LT. S. Zionists 11Iobilize for Communal Inrolrement
NEW YORK (JTA) — The American Zionist movement Sunday adopted a program
of unified action which placed the main emphasis on work to ensure the future of
the American Jewish community. The program, adopted at an all-day conference of
the American Zionist Council. coordinating body of all Zionist groups, marks an im-
portant departure from the traditional Zionist programs which related primarily to
the Israeli scene.
While reaffirming the "Zionist responsibility toward the security and welfare of
Israel," the resolutions adopted by the 300 delegates from the nine constituent Zionist
organizations affiliated with the American Zionist Council, encompassed participation
in Jewish communal affairs, the furtherance of Jewish and Hebrew education, youth
activities and encouragement of all types of immigration to Israel. Zionists of all per-
suasions were urged in one of the resolutions to "involve themselves in all communal
endeavors which affect the Jewish community."
The import of the reorientation in the program of American Zionism was stressed
in the keynote address by Dr. Max Nussbaum, chairman of the American Zionist
Council, who pointed to the fact that the conference was convened to implement the
decisions of the last 26th World Zionist Congress, held in Jerusalem in January 1965,
which was devoted to the theme "With the Face Toward the Jewish People in the
Dispora." Dr. Nussbaum asserted that with one-half of the Jewish people residing in
the United States, the implementation of the second unfinished task of the Zionist pro-
gram for the building of the Jewish people must begin in this country.
In a series of resolutions dealing with international affairs, the conference called
upon the United States government to reaffirm in unmistakable terms America's
commitment to the security and independence of all Middle East nations and its de-
termination to prevent aggression be it military or economic.
THEJEWISH NE WS
A Weekly Review
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'An End to the
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VOLUME XLVII — No. 13
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Israel's Direct Peace Talks
Appeal Falls on Deaf Ears
Jewish Idea Michener
Veins in 'The Source'
"The Source" is the translation of the
Hebrew word "Makor," which is the central
point of the new novel by James A. Michener,
published by Random House.
Michener's "The Source," a powerful, 909-
page narrative, has so many challenging angles,
it covers so much of world and Jewish history,
especially in relation to religious develop-
ments, that it will be a subject for discussions,
debates, historical analyses for a long time to
come. It is an archaeological work, and in the
course of the diggings the author reconstructs
history, traces the beliefs of the ancients from
earliest times, likens them to the one-God idea
of the Hebrews, dramatically portrays the strug-
gles between the two civilizations, bringing
history up to date.
In the course of his discussions, Michener
deals with intermarriage, with Jewish experi-
ences, with the holocausts, with the emergence
of Israel and the current struggles.
There is so much research in this work that
James A. Michener emerges as one of the great
scholars of our time, as a keen student and
a master at offering analyses of human affairs.
There is so much in "The Source" (the novel
centers at the fictional archaelogical site "Ma-
- kor") that will inspire interest in the scores of
subjects covered in this voluminous work that
single reviews of the book will be insufficient.
Therefore, the limitation of the current com-
ment to a single subject.
The hero of the novel, John Cullinane, a
Catholic, seeks information, and the Jewish
member of the archaeological staff, Dr. Eliav,
offers advice that will intrigue the 'readers and
should serve as a challenge to all Jews who are
interested in the Bible and in their history.
To understand fully the advice inherent in
the Tvlichener story, a lengthy quotation is in-
evitable, but it is worth the space because of the
fascination of the subject.
Prof. Cullinane is advised to read Deuter-
onomy five times to understand the Jews. In
the course of the development of this dramatic
literary episode, the new Jewish Publication
Society translation of the Torah is applauded..
Michener's account of this experience by a Cath-
olic, advisable for all, and especially for Jews,
. Now he (Cullinane) spent his days digging physically
into the earth of Makor and his nights probing the spirit
of the Judaism that had been responsible for building
so much of the telt (archeological site).
When he was satisfied that the last tourists had
gone ; he unlocked his door and wandered into Eliav's
office. "Have you any new material that I could read
about the Jews?"
(Continued on Page 40)
Prime Minister Levi Eshkol's invitation to the Arab states to negotiate direct peace talks with
Israel fell on deaf ears again. While Eshkol's latest appeal offered new benefits to the Arabs, in-
cluding free access to Israel's ports, the request for negotiations was rejected, Jordan leading the as-
sault on Israel by resorting to the charge of "Zionist presence in Israel." The Jordan statement re-
ferred to Eshkol as the "prime minister of the occupation authority in Palestine."
JERUSALEM (JTA) — Prime Minister Levi Eshkol's proposal to the Arab states which signed
armistice agreements with Israel to start direct negotiations "with a view to converting these agree-
ments into peace° treaties," was made in the Knesset, which reconvened for its summer session.
Eshkol recalled that, among the Arabs, voices have recently been heard rejecting the idea of war
and openly calling for a peace settlement and coexistence. Without indulging in premature optim-
ism, he said, Israel is entitled to assume that in the Arab world—and even in its political leader-
ship—there are men who believe in their hearts in the necessity for Arab-Israel coexistence.
"The peace settlement must be based on Israel as she is," he stressed.
"Hitherto, the states which have entered into the armistice agreements
have evolved patterns of daily life and development projects within their
existing borders. Slight mutual adjustments are conceivable at certain
points where the population's daily life is disturbed. And this must be
the rule. Peace is designed to alter the relations between states, not to
change the states themselves."
The Israel Prime Minister stressed some of the benefits which will
be enjoyed by all concerned when peace between Israel and the Arab
(Continued on Page 6)
Herzog Nominated British Chief Rabbi
LONDON (JTA) — Dr. Jacob Herzog, deputy director of the Israel Foreign
Ministry and Israel's former Ambassador to Canada, was unanimously nominated
by the Special Committee of the Chief Rabbinate Conference to the post of chief
Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the British Commonwealth.
The nomination by the committee headed by Sir Isaac Wolfson and including
35 other members is only a recommendation which will come before the full
Chief Rabbinate Conference only if Dr. Herzog accepts the nomination.
Dr. Herzog, who was born in Dublin, is the son of the late Rabbi Isaac
Halevi Herzog, former Chief Rabbi of the Holy Land and before that Chief
Rabbi of Ireland. In addition to serving in Israeli diplomatic posts in Ottawa,
Warsaw and Washington, the younger Dr. Herzog was director of the Israel
Foreign Ministry's United States division.
If Dr. Herzog accepts the nomination, the choice of the special committee
is certain to be endorsed by the full Chief Rabbinate Conference which is due
to convene in about two weeks. Dr. Israel Brodie, who has served as British Chief
Rabbi since 1948, is scheduled to retire later this month.
Central Press Cablephoto
PAULS, 49, was notified
Tuesday at his home in
Bonn, West Germany, of
his appointment as his
country's first ambassador
Senate Unanimous: Condemns USSR Poliev on Jews
WASHINGTON — (JTA) — The Senate, by unanimous vote of 68 to 0, adopted a resolution condemning
the religious and cultural persecution of Jews in the Soviet Union, It acted promptly on the measure, proposed by
Senator Abraham A. Ribicoff, after its Foreign Affairs Committee reported favorably Friday on the resolution, which
urged the Soviet Union, "in the name of decency and humanity," to cease executing persons "for alleged economic
offenses and to permit fully the free exercise of religion and the pursuit of culture by Jews and all others within
The resolution, as adopted by the Senate, reads as follows:
"Whereas the Congress of the United States deeply believes in freedom of religion for all people and is
opposed to infringement of this freedom anywhere in the world; and
"Whereas abundant evidence has made clear that the government of the Soviet Union is persecuting,
in varying degrees of intensity, elements of its Christian. Jewish and Moslem citizens, and
"Whereas there is also abundant evidence that Jewish citizens have been singled out for extreme - pun-
ishment for alleged economic offense by confiscating synagogues, by closing Jewish cemeteries, by arresting rabbis
and lay religious leaders, by curtailing religious observances, by discriminating against Jews in cultural activities
and access to higher education, by imposing restrictions that prevent the reuniting of Jews with their families in
other lands, and by other acts that oppress Jews in the free exercise of their faith; and
"Whereas the Soviet Union has a clear opportunity to match the words of its constitutional guarantees of
freedom of religion with specific actions, so that the world may know whether there is a genuine hope for a new
day of better understanding among all people: now therefore, be it
"Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), that it is the sense of the Congress
that persecution of any persons because of their religion by the Soviet Union be condemned, and that the Soviet
Union in the name of decency and humanity be urgedto cease executing persons for alleged economic offenses and
to permit fully the free exercise of religion and the pursuit of culture by Jews and all others within its borders."