Eshkol the Victor . . and Mapai Seeks Unit
TEL AVIV (JTA)—Predictions that the group of leaders in the Mapai Party
which is supporting former Premier David Ben-Gurion will not break away from the
party to form their own group were made in connection with the nomination during
the weekend of Premier Levi Eshkol as the party's candidate for premier after the
parliamentary elections this fall.
Eshkol was nominated to be the next premier at a meeting of the Central
Committee of the Mapai Party held jointly with the Mapai members in Knesset. The
ballot was secret, and he received 179 votes while Ben-Gurion received 103 votes. It
was decided in advance that the nominations would be made not by the forthcoming
Mapai convention but by the Central Committee plus the Mapai faction in Knesset.
Following the vote, which gave Eshkol 63.5 per cent as against Ben-Gurion's
36.5 per cent, Reuven Barkat, Mapai secretary-general, issued an appeal for party
unity. He expressed the hope that "all sections" would abide by it and that Ben-Gurion
would regard the decision as the "party's will." The vote was preceded by receipt
of a letter from the former premier barring his heading the party list if Eshkol
was named as Mapai candidate for premier. Neither protagonist attended the voting
Premier Eshkol received news of the vote by telephone, while Ben-Gurion was
visited by a group of his backers with the information. The Ben-Gurion followers
indicated that they were satisfied by the fact that the voting showed they had
maintained the strength of their faction in the party.
The Herut-Liberal party faction in Israel's parliament submitted Tuesday a
motion for debate on Eshkol's statement that there had been "irregularities" during
former Premier Ben-Gurion's terms of office. The motion called for creation of a
committee of inquiry to examine the charge.
Ben-Gurion, who has not attended Knesset sessions since his resignation as
premier, may attend the Knesset meting at which the Herut-Liberal motion comes
up to support the demand for an inquiry, it was reported.
Ben-Gurion denounced the Premier's charge in an article in Davar, organ of
E... -r MC>1"7"
A Weekly Review
f Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper--Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
VOLUME XLVI 1—No. 16
Printed in a
100% Union Shop
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit 48235—' t 8-9364—June 11, 1965
$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Told Israel Determined to Act
In Self-Defense Again t Saboteurs
Accusation of Nasser's 'Savior'
Pretense Marks Syria-fAR Rift
LONDON (JTA) — Syria and Egypt continued their verbal
fight over whether the time was ripe for the Arab rulers to
resume military attacks against Israel. The Syrian press re-
vealed that President Nasser of Egypt, addressing the five-day
congress of the Palestine Liberation Organization in Cairo last
"If today we are incapable of defense, how can we speak
of attack? If an aggression is committed against Syria, am I
going to attack Israel? In this way Israel would be in a position
to fix me the time of attack. Is this wise or sound?"
The Syrian government, replying to Nasser's arguments,
charged him with having no intention to help Syria in a pos-
sible showdown with Israel over the Jordan River diversion
issue. In a statement broadcast over the Damascus radio, the
S yrian government said that Nasser wished to see the Israel
orces at the threshold of Damascus and only then would he
ove, primarily to pose as a "savior" of Syria.
The bitter attack by the Syrian government against Nasser
precipitated a number of articles in the Egyptian press, making
it clear that Egypt would not be dragged into a war if Israel
limited itself to raiding diversion installations on Syrian terri-
tory. This, in turn, brought about a public meeting in Damas-
cus at which Nasser was denounced as a "double-crosser."
Syrian President Amin el-Hafez, who addressed the meeting,
charged not only Nasser but all Arab, states with "conspiring"
against Syria. He declared that none of the Arab countries had
any intention of coming to Syria's aid if warfare broke out
between Syria and Israel.
The Egyptian newspaper, Al Ahram, which is considered
the mouthpiece of Nasser, reported last weekend the details of
a purported plan for a British-American landing in Lebanon
L7-, if that country were attacked by Egyptian forces. The foreign
- 7e in London and the State Department in WaShington re-
'F1 to comment on the published report.
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (JTA) — Israel served notice that it reserved the right
to take "whatever defense measures may be appropriate in discharge of its duty to
protect its citizens and territory" from saboteur infiltrations from the neighboring
In a letter to the president of the Security Council, which he asked to be dis-
tributed as a Council document, Michael S. Comay, permanent Israel representative
to the UN, reported two new terrorist attacks on the Israel villages of Yiftah and
Bet Govrin. He charged that the first attack was carried out by a band of three men
who came from Lebanon and returned there, while the second was carried out by
a band coming from Jordan territory. The attacks took place on June 1.
The letter reiterated that "under the mixed armistice agreements, the govern-
ments concerned must in each case bear the responsibility for these acts perpetrated
by persons crossing the border from their territories into Israel. That responsibility,"
it continued, "includes the duty to apprehend and punish the persons involved and
the duty to take the strongest possible action to prevent any recurrence of organized
infiltration, murder of civilians and sabotage of property."
Comay further advised the Security Council that the Jordan-Israel Mixed Arm-
istice Commission (MAC) investigating the attack on Ramat Hakovesh on May 25 had
found that "there had been a flagrant violation by Jordan of Article Four, Paragraph
Three of the general armistice agreement" and had "expressed grave concern at the
recurrence of incidents of this nature which disturb normal life in Israel and con-
stituting a threat to peace and tranquility."
(A Jordanian spokesman claimed that Jordan stopped an attempt by Israeli troops
to raid Jordan at a border bridge last Friday. There was no comment from Israel
on the Jordanian report. According to a military spokesman in Amman, the Jordanian
capital, Israel forces opened fire on an outpost at Sheik Hussein Bridge on the Jordan River and
then tried to advance but were stopped by Jordanian fire. The spokesman said the exchange lasted
two hours, and Jordanians did not suffer any casualties). Related Story Page 3.
Arab Terrorist Sentenced to Death In Israel
TEL AVIV (JTA) — A member of the El Fatah terrorist gang, captured in a clash with an
Israel patrol last January, has been sentenced to death by a military court. Under Israeli military
court procedures, every capital punishment sentence must automatically be reviewed by the military
court of appeals and, if confirmed by that court, must then be confirmed by the chief of staff.
The Fatah member was identified as Mahmoud Bahar Muhammed Hedjazi, a Jordanian citizen.
He was captured in a clash between the patrol and a group of Fatah infiltrators who tried last Jan. 7
to sabotage a water tank of the Nehusha settlement in Lachish.
Hedjazi was condemned by a three-man court — including a lieutenant colonel who is a jurist
in civilian life, another lieutenant colonel and one major — which found him guilty on four counts.
These included sabotage, firing on Israeli soldiers and throwing hand grenades. Hedjazi admitted the
charges but claimed that it was not he who was guilty but those who had sent him into Israel. His
lawyer may appeal for clemency.
S. Rejects Soviet Demand-for Removal of New or
Synagogue Plaque- President Joins Protest Against Bias
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (JTA) — The United States rebuffed a demand by the
soviet Mission to the United Nations that the United States act to remove a plaque on
a synagogue near the mission building in New York City which accuses the Soviet
Union of discriminations against Jews in the Soviet Union.
In the same exchange, the United States also rejected a protest by the Soviets
r against a protest march from the United Nations building to the Soviet Mission build-
ing organized by Jewish groups on Jan. 7 to protect the Soviet denial of cultural and
religious freedom to Russian Jewry.
The United States position, given in a statement by the U.S. Mission to the
(3 United Nations, cited an earlier statement by the United States last Feb. 24, which
it said made clear "that the erection of the plaque on Congregation Zichron Ephraim
Synagogue in no way violates the privileges and immunities of the Soviet Mission to
the United Nations" and that "the government of the United States has nothing to
add to that nate."
The Soviet Mission note declared that despite USSR Mission protests, "an anti-
Soviet demonstration was organized" in front of the mission building in which Mayor
Robert Wagner "and other official persons took part. At the same time, a bronze
plaque was installed opposite the mission with an inscription which is slanderous and
hostile to the Soviet Union." The inscription, which the Soviets did not quote but which
was quoted by the United States in its reply, is "Hear the cry of the oppressed—the
Jewish community in the Soviet Union."
The Soviet Mission charged that "such acts violate the normal conditions re-
quired by the USSR Mission for the performance of its functions" and that the acts
were "an impermissible violation of the privileges and immunities of the mission."
The . note cited the agreement of June 26, 1946, between the United Nations and the
united States government on offices of the UN and the "universally recognized prin-
ciples of international law on diplomatic relations."
The Soviet note contended that the fact that the plaque was on private property
did not change the situation, since international. aw "imposes on each state the ebliga-
(Continued on Page 40)