c El Fatah Now
' Makes Lebanon
Duties to Solve
HE JEWISH NEWS
VOLUME XLVI I I—NO. 2
A Weekly Review
TEL AVIV (JTA)—The Israel government asked the United Nations Israel-Lebanese Mixed Armistice Commission to
investigate a new raid by El Fatah terrorists, in which an irrigation pipeline was blown up at Ramim, near the Lebanese
border Aug. 226.
Israeli officials said the saboteurs came from a base in Lebanon. Footprints of two men were found leading from and
back to Lebanon. The explosion wrecked a length of pipeline between the settlement's residential area and orchards to the
The raid was described as the first incursion from Lebanon since May. Israeli authorities were °described as having been,
on the whole, satisfied that the Lebanese government had been dealing firmly with the Fatah raiders. Since May, s e v era 1
Fatah raids were made from Jordan. Israel reportedly warned Lebanon that it regarded the incident as "serious."
of Jewish Events
Yom Kippur and
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper —Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
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Washington, West German Functions
Glorify Ex-Nazis and Russian Fascists
22 Parties Compete
In Israel's Election
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
TEL AVIV—Election officials reported Tues-
day that 22 party lists will compete for parlia-
mentary seats in the elections Nov. 3.
A new entrant will be the National Workers
List led by former Premier David Ben-Gurion in
the Mapai party-splitting challenge to the leader-
ship of Premier Levi Eshkol. Rafi, the new party,
expects to seek seven parliamentary seats.
The first party to complete its Knesset list was
the left-wing Mapam, an opposition party. Mapam
set aside the recommendations of its appointment
committee to give a "new look" to its Knesset
list for a campaign in which, for the first time
since the creation of Israel, Mapai's long domin-
ance appears shaky.
Four of the first nine places on the Mapam
list, considered certain of election, were given to
new candidates. Mordecai Bentov and Israel Bar-
zilai, two former cabinet ministers, were rele-
gated to lower places on the Mapam list. The
first two places on the list went to veteran lead-
ers Meir Yaari and Yaakov Hazan. Victor Shem-
tov was placed third. New men on the list are
Kibbutz Artzi Secretary Shlomo Rozen, Mapam
Political - Secretary Reuben Arzi, Deputy Nazareth
Mayor Abdul Aziz Zuebi and Nathan Peled.
Sept. 7 was announced as the last day for fil-
ing of election lists.
(Related Story on Page 3)
POW stockade at Fort Dix,
Three Nazi prisoners-of-war, of Russian descent, who committed suicide at a
N.J. , in 1945, to escape repatriation to Russia as members of the pro-Hitler, col-
laborationist "Vlassov Army," will now be honored as "freedom fighters."
A right-wing youth group, "Young Americans for Freedom," supported and advised by a number of
conservative members of Congress, will hold a special memorial for the Russian Fascists on Sept. 19 at Finn's
Point National Cemetery, Fort Mott State Park, New Jersey. Plans are being made for participation of
"American youth and patriotic organizations and representatives of peoples enslaved by communism,"
according to the announcement, here.
(Jewish leaders pointed to the "irony" in the fact that on Sept. 19, the very day of the memorial for
the three men, an Eternal Vigil will be launched in Washington by the American Jewish Conference on
Soviet Jewry. Twenty-four Jewish organizations in the United States will join that vigil to call attention to
Soviet denials of religious and cultural rights of Jews in the USSR.)
Structure, Program Reappraised
By New Bnai Brith Leadership
WASHINGTON (JTA)—A reappraisal of the structure and programs of
Bnai Brith, to develop greater involvement of its membership, was proposed
by William A. Wexler, new president of the organization, in view of "the
changing character of the American Jewish community." Dr. Wexler made the
proposal at the first administrative committee meeting of the new officers
elected at the Bnai Brith's recent convention in Israel. He called for a series of
"task forces to probe aspects of Bnai Brith's many programs, to develop new
ideas responsive to the emerging modern pattern of American Jewry."
Under the Wexler plan, study groups composed of specialists from within
and outside Bnai Brith will systematically research and evaluate the interests
of members, the psychological and sociological factors which motivate them,
individually, to engage in or to ignore present Bnai Brith activities.
Dr. Wexler pointed out that Bnai Brith, with its growing membership and
many programs, "clearly contradicts any view that the Jewish community life
is diminishing." He stressed the need, however, for the
organization to be alert to shifting trends in the interests
and composition of an American Jewry that is now largely
native-born, college-educated and more deeply integrated
into American society.
Rabbi Jay Kaufman, also participating in his first
board meeting as the new executive vice-president of
Bnai Brith, stressed the "environmental factors" that
could accelerate the growth of such Jewish movements
as Bnai Brith. Among these he listed: an American
society which "increasingly accepts religious pluralism.
and encourages the Jew to live according to his religious
and cultural convictions; an affluent economy; and a
Jewish community that, notwithstanding its inertia and
confusions, wants to be Jewish even if it is uncertain
how to be Jewish."
The three POWs volunteered for Nazi
military service and were captured
fighting against American liberation
forces in France. They were adherents
of Russian Gen. Andrey Vlassov who
defected to the Nazi side in World War
II, recruiting an army which committed
atrocities against Jews and members of
anti-Nazi resistance movements. All
three had killed themselves to escape
trial by the Soviet Union as war crim-
inals. The U.S. Army had agreed to turn
them over to Soviet authorities.
The YAF- press release lauded Gen.
Vlassov and his followers. Of the three
buried in New Jersey, YAF said, "It is
fitting that we should honor these for-
gotten men, who 20 years ago, right
here in our own country, gave their
lives in the continuing war against
Communist aggression." A "pilgrim-
age" will be made to the gravesite, and 4,1
a Russian Orthodox religious service and
"patriotic" speeches will take place. The
YAF is generally considered to consist
of young Republicans to the right of the
official Young Republican Clubs.
LANDSBURG (JTA) — A member of
West German's neo-Nazi National Demo-
cratic Party, speaking at a wreath-laying
ceremony Sunday, said although the
whole world mourns Jewish victims of
Bergen-Belsen, no one visited the graves
of Nazis and that the Nazis deserved
commemoration. Franz Winter, a mem-
ber of the party's presidium, was speak-
ing at Landsburg Cemetery, where many
Nazi war criminals are buried.
■ 1111 ■ MINIIM ■
Labor Day—All-for-One Aspiration
"Happy shall you be when you eat the fruits of the labor of your hands"
from Psalm 128 inspires the Labor Day celebrations in which we will join Mon-
day. It is everybody's day—an all-for-one aspiration—and since its introduc-
tion, when it was first sponsored by the Central Labor Union in New York in
1882, it has become a great event for labor and for all those who are dedicated
to the principle first enunciated in the Bible, in the third chapter of Genesis: "In
toil shall you eat the days of your life." It is on Labor Day also that we •
are reminded of a day of rest, as enunciated in Exodus: "Six days shall you labor
and do all your work." And the seventh is a day of rest—the Sabbath. It is be-
cause the Biblical admonitions have been attained, through the gains made by
labor, that we pause on Labor Day to glorify physical, spiritual and mental work,
recognizing the responsibility each entails, welcoming the pleasures to be de-
rived from labor well performed.