Hart, McNamara Support Senate Action Against Boycott
WASHINGTON (JTA) — The Senate
June 30 adopted a somewhat strengthened
version of an amendment opposing the
Arab boycott inserted by the House into
the Export Control Act.
The vote came after the amendment's
original sponsors, Senator Jacob K. Javits,
New York Republican, and Sen. Harrison
A. Williams, Jr., New Jersey Democrat,
quests for boycott information to report
this fact to the Secretary of Commerce for
such action as he may deem appropriate
to carry out the purposes of the anti-
Under the provisions of the bill, as it
becomes law, the President will have dis-
cretionary power to act against the Arab
Senators Philip Hart and Pat McNamara
of Michigan, both Democrats, were co-
sponsors of the extension amendment.
In the House July 1, Rep, John Dingell,
Democrat from Detroit, read the resolu-
tion adopted by Detroit's Common Council
in opposition to the Arab boycott June 22.
He urged consideration of the resolution.
HE JEWISH NE
were informed that the Commerce Depart-
ment and State Department would publicly
pledge to implement measures against the
boycott specified in the legislation.
The Executive Department did this to
avoid language that would actually pro-
hibit the boycott. It compromised by ac-
cepting additional language that would
require American companies receiving re-
A Weekly Review
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of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper--Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
'OLUME XLVII—NO. 20
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Iraqi, Moroccan Jewriesr Plight
Revealed by Christian, Moslem
Direct JTA TeletyDe Wire to The Jewish News
PARIS — Charges that the government of Morocco is "doing nothing for
the Jews," and that it is anti-Semitic, were made here by a Moroccan Moslem,
Said Ghallab, who is a cousin of the editor-in-chief of Al Alam, organ of the
Istiqlal Party in Morocco. The charges appeared in an article by Ghallab in
Modern Tinies, the monthly review directed by Jean-Paul Sartre, the famous
French author and philosopher.
Recalling his childhood in Morocco, Ghallab asserted that "hatred of the
Jew is inculcated in the Arab child in an indelible manner." He protested against
the Moroccan government's ban against Jews in administrative posts, and
charged that, recently, teaching posts and other employment have been denied
"The Moroccan Jew," declared the author, "feels himself insecure. His
insecurity is total. He can be imprisoned at any moment, he can be assassinated,
he can be burned to death."
Supporting the latter charge, he stated that, during the recent Ramadan
festival, a Moroccan Moslem seized a Jew and burned him alive "before a crazed
and hungry mob." The atrocity was perpetrated, he stated, because the Moslem
opposed his son's love affair with the Jew's daughter.
Mendes-France Role as Peacemaker
Rumored in Israel, Denied in Tunis
Direct JTA Teletvoe Wire to The Jewish News
TUNIS (JTA) — The Tunisian News Agency denied here Tuesday that
President Habib Bourguiba has asked former French Premier Pierre Mendes-
France to act as a mediator in the Arab-Israeli conflict.
Mendes-France was reported by the Israeli newspaper, Maariv, as having
been entrusted with a mediation mission by President Bourguiba. The latter had
called last spring for direct peace talks between Israel and the Arab states.
In Israel, it was announced that Mendes-France has been invited to
attend a conference at Rehovot, devoted to the problems of development in
underdeveloped countries. Conference officials refused to comment about reports
connecting the Mendes-France visit with the latter's recent meeting with Presi-
In Paris, Mendes-France said that, while in Israel, he would devote his
time only to the Rehovot conference. However, he added, according to Maariv:
"After visiting Israel, I may perhaps have something to say but, meanwhile, I
have nothing to state."
NEW YORK — Expressing "concern about information . . . alleging discri-
mination against Iraqi nationals of the Jewish faith," an official of the Inter-
national League for the Rights of Man has asked the Iraqi government for
"clarification of these reports regarding the violation of basic human rights."
Roger Baldwin, honorary chairman of the League, sent a memorandum on
"Discriminatory Legislation and Practices Affecting Iraqi Jews with Respect
to Citizenship, Property and Travel Rights," to Dr. Adnan M. Pachachi, Iraqi
ambassador to the United Nations.
In the memorandum the League urges that "the discriminatory legisla-
tion be repealed . . . that Iraqi Jews receive the same treatment as other na-
tionals . . . "and that those Jews "who have resigned themselves to the loss
of their nationality should be helped to obtain
alternative documents and should be compensated Sur eGadolNofal
for their assets."
It is estimated that there are 3,000 Iraqi Jews A Prince Has Fallen
residing in Iraq and 1,000 living in other countries.
Baldwin points out in his letter to Ambassador
Pachachi that the League, an international non-
governmental organization accredited to the United
Nations, which is concerned with human rights, is
confident that the government of Iraq, one of the
founding members of the United Nations, "shares
as we do, the organization's high purpose and con-
cern to promote and encourage respect for these
"Thus," Baldwin wrote, "we are concerned
that the government of Iraq comply with the spirit
of the principles recommended to the United Na-
tions Commission on Human Rights.
"These principles provide that every nation-
al of a country is entitled without discrimination
to leave his country, temporarily or permanently;
that no one shall be forced to renounce his nation-
ality as a condition for the exercise of the right
to leave his country . . . nor shall he be deprived
of his nationality solely as the consequence of his
leaving a country; that no one shall be arbitrarily World Jewry mourns the
deprived of his nationality or forced to renounce passing of Moshe Sharett.
(Story, Page 5)
(Continued on Page 7)
Safeguards on Church and State Separation Principles
Sought by Jewish Groups in Use of Education Funds
NEW YORK (JTA) — United States Commissioner
of Education Francis Keppel was asked by a broadly
representative group of Jewish organizations to issue
regulations for administering the recently passed federal
aid-to-education law to assure that benefits do not flow
to religiously controlled schools, contrary to constitutional
provisions, or to any institution that practices racial dis-
crimination or segregation.
A set of guidelines for such regulations was sub-
mitted to Dr. Keppel jointly by the Synagogue Council
of America, which represents Conservative, Orthodox, and
Reform Judaism and the National Community Relations
Advisory Council, which consists of eight major national
Jewish religious and civic organizations and '76 Jewish
Councils in cities throughout the United States.
Included in the two councils are: American Jewish
Congress; Bnai Brith — Anti-Defamation League; Central
Conference of American Rabbis; Jewish Labor Commit-
tee; Jewish War Veterans of the United States; National
Council of Jewish Women; Rabbinical Assembly of Amer-
ica; Union of American Hebrew Congregations; Union
of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America; and United
Synagogue of America.
by religious affiliation." The effect of such a regulation
Citing reports of both the Senate and the House of
would be to prevent entire classes of parochial school
Representatives, the Jewish organizations stressed that
pupils, for example, from being taught certain subjects
it was the intent of Congress in adopting the legislation
in separate classes in public schools. It would require,
to "safeguard the separation of church and state." They
on the - contrary, that such pupils be mixed with the
quoted identical language from both reports stating:
regular public school pupils in integrated classes.
"Nothing in this title (Title III, providing for supple-
Public school administrators have expressed con-
mental educational services and centers) is designed to
cern that dual enrollment plans might lead to the parti-
enable local public education agencies to provide services
cipation of private school officials in the management of
for programs which will inure to the enrichment of any
public schools. To avoid this, the Jewish organizations
Dual enrollment — sometimes called shared time — proposed in their memorandum a regulation putting
and the supplying of mobile equipment may be unlawful "sole" responsibility for administration, supervision and
in some states, the memorandum of the Jewish organiza- control of dual enrollment programs in the hands of
tions stated. Where dual enrollment plans are introduced state and local public education agencies.
They also asked for strict regulations prohibiting
with grants under the law, it added, the federal govern-
religious teaching, proselytization or worship as part of
ment becomes in effect a partner in them. This, the
the educational services, or recruitment for such pur-
Jewish organizations continued, makes the government
poses; stipulating that premises devoted to special serv-
responsible for seeing that no segregation of children
ices be "devoid" of sectarian or religious symbols or
takes place on the basis of either religion or race.
decorations; and that there be no sectarian or religious
Accordingly, they proposed a regulation stipulating
content in the books used in connection with such pro-
that 'where arrangements are made for the participation
of children from private schools, the arrangements shall
(Continued on Page 1)
be administered in such a way as to prevent separation