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June 11, 1965 - Image 40

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-06-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

USSR Prejudices

American Jewry Protests

(Continued from Page 1)
tion not to permit and to prevent
the commission of unlawful acts in
its territory against representatives
of foreign countries by private per-
sons."
The Soviet note also held that
the protest rally and the continued
presence of the plaque ran counter
to United States assurances last
February 19 that measures were
being taken to guard Soviet Em-
bassy or UN mission buildings ac-
cording to a rule banning demon-
strations "at a distance of less
than 500 feet from Embassy or Mis-
sion buildings." The note finally
protested the "negligence" of
United States authorities and de-
manded "the immediate removal of
the slanderous inscription."
The United States reply noted
that all appropriate measures were
taken to ensure that the protest
meeting was "completely orderly,
that no violence occurred and that
there was no physical interference
with entry or exit into the Soviet
Mission or with its performance of
its normal functions."
The reply referred to the con-
trast between the orderly protest
and the "organized mob violence
recently directed against official
United States Government build-
ings in the Soviet Union. The Unit-

ed States note also stressed that
the placement of the plaque was a
private action "with which the
United States Government has had
no association of any kind" and
that its placement has not resulted
"ill violence against the Mission
or in impediment in anyway to the
fulfillment by the Soviet Mission
of its functions."
The note rejected the Soviet
complaint of alleged violation of
various agreements because "the
privileges and immunities assured
to the Soviet Mission" by those
agreements "are not impaired by
the plaque's erection."
Protests on USSR Policy
Backed by Johnson
• NEW YORK (JTA)—More than
18,000 Jews packed Madison Square
Garden June 3 in a massive act of
protest against the continuing sup-
pression by the Soviet Union of the
cultural and religious freedom of
the 3,000,000 Jews of Russia.
The "Rally for Soviet Jewry"
adopted a resolution appealing to
Soviet authorities to extend to Jew-
ish citizens the full measure of
equality guaranteed by the Soviet
Constitution, ..including religious
and cultural rights, the right to af-
filiate with co-religionists in reli-
gious groups within the Soviet
Union and to allow religious and

Tel Aviv University President Seeks
to Raise Funds, Get Teachers in U.S.

NEW YORK (JTA)—Dr. George
Wise, president of Tel Aviv Uni-
versity, said the present develop-
ment plans for the new university
call for expenditures of $16,000,-
000 and about $7,000,000 of that
sum had been given or pledged for
that goal.

He is visiting the United States
to raise additional funds and to
recruit more Israeli teachers, now
on university faculties in this
country, for the Tel Aviv school.

Among the reasons cited by Dr.
Wise at a press conference for the
urgent need for additional higher
education facilities in Israel was
the fact that Israel had one of the

Lamport Braille
Gifts Aids Blind
Yiddish-Speaking

NEW YORK — Dedication of
the Sadie and Arthur Lamport
Sound Recording Studio at the
headquarters of the Jewish Braille
Institute of America has launched
that organization on a broadly
expanded program of service to
blind persons who do not read
braille, with the recording and
production of high-fidelity tapes
and long-playing records in Yid-
dish, Hebrew and English.
"To the aged, Yiddish-speaking
blind; the loss of sight is followed
by a desperate psychological and
cultural need for 'talking books'
in Yiddish," declared Mrs. Harry
J. Finke, president of the Jewish
Braille Institute, at the dedication
ceremonies. "These talking books
are of tremendous help in over-
coming the feeling of hopeless-
ness and loneliness among the
elderly Yiddish-speaking blind
who are to be found in all parts
of the United States and in other
countries."

Q

Through the facilities of its
new sound studio, the Institute
has recorded the first full-length
Yiddish talking book, the great
classic of Yiddish literature,
"TEVYE DER MILCHIGER" by
Sholem Aleichem, on long-playing
records. This and other talking
books of stories by several of the
leading Yiddish writers are avail-
able to the Jewish blind from the
Institute, free of charge.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
40—Friday, June 11, 1965

lowest percentage of its population
in the college student level of any
advanced nation.

Another, he said, was the fact
that while the Oriental-originating
Israeli Jews had been integrated
politically and economically, they
were not integrated culturally.
He reported that while the

Arab university student popula-
tion in Arab countries had ad-
vanced from 25,000 to 180,000 in
the past ten years, in Israel the

college student population had
risen from 12,000 to only 18,000.
He said Israel's needs for uni-
versity-educated experts re-
quired an increase in the univer-
sity student total to 40,000 by
1970.

Dr. Wise noted that the increase
to 18,000 students in Israel in-
cluded the 4,000 attending Tel
Aviv University and said he hoped
that in the next three or four
years, the university would have
10,000 students.
He said one of the goals of his
current trip to the United States
was to continue to find Israeli
teachers who came to this country
because of lack of teaching and
research openings in Israel.
He reported that 30 such Israelis
had been persuaded to return to
Israel to join the Tel Aviv Univer-
sity faculty and that he hoped
that another 60 would follow their
example.

* * *

Tel Aviv Mayor's Wife
Arrives to Aid University

cultural bonds with Jewish com-
munities abroad.
President Johnson, in a message
addressed to the rally, said: "I
have more than once expressed my
deep concern and that of this Ad-
ministration regarding the plight
of the Jewish community in the
Soviet Union. All Americans sym-
pathetically concerned with injus-
tice cannot but deplore the diffi-
culties faced by that community
and the restrictions which hamper
its religions and cultural life. We
believe that in the interests of all
humanity, the spiritual and cultural
heritage of these people should be
nurtured and preserved.
"In a spirit of peace and reason,
we express our earnest hope that
the Soviet leadership will amelio-
rate the situation of its Jewish
minority. Doing so would go a long
way -toward removing a moral and
emotional barrier between us and
contribute to a relaxation of ten-
sions. And we all earnestly hope
for this," President Johnson stated.
His message was read to the rally
by Dr. Joachim Prinz, chairman
of the Conference of Presidents of
Major American Jewish Organiza-
tions.
Senator Jacob K. Javits, address-
ing the audience, said: "It is in-
deed tragic that twice within the
short span of a generation, we find
ourselves now participating in this
rally protesting anti-Jewish acts in
Europe. The measure of success
these protests have' received, al-
though sma 11, must give new
strength to our expressions of con-
cern."
Senator Robert F. Kennedy told
the mass-gathering: "Today, 3,000,-
000 Jews in Russia need help
but they do not march alone. The
conscience of the world cries out
in their behalf." He added that to
champion freedom in any part of
the world was in the American tra-
dition, citing the guarantees in the
American constitution of freedom
of religion and assembly and the
right to petition for redress of
grievances.
Mayor Wagner, who was one of
the speakers, proclaimed the day
as "Conference on Soviet Jewry
Day in New York City." He de-
clared that "deprivation of human

Hebrew Corner

Dr. Zarchin
Desalinates
Sea Water

rights cannot be condoned," and
added that "we earnestly pray for
the end of these discriminations."
Gov. Nelson Rockefeller pro-
claimed the day as "A Day of Pro-
test in New York Against Anti-
Semitism." He said that "this dis-
crimination is abhorrent and it is
fitting that we publicly manifest
our protest of these procedures by
the Soviets."
Dr. Max Nussbaum, chairman of
the American Zionist Council, told
the rally that petitions being cir-
culated for 1,000 protest signatures
would be sent to President John-
son and the United Nations Hu-
man Rights Commission, urging
them to use their influence with
Soviet leaders to extend to Soviet
Jewry the right to religious and
cultural expression granted to oth-
er Soviet minorities. He empha-
sized that the gathering was not
an anti-Soviet rally. "What we de-
mand is that the Soviet authorities
accord their Jewish community the
same freedom to live their lives as
is extended to the Armenians, the
Germans and the Gypsies," he said.
Rabbi Emanuel Rackman, past
president of the New York Board
of Rabbis, paraphrased Lincoln's
dictum that a government cannot
endure permanently "half-slave and
half-free" and urged the Soviet
leadership to abolish "the last ves-
tiges of slavery" and to restore
justice and equality to the Jews as
well as to other minorities in Rus-
sia.
Other speakers included Dr.
Buell G. Gallagher, president of
the City College of New York,
Socialist leader Norman Thomas,
labor leader A. Philip Randolph,

and Morris B. A b r a m, United
States delegate to the UN Human
Rights Commission and American
Jewish Committee president.
Report Soviet Cooperation
in Restoration of Graves

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

NEW YORK — Rabbi Chaim M.
Twersky of Brooklyn, a member
of the presidium of the World
Center of European . Rabbis, report-
ed Tuesday on his 'return from a
tour of Russian cities that Soviet
officials had erected and repaired
monuments of graves of a number
of grand rabbis in those cities with
"the fullest measure of coopera-
tion."
Rabbi Twersky visited Moscow,
Kiev, Makarev, Onetevka, Kalin-
evka, Berditschev and Zhitomir.
He said there were many Jewish
cemeteries which had suffered
damage during the Nazi occupa-
tion, but he found that the non-
Jews in the areas had not touched
the remnants of the cemeteries.
He said that this information
was important in reference to
efforts by the rabbinical group to
obtain indemnification from West
Germany for repair of cemeteries
damaged or destroyed by the Nazis.
The West German government
has argued that the local non-
Jewish population would destroy
the cemeteries if they were re-
paired.
The rabbinical group is seeking
to obtain 1,000,000 Jewish signa-
tures for a petition, to be present-
ed to West German officials, de-
claring that the West German
government should provide funds
to repair cemeteries in Eastern
Europe destroyed by the Nazis.

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Alexander Zarchin, 55 years old, who
came to Israel from the USSR in 1947,
invented a method of converting salt
water into sweet water.
The water engineer found himself in
a new country here, with new condi-
tions and new prospects—but his plans
were not at all new. They were very
old indeed. "Even before commencing
my University studies, I had already
registered a patent for the desaliniza-
tion of salt water."
Zarchin completed his studies in 1931.
and in the very same year the young
engineer suggested a method of his
own for sweetening brackish under-
ground water. The inhabitants of the
vast Russian-Asiatic prairies suffer
from a chronic shortage of water. These
prairies have a plenitude of under,
ground water, but it is not suitable
for agricultural purposes because it
contains a high percentage of salines.
Zarchin proposed a process whereby
the salty water would be converted
into sweet water.
The Soviet authorities valued the in-
vention of the Jewish engineer highly,
and extended to him all the assistance
a young inventor could want.
But Zarchin knew that Eretz Yisrael
needed him. He knew that it was a
land parched for water, and that it
could not be developed unless an ap-
propriate solution to the water prob-
lem was found.
Every child in the state now knows
Zarchin's name. A 1 in o s t everyone
knows his story, how he wrote letters,
year in year out, offering his patent
to the state as a free gift. But no
one was interested in his offer until
one of his letter7 -'reached Mr. Ben-
Gurion, then the Prime Minister, who
issued' instructions that Mr. Zarchin's
plans be examined. The examination
revealed that his method was feasible
and would make it possible to convert
unlimited quantities of sea water into
sweet water.
Overnight the lonely man became an
Israeli Cinderella. Foreign companies
were interested in the patent of the
new immigrant.
The Development Ministry appointed 1
a team of experts to implement Zar-
chin's plans. The formal ceremony of
the opening operation of Zarchin's
Water Plant in Eilat took place about a
year ago. The dream became a reality.
Translation of Hebrew column



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Mrs. Ora Namir, wife of the
Mayor of Tel Aviv, arrived in the
U.S. to help prepare plans for the
imminent visit of her husband in
behalf of Tel Aviv University.
Active in the development of TAU,
Mrs. Namir also finds time for
other municipal activities, particu-
larly those involving children.

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(Published by the Brit Ivrit Olamit),
Jerusalem.

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