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July 30, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-07-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Our Fourth UN Ambassador:

The appointment by PresidentlAnsdri of Supreme Court Justice

Arthur J. Goldberg as U. S. ambassador to

the United Nations
makes Goldberg (left) the fourth American in that role. The

others are (from left) Warren Austin, who served under President

Truman; Henry Cabot Lodge, who was President Eisenhower's

spokesman at the world organization; and Adlai Stevenson, who

was named to the post in 1961.

Ambassador Goldberg pledges to "help keep
the candle of peace burning." Report of his
swearing-in, other related stories, Pages 6, 32

Goldberg Credo:
Loyalty to Self
and to Kin Lends
Substance
to Basic
Americanism

HE JEWISH NE

-

r 1=2 CZ:II '7'

A Weekly Review *

Editorial
Page 4

Capital
Punishment:

Jewish

Tradition

NA 1 1—i i

in Opposition

of Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper —Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

VOLUME XLVII—NO. 23

Printed in a
1007,, Union Shop

17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit 48235—VE 8-9364—July 30 ,1965

Commentary
Page 2

$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c

U.S. Rabbis' Sermons in Moscow
Raise Hope of New USSR Rules
Granting Jews Religious Rights

State Department Starts Action
Against Egypt for Resale of Food
Meant for Distribution to Poor

WASHINGTON (JTA)—The State Department acknowledged that a
quantity of corn provided to Egypt for free- distribution to the poor was
sold, and announced that action has been instituted
Fortas Named
for repayment by Egypt for amounts illegally sold.
to High Court
_ State Department spokesman Robert McCloskey
said the United States relied upon statistics pro-
vided by the Egyptian ministry of agriculture. The
department's version was that the corn, valued at
$23,700,000, was provided for humanitarian reasons
and the "beneficial effect" the deal might have on
American-Egyptian relations.
The department disputed the contention of
the U.S. General Accounting Office that the food
was granted on the basis of allegations of crop fail-
ure and impending famine, when it was later
revealed these claims were untrue. According to
the State Department, cotton worms found their
appetites unsatisfied by cotton and switched over
ABE FORTAS, to corn during the year in question.
prominent Washing-
The grant was made in 1961. Egyptian misuse
ton attorney, on
of the food and deficiencies of verification by the
Wed n esday was
State Department were revealed to Congress by the
General Accounting Of' fice. It could not he immedi-
named by President
ately determined how much repayment is being
Johnson to succeed
sought. The GAO charge was that almost half of
Arthur J.
Goldberg
the 186,000 tons of corn provided was improperly
as a member of
exploited in Egypt.
the United States
Supreme Court.
(Continued on Page 6)

Permission granted to American rabbis to speak. in Moscow's Central Synagogue
and freer distribution of a Yiddish newspaper in Vilna has raised the question whether
there is an easing of restrictions on Jewish spiritual and cultural practices in Russia.
Delivery of addresses to a crowded congregation marked the first instance of
such free appearance of foreign rabbis in a Russian synagogue in 10 years.
At the same time, the New York Times reported from Vilna, Lithuania, that
the Birobidzhan Shtern has become available on Vilna newsstands. It is also re-
ported that the first Hebrew publication to appear in the USSR in decades has been
issued by Novosti Press. It is Shlomo Rabinowitz's "Jews in the Soviet Union."
Three American rabbis addressed the congregation of the Central Synagogue in
Moscow at services last Saturday, and six other U. S. rabbis joined the Sabbath
services there, along with 500 to 600 local worshippers.
All of the Americans represented the Rabbinical Council of America, which is
composed of Orthodox rabbis in the United States. The three who had been given per-
mission to speak to the congregation in Moscow were Rabbi Israel Miller, president of
the Rabbinical Council of America; Rabbi Bernard Poupko of Pittsburgh; and Rabbi
Bernard Bergman of New York.
According to Rabbi Bernard Twersky, spokesman for the Council, and a mem-
ber of the group that visited Moscow, the rabbis had asked Moscow's Chief Rabbi Ye-
huda Leib Levin last Thursday whether they would be permitted to address the con-
gregation. Permission was granted Friday night, with the stipulation that politics be
avoided. Summarizing the three five-minute addresses. Rabbi Miller said:
"We told them we were happy to be with them and gratified at the privilege of
standing in the pulpit in which famous rabbis have preached. We tried to encourage
them to speak up. The prayer before we spoke said, 'The Almighty should fulfil all the
requests of the heart for good.' We told them their requests and ours were the same.
"We said we were grateful to the Soviet Union for voting with the United States
in the United Nations for the establishment of the state of Israel. There was applause
at this. which the chief rabbi stopped. We said we had not come on a political mission
but had come to seek our brethren!'
After the three spoke, Rabbi Levin made a short speech in which he told the

(Continued on Page 12)

Goldberg's New Role Poses Many Problems

(-Ambassador in Suite 42A:
hs Home at the Waldorf

State Dept. vs. Goldberg
Over Zionist Appellation

BY SAUL CARSON

BY MILTON FRIEDMAN

JTA Correspondent at the United Nations

(Copyright, 1965, Jewish Telegrap:lic Agency, Inc.)

(Copyright, 1965, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)

L

f

UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.—Suite 42A at the Waldorf
Towers, an adjunct of the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, is going
to - have a new occupant, though the official tenant is the
same—the Government of the United States. The posh,
nine-room apartment -had been the official home of War-
ren R. Austin; was occupied for years by Henry Cabot
Lodge, Jr.; belonged -far a short, interim period to Am-
bassador James J. Wadsworth; was taken over by Adlai
E. Stevenson; and now it will be the address of Arthur
J. Goldberg. Suite 42k is the residence of Washington's
permanent representative to the United Nations.
The home will be the same, but there is little doubt
that a new style, perhaps even a new" dimension, will be
added when the new man moves in. That style was evi-
dent in a quotation voiced by the Ambassador-Designate
during the ceremony in which President Johnson an-
nounced his appointment. Quoting Thomas Jefferson, and
alluding to his illustrious predecessor, Justice Goldberg
said: "I succeed him. No one could replace him."
(Continued on Page 32)

U. S. Ambassador to the United Nations Arthur
J. Goldberg, his wife and son, Robert, 24, look
solemn in Washington, as the new American
delegate to the world organization made his
decision to quit the Supreme Court and to ac-
cept a call from President Johnson to
the role.

WASHINGTON — State Department officials are
eager for Arthur J. Goldberg, newly appointed head of
the U.S. delegation to the United Nations, tacitly to re-
nounce his recent assertion that he is a Zionist.
American diplomats have started explaining to Arab
governments that Goldberg's strongly pro-Israel address
of May 3 and a subsequent statement in Israel reflected
his private philosophy. They are stressing that a Supreme
Court justice has no direct role in formulation of foreign
policy. Noi,v that Goldberg is assuming a vital diplomatic
post, he would be far more cautious in advocating com-
mitments to Israel's defense and direct negotiations for
Arab-Israel peace, according to the State Department.
Goldberg was not persuaded by President Johnson

to resign from the Supreme Court because of any con-
cern in Washington, one way or the other, on the Arab-
Israel problem. This scarcely entered the President's

thinking, according to reliable White House sources.
President J
a saw Goldberg as the bearer of a
liberal image in
i Stevenson tradition. The United
'NO on Page 32)

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