Argentina Cracks Down on Anti-Semites, but Eichmann Is Released
BUENOS AIRES (JTA)—Neo-Nazi Horst Eichmann,
son of the late Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann, was
among 400 right-wing and Communist extremists arrested
here in a round-up by Argentine federal police. Many of
the right-wing extremists are associated with such groups
as the anti-Semitic Tacuara. The arrests came on the eve
of a parliamentary inquiry into extremist and Communist
influence in Argentina's schools.
According to Interior Minister Juan Palermo, Eich-
mann, who appeared at a press conference here last year
wearing a Nazi armband emblazoned with the swastika,
was released for lack of "substantial evidence." A police
spokesman said that a search of extremist hide-outs had
unearthed quantities of arms and ammunition. The vio-
lent deaths in the last few weeks of three youths had
aroused speculation that an underground war was being
fought among Argentina's extremist groups. Palermo said
that the anti-Semitic, right-wing branch of the Tacuara
movement had been repressed, and reported that 45 of
its members were detained by the police.
Lessons of Past,
Pacts for Peace
i - r
A Weekly Review
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M i-Q M I GA. NJ
by People's Faith
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper--Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
VOLUME XLVI I I—NO. 1
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Charge Communists Withhold Data
Against Nazis; lamed for Israeli
Riots Against est German Envoy
More Auschwitz Personnel Face Trial
BONN (JTA)—Possible trials for 326 more former officials of the
Auschwitz death camp, in addition to the 17 found guilty and sentenced
Aug. 21 at the conclusion of the 21-month trial in Frankfurt, were en-
visaged by the government here, as the aftermath of the lengthy Frankfurt
proceedings continued to agitate all of West Germany. In ending the trial
last week, Chief Judge Hans Hofmeyer gave the maximum sentences per-
' missible under German law — life sentences — to six of the defendants,
meted out prison terms ranging from 14 years to three years to 11 others,
and acquitted three.
Karl-Guenther von Hase, the spokesman for the government, an-
nounced the plans for the possible trial of 326 more Auschwitz personnel
but, at the same time, blamed Communist countries, "especially Russia,"
for holding back documentary material that would aid West German
investigations of many former Nazis implicated in the mass killing of
Jews. He charged that "in Leningrad alone, there are 40 books of records
containing the names of Jews killed by the Nazis, but the Russians have
not made this information available even to the relatives of the slain."
A group of opposition Social Democratic deputies, who are assured •
of re-election on Sept. 19 in the West German parliamentary balloting,
said they would introduce legislation in the new parliament to provide
more adequate means for investigation of Nazi war crimes. They said they
were moved to take this step by the Auschwitz trial in Frankfurt.
Friedrich Kaul, the attorney who represented East German victims
(Continued on Page 7)
Crisis Grows in illapa i;
hree Quit Secretariat.
rotest BiwG Expulsion
Special to The Jewish News
Based on JTA Israel Reports
Gen. Moshe Dayan, former Israel minister of agriculture;
Izhar Smilansky, novelist and member of the Knesset; and
Uzi Feinerman resigned from the Mapai secretariat to which
they were re-elected last week, in protest against efforts now
being made by the Mapai Court of Honor to expel David Ben-
The Court of Honor ended its hearings on arguments to
expel Ben-Gurion and six of his followers for creating an inde-
pendent list for the November parliamentary elections, and
announced it would issue a ruling next Monday.
Two more of the six Mapai leaders who joined with Ben-
Gurion to form the Israel Workers List (Rafi) to challenge
Premier Levi Eshkol's leadership at the polls—Amos Degani
and Gideon Ben-Israel—told the Court they no longer considered
themselves Mapai members.
The four other Rafi leaders — Ben-Gurion, ex-Deputy
,Defense Minister Shimon Peres, former Housing Minister Josef
mogi, and Hanna Lamdan—said they were withdrawing from
he Court hearings because the tribunal had made their defense
gainst charges of splitting the party "impossible."
Ben-Gurion appeared before the Mapai Court of Honor,
hick had summoned him to show cause why he should not be
expelled from the party for attempting to split it through
formation of "Rafi." The name is made up of the Hebrew ini-
tials of the Israel Workers List, an independent group which
as announced it will run its own nominees in the November
(Continued on Page 9)
Germans Angered by Anti-Pauls Protests
BONN (JTA)—Pained surprised and shock dominated reactions in
West Germany to the riotous demonstrations staged last week in Jeru-
salem, when Dr. Rolf Pauls, West Germany's first ambassador to Israel,
presented his credentials to President Zalman Shazar. Protesting Israelis,
most of them survivors of the Nazi holocaust, clashed with police in the
most violent fracas, Thursday, that led to 15 arrests and an equal number
of injuries among the demonstrators and police.
One of the more notable German reactions was a statement by
"former Chancellor Konrad Adenauer that he was reconsidering his plans
to visit Israel. Speaking in Muenster, the former chancellor said that the
tensions in Israel might cause him to postpone his intended visit next
November "at the invitation of my friend, David Ben-Gurion."
Eric Mende, West German vice-chancellor, and head of the Free
Democratic Party, a coalition partner, told an election gathering that the
Jerusalem demonstrations were a resort to "noxious Communist-Fascist
methods which cannot be tolerated." He added that the demonstrations
were a "slander" against an entire generation of Germans who knew
nothing of the Nazi past in a personal sense and was "now doing its duty."
He called the demonstrations "a new attempt to place collective guilt on
the German nation," and added that "people should also remember" the
Allied World War II bombings of Dresden and Cologne.
Foreign Minister Gerhard Schroeder told a Stuttgart Chamber of
Commerce meeting that he did not expect 100 per cent of Israel's popula-
War Predicted Over
Jordan Water. Issue
NEW DELHI—The illustrated Weekly
of India warned in its current issue
Tuesday that if Israel's Arab neighbors
carried out their threat to divert the
waters of the Jordan River, "Israel will
be forced into war with the Arab
The prediction was made in a pic-
torial feature on Israel's tap of the Jor-
dan River for its national water carrier
to irrigate the northern section of its
Negev wastes. The first stage of the
project became operational this year.
Under Arab League sponsorship, Leba-
non and Syria began projects to divert
Jordan River tributaries in their terri-
tories to deny the river's waters to
The weekly noted that the Arabs had
agreed at the technical level to a Jordan
River water-sharing plan developed
more than a decade ago by the late Eric
Johnston as a special emissary of Presi-
dent Eisenhower. The plan, accepted by
Israel and adhered to in the irrigation
project, was rejected at the political
level by the Arab rulers.
"Without Jordin's waters, Israel can-
not exist as a nation," the weekly de-
(Continued on Page 8)
Chief Rabbi of Romania.
No Longer Grave Issue
LONDON—Chief Rabbi Moses Rosen of Romania, one of
the participants last week in the conference of 19 Christian and
10 Jewish leaders in Geneva, said Monday that he considered
neo-Fascism and anti-Semitism in West Germany "a vital dan-
ger for Jews as well as for world peace."
The chief rabbi made his comment in a statement sent
from Bucharest to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency here in
which he disassociated himself for an evaluation giving the
opposite viewpoint made at the close of the parley by Rabbi
Seymour J. Cohen of Chicago, president of the synagogue coun-
cil of America. The five-day meeting, sponsored by the World
Council of Churches, was attended by religious leaders from
the United States, Europe and Israel. Rabbi Cohen said at the
end of the meeting that anti-Semitism was no longer a "grave"
problem in Europe.
Rabbi Rosen, who was the only East European representa-
tive attending the Geneva sessions, asserted in his statement
that the problem of anti-Semitism in West Germany was not
discussed "in any form during the conference in which I took
part" and that Rabbi Cohen was "not authorized by any one
at the conference to declare that anti-Semitism in West Ger-
many is of no importance any more."
Rabbi Cohen had declared that he disagreed with reports
of a resurgence of anti-Semitism in Europe and that such re-
ports stemmed from the fact that occasionally some "idiot"
painted an anti-Semitic slogan or desecrated a Jewish ceme-
tery. Rabbi Cohen added a warning, however, that there were
some "cesspools" of anti-Semitism "which still have to be
(Continued on Page 9)