Israel to Build New Plant for Desalination in Negev
Abraham Beanie Nominated N. Y. C.
Democratic Mayoralty Candidate
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
NEW YORK—The prospect that
New York City may have its first
Jewish mayor emerged Wednes-
day from the victory of Abraham
Beame as the Democratic nominee
for mayor in the November elec-
Beame, now New York City's
controller, defeated three other
candidates for the Democratic
nomination in the Democratic pri-
mary election Tuesday.
The fact that Democratic regis-
tration in the city is three and a
half times that of Republic regis-
tration gives the Jewish Demo-
cratic nominee a strong hope of
'defeating his Republican-Liberal
opponent, John V. Lindsay, on
Nov. 2. Democrats have controlled
New York City government for
more than half a century. The
only Republican mayor in recent
history was Fiorello LaGuardia.
The losers included Orin Leh-
man, a grandnephew of the late
Sen. Herbert H. Lehman, a can-
didate for City Controller on the
ticket headed by the present New
York City Council President Paul
Screvane. Lehman, making his
first bid for public office, was
widely believed to have been
chosen to provide a Jewish name
for the Screvane slate. With
294,000 votes he ran ahead of
Screvane by more than • 25,000
votes in incomplete returns.
The 59 - year - old Democratic
nominee was born in London and
was brought to the United States
as an infant. He has lived in
Brooklyn ever since. A graduate of
City College of New York, he
taught accounting for many years
before becoming a partner in a
city accounting firm. He resigned
to enter city service as assistant
budget director and then director
from 1946 to 1952. He was elected
controller in 1961. In New York
City's administration, the control-
ler is the third highest municipal
officer after the mayor and presi-
dent of city council.
JTA Poll Confirms Critical Shortage
of Jewish Welfare Personnel in U.S.
By BEN GALLOB
(Copyright, 1965, JTA, Inc.)
NEW YORK (JTA)—A survey
by the Jewish Telegraphic Agency
of the much-discussed shortage of
professional personnel in Jewish
communal and welfare agencies
confirmed the critical nature of
the shortage and found that it was
growing steadily worse.
Experts in the Jewish field em-
phasized to the JTA that the per-
sonnel shortage in the Jewish
agencies reflects the general short-
age stemming from the burgeon-
ing expansion of welfare services
to Americans generally.
Among the organizations strug-
gling with the problem are the
Council of Jewish Federations and
Welfare Funds, the National Jew-
ish Welfare Board, the Hillel
Foundations and the National
Council of Jewish Women.
Their tools are scholarships to
help Jewish students obtain gradu-
ate degrees in social work—usual-
ly on condition that the recipient
pledges to join a Jewish agency
staff upon graduation — and re-
One of the hardest hit areas is
that of Jewish Centers and Ys.
Consequently the National Jewish
Welfare Board, which acts as a
central service for these institu-
tions, has given the problem con-
siderable attention and effort.
The shortage occupied much
of the agenda of the JWB bien-
nial convention last year in De-
troit. Its gravity was outlined
by Arnuif Pins, former director
of the JWB Personnel Set-vice,
now associate director of the
Council on Social Work Educa-
Dr. Pins told the delegates that
10,000 to 15,000 new social work-
ers are needed each year just to
replace personnel. Schools of so-
cial work have been graduating
only about 2,000 students a year.
These data are significant to
Jewish personnel hunters because
there are no Jewish-sponsored so-
cial work schools, and the Jewish
agencies must bid against the
whole array of government and
Dr. Pins estimated that there
are 2,200 full-time professional
workers in Jewish social services
throughout the United States. As
of mid-1964, he reported, there
were 315 unfilled positions in
Jewish social service, with 200 of
the openings in Jewish centers.
A JWB source said this week
there had probably been no im-
provement in those figures since
a year ago. Another source told
the JTA that the situation had
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, September 17, 1965-5
The salary and other scales in
the Jewish field have risen over
the years, but not enough to en-
able Jewish bidders to outbid
non-Jewish personnel hunters con-
sistently. Moreover, even when a
Jewish agency does not get quali-
fied workers, the competition does
not end at that point. Raiding is
not at all rare. The JTA was told
that as many as 25 per cent of
workers in Jewish communal and
welfare services are lured annual-
ly to non-Jewish placements.
JERUSALEM (JTA)—The Israel
finance ministry approved the gov-
ernment's participation in construc-
tion of a $2,000,000 desalination
plant in the northern Negev. The
UN Special Fund will finance 40
per cent of the investment.
The plant, to be located at Tzel-
lim, about 15 miles from Beershe-
ba, will use an electrodialytic meth-
od, instead of the freezing-evapora-
tion method developed by Dr. Alex-
ander Zarchin. The plant will have
a purification capacity of 1,250,-
000 gallons per day.
Meanwhile the Mekorot Water
Co. said it would spend 103,000,000
pounds ($34,000,000) on water de-
velopment projects during the corn-
ing year, half of it to complete
the National Water Carrier project.
The project taps the Jordan River
Rabbi Shulem Rubin of the
Bronx who ran for public office
against the president of his own
Congregation, conceded defeat
Wednesday in the Democratic
Rabbi Rubin, whose selection as
a contender for the Democratic
nomination in the 36th State Sena-
torial District touched off wide-
spread controvery, ran against in-
combuent State Senator Abraham
Bernstein, president of the Young
Israel Congregation of Pelham.
His selection also caused wide-
spread search into public records
to determine whether he was the
first practicing rabbi to run for
public office in American history.
The matter was not clarified.
VA or FHA
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Altman, an attorney, fiddled his
way through the campaign, com-
bining speech making with play-
ing, His opponent, Robert Rubin-
stein, was defeated 5,962 to 4,254.
section. It was also announced that
water was discovered through a
new artesian well near Ein Hat-
zeva in the Negev desert.
Another candidate in Tuesday's
election, former concert violinist
Benjamin Altman, won the Dem-
ocratic nomination for New York
State Assembly from the 95th
District in the Bronx.
to irrigate Israel's northern Negev
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