35,000 Protestant Leaders in Germany Express Friendship for Jews, Israel
COLOGNE (JTA)—One of West
Germany's leading Protestant theo-
logians, Prof. Helmut Gollwitzer,
sharply attacked German Protes-
tantism for failing, during the
Hitler era, to oppose the "German
plan to annihilate the House of
Israel and kill its Jews."
Addressing the Congress of
Churches being held here, with
35,000 lay and clerical delegates
representing every Protestant de-
nomination and community in the
country, Prof. Gollwitzer said:
"Not only the German people,
but the churches themselves
were thoroughly at fault during
the time of the Third Reich.
Neither the Protestant churches,
nor the people, openly expressed
their solidarity with the Jewish
people. God Himself will forever
be disgusted with the Christians,
should they tolerate another
Other delegates and guest speak-
ers criticized German industry and
the German government for not
being sufficiently interested in
strengthening Israel's economy.
One of the guest speakers, Dr.
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Ludwig Erlich, of Switzerland, at-
tacked German industry for its
"close contacts with the Arab
world" and called such contacts
"a sign that German industry once
again wants to enrich itself on
Dr. Christoph Freiherr von Im-
hoff, a theologian from Dusseldorf,
criticized the government's Middle
East policy, saying: "We deliver
arms to one party or the other
party. This is not the way for Ger-
many to develop its prestige. The
real 'German policy should consist
of actively helping Israel's econo-
The congress is the largest Pro-
testant gathering held in this
country since the war. Throughout
its proceedings, begun last week,
the heavily-attended parley seem-
ed to want to prove that German
Son of War Criminal Arrested
as Bamberg Swastika Painter
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
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Richard Woitzik slashed his left
wrist with a knife on his supper I
tray Saturday night, according to
Bamberg Prosecutor Josef Os-
theimer. The prosecutor said that
a jailer assigned to watch the sus-
pect through a peephole saw the
suicide attempt and called for help
to take the youth to the hospital.
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whose late father had served a
long sentence in a Polish prison
as a Nazi war criminal, Woitzik
was arrested as the perpetrator of
the series of anti-Semitic acts that
have rocked West Germany since
the middle of June.
His father, who died last year,
had been a member of the SS,
Hitler's elite guard.
Various traces Woitzik had left
at the scenes of his swastika daub-
ings, including fingerprints and
shoeprints, led investigators to the
home of Woitzik's mother, where
he was apprehended. The local po
lice chief said: "We hope the
matter is ended now."
He added, however, that there
are still suspicions that Woitzik
may have been aided by others,
and the probe of the existence
of a possible, broader anti-
Semitic group is still continuing.
Police said they found at Woit-
zik's home portraits of Hitler,
clipped from a book about Nazism,
slogans like "Hitler Was Right,"
which had appeared alongside
many of the swastikas and other
pro-Nazi materials. The Bamberg
incidents touched off a spate of
similar swastika-daubings in vari-
ous parts of West Germany.
One of the problems facing in-
vestigators now is to determine
whether the manifestations outside
Bamberg had been stimulated by
the acts in Bamberg, or may have
been carried out by a group linked
in some way to Woitzik.
The swastika plague started on
the night of June 13, when several
of the smearings of the Nazi
symbol were found in Bamberg.
The next day, it was discovered
that 23 tombstones in the Jewish
cemetery here had been engraved
with the swastika and overturned.
These incidents were con-
sidered so grave that Chancellor
Ludwig Erhard came here to
deliver an address denouncing
the resurgence of anti-Semitism.
A large mass meeting, addressed
by the mayor, was held at the
Jewish cemetery, condemning
Residents of Bamberg, where
there are very few Jews, posted a
$5,000 reward for the capture of
the anti-Semites responsible. The
city has voted to pay the cost of
repairing the Jewish cemetery, ex-
pected to total about $5,000.
Neo-Nazis Marched Out
of Park Before Parade
for the entire family
Protestants and other religious
circles in this country are among
the staunchest friends of Israel
and of the Jewish people in
Lorenz Cardinal Jaeger, arch-
bishop of Paderborn, predicted
that the fourth session of the
Ecumenical Council would give
final approval to the draft dec-
laration on Catholic-Jewish rela-
The draft, which repudiates the
ancient charge of deicide against
the Jewish people past and present
in connection with the crucifixion
of Jesus, received overwhelming
provisional approval at the third
Cardinal Jaeger declared, amid
applause. that "the Church will
speak the truth, in spite of the
opposition in the Middle East and
TORONTO (JTA) — Eight ad-
herents of the Canadian Nazi Par-
ty, led by their self-tyled com-
manders, John Beattie and D.
Stanley, were arrested after they
tried to stage a demonstration in
a public park.
The group entered the city park,
Allen Gardens, and unfurled a
banner bearing the swastika. They
paraded only about 50 yards when
several men snatched the Nazi
banner from them and trampled it.
The Nazis started to run, but were
rounded up by the police. They
were charged with unlawful as-
sembly and released on bail.
No Russ at Maccabiah
BY JESSE SILVER
regardless of possible losses." Foes
of the present strong version of
the draft include Catholic prelates
in Moslem countries. Cardinal
Jaeger was among the prelates
who fought efforts to dilute the
draft. He is now in charge of
Catholic contacts with Protestants
in West Germany.
The Catholic Church's provi-
sional Declaration on Relations
with Non-Christians, which in-
cludes the clauses dealing with the
Jewish people, is due to come be-
fore the next session of the Ecu-
menical Council, opening Sept. 14,
for final action.
"We must try to find a common
language with our Jewish broth-
ers," said the president of the con-
gress, Richard von Weizacker. The
chairman of a "working party"
that prepared the session on rela-
tions with the Jewish people, Prof.
Helmut Gollwitzer, told the session:
"The very existence of Israel is
proof of the existence of wonders."
Prof. Hans Joachim Kraus of
Hamburg, one of Germany's lead-
ing theologians, said "Israel is the
people of God. It is proof of God's
Prof. Ernest Simon of the He-
brew University, in Jerusalem, a
guest participant, told the congress
that Germany's principal "act of
reparation" to the Jewish people
could be an effort by Germany to
bring peace between Israel and
the Arab states. Germany, he said,
could "work for peace, could adopt
a policy which will make peace be-
tween Israel and its neighbors
possible one day."
(Copyright, 1965, JTA, Inc.)
There will be no Russian ath-
letes at this year's Maccabiah
Games in Israel.
The National Soviet Sports Fed-
eration has turned clown a request
from the International Maccabian
Games Committee for leading Rus-
sian athletes to appear in exhibition
or invitation events at the seventh
Maccabiah. The Russians have
The announcement was
made at a meeting of world Mac-
cabi leaders in Tel Aviv. The com-
mittee is still awaiting an answer
from the Polish Sports Federation,
which has also been asked to send
leading athletes to the games. It
is expected that 1,300 athletes from
30 nations will take part. The
British plan to send a team of '70
men and women.
Tolerance is the only real test
of civilization.Arthur Helps.
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
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