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August 06, 1965 - Image 7

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-08-06

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Goldberg Faces All Issues With Coura e


cerning the United Nations Emer- to the United Nations, broke its
gency Force, the police force that silence by attacking the entire
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. — The guards Israel from Egyptian ag- Johnson Administration as "Zion-
day Arthur J. Goldberg was sworn gression on the Gaza Strip border ist," according to Cairo dispatches.
Until now, most of the Cairo
in as United States permanent and at Sharm el-Sheikh, overlook-
representative to the United Na- ing the Guly of Aqaba. There press had been content merely to
tions, there were two prime ex- were more than a half-dozen items insist that the United States had
amples illustrating the weight of dealing with human rights in gen- named a "Zionist" as UN Ambas-
the burden the new Washington eral and, specifically, with the sador. On July 29 Al Comhouria
man faces here. These consisted of elimination of religious intoler- stated bitterly: "The choice was
routine documents which just hap- ance. Russia fears that item be- extremely logical, since Zionists
pened to be ready for issuance on cause it concerns extension of full are the ones who direct American
religious freedoms for the Jews policy."
that day.
in the USSR.
"If Johnson wants to be more
One was a schedule of meetings
Actually, there was more dyna-
of United Nations bodies listed for mite in that schedule of meetings realistic," the newspaper stated,
August and September — there than there was in the regular As- referring to the U.S. President,
were 26 meetings on this list, in- sembly's agenda. One of the items "he should choose all the mem-
dicating sessions to last anywhere on that schedule was the forth- bers of his government from Zion-
between two days and three to coming meeting of the Special ist circles." The editorial suggest-
four months. The second was the Committee on Peacekeeping Oper- ed. that President Johnson could
provisional agenda for the next ations. This committee, consisting be "more realistic still" by vacat-
regular session of the General As- of 33 members, has been wrestling ing his own position and giving it
sembly, now set to convene on for many months with the key is- "to a Zionist, since they are the
true rulers of America."
Sept. 21.
sue that reduced the last Assem-
* * *
It was the longest agenda bly to a frustrating fiasco,
In Cairo, the Egyptian news-
drawn in a number of years, con- no voting could take place because
sisting of a total of 97 items. A all wanted to avoid a confronta- paper "Al Akhbar" said that
secretariat wag remarked, when tion on financing between the the appointment of Mr. Goldberg
he saw those two listings: "Wait U.S. and the USSR. The Com- as American delegate to the
until Mr. Goldberg sees these mittee of 33, Mr. Justice Goldberg United Nations "involves contempt
schedules; maybe he'll change his conceded at his initial news con- of the United Nations itself." The
mind about the new job and go ference, was among his most im- newspaper said: "The choice of
a Zionist for this post is like the
back to practicing law."
mediate concerns.
choice of a debauched atheist to
Two days later, it became obvi-
Between his first news confer- represent his country at a reli-
ous that the new U.S. Ambassador ence and his return to Washing-
gious conference called to promote
was anything but fazed by what ton for those very urgent and virtue—or the choice of a thief
lies ahead. When he presented his vital consultations, Mr. Justice with a police record to sit among
credentials to Secretary-General Goldberg had another item on his judges at a meeting called to dis-
U Thant, he was scheduled to con- schedule. That concerned his first cuss the sovereignty of the law."
fer with the latter for 30 minutes. face-to-face meeting with the lead-
(Republican leaders Tuesday
The talk lasted 80 minutes. They ing Soviet representative here at asked for the ouster of G. Men-
did not exchange golf scores.
this moment, Ambassador Platon nen Williams as assistant Secre-
Then the Ambassador—who, in- D. Morozov. This meeting, too, tary of state for African affairs,
cidentally, prefers to be called Mr. was "routine." But, at the UN, for having attempted to explain
Justice—faced his first mass news routine is often far more than to African envoys the reason for
conference. Here, he comported that.
the selection of a Jew and a Zion-
himself magnificently. He fielded - Mr. Morozov is this month's ist, Arthur Goldberg, as the United
some of the toughest questions— president of the Security Council. States delegate to the United Na-
about U.S. insistence on negotia- The president of the Council in- tions. Williams, in reply, said it
tions with Viet Nam, for instance vites to luncheon, each time his was "nonsense" to say that his
—with as much ease as the most turn comes around, all the chief negotiations on the issue meant
seasoned of diplomats here. He delegates of the 10 other Council appeasing the Arabs as the Repub-
was responsive, polite, good-hu- members. So, as a matter of licans charged. What the Repub-
mored, showed at one moment a course as well as of protocol, lican spokesmen failed to take in-
flash of anger which was, how- Goldberg was invited to have to account was that Secretary of
ever, thoroughly controlled. In lunch with Morozov at the head- State Dean Rusk went a step fur-
short, he convinced the world quarters of the Soviet mission to ther in his efforts to soothe the
press in that first sitting that the the UN.
Egyptian ambassador.
skillful negotiator sent here by
(America, the Roman Catholic
Smack across the street from
President Johnson was, indeed, a that Soviet building is a syna- weekly, this week stated editorial-
man with shoulders big enough to gogue, bearing a plaque protesting ly that Arthur Goldberg, whom it
carry the burdens facing him.
the mistreatment of Jews in the praised for his "gifts as a media-
* * *
USSR. The former Supreme Court tor" and his "rare quality of tact-
There were no particular sur- Justice was well aware of the ex- ful tenacity as a bargainer,"
prises on the agenda of the regu- istence, and the meaning, of that could be the first Jew to become
lar Assembly session. As far as plaque. He had frequently spoken President of the United States).
the Middle East was concerned, up on the subject of Soviet Jewry, Agenda of UN Assembly
the usual items were there. One forcibly and publicly. Now he Includes Refugee Problem
was the report of the United Na- would lunch with the chief dele-
tions Relief and Works Agency for gate of the nation he has thus
—When the Arab refugee prob-
Palestine Refugees, which must attacked so often as a Jew.
lem comes before the next UN
examine once again the responsi-
This, too, did not faze him.
session, opening Sept. 21, it could
* * *
bility the UN and the U.S. have
touch off one of the most bitter
undertaken for feeding, sheltering
Egyptian Press Attacks Johnson
debates heard here in many years.
and otherwise caring for the Arab for Appointing 'Zionist'
There are two reasons for that
refugees. The Assembly will have
LONDON (JTA)—The Egyptian expectation. One is that the mand-
to decide how much further to press, which had refrained from ate of the United Nations Re-
continue with the work of editorial comment on the appoint- lief and Works Agency for
UNRWA, since that agency's man- ment of former U.S. Supreme Palestine Refugees, which should
date will expire on June 30, 1966. Court Justice Arthur J. Goldberg have expires June 30, 1965, has
There was the usual item con- as the top United States delegate been extended to next June 30—
and must be either extended
again, curtailed, or otherwise dis-
posed of this year.
The United States Congress,
which has been for more than 15
years supplying 70 per cent of the
UNRWA budget, has insisted that
a new look be taken at the Arab
refugee problem. The Arab states,
on the other hand, have, since the
issue was last discussed here fully
in 1963, also formulated new de-
mands, foremost among which is
their open threat to organize the
Arab refugees into an army to
"liberate Palestine."
The forthcoming Assembly may
receive a supplementary report
from UNRWA showing that many
thousands of so-called refugees are
receiving UNRWA aid through
fraud. There may be a move by
a number of UN member states
to try to force the Arab states and
Israel to negotiate face-to-face on
the refugee problem. All these com-
plications may make this year's
Arab refugee debate the most ex-
plosive since the establishment of
UNRWA in 1950.
Various human rights issues
Arthur J. Goldberg (right), newly appointed United States
have been given seven distinct
ambassador to the United Nations, presents his credentials to
places on the 97-item agenda. Per-
U Thant, secretary-general of the UN, in New York.
haps the most touchy of these is

(JTA Correspondent at the UN)
(Copyright, 1965, JTA, Inc.)

a recommendation by the United
Nations Economic and Social
Council that the UN adopt a decla-
ration and an international con-
vention "on the elimination of all
forms of religious intolerance."
The USSR has been fighting the
adoption of such a declaration.
The issue is certain to flare
here dynamically at the forthcom-
ing regular assembly, because the

Soviet Union fears that elimination
of religious oppression would face
the Moscow Government with a
choice of either defying a UN
move openly or removing the op-
pressions suffered by Russian
Jews in the fields of religion and

Friday, August 6, 1965-7

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