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August 20, 1965 - Image 7

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-08-20

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Demonstrations Continue in Israel Against Germans

(Continued from Page 1)

temporarily until Israel's new em-
bassy is completed at Bad Godes-
berg, a suburb south of the capital.
The Israeli envoy is expected to
present his letters of credence to
President Heinrich L u e b e k on
Tuesday or Wednesday.
He made his first visit to a West
German official Tuesday, paying
a courtesy call on Dr. Karl Car-
stens, state secretary of the foreign
ministry and acting minister in the
absence of Foreign Minister Ger-
hard Schroeder.
Establishment of diplomatic re-
lations with Israel has put West
Germany's relations "with all
Middle East states" on a "clear,
honest and unassailable basis,"
Chancellor Ludwig Erhard de-
clared Monday. Speaking at Bern-
kastel, the Chancellor made that
comment on the arrival of Ben-
He also said that his government
was ready to re-establish diplo-
matic relations with any of the
Arab governments that suspended
such ties when West Germany an-
nounced last March it planned to
recognize Israel. But, the chancel-
lor added, the Arab states would
have to make the first move in
that direction.
More Demonstrations
variety of former partisans, ghetto
fighters and representatives of all
political parties except Premier
Levi Eshkol's Mapai announced
plans to stage protest demonstra-
tions here when Dr. Rolf Pauls,
West Germany's first ambassador
to Israel, presents his credentials
to President Zalman Shazar. The
presentation ceremonies were
scheduled Thursday.
The demonstrators planned to
picket the route used by Dr. Pauls
in the center of Jerusalem leading
to the President's house.
In the continuing demonstrations
against the establishment of diplo-
matic relations between the two
countries, the leftist Mapam party
sponsored a march Monday night.
Several scores of placard-carrying
youths marched through the main
streets of Jerusalem, demonstrat-
ing against Dr. Pauls and urging
"remembrance," a term used in
reference to the Nazi genocide of
European Jewry.
After the demonstrators finished
their scheduled and approved
march, they returned to the streets
and began disrupting traffic. Sev-
eral of the youths went to the home
of Mrs. Golda Meir, Israel's for-

`Every Friday' Closes;
Existed for 35 Years

M. Schmidt, founder and editor of
Every Friday, the English-Jewish
weekly he has been publishing
here for 38 years, announced that
he is discontinuing the publication
of the newspaper. The first issue
of Every Friday was dated Sept.
23, 1927. The final issue is dated
Aug. 13, 1965.
The announcement was made by
Schmidt in a front-page editorial,
\ accompanied by a facsimile of
part of Page One of the first issue.
The editorial noted that Schmidt,
who is 82, has found it difficult
due to his health to continue pub-
lication of the newspaper, which
has been a labor of love for him.
Competition in the field has also
been a factor, the editorial indi-
Schmidt has been secretary of
the Bureau of Jewish Education
here 25 years. His newspaper re-
flected broad community interest
in Jewish education, Zionism,
Orthodoxy and firm support for
the Jewish Welfare Fund here. A
final, farewell article by him paid
tribute to his late wife, Mrs. Es-
ther Ida Schmidt, who "provided
the needed inspiration and en-
couragement, without which I
would never have been able to
make the grade."

A picture is a poem without
words. — Horace.

eign minister, and sang the national
anthem, Hatikvah. Police restored
quiet but made no arrests.
A group of about 30 instructors
and students of the Hebrew Uni-
versity distributed 20,000 leaflets
and yellow badges with the word
"Jude" Tuesday to passersby
here in protest against the ac-
creditation of Dr. Pauls.
The leaflets urged Israelis not
to forget the Nazi crimes against
European Jewry, not to use Ger-
man products and not to befriend
Authors of the leaflets stressed
that they did not belong to any
political party and that the group
had no desire to express any opin-
ion on the issue of Bonn-Jerusalem
diplomatic relations because this
was a political decision taken by
the government. Their appeal, they
said, was directed at the individual
Israeli; urging him not to forget.
Dr. Pauls made a point on the
second day of his arrival here
to visit the Yad Vashem shrine
set up by Israel in memory of
the six million European Jews
slain by the Nazis in World War

Visibly shaken by the displays of
photographs and other documents
of the monstrous Nazi genocide,
the envoy called the visit "one of
the most moving hours in my life"
and added he felt that "as many
human beings as possible should
see it — especially Germans." He
said he would try to contact the
Yad Vashem to arrange such visits
and that he planned to make an-
other visit himself to the Mount
Zion shrine.
Dr. A. Tenen of the Remem-
brance Authority escorted the en-
voy through the Yad Vashem build-
ings. Dr. Pauls listened in almost
complete silence as Dr. Tenen ex-
plained the grisly exhibits.
In sharp contrast to the situation
before he arrived, only one demon-
strator was present at Lydda air-
port when his plane touched down.
She was Bronke Klibanski, a sur-
vivor of the Bialystok Ghetto up-
rising against the Nazis and an
active member of one of Israel's
ex-partisan organizations. She also
went to Mount Zion, and, as Dr.
Pauls and the Israeli security
guards passed her, said quietly but
audibly in Hebrew and in German,
"Pauls go home."
At the airport, the envoy said
that the past should not be for-
gotten but urged that Jews and
Germans "look forward to the fu-
ture." One of the newsmen referred
to his past career as an officer
in the German army in World War
II, and asked whether he consid-
ered himself the right man for the
diplomatic post. He replied that he
would try to prove his suitability
far the task.
In West Germany, Chancellor
Ludwig Erhard and Opposition
leader Fritz Erler said the arrivals
of the envoys opened "a new page"
in relations between the two na-
tions. The Chancellor told an elec-
tion rally he wished Dr. Pauls
"success in his mission for the
benefit" of both countries. Dr. Er-
ler, the shadow cabinet foreign
minister of the Social Democrat
party, said in an SDP communi-
que that he hoped the step would
not be an end in itself and that
both countries should continue to
work for improvement in relations,
particularly among their younger
Radio and television networks in
West Germany interrupted regular
programs to report the envoy's
safe arrival in Israel. They indi-
cated that they saw in this a signi-
ficant and welcome omen for
improvement of Israeli-German ties.
Students Join Protests
TEL AVIV (JTA)—Members of
four university student associations
staged a mass demonstration here
Sunday night in the continuing pro-
tests against Israel's diplomatic
ties with West Germany.
The students were from Tel Aviv
University, Bar-Ilan University,

Friday, August 20, 1965-7

the Technion of Haifa, and the Tel
Aviv Branch of the Hebrew Uni-
Several thousand demonstrators
marched silently through Tel
Aviv's main streets during the
weekend in a demonstration or-
ganized by the right-wing Herut.
A banner carried by the demon-
strators read: "Germany Sends
Diplomats to Israel—And Missiles
to Egypt." Another read: "Normal
Relations with Murderers — Sin
Against History."
At the end of the march, Herut
leader Menachim Beigin told the
demonstrators: "Pauls s w o r e
eternal allegiance to Hitler. In the
name of thousands of Jews, let me
say that Pauls is unwelcome here."
His statement was loudly applaud-
ed. A former partisan, Haim Lazer,
told the crowd: "The least we can
do now is to make Germans living
among us feel they are living in
a ghetto." A Committee of Organi-
zations of Holocaust Survivors
planned to distribute leaflets
against the relations with West
Germany in major urban centers.
Moscow Sees Bonn-Israel
Ties As 'Threat' to Arabs
LONDON (JTA) — The exchange
of ambassadors between West Ger-
many and Israel has been denounc




ed as "a threat to Arab Countries"
in the first Soviet comment on the
development, it was reported from
Sovetskaya Rossia, a Moscow
newspaper, criticizing the ex-
change, declared that Israel "hopes
to increase its military potential
with the help of West Germany,
and create an additional threat to
the Arab countries."

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