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April 30, 1965 - Image 12

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-04-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Bourguiba Proposal Is Attacked by Nasserites

(Continued from Page 1)
Bourguiba. "If I were an Israeli
I would do so. It would be a com-
promise which would make pos-
sible both cooperation and co-
existence. If Israel would agree to
negotiate on this basis, the Pales-
tine Arabs themselves and other
representatives of the Arab people
can negotiate with them," he added.
He said the Arab world could
not afford to begin and could not
presently win a war against Israel.
The dispute over diversion of Jor-
dan River water was "secondary"
and "like other Arab-Israel dis-
putes, would disappear if a basic
compromise solution were found,"
President Bourguiba stated. "The
Jordan waters could then become
an element of cooperation for de-
velopment of a vast region," he
added.
"But first we must create a cli-
mate of coexistence between Jews
and Arabs," he stressed. "Maybe
we need some sort of Gallup poll,"
he said, to determine the real
reactions of Arabs to his counsels
of hardheadedness and modera-
tion.
* * *
Eshkol Suggests Refugees
Resettle 'Midst Brethren'
TEL AVIV (JTA)—Prime Min-
ister Levi Eshkol, evidently re-
acting to one of the proposals of
Tunisia's President Habib Bour-
guiba, who said he wants Israel
to readmit all of the Arab refu-
gees, said the best place for the
refugees to resettle is "midst their
brethren in Arab countries."
He was addressing a colorful an-
nual ceremony conducted by the
Druzes in this country, celebrat-
ing the Feast of the Prophet Nebi
Shueb, at Hittin, near Tiberias.
"It is time," Eshkol stated, "that
the Arab leaders discontinue us-
ing the refugees as a tool in their
own ambitious policies. It is not
the good of the refugees that they
seek."
Noting that Israel has shown
examples of successful settlement
and integration of hundreds of
thousands of refugees from Arab
states, the Premier told his Druze
audience: "Arab leaders should
understand that war solves noth-
ing, but adds suffering and de-
struction. When the Arab leaders
understand that fact, both Israel
and the Arab nations would be
able to develop their abilities to
the fullest."
Notables of the Druze commun-
ity in Israel attended the religious
rites, while a Druze unit of the

Israeli army formed a guard of
honor. In his address, Mr. Eshkol
did not mention. Mr. Bourguiba's
proposals which include not only
readmission to the Arab refugees
but also a "return" to the. United
Nations Palestine partition plan
of 1947.
Eshkol reiterated his suggestion
on refugees Wednesday at the
Center on Foreign Affairs of the
Mapai party.
Foreign Minister Golda Meir
said at the same meeting that
there is only one solution that
could prevent Israeli resort to
military action on the Jordan River
water issue: Arab reversal of the
decision to divert the headwaters
of the Jordan. On this point Eshkol
added that Israels "strength con-
tinues to grow."

*

* *

Egyptian Envoy Recalled;
Tunisian. Embassy in Cairo
Stoned; Protest Call for Peace
LONDON (JTA)—The Tunisian
embassy in Cairo was bombarded
Sunday with stones and rocks by
about 200 Egyptian students as an
expression of protest against the
urging of Arab-Israel peace talks
by President Bourguiba of Tu-
nisia. The attack on the embassy
building took place following two
days of bitter agitation against
Bourguiba's peace negotiations
proposals in the Egyptian press.
Announcement was made in
Cairo Tuesday of the withdrawal
of the Egyptian ambassador to
Tunisia because of the attacks in
Tunis on the UAR embassy. Dem-
onstrations against the UAR are
reported spreading in retaliation
against the Egyptian attacks on
Bourguiba.
Al Ahram, of Cairo, usually con-
sidered the voice of Egypt's Presi-
dent Nasser, accused the Tunisian
president of "a stab in the back
of the people of Palestine." An
editorial in the newspaper, re-
portedly written by Mohammed
Hassanein Heykal, a confidant of
President Nasser, indicated that
at the next meeting of Arab prime
ministers, scheduled to be held
next month, Egypt would force
the other Arab states to choose
between Bourguiba and Nasser.
The editorial indicated that
Egypt might refuse to attend the
meeting of Arab leaders sched-
uled to be held in Morocco next
September, if Bourguiba were to
participate in that parley. It re-
jected the Bourguiba thesis of a
pOssible compromise between the
Arab countries and Israel, and

America's Ratification of Genocide
Convention Opposed by the DAR

The
WASHINGTON (JTA)
Daughters of the American - Revo-
lution, at their 74th "Continental
Congress" here, adopted a resolu:
tion opposing United States ratifi-

Gold Estate Leaves
Million to Technion

NEW YORK—Executors of the
estate of Meyer Gold have present-
ed the American Society for Tech-
nion, Israel Institute of Technol-
ogy, with a check for $163,000 and
securities valued in excess of
$700,000.
Together with specific bequests
at the time of his death in 1960,
gifts received by the American
Technion Society from Meyer Gold
will total over $1,000,000.
The Technion will utilize the
funds for establishment of the
Meyer Gold Library Wing on the
Haifa campus and for the setting
up of a permanent endowment
fund for acquisition of new techni-
cal books, periodicals and other
library materials.

I

cation of the United Nations Con-
vention on. Genocide.
The vote on the convention,
which would outlaw the destruc-
tion of religious and racial minori-
ties, was 592 to 434. The resolution
urged the Senate to continue re-
fusing to ratify the treaty. It has
been pending before the Senate for
15 years, although ratified by the
Soviet Union and other nations.
Opponents of the treaty said it
was sponsored by the United Na-
tions as an international undertak-
ing and might conceivably allow
nations to exert influence on
America's domestic racial and re-
ligeous issues. They felt this might
compromise American sovereignty.
The DAR supporters of the meas-
ure felt that, without xegard to the
United Nations sponsorship of the
treaty, the genocide pact should be
endorsed by the United States as
an expression against racism.
The DAR convention also op-
posed legislation to modify exist-
ing immigration legislation which
has been termed unjust.

PENN

hinted that Egypt would not trust
Bourguiba to the extent of dis-
closing to a meeting which he at-
tends any of Cairo's military se-
crets.
In Beirut, the newspaper Al
Hoharrer, whose policy has been
pro-Nasserite, published a cartoon
picturing Bourguiba as a "Judas"
carrying 30 pieces of silver, while
Palestine dies on the cross. But
another Beirut newspaper, the
independent Al Jarida, stated that
-Bourguiba had introduced no new
element into the Arab stand on
Palestine, and that "all he wanted
was to get the Palestine questicn
moving again at the level of the
United Nations."
The statements issued by Bour-
guiba have "disrupted the Arab
summit atmosphere," the daily
newspaper El Hayat, of Beirut,
declared. Bourguiba's peace pro-
posals, said the newspaper, "pose
the question whether Lebanon can
risk the dangers inherent in the
continuation of the ,Iordan River
water diversion plans, while it
is left without Arab backing."
While these fears were being
voiced openly in Beirut, however,
Lebanese tractors resumed their
water diversion work near Israel's
border. Earlier reports from Leb-
anon claimed that the tractors
were being used for building only
an irrigation project. A report
broadcast by Radio Damascus
stated that the Arab League Water
Diversion Board has decided that
work on the diversion projects
"be carried out in accordance with
the schedule."
Arab fears regarding the Bour-
guiba stand continued to be voiced
in the Cairo press, where concern
was indicated that Saudi Arabia,
Libya and Morocco may be siding
Silently with the Tunisian presi-
dent. Al Goumhouria, the influen-
tial Cairo daily, asked pointedly,
in a lengthy feature article de-
nouncing- the proposals by Bour-
guiba: "Does silence on the part
of Morocco, Libya and Saudi .Ara-
bia imply consent on their part?"
Meanwhile Deputy Premier Abba
Eban said here on a nationwide
broadcasts over Kol Israel, the gov-
erment-owned radio, that "there
can be no question of returning
to the 1947 boundaries." He em-
phasized, however, that while
Israel rejects the idea of re-
propoSed by Bourguiba's reference
linquishing any of its territory, as
to the 1947 partition plan, the Tuni-
sian president's cal 1 for Arab-
Israel negotiation was "important
and worthy of careful study." He
pointed out that Bourguiba had
"initiated a new dialogue in the

Arab world" and stated: "Israel's
reaction must be prudent and
measured."
*
*
Washington Won't Comment
on Tunisian's Proposals;
Britain's Wilson Sees Woes
WASHINGTON (JTA) — Reac-
tion in Washington to the pro-
posals • voiced by Tunisian Presi-
dent Habib Bourguiba urging
Arab-Israel peace negotiations are
favorable although no official
comment is forthcoming.
White House sources denied a
press report that President Bour-
guiba was invited to Washington
by President Johnson and that the
invitation has been issued because
of Bourguiba's campaign for Arab-
Israel peace talks. It was pointed
out that the whole premise of open
American identification with Bour-
guiba's proposals was questionable
because the Arab states directly
concerned, those bordering Israel,
have denounced his suggestions for
accommodation with Israel.
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
told the House of Commons that
he saw "some difficulties" in
Tunisian President Habid Bour-
guiba's proposals that the Arab
countries recognize Israel and
negotiate a peace agreement
with Israel.
He made the statement during
House questioning of the govern-
ment on Middle East problems
including the issue of Arab at-
tempts to divert the headwaters
in their territories of the Jordan
River to deny its waters to Israel,
and the Arab refugee problem.
Robert Maxwell, a Labor mem-
ber of Parliament, asked what
"Positive initiative" the British
government was taking to support
President Bourguiba's effort to
settle a dispute which had been
"smouldering for so long." The
Prime Minister then replied that
his government "would of course
consider what the president was
suggesting but I myself on a first
reading of it, see some difficulties
in what he is proposing."
The prime minister was asked
by Conservative MP Sir John
Langford-Holt whether he would
make a statement on his talks
with Premier Levi Eshkol of Israel
earlier this year. Wilson replied
with a general statement that the
visit had provided him and Foreign
Secretary Michael Stewart "with
a welcome opportunity to discuss
with him, in accordance with the
friendly relations between our two
countries, a wide range of subjects
of mutual interest and concern,

,

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
12—Friday, April 30, 1965

especially Anglo-Israel relations
and the situation in the Middle
East."
The prime minister added that
he did discuss the water question
"thoroughly" with Premier Eshkol
"and of course there are continuing
discussions all the time between
British government officials abroad
and some of the other countries
concerned." He reiterated his gov-
ernment's view that the issue of
Arab water diversions "must be
settled by agreement, and that, if
there is an event which is regarded
as provocative" by Israel "it
should be taken to the United
Nations and not be the subject
of an attempt to settle it by armed
conflict or any means of that
kind."
* * *
Press Praises Bourguiba
for '1st Voice of Sanity'
NEW YORK (JTA)—The Ne
York press unanimously praised
President Habib Bourguiba, of Tu-
nisia, for proposing peace nego-
tiations between the Arab states
and Israel.
Referring to his statements on
the issue as "the first clear voice
of sanity from the Arab side,"
The Times, Herald-Tribune and
Post also expressed disappoint-
ment in their editorials at the
violent anti-Bourguiba reactions in
the Arab press where he was ac-
cused, among other things, of
"treason" to the Arab cause. "The
courage of Mr. Bourguiba's move
is exceeded only by its states-
manship, though it would be a
mistake to expect any results in
the near future from the seed of
wisdom that President Bourguiba
has now publicly planted," the
Times said. The Herald-Tribune
and the New York Post wrote in a
similar vein.

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