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June 25, 1965 - Image 9

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-06-25

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Powerful Haifa Branch Secretariat of Mapai
Gives Backing to Eshkol in Fight for Party • Unity

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

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HAIFA—The secretariat of the
powerful Haifa branch of the Mapai
Party. met for several hours Mon-
day night in an effort to heal the
breach between Premier Levi
Eshkol and former Premier David -
Ben-Gurion and to avert a final
split in the strife-racked party.
The secretariat adopted a resolu-
tion which urged unity in support
of all Mapai institutions, a clear
stand for Premier Eshkol. But the
resolution also urged preservation
of Ben-Gurion's status as a Mapai
leader. Both leaders were urged
to work together to safeguard the
party's unity.
The resolution was adopted by
an overwhelming majority of 44-1,
with one abstaining, suggesting
that the Haifa branch was firmly
backing the Mapai's central bodies.
Those bodies have rejected Ben-
Gurion's demand that he be named
to head the Mapai slate for the
forthcoming parliamentary elec-
tions and to be the party's choice
for premier.
Mayor Abba Khoushy, who as
president, said he had met with
Ben-Gurion prior to the meeting
but declined to report on what had
been said. It was learned that
Premier Eshkol might meet with
the mayor, a supporter of Ben-
Gurion, at the mayor's request.
The mayor reportedly wants to
ask Eshkol to meet the former
premier "half way" to preserve
the party's unity.
On Sunday night, Ben-Gurion
announced his intention to carry
his struggle with Eshkol to the
party's 200,000 members and an
equal number of supporters in
what he described as an effort to
prevent Herut leader Menacheth
Beigin from coming to power in
the wake of the Mapai split.
Ben-Gurion addressed a two-day
ideological meeting at which May-
or Khoushy was conspicuous by
his absence, giving rise to the ,
speculation that he and the Haifa
branch of Mapai were against the
split in the party.
Ben-Gurion said he would go to
the rank and file membership 'to

Israeli Medical Students
Protest Bills to Press
Duty in Border Areas

f

Th

JERUSALEM (JTA) — Israel's
parliament held a preliminary
reading last week of two bills de-
signed to ensure doctors for settle-
ments in border and development
areas as medical students from
both Jerusalem and Tel Aviv uni-
versities demonstrated against the
proposals.
One bill would bar newly li-
censed doctors from practicing
anywhere in Israel but develop-
ment areas for one year. Medical
students would be barred from
leaving Israel for three years
after receiving licenses.
The second bill would provide
special incentives for physicians
agreeing to serve in border and
development areas. The bills
stemmed from the fact that
while Israel has one of the high-
est doctor-population ratios in
the world, the country's outlying
areas lack adequate medical fa-
cilities.
The medical students held a
protest meeting in which the as-
sociate deans of the medical
schools and the chairman of the
Israel Medical Association took
part. The demonstrators called the
bills undemocratic. One sign car-
ried in the demonstration read
"Doctors for rural areas, yes —
Coercion, no."
Knesset Speaker Kaddish Luz
received a delegation and promised
the group its members would be
invited to appear before the
Knesset committee when the bills
come up for first reading.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, June 25, 1965--9

clear the atmosphere, improve the
hitherto deteriorated moral level
and save the country from the
danger of Beigin coming to pow-
er." He said that the current Ma-
pai leadership and the deteriora-
tion in the morality that had set
in within the party during the past
two years are a source of danger
which might bring Beigin to power.
In Mexico City, a leader of Is-
rael's Independent Liberals, said
Israel is not ready either political-
ly or psychologically to have Bei-
gin as premier. Chaim Teich-
mann, who quit the Liberal Party
after it decided to join with Herut
in presenting a united list of can-
didates to the forthcoming parlia-
mentary elections, warned Amer-
ican Zionist leaders against issu-
ing statements for or against either
group of the split Liberal move-
ment, indicating that this was an
Israeli political affair.)
Meanwhile, another effort to pre-
vent a final split in Mapai Monday
was unsuccessful. The abortive
attempt was made in a four-hour
meeting between the majority
leaders and Ben-Gurion support-
ers, former Agriculture Minister
Dayan and former deputy Defense
Minister Shimon Peres.

Israel, Arab Countries
to Attend Washington
Desalination Parley

WASHINGTON (JTA) — Israel
is one of the 54 countries which
will attend an international meet-
ing on water desalination in Wash-
ington October 3-9, it was an-
nounced here Monday.
Arab neighbors of Israel invited
to the parley include Jordan. Leb-
anon, Saudi Arabia, Syria and
Egypt.
In announcing the parley,
President Johnson Monday cited
efforts by the United States to
help Israel and the Arab coun-
tries get desalination projects
under way. The United States
hopes that speedy development
of processes to get fresh water
from the sea should help ease
tensions in the Middle East
arising from differences over
use of the Jordan River for irri-
gation purposes.
President Johnson cited the
study under way jointly by the
United States and Israel to test
the uses of atomic energy for de-
salting.
He said United States experts
have visited Egypt and Tunisia to
seek ways of desalting seawater.
Tunisia will also be represented
at the October meeting.
Meanwhile, it was reported Mon-
day that President Johnson has
sent a personal message on "im-
portant international problems"' to
King Hussein of Jordan. Ambas-
sador Robert G. Barnes delivered
the message to the King in Am-
man. Details were not disclosed.

Erhard Bids Farewell
to Israeli Aide Shinnar

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

BONN — West German Chancel-
lor Ludwig Erhard received Wed-
nesday for an hour Dr. Felix Shin-
nar, head of the Israel mission in
Cologne, in a farewell meeting.
Dr. Shinnar is leaving West Ger-
many this weekend.
Dr. Shinnar has paid farewell
visits to Foreign Minister Gerhard
Schroeder, Finance Minister Rolf
Dahlgren, Economics Minister
Kurt Schmucker and Mayor Willy
Brandt of West Berlin.
Dr. Shinnar will go to Switzer-
land for a short leave before pro-
ceeding to Israel next month,
where he will be on call for special
assignments by the government.

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During the meeting, Eshkol was
believed to have rejected a pro- I
posal by the minority that the
president of the Supreme Court
study the attorney general's recom-
mendations regarding the "Lavon!
Affair" — which triggered the
entire split — with the chief jus-
tice reporting on his findings after
the forthcoming Knesset elections. ,
More Mapai workers commit-
tees joined Monday the outcry
against the split and voiced sup-
port for the party's central in-
stitutions. These committees rep-
resent thousands of Israeli work-
ers.
Former Premier and Foreign
Minister Moshe Sharett came out
with a statement in Davar, organ
of the Histadrut, declaring that he
considered it his duty to state pub-
licly that he was among those who,
"while acknowledging Ben-Gurion's
great services, cannot regard him
as the only source of truth and
justice and the sole embodiment
of the ethics and moral values of
our movement."
The possibility that the opposi-
tion Mapam Party would throw its
support to Premier Eshkol
emerged Sunday after the Pre-
mier's supporters rebuffed de-
mands of the minority Mapai fac-
tion.
The Mapai majority reply, ham-
mered out in a marathon nine-hour
meeting of the Mapai Bureau and
the Mapai Secretariat, condemned
the "threat" to the party's integ
rity stemming from "calls to dis-
sent" or from Ben-Gurion's call to
his followers to form an independ-
ent list for the forthcoming par-
liamentary elections.
The minority faction indicated
last week it would wait until July
1 for an approach from the majority
before proceeding with an inde-
pendent list.
The reply, contained in a com-
munique prepared by a special
committee named by the secre-
tariat, was uncompromising. The
communique demanded dissolution
of all party factions and called on
all members of the party to unite
behind Premier Levi Eshkol's lead-
ership. The communique de-
nounce as "untrue and unjustified"
minority charges of "moral de-
terioration" in the party under
that leadership.

Shimon Peres, a strong Ben-
Gurion supporter who quit as
deputy defense minister last
month in the abrasive leadership
conflict, told the secretariat that
Ben-Gurion had not really called
for a split. He asked that no
communique be issued until mat-
ters were clarified. However, the
decision to go ahead with the
communique was taken by ma-
jority vote. The communique
brought a pledge of support to
the party from its strong Haifa
branch.

As the crisis deepened, imperil-
ing labor's continuous leadership
of Israel, Mapam leaders indi-
cated that if the Mapai struggle
posed the threat of the loss by
Israel's general labor movement
of control of the government, Ma-
parn would support the Premier to
assure his continuance of Premier
and of Israel's labor leadership.
The tiny Israeli Communist par-
ty also faced a split. One faction,
which is pro-Israel, is headed by
Shmuel Mikunis and Moshe Sneh.
The other is more pro-Arab and
more extremist and is headed by
A. Wilmer and Toufik Tubi. Each
faction called a "general conven-
to." one in Haifa and one in Tel
Aviv, Wednesday. Each faction
was busy trying to persuade dele-
gates of overseas Communist par-
ties, invited to Israel for the occa-
sion, to attend their convention.

EEC Ruling Affects
Exportation of Fruit;
Israel Joins Protest

BRUSSELS (JTA) — Israel was
reported here Monday to have
joined wth several other fruit-ex-
porting countries to protest a de-
cision of the European Economic
Commission barring the use of a
chemical preservative for fruits
exported to the European Common
Market after next December.
EEC experts were given data
from reputable Dutch and West
German research institutes demon-
strating that the chemical was not
injurious to health in any way.
Israel and the other countries have
asked abrogation of the decision
which would severely cut into
fruit exports of the affected coun-
tries, especially Israel.
Israel also raised other questions
affecting its imports to Euromart
countries. This was done at a meet-
ing of the Joint EEC-Israel com-
mission set up in the agreement
with Israel to consider complaints
by Israel. The documents present-
ed at the meeting were turned over
to the EEC Commission and mem-
bers of the six member countries
for consideration.

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■•■

V.= =MI

MEOW =MEM 1•111M MEIN

.1111•11111

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Phone: 272-2600

■I•

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