This sum, assured in the current
Allied Jewish Campaign, marks
a new high in fund raising for
the major causes in Detroit's
communal activities since 1959.
The oversubscription of the goal
aspired to for 1965 was an-
nounced at the victory dinner
Wednesday evening at the Jew-
Detailed story on Page 6
THE JEWISH NE
-r F c)i
A Weekly Review
t C 1-11 GA IN
f Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper —Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
"fOLUME XLVI I — No. 12
Printed in a
100% Union Shop
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit 35 — VE 8-9364 — May 14, 1965
$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Danger of Extinction of Jewry
in USSR Told in Plea to House
Arab States Demand Death
for Three Branded as Spies
The death penalty loomed this week for accused spies in
Syria and Egypt who were being tried as agents of Israel.
Elie Cohen, a wealthy Syrian Jew was convicted and sentenced
to death, according to a report Monday from Damascus, where the
trial went on for 40 days. Others of the "spy" ring were given
prison sentences; 33 were acquitted.
In Cairo, the Egyptian state prosecutor's of f i c e Monday
demanded the death penalty for a West German couple who
allegedly spied for Israel and, it said, attempted to murder
German scientists at work there.
Wolfgang Lotz and his wife, Waldrud Martha •Lotz, were
handed the indictments in their prison cells outside Cairo,
where they have been since their arrest Feb. 22.
The Supreme State Security Court is expected to set a date
for the trial at which nine witnesses will appear, including the
secretary of Wolfgang Pilz, German rocket expert. The secretary
had been seriously injured when she opened a booby-trapped
letter sent to Pilz. The Lotzes were accused of other attempts on
the lives of Germans working in Egypt.
The Lotzes, according to the 10-count indictment had "de-
livered and divulged to Israeli agents abroad information con-
cerning the UAR armed forces and their disposition, movements
of equipment, positions of arms and extent of military production
plus other military data."
Egyptian authorities described Lotz as a former Nazi officer
posing as a horse fancier. They said he had received orders
from a Paris-based Israeli intelligence network.
JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
WASHINGTON--Experts on the Soviet Union Tuesday told members of the House
Foreign Affairs Committee that if Russia's current program of cultural and religious geno-
cide continues. Jewish life in that country will soon be extinct.
Testimony was delivered on the second day of hearings of the subcommittee on
Europe by witnesses familar with the problems of Jewish life in the Soviet Union.
They included representatives of the American Jewish Conference on Soviet Jewry,
a cooperative body of 24 major national Jewish religious, civic and Zionist groups united to
combat Soviet treatment of its Jewish population.
Rabbi Joachim Prinz, representing the American Jewish Conference, introduced into
the record a number of photographs, pamphlets cartoons and other graphic material de-
picting the -Soviet Union's religious and cultural persecutions during the past years.
Dr. Prinz old the members of the House committee: "In one sense — in terms of
ultimate purpose—may it be said that the policies of Hitlerism and of the Soviet govern-
ment towards Jews are alike. Both have sought the elimination of the Jewish presence in
history, - both have sought to remove Jews as a distinctive entity among the diversity of
mankind, both have sought in our lifetimes to bring to a close the long Jewish experience and
the stream of Jewish religious and cultural expression."
Dr. Prinz expressed "deep regret" that both the executive branch of our government
and the State Department have been reluctant to press forward on "this humane ques-
He said that the State Department "until now has been so strangely reticent and re-
luctant on the matter of Soviet Jewry. Despite mounting public opinion, unfortunately
the voice that could have proved the most telling was absent from the chorus of con-
demnation — the official voice of the government of the United States. To be sure, there
have been expressions of sympathy by the State Department, but they have been couched
in terms so vague and hesitant as to be virtually inaudible."
Dr. Prinz noted that the State Department's reasons for not pressing the Soviet
authorities on this problem was that "official action would not ameliorate but exacerbate
Large-Scale Economic Plan Unhesitant Arms
Supply to 11.E. Urged by Foreign Policy Assn.
NEW YORK (JTA)—"The United States should shed its hesitation about
becoming an arms supplier to the Middle East," a report an Israel, issued by the
Foreign Policy Association, recommends. The report was written by Dr. Nadav Safran,
associate professor of government at Harvard University and a member of the staff
of the Harvard Center for Middle Eastern Studies.
Declaring that war between the Arabs and Israel is "unlikely," the report said
that the prospects of resolving the problems of Arab-Israeli hostility seem at the
moment to be worse than they were 16 years ago. However, it adds, "the chances of
checking dangerous manifestations of that hostility seem to be brighter now."
Emphasizing that the borders between the Arab states and Israel "have been
relatively quiet since 1957" and that, with few exceptions, shooting incidents have
been successfully localized, the report points out that the Arab boycott of foreign
firms doing business with Israel "has been slowly losing its effectiveness."
-\_, "But," the report continues, "there are problems to be watched. In 1964, the
second Arab summit conference made plans to go ahead with the diversion of the
Jordan's tributaries, the conference of non-aligned nations in Cairo adopted a reso-
i-ition supporting the Arab cause in Palestine, and plans were started for an Egyptian-
4 .1.4aqi union. Israel's reaction to these plans will depend a great deal on the position
taken by the United States and other Western powers."
The report proposes some "careful, limited measures" that the U.S. might adopt
to reduce tensions in the Arab-Israel conflict. One recommendation is to promote a
large-scale economic development program for Jordan, providing opportunities for
jobs and self-advancement which may alleviate the refugee problem by inducing the
refugees to leave their camps and try to rebuild thir lives. "In another 16 years the
refugee problem might be on its way to solution instead of becoming more aggravated
than it is," Dr. Safran predicts.
Dr. Safran feels it is important that the United States continue aid to Egypt in
its economic and social development programs. By encouraging the Egyptian govern-
ment to concentrate on internal improvements, Dr. Safran stated, the Egyptians may
increase the responsiveness to "United States counsels of restraint." His report warns,
however, that there be no implication of a cooling-off toward Israel, nor should the
United States feel bound to refrain from taking exception to Egyptian foreign policy
when it feels such criticism is warranted.
In his comments on the vitally important Jordan River irrigation project, Dr.
Safran notes that the United States has consistently supported Israel's right to pro-
ceed with the plan. The author strongly submits that, if the Arab states go ahead with
their plans to divert the river's tribuaries, "there should be no doubt of United States
determination to help protect Israel's legitimate rights."
U.S. policy toward Israel, according to the author, is based on a firm foundation
of mutual sympathy between the two countries.
Continued on Page 14
Rome Talks Resumed on Deicide Issue
ROME (JTA) A week's plenary session of the Secretariat for the Promotion of
Christian Unity, headed by Augustin Cardinal Bea, got under way here Monday to
Study 242 amendments proposed before the Ecumenical Council, last November, in
connection with the proposed Catholic Church Declaration which would repudiate
the. ancient charges of deicide against the Jewish people.
On the session's agenda is the proposed schema on religious liberty, which would
concede to all peoples their right to practice whatever faith they chose. The latter-
draft had not even come to a vote at the last session of the Ecumenical Council, while
the Declaration dealing•with Jews and other non-Christians had been preliminarily
adopted by an overwhelming vote of 1,992 to 99. Both drafts are on the agenda for
the Council's fourth session, due to convene at the Vatican next September.
(From London, it was reported that John Cardinal Heenan, archbishop of West-
minister, vice president of the Bea Secretariat, will attend the plenary session and
will report on the "disquiet felt in certain Jewish quarters" about reports that the
declaration on Jews may be revised drastically. Reports that such revision had been
sought by some conservative bishops and Catholic prelates in Arab lands had reached
London from Rome).
Meanwhile, Pope Paul VI created, for the first time, a special Department for
Relations Between Moslems and Christians, to be conducted by the Rev. Joseph Cuoq,
a French-born priest attached to the White Fathers Missionaries in Africa. With the
title of undersecretary, he will function under the Secretariat for non-Christians,
headed by Paolo Cardinal Marella.
There was no word from the Vatican _ as to whether another department, for
relations with Jews, may be established. Moslems, as well as Jews and Buddhists, are
mentioned in the Declaration on Relations With Non-Christians adopted last November
by the Ecumenical Council. It was believed here that, if a separate department is to
be formed on relations with Jews, such a step would not be taken until after the
next session of the Ecumenical Council makes a final decision on the "Jewish issue."
Cardinal Marella's secretariat is not a counciliary body as is the Secretariat for
the Promotion of Christian Unity, headed by Cardinal Bea, the principal Vatican
proponent of the repudiation once and for all the Jewish responsibility for the killing
Evidently referring to the fact that prelates from Arab countries have been
opposing the declaration dealing with the Jewish people, a Catholic newspaper here,
Avvenira d'Italia, stated: "The institution of the Islamic department will dissipate
incomprehension manifested in some Islamic environments toward the content of the
Declaration on the Jews. Quite to the contrary, there is a unitary and equally fraternal
spirit in this new attention which the Church is at present addressing to non-
Christians, aiming at a dialogue which would find particularly near to the church
the spiritual families descending from Abraham, Jacob and Israel, that is Israel's
family from whom the Moslems have descended."