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August 13, 1965 - Image 17

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-08-13

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

ADL Reports Sharp Decline in Bias Against Jews at Winter Resort Hotels

NEW YORK (JTA)—Discrimina-
tion against Jews in the leading
winter resort hotels and motels in
the United States has gone down
in the last year to 2.1 per cent,
as against 14.8 per cent of those
surveyed in 1963, the Bnai Brith
Anti-Defamation League reported
on the basis of a fresh survey con-
ducted between November 1964,
and March 1965.
Noting that the new survey was
Conducted after the Civil Rights
Act of 1964 had become law, speci-
fically barring racial and religious
discriminations in places of public
accommodation, the ADL revealed
it had used the "dual letter test"
in evaluating winter resorts in
Florida, Arizona, California, Ala-
bama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Colo-
rado and Idaho.

In each case, applications for
reservations were sent by three
pairs of applicants. In each pair,
one was signed with a name that
sounded distinctly Jewish, the
other apparently non-Jewish. In
each set, the letter bearing the
Jewish-sounding name preceded
the non-Jewish signer by at least
24 or 48 hours, so there would
be no question of priority.

The report showed that, among
595 winter resorts from which
definite replies were obtained, 13
were identified as discriminatory.
All of these, stated the report,
were in Florida and Arizona, the
two states recognized as the winter
playgrounds of America. Eight of
the discriminators were in Florida,
five in Arizona.
The ADL noted that, in both
states, there have been drops in
discrimination since a previous
survey conducted in 19 6 3. The
Florida group had been diminished
from 14.7 per cent to 1.9 per cent.
In Arizona; the drop was from 23.9
per cent in 1963 to 5.4 per cent
in the last test. -
No evidence of discriminatory
practices were found among Cali-
fornia hotels where, in 1963, nine
per cent discriminated against
Jews. In the South, where racial
turmoil is still boiling over, there
was almost no religious discrimina-
tion as far back as 1963, the ADL
found. There was none at all in
Mississippi and Alabama, and only
two of 15 winter resorts in Arkan-
sas were found to be discrimina-
tory against Jews in 1963. Since
then, the A D L reported, these
Arkansas resorts have dropped the
practice as far as Jewish appli-
cants were concerned-
The responses to the. test s

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Some emphasized that, for
many years, their clientele was
"entirely Gentile." Others still
use in their brochures certain
terms easily recognized as dis-
criminatory, like "selected clien-
tele," "discriminating clientele,"
or "churches near by." Some try
to evade the law by terming
themselves as "private clubs,"
which are exempt from the pro-
visions of the Civil Rights Act.

"Although pockets of discrimi-
nation remain," the ADL report
concluded, "the 1964-65 study of
winter resorts discloses remark-
able improvement in the accept-
ance of J e w is h guests. Giant
strides toward the elimination of
religious discrimination w e r e
made in all areas under study."
Passage of the Civil Rights legis-
lation in 1964 and a continuing
educational campaign were the
main factors which brought about
the reduction in winter resort dis-
criminations, Dore Schary, national





. •••••••••••••teeRes•••••••••

chairman of the ADL, noted in
releasing the report.
Jews in Chicago Area
Barred From Home Buying,
A.D.L. Survey Shows
CHICAGO (JTA)—Housing dis-
crimination against Jews in Chi-
cago North Shore communities is
being kept alive by realtor-initiated
restrictions "often practiced with-
out the acquiesence or knowledge
of home owners," according to a
survey made public today by the
Anti-Defamation League of Bnai
Brith.
The league found that more
than 13 per cent of approximately
2,100 homes offered for sale
through multiple listings of the
Evanston-North Shore Real Estate
Board barred Jews by printed in-
structions—which more than half
the home-owners queried by the
league had not requested. The
board serves hundreds of real
estate brokers and salesmen in
the area.
The letters "ORTR"—an abbre-
viation for "owner reserves the
right to refuse or reject any and
all, offers" — was used in the
mimeographed listings to convey a
"No Jews" restriction, according
to the ADL. In 1959, when an

initial ADL survey was made, 20
per cent of the board's listings
contained the "ORTR" qualifica-
tion.
The new survey revealed that
"unauthorized social engineering"
was carried out in many cases by
real estate brokers with no par-
ticular bias against Jews who fol-
lowed restrictive policies t h e y
thought were profitable or wanted.
In individual North Shore com-
munities, restrictions against Jews
ran as high as 60 per cent of the
homes listed in Kenilworth; 32
per cent of those in Lake Bluff;
30 per cent in Winnetka; and 29
per cent in Lake Forest. Other
figures: Northfield, 24 per cent;
Wilmette, 21 per cent; Glenview,
18 per cent; Evanston, 16 per
cent; Northbrook, 10 per cent;
Deerfield, 7 per cent; Glencoe, 5
per cent, and Skokie, 4 per cent.
The league announced it has
placed its evidence before the
Illinois Division of Registration
and Education, which licenses
realtors, charging that many of
the North Shore firms are guilty
of misrepresenting the conditions
of sale, thus violating the regula-
tions under which they are
licensed.

Ziprin Comments on 'The Greatest Story Ever Told'

By NATHAN ZIPRIN
Editor Seven Arts Festival
Syndicate
When I received an invitation

to attend a showing of "The Great-
est Story Ever Told," I hesitated
to accept it for fear I Might be
called to witness a visual record-
ing that will prove offensive to
Jewish sensibilities.
Happily, George Stevens and
his associates in United Artists
have approached the story of the
life of Jesus with a real under-
standing of the sensitivities of the
Jews, and with an appreciation of
the historic realities as opposed to
the tragic legends that have ac-
cumulated over the years.
With a 2,000 year background
of religious persecution engen-
dered in large part by the allega-
tion that the Jews killed Christ, it
is no wonder that Jewry should
approach "The Greatest Story
Ever T old " with a subjectivity
that overrides all other consider-
ations. There are several aspects
to consider..

Point number one is the scene
of the confrontation of Jesus
and Pilate, the Roman governor.
Here no doubt is left that Jesus
is considered a political trouble-
maker, and that the ultimate re-
sponsibility for the • crucifixion
is Roman. Pilate clearly says: "I
have the power to put you to
death or set you free." This
follows earlier scenes in which
Pilate and Herod express con-
cern over the revolutionary as-
pects of the spell-binding Jesus.

Then take the Sanhedrin scene.
the picture clearly portrays the
Sanhedrin leadership as a politi-
cally corrupt, Quisling-type pup-
pet group doing Herod's bidding.
Caiaphas, the Sanhedrin leader, is
shown as politically beholden to
Herod who gave him leadership
by shunting aside the more liberal
Shemiah.
The Sanhedrin trial, itself, is
clearly recognizable to the average
moviegoer as "rigged." Nicodemus,
one of the Sanhedrin members,
was not notified in advance of the
trial—that an attempt was made
to have only those present who
would crucify Jesus and thus
oblige the Roman civil govern-
ment.
Nicodemus says: "But many

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showed, the ADL declared, that,
despite the 1964 Civil Rights Act,
the discriminating resorts still find
various formulas for rejecting ap-
plicants who s e names seemed
Jewish.

men of the Sanhedrin are not
here, men who think as I do.
Those who think as I do are not
present. Only those who think
as you do are present." And,
then again, Nicodemus voices
the complaint of Jews opposed to
the crucifixion when he says
"Are we all Romans now that we
disregard decency and justice ...
hold secret courts and try inno-
cent men in the dead of night?"

In the end, the Sanhedrin con-
demns Jesus, the action that has

been the excuse for almost 2,000
years of the charge that the Jews
killed Jesus, that Jews were guilty
of decicide.
Unlike all previous motion- pic-
tures, or Passion Play versions, of
the life and death of Jesus, "The
Greatest Story Ever Told" has
seemingly been conceived and pro-
duced in the ecumenical spirit of
our day. It is very likely that this
picture through its mass appeal,
and wide dissemination, will do
much to dispel- the "Christ killing"
charge that has unjustly plagued
Jews over the centuries.
The picture, itself. is a magnifi-
cently photographed story of the
life of Jesus from his birth in the
manger • to his crucifixion and
resurrection. The story naturally
follows the New Testament. What
gives this version of the life of
Jesus piquancy from the Jewish
view is the emphasis on his Jew-

ishness. It has been produced in
what is called the Judaic-Christian
tradition. Jesus is most definitely
portrayed as a Jew. When he en-
ters the Temple, he kisses the
mezuzah; he prays in the ancient
Hebrew tradition; and he is heard
to say, "Hear, 0 Israel, The Lord
our God, the Lord is One."

"The Greatest Story Ever
Told" is the sort of film you
would expect from George Ste-
vens, the man who produced
and directed "The Diary of
Anne Frank."

Jews Help Construct
Cathedral in Brazil

RIO DE JANEIRO (JTA) —
Dom Jaime Cardinal de Barros
Camara, Archbishop of Rio de
Janeiro, expressed special thanks
to a number of leading Brazilian
Jews for their aid in the con-
struction of the Central Cathedral
here.
Included among the Jews cited
by the cardinal were Adolfo Bloch,
publisher of several popular illus-
trated magazines; Rubens Amaral,
a television director; and Zigmunt
Weiss and Antonin Polack, well-
known Brazilian industrialists

* * *

Rio Public Square Named
Chaim Weizmann Plaza

RIO DE JANEIRO (JTA)—With
many Brazilian officials and Jew-
ish leaders in attendance, a square
in one of the finest residential
districts of Rio de Janeiro was de-
dicated Aug 10 as Chaim Weiz-
mann Plaza, and a bust of the late
first President of Israel was un-
veiled in the center of the square.
The project for the dedication of
the square in memory of Dr. Weiz-
mann was launched several months
ago by Dr. Carlos Flexa Ribeiro,
then Minister of Education of the
State of Guanebara, now a candi-
date for the governorship of the
state. Prof. Flexa Ribeiro is also
president of the Brazil-Israel Cul-
tural Center. Among the speakers
at the ceremonies were Prof. Flexa
Ribeiro; Guanebara Governor Carl-
os Lacerda; and Israel Ambassador
Joseph Nahmias. Bordering the
square is a municipal school named
after Anne Frank.

2S_SULASULSUISLJUL

C)

Though any life of Jesus must
by its very nature be Christolo-
gical, the Stevens film should not
offend the sensibilities of Jews or
communicants of other faiths and
should, because of the ecumenical
spirit in which it was written, en-
acted and produced, be a -Powerful
force for building better under-
standing between men of all
faiths.

Corp. Developing Israel
Tourism Pays Interest

"People come a

A man should first dire ct
- him-
self in the way he should go. Only
NEW YORK (JTA) — For the then should he instruct others.
eighth year of its existence, the
Tourist Industry Development
Corp. has again paid the 1 per
cent from earnings which is added
to the 6 per cent guaranteed by
You can gain self-esteem
the Israel government on all TIDC
debentures, it was announced here and new independence with
today. The 7 per cent tourist de-
bentures provide Israel with a
major source of foreign currency
to develop its tourist industry.
We feature power steering and
Debentures are issued in units of air-conditioning in our dual-
$500. While there are many in-
control training cars. Save this
dividuals who hold them, the bulk ad and inquire. No salesperson
are held by institutional buyers,
primarily union pension and wel- will call. Rates reduced during
fare funds. To encourage invest- August.
ment, the Government of Israel
341-6031
permits the exchange of State of
Israel Bonds for 7 percent deben-
tures at their full accured value.

long way to deal
with Stark Hickey West"

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245 Emigrated from Brazil
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RIO DE JANEIRO (JTA)—The
United Zionist Organization of
Brazil announced that 245 Jews
from Brazil emigrated to Israel
during the first six months of
1965, all going with the aid of the
Jewish Agency. Among the 245
were 44 who had left Israel earlier
for settlement here, but had de-
cided to return to the Jewish State.
Altogether, since 1961, more
than 2,000 Jews have emigrated
from this country to Israel with
the help of the Jewish Agency, the
data showed. According to the
U. Z. 0., other Jews from this coun-
try also went to Israel, but their
numbers are not known 'definitive-
ly, since they were not aided by
the Jewish Agency.

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PLYMOUTH at TELEGRAPH
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
N
Friday, August 13, 1965-17 • 110(0)1001010 COON BROS.N$NN$IN*$

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