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JEWS IN SWEDEN: The taxi drivers in Stockholm, the capital
of Sweden, are not Jewish . . . But ask anyone of them to drive
to the Jewish community headquarters, or to the synagogue located
close to the community headquarters, and you do not have to give
him the address . . . Situated in the heart of the city, the imposing
building of the synagogue stands out with its Hebrew inscription
hammered out in gold over the entrance, welcoming "the near and
the far" into its premises ... Few come there except on Rosh Hashanah
and Yom Kippur, despite the fact that Sweden has now a Jewish
population of about 12,000 . . . And when the Jewish community of
Stockholm needed a rabbi now, after the death recently of its chief
rabbi Prof. Kurt Wilhelm, it had to import him from the United
States . . . The induction ceremony of the young American rabbi—
Dr. Morton Narrowe, who served as rabbi in the U.S. on one of the
satellite bases near Cape Kennedy—was a big event in the Stockholm
Jewish community . . . But it was attended by fewer than 200 people
when it took place on a Saturday in the synagogue . . . On any other
Saturday, the big beautiful synagogue can hardly boast such a "huge"
attendance . . . This is because Jewish life in Sweden is very limited.
. It would have been even more limited, were it not for the fact
that of the 12,000 Jews residing in the country now, about 6,000 are
comparative newcomers—Jews who settled in Sweden during or after
the war . . . Of all the countries in Scandinavia, Sweden was the
only country which was not invaded by the Nazis, and thus became a
haven of refuge for the more than 6,000 Jews who were smuggled
out from Denmark into Sweden, as well as for about 6,000 Jews from
other countries, especially for Jews liberated from Nazi camps . . .
When the war was over, all the Danish Jews—who had been given
all the possible aid by the Swedish government during their stay in
Sweden—returned to their homes in Denmark, while other Jews
emigrated to the United States, Israel, France, or returned to their
native lands from where they escaped during the Nazi regime . . .
Thus the number of Jews in Sweden, which reached 18,000 during
the war years and immediately after the war, dwindled to 12,000
now . . . This is double the original number of Jews who resided in
Sweden before the war .. . This increased stream of "Jewish blood"
had done much to maintain Jewishness in Sweden, where assimilation
among the native-born Jews is high and where at least half of the
Jewish marriages are mixed marriages.
COMMUNAL LIFE: Intermarriage among Jews and non-Jews in
Sweden is very high, because—like in the other Scandinavian coun-
tries—the population makes no distinction between Jew and non-Jew
in any walk of life . . . Anti-Semitism is completely alien to the
Swedish people, even though Nazis from Germany have made Stock-
holm one .of their stations from which they disseminate their propa-
ganda . . . The Swedish government is Socialist, and Jewish educa-
tional and social welfare institutions are maintained by the govern-
ment as part of the general system of a social welfare state . .
However, the government support no religious institutions . . . For
this, the Jewish community is helped by the government to impose a
special voluntary tax on any Jew who wants to be considered a Jew.
... This tax constitutes 2.7 percent of the income tax and brings into
the community about $250,000 a year, in addition to other income
which the community has . .. Practically every Jew, including high
government officials who have long been assimilated or intermarried,
pays this tax to the community . . . Few refuse to pay by claiming
that they don't consider themselves Jews any longer . . . They are
then stricken off from the register of the Jewish community . • .
There have been eases when, after their death, their non-Jewish wives
and children wanted the Jewish community to bury them in the
Jewish cemetery . . . However, the community leaders are reluctant
to comply with such requests, since the deceased had renounced his
Jewishness during his lifetime . . . The Jewish community struggles
bravely to strengthen Jewishness among the Jews in Sweden where
religion is not of major importance among the large majority of the
Jewish population . . . Because few attend synagogue services and
know practically nothing of Jewish folklore, the Stockholm Jewish
community has issued some of the Jewish prayers in the form of a
musical record—with chorus and orchestra—to be played in Jewish
homes ... It imports kosher meat from Denmark, and because it does
not pay to maintain a matzo bakery in Sweden, it imports matzo
for Passover from England and the United States . . . It maintains
a Jewish library in the community headquarters and has a Hillel day
school, an afternoon school and a kindergarten .. . It also maintains
an Institute for Information on Jewish Culture and a Jewish Commu-
nity Center which was established about two years ago The Center
houses the local Jewish youth groups.
EYES ON U.S.: Besides bringing over a rabbi from the United
States, Jewish leaders in Sweden are interested in studying the
methods of organized Jewish community life in the United States
where intermarriage is also becoming a problem in the smaller corn-
mtmities . . . Only about a half of Sweden's 12,000 Jews live in Stock-
holm, the remainder being scattered in smaller cities like Malmo
where there are about 450 Jewish families, or Goteborg where the
Jewish community is very small, or even in smaller towns . . . David
Kopniwsky, director of the Stockholm Jewish Community, has made
a trip to the United States where he stayed for several months
studying Jewish social work methods and the activities of the Jewish
Federations and Welfare Funds . . . He now maintains permanent
contact with the Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds
in New York and corresponds with a number of top executives of
Jewish federations in a number of American cities . Zionist leaders
in Stockholm are simultaneously maintaining close contact with Israel
and raise funds for the Keren Hayesod and the Jewish National Fund.
There is a Zionist Federation office functioning in Stockholm,
and an organization of Women Zionists, a Maccabi organization and
other Zionist youth groups .. . There are also offices of Bnai Brith
and of the World Jewish Congress functioning in Stockholm . . .
However, the continuity of the almost 200-year-old Jewish community
in Sweden depends on whether the stronger Jewish communities in
the world—like the Jewish community in the United States, or Israel,
or both—will come to the aid of those in Stockholm who seek to
counteract assimilation and intermarriage by increased Jewish
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, October 15, 1965-15
Starts 'Silver Year'
of Temple Israel
The first in a series of special
events celebrating Temple Israel's
25th anniversary year will be the
presentation of the "Sacred Serv-
ice for the Sabbath" by world-re-
nowned French composer of the
Jewish faith, Darius Milhaud, at
the Sabbath Eve Service, 8:30 p.m.
The Kenneth Jewell Chorale will
sing with Cantor Harold Orbach in
the performance of this religious
After services, the congregation
will enter the sukkah especially
designed and constructed for the
temple by its Garden Club.
in Kansas Sends Its
Torah Scrolls to Israel
LEAVEN-WORTH, Kan. (JTA)-
The decline of the once-flourish-
ing Jewish community of Leaven-
worth has prompted two of the
few remaining Jews there to turn
over three Sifrei Torah to Israeli
authorities for needy synagogues
Leavenworth is the site of the
first synagogue in Kansas, erected
in 1864. Mount Zion Cemetery is
the oldest Jewish burial ground
in Kansas, containing tombstones
dating back to 1857. In recent
Latvians on Trial Charged German Worshipers Find
With Murder, Complicity Synagogue Desecrated
DUSSELDORF — Anti - Semitic
leaflets were found on synagogue
steps by Jewish worshipers on
their way to High Holy Day serv-
ices. Police said it was not known
who scattered the leaflets, which
bore such slogans as "Death to the
15,000 Jews plus an unspecified Jews" and "Jews Get Out."
number of Latvians and gypsies,
You can't get blood from a tur-
and causing 5,000 Jews to be
caught by the Nazis for shipment nip.
to annihilation camps, according
to a dispatch received here from
The Soviet authorities, it was in-
dicated, plan on making a show
trial of the proceedings. The re-
port stated that the site of the
trial had been moved from the
Riga court house to the city's
House of Culture, so that more
members of the public could at-
(to qualified applicants)
Among the defendants is Albert
Echelis, former administrator of
the Rezekne District, who is
charged with personal participation
in many of the executions of Jews.
The indictment against the men
stated that few of the 5,000 Jews
Open Mon. thru Sat., 9:30 to 4:30
Sat. to 6 p.m.
they had helped toward deporta-
tion survived the death camps.
4 CONVENIENT OFFICES
Among the other defendants is the
• 17000 W. 8 MILE RD.
former deputy governor of the
• 15565 NORTHLAND Drive
LONDON (JTA) — Six Latvians,
several of whom had held high
police or administrative posts in
Latvia during the era of the Nazi
occupation of that region, went on
trial at Riga, capital of Latvia,
Monday on charges of murdering
Of the 16,863 psychiatrists in the
United States, nearly a quarter
practice in New York State. Cali-
fornia is second with 2,100, and
Pennsylvania comes in third with
years, the town has become one 1,079.
almost without Jews, most of the
Jewish families having moved to
other cities and few new ones
settling there. The Jewish person-
nel at Fort Leavenworth come
• 20000 W. 12 MILE
• 27100 LAHSER at 11 Mile
For these reasons, Meyer Gar-
finkel and Joe Kram became
concerned over the eventual fate
of the three Torans in the ark of
their largely-unused Leaven-
worth synagogue. They conferred
with Rabbi Maurice D. Solomon
of Kehillath Israel Synagogue
in Kansas City, who suggested
that the scrolls be sent to Israel.
The scrolls were properly
packed and shipped to Israel Con-
sul Haim Zohar in New York, who
arranged for transhipment to the
Israeli Minuistry for Religious Af-
fairs for distribution.
3,500 Join Israel Program
JERUSALEM (JTA)—The Jew-
ish Agency reported that 3,500
Jewish teachers, rabbis and uni-
versity students from 14 countries
took part this year in the Agency's
vacation-in-Israel summer program
during 1965. The largest single
group came from the United
States. Since the program was
started 15 years ago, nearly 29,000
Jews have taken part.
GERALD D. KRAUSE .
It is a pleasure to announce that Mr. Krause has received
the man-of-the-month award as the most outstanding repre-
sentative of our organization for the month of September.
The award is in recognition of his excellent service to his
clients and our organization during this month.
Mr. Krause is a graduate of Michigan State University. He
is active in the MSU Oakland Alumni Club.
You may reach Mr. Krause at
DENNIS J. FLYNN, C. L. U. & ASSOCIATES
770 South Adams Road — 647-4940
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