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Dr. S. G. Meyers
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A Weekly Review
Printed in a
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Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper — Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
OLUME XLVI II—NO. 9
Lack of Action
$6.00 Per Year; This !sue 20c
Pope Will Promulgate Schema
Oct. 28; Acclaim Mingled With
Regrets; Imperfections Admitted
Tensions Taut as 'Third Generation'
Arises Among Refugees ; Pressures
Impose New Arab Group on the UN
By SAUL CARSON
(JTA Correspondent at the United Nations)
(Copyright, 1965, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.—After 17 years of debate on the Arab refugee
problem, one would think that very little that's new could come up in regard
to that issue. But the Arabs have managed to develop new points. Unfortu-
nately, they have exercised enough pressure to involve the top United Nations
official dealing with the refugee problem in the novel
That official, an American named Laurence Michelmore,
is the Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief
and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East.
His annual report of UNRWA activities is, formally, the
topic being debated right now by the General Assembly's
Special Political Committee, the body saddled with the sad
refugee item for so many years.
Mr, Michelmore, an independent agent of the Assembly,
is, nevertheless, bound by the rules to work with a nine-
member advisory commission. Two of the members on that
Carson commission are the leading supporters of UNRWA's heavy
budget—the United States, which pays about 70 per cent of the refugee
relief costs; and Britain, whose contributions over the last 15 years have
totaled $90,524,004 (second only to Washington's huge tab of $364,468,069).
Other members of the advisory commission are France, Belgium, Turkey
and the four "host" governments in whose territories the refugees are main-
tained: Egypt, which runs the Gaza Strip with its 296,941 on UNRWA'S latest
registration lists; Jordan, with a registration of 688,257; Lebanon, with 159,793;
and Syria with 135,772 UNRWA registrants.
It is obvious, as one scans those figures, that the UNRWA relief activities
play a vital role in the economies of the "host" governments. It is to their
advantage to see to it that the relief given is as high and as costly as possible;
and that the registration rolls are at a maximum. Aside from the fact that the
four states want the refugees to maintain their status as a political arm against
Israel is the economic factor. The two factors together, the economic and the
political, go hand in hand as weapons against Israel. UNRWA's rations and
— money boost the Arab economies. UNRWA's enrollment of more and more
rabs year by year, coupled with the Arab propaganda inside the refugee
Amps and out keep tensions taut, maintaining the refugees in an everlasting
Late of hatred against Israel.
Hatred, however, is not enough for the Arabs. They would like the refugees
to fight for their "right" to "return" to Israel. For that reason, a Palestine
Liberation Organization has been formed. The PLO is recruiting refugees for
its army. Swelling the relief rolls being an important economic factor, the
Arab states do not want Mr. Michelmore to delete from his relief rolls any
relief claimants he might deem ineligible for such reasons as death, emigration,
or other types of fraud such as the proven ability of many refugees to support
themselves and, indeed, to wax rich as merchants in Lebanon and elsewhere.
But it is not enough to keep Mr. Michelmore from cleansing the relief rolls
of all the chiselers. He must be forced to add ever more registrants. There are
now "third generation" refugees; these are the children of the children of
those who, originally, were really in dire straits as genuine refugees, So the
Arab states want the "third generation" added to UNRWA's mounting burden.
This, of course, could go on and on, into a fourth, fifth and who knows how
many other generations.
All of these ticklish problems are spelled out in the Michelmore report—.
among other things with which Israel takes issue. But these points are
1. Mr. Michelmore recognizes, for the first time, the existence of the
- PLO—and the question arises immediately: should the United Nations support
people who are enlisted in an army ready to fight another member state?
2. Should the "host" governments dictate to the UNRWA chief on who
is and who is not eligible for relief, even in the cases of known fraud?
3. How far should the "third generation" principle be carried, into how
many generations, for how many more years or decades?
Israel, and Israel's friends, are asking these questions right now in the
General Assembly's Special Political Committee. Not all are voicing the
questions openly; some are making the points quietly, in subtle diplomatic
language, behind the scenes. Some of the questioners are not here, but
ever-present and perhaps decisive. These are the members of the U.S. Congress
who are getting tired paying the UNRWA bills which have now totaled well
over a half-billion dollars for the U.S.A. alone.
It may be that the Arab states are overplaying their hands. In any event,
these are the principal points in this year's very bitter Arab refugee debate.
ROME (JTA) — Pope Paul VI will formally promulgate the Declaration on
Relations of the Church with Non-Christian Relations, which includes the chapter
on Catholic relations with the Jews, during the Ecumenical Council's next public
session, Oct. 28, it was announced officially by the Council's press office.
The announcement noted that Oct. 28 is the anniversary of the election to the
papacy of the late Pope John XXIII, and that the scheduling of the promulgation
of the decree was done under instructions by Pope Paul. (Pope John XXIII had
initiated the move for the drafting of a church document repudiating the ancient
charge that the Jews were responsible for the killing of Jesus.) That document,
with certain amendments, was adopted by the overwhelming vote of 1,763 to 250.
Early scheduling of the promulgation of what many here call "the Jewish
document" came as a surprise. The fact that a public session would be held Oct. 28
was announced last Friday, and four schemas had been scheduled for promulga-
tion. The document referring to the Jewish and other non-Christian religions had
not been mentioned in connection with the Oct. 28 session. After the Pope's prom-
ulgation, the document will become official Catholic doctrine, binding on all Cath-
olics around the world.
Pope Paul told thousands of persons gathered in St. Peter's Square Sunday
(Continued on Page 8)
The Final Pitch . . . and a Championship
This was Sandy Koufax's last pitch—and his tenth strikeout—in the crucial
game that won the world series for the Dodgers. A depressed Minnesota crowd of
50,596 was silent as the verdict was sealed, but from all ends of the sports world
came acclaim for the "greatest pitcher of all time," as the 29-year-old Sandy chalked
up a second victory in the series and a great gain for his team.
Koufax, who won two of the world series games for his team, was credited
with the loss of the second game. In that game he was tagged for two runs, one
He won 26 games this year, losing eight.
He struck out 282 batters during the season, setting a new all-time record.
In four seasons, he pitched four no-hit, no-run games and the one this year
was a perfect game, in which he faced 27 batters and didn't allow a single walk or
a single hit.
Sandy was the unanimous choice of the United Press sports writers for a place
on the 1965 major league All-Star Team.
Adding to the honors he had earned, Koufax received a Corvette automobile
that Sports Magazine annually awards to the outstanding performer in the World
Series. Even before he pitched the final and winning game in the World Series,
Koufax had a $100,000 offer from Viking Press to produce his autobiography. And
he already has been assured a $100,000 Dodger contract for 1966.
Koufax not only did not play on Yom Kippur but spent the Day of Atone-
ment in St. Paul's Conservative Temple of Aaron.