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September 24, 1965 - Image 62

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-09-24

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Sabato Morais, Seminary Founder, Championed Rights Battle in Pulpit

BY RABBI SAUL I. TAPLITZ

(Seven Arts Feature Syndicate)

American Jews who today are
taking a vigorous part in the fight
for equal rights for their Negro
fellow-citizens are following a tra-
dition established by the great
men who laid the ground-work for
the development of American
Jewry.
Foremost among these illustrious
figures was Sabato Marais, a foun-
der of the Conservative movement
and of the Jewish Theological
Seminary of America.
In 1851, Morais received a call
to leave his native Italy to take
over the pulpit of the Mikveh
Israel Congregation in Philadel-
phia. He found a community bit-
terly divided on the abolitionist
issues of that day.
His conscience allowed no corn-
promise. In spite of the bitter op-
position of his congregation, which
included a powerful minority in
favor of slavery and of laissez-
faire, he continued to deliver fiery
sermons protesting the injustice
of slavery. This brought about a
congregational crisis.

An extraordinary meeting of
the board of managers was con-
vened and the pro-slavery group
forced a resolution forbidding
their rabbi to deliver English
discourses from the pulpit with-
out written authorization. Yet,
although his public addresses
were temporarily restricted, Mo-
rais made no secret of his sym-
pathy with the Negro cause.

His main life's work was yet to
come.
Sabato Marais was one of the
far-sighted leaders at the dawn of
the century who stood at the turn-
ing point—and whose efforts help-
ed to save Judaism at a time of
crisis.
Recognizing that Judaism had to
take a new dynamic form if it were
to survive the challenges arising
in the New World, they were con-
cerned to ensure that such changes
result in strengthening the his-
toric chain and in affirming the
tradition of Torah.
Morais and his colleagues, in
promulgating the philosophy of
Conservative Judaism, took their
stand upon the precedent estab-

lished by the ancient Torah sages,
who were constantly reinterpreting
and molding the pattern of the
law, adapting it to the new condi-
tions and insights of their age.
The disunity in American Israel
was distressing to Morals, and it
was his earnest endeavour to at-
tain a closer relationship with the
movements that flanked Conserva-
tism on each side. But his hopes to
attain some theological unity with
his Reform colleagues were shat-
tered in his lifetime.
Morais realized that the doc-
trines of the Hebrew Union Col-
lege at Cincinnati, the clerical

Judaism. The Sunday school move-
ment in Philadelphia looked to
him as its founder.
In 1887, the University of
Pennsylvania awarded Dr. Marais
the honorary degree of doctor of
laws—the first time a Jew had

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been so honored.

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Holiday Greetings

THE WALTER CARROLL COMPANY

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110 N. Waterman
trsinsimnsinsary

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Best Wishes on the New Year

CENTRAL HEATING COMPANY

Gas Oil

-

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Warm Air-Conditioner - Repairs of All Kinds

D. A. LAVEN

15905 James Couzens Hwy.

UN 2-9517

New Year Best Wishes

CENTRAL SCRAP IRON
& METAL CO.

Happy New Year
To The Jewish Community

Dealer in All Kinds of Scrap and Metals

LAND 0' LAKES CREAMERIES, INC.

9140 Roselawn

Jack Levenson and Jack Ellish

17239 Swift Ave. at 6 Mi. Rd. & Russell,

TE 4-1400

SABATO MORAIS

RALEIGH. HOUSE

Ribs — Chicken — Shrimp
ground of the Reform
Speedy Delivery
movement were such that it was
20050 Livernois
UN 4-7700
impossible for the young Con-
servative element to continue to ,615-611121-6151=IMMMSISI °oda a a or'5211511-6111/11M •ifb rtns-6-56-3
share its academic facilities.

863-0770

It was decided that the time had
come to establish an institution of
Jewish learning that would train
rabbis for American pulpits in ac-
cordance with the principles of
Jewish tradition.

New Year Greetings

Desmond Process Supply Co.

Silk Screen Colors — Supplies — Equipment

862-1115

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Happy New Year

C
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DETROIT DRIVES SERVICE

Personal Cars Delivered Anywhere

6834 West Warren

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,

In January, 1886, Morais is-
sued a declaration signed by
himself and six other rabbis an-
nouncing that since it was im-
perative to make a strong ef-
fort for the perpetration of
Judaism in America" . . . it is
proposed to form an institution
in which Bible and Talmud shall
be studied to a religious pur-
pose." The Seminary would be
". . . dedicated to the knowledge
and practice of historical Juda-
ism."

On Jan. 2, 1887, the Jewish
Theological Seminary of America
formally opened its doors in the
Happy New Year — Shalom Aleichem
building of Cong. Shearith Israel
in New York, with Sabato Morals
presiding.
Dr. Marais was designated as
15349 Wyoming
the first president of the Semi-
863-8424
nary's faculty and its professor
of Bible. He remained dedicated
to the Seminary and occupied its



■ ■
■13■0■

position until his death Nov. 11,
Sincere Wishes for a Most Happy New Year
!
1897, at the age of 74, continuous-
ly journeying from Philadelphia
to New York despite great physi-
cal strain and suffering.
Custom Collision Work on All Makes of Cars
The influence of Sabato Morair
ALL WORK GUARANTEED
i
was keenly felt in many areas of
i 8524 Dunbarton Rd., near Grand River
TY 8-5600 I Jewish and American life. The
.-........--------------------,.--n-.J range of his interests and knowl-
edge was prodigious—and he wrote
prolifically on a vast range of
themes from theology to politics,
literature and current affairs.
He reaped honors and accolades
Best Wishes for a Happy New Year
from outside the community, and
even outside the nation. He was
To Our Customers and Friends
involved in the cause- of freedom
and unification of the land of his
birth, and Joseph Mazzini, the re-
nowned Italian patriot, was an in-
timate friend.
In recognition of his efforts for
the Union cause, the prestigious
Union League of Philadelphia
elected him an honorary member.
His home was a place where
young people were accustomed to

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training

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R.

-

',„szasuuuusuzassuuta.suuususssuuuts.asza
New Year Greetings to All Our Friends,
Relatives and Customers

Happy New Year
from everyone at the

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CLAM SHOP

2675 E. Grand Blvd.

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Happy New Year to Our Friends and Patrons

COHEN & SON
Kosher Meat & Poultry Market

26035 Coolidge

LI 7-4121

Best Wishes To All Our Friends
Relatives and Customers For a
Joyous and Healthy New Year

COLLECTION ASSOCIATES

19166 James Couzens

DI 1-6100

0.11ft ,

CADILLAC BODY SERVICE

L

DRAKE
PRINTING CO.

2000 W. 8 Mile Rd., Ferndale, Mich.
LI 5-6600
JO 4-5750

Holiday Good Cheer

gather to receive instructions in

New Year Greetings

CURNOW MORTGAGE CORP.

14711 W. 8 Mile Road

UN 4 3210

-

Happy New Year To Our Friends and Patrons

Delite Cleaners and Laundry

"Send It To Delite and be Delighted" — Complete Alterations

Insured Storage — We Own and Operate Our Own

12931 W. Seven Mile Rd.
10006 W. Seven Mile Rd,

Happy

New Year

DELUXE STAMPING CO.

569 E. 10 Mile Rd., Madison Heights

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
62-Friday, September 24, 1965

JO 4-6432

Plant

UN 4-8722
UN 1-3024

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