TEL AVIV (JTA)
The Central Committee of the Mapai Party voted overwhelmingly here at a
meeting that concluded early Monday morning to expel from the party any member who would lend
support "direct or indirect to an independent- list that might be formed for next fall's national elec-
tions. Thus the Party's legal grouildwOrk was set for the expulsion of former Prime Minister David Ben-
Gurion and his followers, even while this group announced that it is continuing preparations for an-
nouncing its separate. election list within the next few days. The vote for expulsion of intransigent
members was carried by an overwhelming ballot of 213 to 9, with 29 abstentions. Before voting expulsion,
the Central Committee considered a resolution calling for- a special Mapai convention to debate the
entire issue posed by Ben-Gurion's decision to fight the party policies held by the majority, which baCks
Prime Minister Levi Eshkol. Ben-Gurion and his followers had demanded such a special convention. That
motion was defeated, 202-54. After the meeting, Reuven Barkatt, secretary-general of the party, still
held out a wreath of peace in the hope of averting an open party split. In its final resolution on expul-
sion, the Central Committee reiterated its old stand to the effect that formation of local and national
lists outside the party without the party's consent constituted "a direct breach of the party's constitu-
tion." Ben-Gurion and his associates have asked Knesset for recognition as an independent "Israel Work-
ars List" party. (Related Story on Page 5.)
r 1= CWT.
A Weekly Review
isVI I G I-11 .=N.. NJ
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper —Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
VOLUME XLVI I—NO. 21
Printed in a
100% Union Shop
7 Mile Rd., Detroit 48235--VE 8-9364—July 16, 1965
$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Goldmann Warns Against Cold War
Involvement, While Russian Rejects
Jewish Appeals at Geneva N Session
Export Act's AUti-Boycott Rule
Puts Commerce Dept. to the Test
BY MILTON FRIEDMAN
(Copyright, 1965, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
WASHINGTON—Will the U.S. Department of Commerce take effec-
tive steps to fight the Arab boycott as authorized this summer by a new
act of Congress?
Under the extension of the Export Control Act, sipied June 30 by
President Johnson, specific authority is for the first time provided for a
fight against the Arab boycott. But the Commerce and State Departments,
backed by the White House, opposed the measure.
The Executive Department held that anti-boycott legislation might
embarrass American efforts to impose economic blockades on certain
Communist countries. It was also contended that American-Arab relations
might be jeopardized. According to Commerce Secretary John T. Connor,
American firms wishing to deal with the Arabs might be troubled by a
flat prohibition on collaboration with the anti-Israel boycott.
But it became apparent to the White House that Congress had the
votes to pass a mandatory measure despite Executive Department objec-
tions. - Therefore, a compromise was manipulated in which the boycott
would not be actually "prohibited." The Commerce Department, however,
would be required to draft specific regulations "to encourage and request"
firms to oppose the Arabs' restrictive trade practice. Thus, opponents of
the boycott achieved a limited victory. The Administration averted what
could have been an embarrassing defeat.
One fact clearly emerged from the debates in the House and Senate.
Members of Congress were fed up with the arrogant intransigence of the
Arabs. The State Department was drafting new aid programs for the
Nasser regime despite the sentiment of Congress. Aid was subject to the
discretion of the President. Congress could do little more than cry out on
this issue. But Congress could insist that steps be taken to stop the Arabs
from interfering with American commerce.
The Commerce Department is required to publish in the Federal
Register by Sept. 30 such rules and regulations as the President may
prescribe to implement PL 89-63, the new law.
To avert Senate moves to strengthen the anti-boycott bill into a
andatory prohibition of Arab tactics, Secretary Connor wrote to Senate
i jority Leader Mike Mansfield. He sought to assure the Senate that the
use wording was adequate and that his Department would implement
steps against the boycott. He said: "The Department of Commerce will
have the obligation, and will, in fact, request American business firms
not - to cooperate in restrictive trade practices or boycotts imposed by a
foreign country against another country friendly to the United States."
Mr. Connor agreed to the Senate's addition of a requirement "that all
domestic concerns receiving requests for the furnishing of such (boycott)
information or the signing of such agreements must report this fact to
the 'Secretary of Commerce for such action as he may • deem appropriate."
He conceded in his letter to Sen. Mansfield that the agreed language
of the Act "would require specific action by the Executive Department,
and the Executive Department will, of course, follow through on those
requirements if this bill is approved by Congress."
Passage of the bill has set the stage for initiation of a real fight against
the boycott. PL 89-63 provides legal tools to deal with the Arab question-
naires, the demands for affidavits, and negative certificates of origin.
Sponsors of the legislation will observe as executive action evolves. How
vigorously will the Commerce and State Departments implement a measure
they sought to kill? Will the federal government now provide the long
overdue protection for American business concerns or merely go through
the minimum motions required under law?
Washington is waiting to see what regulations the President may
prescribe and what action the Secretary of Commerce "may deem appro-
priate" to deal with the boycott.
While Dr. Nahum Goldmann, speaking at the World Jewish Congress executive
session in Strasbourg, France, on Sunday night, was advocating avoidance of resort
to "distortions" in dealing with the status of Jews in Russia, warning against involve-
ment in "cold war polemics," the Soviet delegate at the United Nations Economic
and Social Council meetings in Geneva on Monday stated firmly that the USSR has
no intention of changing the current status of Russian Jewry. Facts indicating there is
prejudice against Jews in Russia were offered by Israel Ambassador Moshe Bartur
in the Geneva debate, but the Russian delegate, G. C. Arkadyev, made accusations
against Israel and the Zionists and accused the Israeli of distorting facts. Details of
the two conflicting approaches on the status of Russian Jewry appear in the JTA
reports from Strasbourg and Geneva.
STRASBOURG, France (JTA)—Dr. Nahum Goldmann, president of the World
Jewish Congress, expressed his belief here Sunday night that some change for the
better is about to occur in the Soviet Union's treatment of Russia's Jewish commu-
nity. He warned that "creating the impression that the Jewish people is anti-Soviet
would be a historic tragedy."
He discussed the situation of Soviet Jewry in his address at the opening session
of the World Jewish Congress executive, meeting here with 100 delegates from 30
countries in attendance, in the headquarters of the Council of Europe.
Dr. Goldmann appealed to the Jewish people and its friends around the world
to continue the public demand for equal rights for the Jewish community in the
Soviet Union as a religious and national minority, and to seek to persuade the USSR
to change its policy concerning Soviet Jews. At the same time, however, he warned
against "distortions" regarding the situation.
"Above all," he said, "we should avoid being dragged into cold war polemics.
These we should oppose more than any other minority. We should avoid creating the
impression that the Jewish people, as such, is anti-Soviet." Such a development,
(Continued on Page 32)
Communist China Thuds New Red Fist Against Israel
BY SAUL CARSON
JTA Correspondent at the United Nations
(Copyright, 1965, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.—Israel has a new, but very powerful, enemy. It is Communist
China. The Peking regime, long the outstanding pariah here, has cynically undertaken a drive to
ingratiate itself with the Arab nations by furnishing vigorous backing to their anti-Israeli cam-
paign. Those here who know of Israel's_ skills in - diplomacy, its vast progress in obtaining the
friendship of Latin American, African and Asian nations, do not expect Red Chinese troops to
march against Israel. But they do see overt signs of Peking's wily hand in the Arab stand . against
Israel. They know that Israel knows how to read signs as well as—often better than—others.
But they are also convinced that Peking's aims vis-a-vis Israel need careful watching.
As Middle East dispatches are read here, reporting sabotage attacks inside Israel by the
recently formed El Fatah movement, Red China's tie with El Fatah is recalled. About a dozen
members of El Fatah have recently received training, encouragement, orientation — and perhaps
funds — in Peking.
In Damascus, the former Grand Mufti, who was a Hitler pal during World War II, has
lined up with El Fatah, and has become one of the chief Arabs linking the goal of "Palestine
liberation" with Peking's aim to influence the Arabs and to gain their friendship. .
Red China's campaign against Israel, begun about a year ago, has extended to most of
Asia, much of Africa, and large sections of Latin America where Arabs make use of native, neo-
Nazi and fascist movement to help spread anti-Semitic and anti-Israel propaganda.
Communist opposition to Israel, since 1952, is now an old story. The Moscow Communists
have been following an old tradition, established in Czarist days, of trying to meddle in the
Middle East as part of Russia's spearhead in that region. The Chinese are even more cynical
than the Kremlin, since Peking has had no direct interest in the Middle East. Peking just doesn't
care who it hurts, or how, as long as the expected results promise firmer friendships among the
Arabs, among the African people, and among the Latin American nations.
Peking's drive against Israel could redound here against its years-long aim to gain United
Nations membership. That drive had gained many favorable reactions here. Peking's split with
the Kremlin has cooled off Moscow's interest in getting Red China into the UN. Peking's nuclear
threat has not helped gain friends here. As yet the Chinese cloud over Israel is only a red fist.
But alertness is the word.