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July 09, 1965 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-07-09

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THE JEWISH NEWS

Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951

The Shadow of Bamberg

Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial
Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 48235 Mich.,
VE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid at Detroit, Michigan

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

Editor and Publisher

CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ

SIDNEY SHMARAK

Business Manager

Advertising Manager

CHARLOTTE HYAMS

City Editor

Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 10th day of Tammuz, 5725, the following scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion: Num. 19:1-22:1; prophetical portion: Judg. 11:1-33.

Licht benshen, Friday, July 9, 7:51 p.m.

VOL. XLVII, No. 20

Page 4

July 9, 1965

Big Business and the Right-Wingers

An exhausive report on activities of right-
wing groups last week revealed that the
movement not only is growing but that much
of the money to support the rightists comes
from big business.
A survey made from Los Angeles for the
New York Times, by Donald Janson, points
to expenditures of hundreds of thousands of
dollars in support of the right-wingers by the
Schick Safety Razor Co. and Eversharp. In the
shocking libels that were leveled against Cali-
fornia's moderate Republican U. S. Senator
Thomas H. Kuchel, it was revealed that these
large sums were spent for radio and televi-
sion and other programs.
It was indicated in the New York Times
report that if big business should continue to
make mounting donations "the impact could
be felt at state, local and national levels"
in the 1966 elections.

The mounting contributions for right-
wing activities were outlined in Janson's re-
port as follows:

An exhaustive study by Group Research, Inc.,
using the public portions of reports by tax-exempt
groups to the Internal Revenue Service and other
data, produced an estimate that conservative or-
ganizations, from the John Birch Society to the
National Defense Committee of the Daughters of
the American Revolution, spent $30 million in
1963.
This represented a growth of 17 per cent in
income over the previous year, and the continua-
tion of a seven-year trend.
Officials of the Washington research organ-
ization, which often surveys right-wing activities,
said this week that figures available so far for
1964 indicated the trend was continuing.
The Birch Society, for example, doubled its
income last year, from $1.6 million in 1963 to $3.2
million in 1964. It is now conducting an intensive
fund-raising drive for next year's elections.
Christian Crusade, the Tulsa-based anti-Com-
munist organization of the Evangelist, Billy James
Hargis, advanced last year to $834,800 from an
income of $6'7'7,200 in 1963.
The Christian Anti-Communisni Crusade of
the Australian physician, Dr. Fred C. Schwarz,
had an income last year of $612,100 compared
with $5'73,800 in 1963.
Americans for Constitutional Action, which
rates Congressmen according to their degree of
conservatism, reported income of $187,400, com-
pared with $84,900 a year earlier.
This year, two new groups with enough fund-

raising potential to worry the Republican party
have entered the picture.
• The American Conservative Union expects
to have an operating bankroll of $400,000 soon.
It said this week it had half of it in hand.
The Free Society Association, flying the colors
of Barry Goldwater, is seeking $2 million to begin
its "educational" activities.

But it isn't big business alone that is
making these vast contributions, Janson re-
ports. Much of the money "comes in dimes
and dollars from housewives and men of mod-
est means," and it is this popularization of
rightism that represents the most serious
problem and points to the need for an in-
creased educational effort to steer the mis-
led away from the reactionary trends that
seem to be growing in this country.

Studies of right-wing activities include
the recent one made by the Anti-Defamation
League, which showed that among the sup-
porters of the right-wing movements were
more than 100 large business firms and 70
foundations.
Especially disturbing is the zeal with
which the right-wingers are conducting their
campaign, overshadowing all efforts that are
being made to foster liberal movements by
democratic forces. An American Security
Council was formed 10 years ago to screen
employees for industrial jobs for patriotism.
The Janson report also shows that:
"Last month, Schick sponsored an hour-
long color telecast of 'Freedom Foundation's
first annual patriotic ball' in Beverly Hills.
Five nights a week since last Sept. 28, radio
listeners throughout the country have been
offered a five-minute program called 'Wash-
ington Reports.' The program, now on 900
stations, is produced by the American Se-
curity Council. Schick pays the production
costs of $20,000 a month. The program is
scheduled, for the time being, to continue
indefinitely."
One need not become panicky, since the
right-wingers represent a minority of Amer-
icans, but it appears to be a growing minority
and its activities must be counteracted by
well-briefed defenders of the _democratic prin-
ciples. One need not wait for a Presidential
election year to act against rightists. The
time is NOW.

United Nations—Bridge Across Continents

The 20th anniversary of the signing of
the United Nations Charter is an occasion for
reviewing the historical events that marked
the fulfillment of the dream of the formation
of an international organization for peace
and, at the same time, for a study of the
events that transpired since the great world
organization was founded.
President Woodrow Wilson dreamed of
a League of Nations. But his hopes were
frustrated by opposition that came from a
group of "willful men" in the U. S. Senate.
The sponsors of the United Nations were
more fortunate. There was greater unanimity
in support of the world organization, and
while there still is opposition to it the 20 years
of the UN's existence give it strength that will
be difficult to counteract.
It is because there frequently arise peo -
ple with a lack of vision who ask -for the
scrapping of the UN that the organization's
status should be carefully reviewed and that
there should be mobilized support for it dur-
ing the 20th anniversary observance.
The fact is that as long as there is a UN
there is a place to go to air grievances, and•
while there are serious conflicts--including
the frightful conditions involving the United
States in Viet Nam—there is always the hope
that the UN will provide an intermediary and
will serve as the peace instrument it is in-
tended to be.
It should be remembered that the UN

had made numerous efforts in support of
peace movements. In the Middle East, the
UN force in the Gaza strip has averted re-
newed hostilities and has prevented Egyptian
fedayeen from invading Israel.
But the UN has done more than that. It
has sponsored research in many areas involv-
ing the economic, educational and social needs
of peoples in many lands and has helped re-
duce want among underdeveloped nations.
Its studies of illiteracy, health, economic con-
ditions and armaments have aided in the ele-
vation of the standards of many peoples.
-Special mention must be made of the
work of UNICEF—the United Nations
Children's Fund—which has aided in great
humanitarian efforts to alleviate want, to
protect children in many lands from dis-
ease and hunger and to provide for them
proper educational facilities.
An international movement aiming at
the advancement of human needs is the major
counteracting force in mankind's struggle to
end the inhumanities of men toward their
fellow men. It is the bridge across continents.
It is the force that aims at a high idealism
which may be difficult to attain and may
take much time to acquire but is nevertheless
the sounding board for the best in human
beings. We must, therefore, strengthen this
movement and we must aim to make the
United Nations an invincible and indestruc-
tible element for mankind's betterment.

'Tradition of Things Divine'

Dr. Scholem's 'On the Kabalah'
Evaluates Jewish Mysticism

Dr. Gershom G. Scholem, professor of Jewish mysticism at the
Hebrew University, the leading living authority on the Kabalah, in
his new work, "On the Kabalah and Its Symbolism," published by
Schocken Books (67 Park, NY 16), adds immensely to an understand-
ing of mysticism and evaluates Kabalah rituals and religious concepts.
Prof. Scholem primarily deals in this most important work with
the interpretive factors of Jewish mysticism.
Describing the profound influence it had on Jewish thinking
and on Jewry's conceptions, the eminent author commences by
offering this definition: "The Kabalah, literally 'tradition,' that
is, the tradition of things divine, is the sum of Jewish mysticism."
There is this added explanatory note in Prof. Scholem's intro-
duction:
"For many centuries the chief literary work of this movement,
the Zohar, or 'Book of Splendor,' was widely revered as a sacred text
of unquestionable value, and in certain Jewish corn,
munities it enjoys such esteem to this clay. When
Israel became an independent state, the Jews of
Yemen, a remote and isolated principality in south-
ern Arabia, immigrated almost to a man aboard the
`magic carpets,' as they called the airlines. They
were obligated to abandon nearly all their belong-
ings; but one object many had been unwilling to
part with was their copy of the Zohar, which they
have continued to study to this day." -
But for European Jewry this study was lost, was
viewed as "alien and disturbing, and soon for-
Dr. Scholem
gotten," and thus was ignored. It vanished although
"for centuries the Kabalah had been vital to the Jews' understanding
of themselves."
Thus a new understanding of the Kabalah, offered in the new
Scholem volume, serves as a revival of appreciation of the mystic
qualities of a great movement that had much influence in Jewry.
Prof. Scholem deals with the aspects of religious authority,
with Torah's meaning in mysticism, with the myths and traditions,
and he devotes a clarifying concluding chapter to the role of the
Golem and the interpretations given by the mystics to the Golem
legend.
Many legends are related in this volume, and the noted Hasidic
scholars are quoted. Describing the relationship of authority to
mysticism, Dr. Scholem quotes an explanation made by Rabbi Mendel
Troum of Rymanov, the Hasidic saint who died in 1814. Dr. Scholem
writes in describing this saint's views:
"The revelation given to Israel on Mount Sinai is, as everyone
knows, a sharply defined act of doctrines, a summons to the human
community; its meaning is perfectly clear, and it is certainly not a
mystical formula open to infinite interpretation. But what, the question
arises, is the truly divine element in this revelation? The question is
already discussed in the Talmud. When the children of Israel received
the Ten Commandments, what could they actually hear, and what
did they hear? Some maintained that all the Commandments were
spoken to the children of Israel directly by the divine voice. Others
said that only the first two Commandments: 'I am the Lord thy
God' and 'Thou shalt have no other gods before me' (Exod. 20:2-3)
were communicated directly. Then the people were overwhelmed,
they could no longer endure the divine voice. Thus they had been
obliged to receive the remaining Commandments through Moses.
Moses alone was able to withstand the divine voice, and it was he who
repeated in a human voice those statements of supreme authority
that are the Ten Commandments."
Dr. Scholem explains that to become a foundation of religious
authority the laws had to be translated into human language and
Moses did it. He shows how "mystical experience conceives and
gives birth to authority."
His volume deals with and explains many human experiences,
religious problems, sexual life and other symbolisms.
There is splendid. interpretation of mythical nature and describing
the various aspects of the Shekhinah the noted authors defines it as
"literally in-dwelling, namely of God and the world— taken to mean
simply God Himself in His omnipresence and activity in the world
and especially in Israel."
"On the Kabalah and Its Symbolism" is a most valuable work and
is a significant addition to the study of mysticism.

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