with
arson are believed to have set the
fire for spite. It was alleged that
they broke into the synagogue
seeking something to drink.
Police charged three of the
boys broke into the basement
last Friday and that one of the
three, a 14-year-old, returned
late Monday night looking for
sacramental wine in the com-
pany of three others.
When the four found nothing to
drink, police said, they allegedly
started the fire with prayer books
and left the synagogue ablaze.
When residents of the area saw
smoke pouring out the building
about 11 p.m. they called the fire
department and synagogue offi-
cials, who entered the burning
building and saved some of the
congregation's Torah scrolls.
Israeli Expert Presents
Views on Patents in U.S.
WASHINGTON (JTA) — A pro-
gram envisaging patents as an in-
strument of government policy in
economic development was suggest-
ed by Zeyev Sher, Israeli registrar
of patents, designs and trade marks,
at an international assembly here
commemorating the 175th anniver-
sary of the U.S. patent system.
Sher was invited from Jerusalem,___
by the U.S. Patent Office to addr
the assembly as an o'ficial of at,
of the four developing countrR
honored by inclusion in the pro
gram. The other countries were
India, Mexico and Nigeria.
The Israeli patent expert out-
lined the kind of patent system a
developing country should adopt.
He suggested a concept of regional
offices, an international clearing
house, patent search facilities for
developing nations and an arrange-
ment for settlement of disputes.
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