7 Arabs Seized in Israel as Spies; One Kills Self
TEL AVIV (JTA)—Seven Israeli Arabs, most of them fishermen, have been
arrested on charges of spying for Egyptian intelligence, it was announced here Sunday
by a police spokesman,
The spokesman said that one of the suspects, identified only as Sabage,
committed suicide at the Acre police station after telling the police about the group's
espionage activities and leaving a letter to David Golomb, son of Eliahu Golomb,
former chief of Haganah, the Jewish pre-state defense organization. The contents of
the letter were not disclosed.
Sabage had told police that he and the other six Israeli Arabs who were remanded
by a magistrate for two weeks, had contacted Egyptian intelligence officers at sea
while on "fishing" trips opposite the Egyptian-held city of Gaza.
He said that the group went out on trawlers and pretended to fish as far south
as possible. When they were opposite Gaza, Sabage said, according to police, that they
signaled to shore and were- met by the Egyptian officers who came out in a motor
launch. They were paid by the Egyptians for the material that they furnished and
were given further assignments, Sabage said.
Police said that Sabage hanged himself in his cell with a special surgical belt
he wore. His family had been friendly with the Golomb family, and Sabage's father
had even aided in the landing of illegal Jewish immigrants during the British Mandate.
During the War of Liberation, while Sabage's father remained in Israel, the
son went with his mother to the Gaza Strip but later returned to Israel along with
other Arabs who were reunited with their families in Israel.
HE JEWISH NE
-r c i-r
NA c I-11 GAN!
A Weekly Review
A Lesson for
All of Us in
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
VOLUME XLVI I —NO. 17
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit 35 — VE 8-9364 — June 18, 1965
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Documents Reveal State De t Tactics
A ainst Effor s for Jewish`fate in
Goldmann Rules Out 'Distortions'
Applied in Criticisms of USSR;
Earns Wrath of Israeli Press
(From JTA Dispatches to The Jewish News)
A storm of criticism against Dr. Nahum Goldmann for his views on
the treatment of Jews in the Soviet Union broke out in the Israeli press
this week, forcing Dr. Goldmann to issue a statement defending his position.
Prime Minister Levi Eshkol had requested such clarification in a
cable to Dr. Goldmann, now in New York where he made the original
controversial statement last Thursday.
In that statement, made at a press conference, he said that protests
against Moscow's discrimination against Soviet Jews were necessary, but
he warned that "too often the problem is being distorted in its character
with the result that accusations are being made against Russia which are
not justified, and which can only delay the solution of the problem, and
_even harm Soviet Jewry."
Israel government quarters were surprised by Dr. Goldmann's
statement and Israeli political circles considered the statement as "a blow
to Israeli efforts with regard to the rights of Soviet Jews."
The Jerusalem Post, Davar, Haboker, Herut, Maariv and other daily
newspapers in Israel were unanimous in their editorial criticism. They
also criticized him for his views on Arab-Jewish relations expressed during
the same press conference.
The Jerusalem Post, in its editorial, said that the timing of Dr.
Goldmann's statement, coming in the wake of President Johnson's recent
public appeal to the Soviet government on behalf of Soviet Jewry, was
"clearly unfortunate." The paper added that Dr. Goldmann's "curious"
diplomatic assumptions are also reflected in his proposals regarding the
Dr. Goldmann Monday in his clarification to the Jewish Telegraphic
Agency declared he does not understand why his views caused "excitement."
He emphasized that "there can be differences with regard to the tactics,
but to give the impression that I am against continuing the efforts to
safeguard the Jewishness of the 3,000,000 Jews in Russia is unjust to me
and damaging the problem."
"All I want is that Jewish and non-Jewish public opinion concentrate
on the essential demand for Soviet Jews to have the same facilities to live
as a national and religious minority as the other groups in USSR. I criticized
the distortion of the character of the problem and warned that this may
wily create difficulties for a solution of the problem," he said.
The statement made by Dr. Nahum Goldmann was taken up at the
Weekly meeting of the Israel Cabinet Sunday.
A spokesman of the Cabinet said the matter is expected to be fully
discussed when Dr. Goldmann arrives in Jerusalem next week.
Sidney Einfeld, president of the Executive Council of Australian
Jews, addressing a luncheon in his honor by the World Jewish Congress
in Tel Aviv, said that Dr. Goldmann's views do not represent the opinion
of the key leaders of the World Jewish Congress.
Dr. Goldmann had told the press conference:
"The problem is not one of persecution in the usual meaning of the
word, although there is anti-Semitism in many parts of Russia, and the
government must be criticized for not acting more vigorously against
anti-Semitic incidents, especially since anti-Semitism is a crime under
the Criminal Code of the USSR. But to c o m pare in any way
the policy of the Soviet government with the Nazis is not •only a hideous
distortion, but highly unfair to Soviet Russia, which saved hundreds of
thousands of Jews when they escaped from the Nazis at the start of the
Second World War."
He said the issue was that the Soviets denied Jews "facilities AO'
maintain their Jewish identity to develop their existence as a distinct
religious and national minority recognized as such under the law." For this
reason, he added, world Jewry has to continue to arouse public opinion in
support of the demand for equal treatment of the Jewish minority, as a
"But," he stressed, "we must not expect to force the Soviet Union
to change its policy by extreme attacks and methods to which a great
(Continued on Page 7)
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
WASHINGTON State Department opposition to Jewish aspirations in Pale-
stine in the year 1944 are clearly exposed by the publication Tuesday of previously
secret State Department archives.
Strategies by State Department officials
Mogen David Goes
against American efforts to support the unre-
stricted movement of Jewish refugees to Palestine
on Space Flight
are revealed. State Department sentiment against
HOUSTON (JTA)—A Star of
the "Palestine Resolution," then before Congress,
David was one of the three re-
emerges from the documents.
ligious items which Major Edward
Soviet stands on Palestine in 1944 are ana-
White took with him on the Gemini
lyzed in the State Department papers, with the
4 flight last week along with his
conclusion that Russia opposed Zionism and aimed
fellow astronaut, Maj. James
at penetrating the Arab world.
State Department officials stressed that
Maj. White said that he took
American interests demanded a pro-Arab policy
the Star of David along with a
and rejection of Jewish attempts in America to
St. Christopher medal and a gold
gain support for Zionist objectives.
cross to express his faith in him-
Wallace Murray, then director of the State
self, in those who supported him,
Department Office of Near Eastern Affairs, sought
in his companion, in the capsule
and in God.
(Continued on Page 5)
Sly Strategy, White House Pressure Force
Compromise Action on Anti-Boycott Bill
By MILTON FRIEDMAN
(Copyright, 1965, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
WASHINGTON—The Administration won by clever strategy what it could not achieve by
votes on the Arab boycott issue.
The Executive Department, opposed to a mandatory prohibition of the Arab boycott op-
erations in the United States, observed that Congressional patience with the Arabs had run out.
It was apparent that a vote on the House floor could force an iron-clad ban on the boycott
rather than the usual impotent "sense of Congress" expression ignored by the State Department.
Republicans were solidly prepared to hit the Arabs as hard as possible in defense of Amer-
ican free enterprise. Some Democrats denounced the boycott but claimed that a mandatory
measure jeopardized American-Arab relations and would "tie the hands" of the President in
dealing with the Arabs. Most Democrats, however, favored the strongest legislation but felt
compelled to heed a White House request that they compromise with the State Department
position to avert a serious Administration defeat.
A formula was worked out, mainly by Rep. Abraham J. Multer, New York Democrat, for
a compromise bill. It went further than the State Department would have liked but not far
enough actually to prohibit the Arab tactics applied to American companies. The White House
produced this compromise. Rep. Multer sought to present it as a bipartisan move by inviting
Rep. Seymour Halpern, New York Republican, to lend his name as co-sponsor.
Rep. Halpern carefully explained that he favored stronger, mandatory language but
would accept the compromise if it was truly the maximum achievable. He said he could speak
only for himself and could not commit his party. After defeat of a stronger substitute, for which
he voted, Rep. Halpern reverted to the compromise. Some Congressmen felt this "compromise"
was prematurely advanced by Rep. Multer to avert a record vote and left the co-sponsor, Rep.
Halpern, in the position of appearing to favor a compromise before a real fight had been at-
tempted for the strongest possible goals.
It turned out that the Republican leadership, headed by Rep. William Widnall, of New
Jersey, ranking Republican on the Banking Committee, scorned the compromise. They termed
it a "face-saving" maneuver to avert Administration defeat.
Most Democrats felt they had to follow White House leadership. It was dangerous, they
said, to go "too far" from the State Department line. The compromise was portrayed as an
achievement in itself because it went beyond the committee's recommendations in some aspects.
Rep. Muller was dismayed and angered when the compromise ran into bitter opposition
from the solid Republican side and from the liberal Democrats like Representatives William F.
Ryan and Richard L. Ottinger, both of New York.
Rep. Ogden. Reid, New York Republican. former American ambassador to Israel, empha-
sized that the United States has always been on record opposing the boycott as a professed
policy "but our policy has lacked teeth." Therefore, anything less than the specific use of the word
"prohibit" was inadequate to deal with the "repugnant" Arab practices, he said.
But the Muller amendment carried after defeat of the stronger measure sought by such
men as Ottinger, Widnall, and Reid.
Rep. Halpern helped salvage something from the debris by an imaginative amendment to
the amendment. It was accepted and provided that such regulations that may emerge be promul-
gated within 90 days after enactment of the bill.
Opponents of the boycott hope to strengthen the bill when it comes before the Senate.