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April 09, 1965 - Image 48

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-04-09

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

`Jews Failed to Recognize Christ, Slew Him;
Pope's Sermon Met With Shocked Protest

ROME (JTA)—Pope Paul VI de-
clared here Sunday, while deliver-
ing his Passion Sunday Lenten
sermon, that Christ had been killed
by the Jews, but that the Jews did
not know who Jesus was.
He emphasized that Jesus him-
self "did not curse those who
crucified Him, but invoked the
Father's forgiveness because they
did not know what they were do-
ing."

The pontiff took as his theme,
in conducting a large outdoor
mass, the Passion Sunday Gospel
which tells of Christ talking with
the Jewish teachers in Jerusa-
lem who doubted his divinity and
who "took up stones against
him."

r

-

Pope Paul called the Gospel: "a
grave and sad page because it nar-
rates the conflict, the clash be-
tween Jesus and the Hebrew peo-
ple, a people predestined to await
the Messiah but who, just at the
right moment, not only did not
recognize Him but fought Him,
abused Him and finally killed
Him." •
Judge Sergio Piperno, president
of the Union of Italian Jewish
Communities, and Dr. Elio Toaff,
Chief Rabbi of Rome, expressed
Wednesday "the painful surprise"
of Italian Jews over Pope Paul's
Easter homily.
The concern of Italian Jewry
was expressed in a telegram sent
by the Jewish leaders to Cardinal
Cicognani, the Vatican secretary

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Boris Smolar's

'Between You

and Me'

(Copyright, 1965, Jewish
Telegraphic Agency, inc.)

COMMUNAL PROBLEMS: Major Jewish organizations in this
country are now facing a new and serious problem . . . Government
organs are taking away from them their most experienced staff mem-
bers . . . Th4 inducement is not only the work in a government office
instead of for a sectarian agency, but also the salary . . . There was a
time when salaries in Jewish organizations were higher than in govern-
ment offices . . . This is not the case today, especially after the estab-
lishment of the newly created government bodies to deal with social
welfare in this country and with aid to people in underdeveloped
countries . . . Thus, top Jewish communal workers are now leaving
their positions in Jewish social work and are moving into government
jobs . . This trend is becoming more and more noticeable in Jewish
organizations which lay particular stress on having men of high train-
ing on their staff . . . With the loss of such men to the government
systetn, it is not easy to find others to replace them . . . What is even
worse is the outlook that, if this trend grows — and all indications point
to the fact that it will grow—there will be fewer and fewer experienced
workers willing to go into Jewish communal work . . . Already today
the problem of finding successors to top Jewish personnel is giving
quite a headache to leaders of Jewish communal organizations and
agencies . . . With government jobs wide open for experienced workers,
irrespective of their religion, this problem will become more acute as
time goes on

of state. Rabbi Toaff signed in be-
half of the Italian Rabbinical
Council. The telegram said that
the Pope had "confirmed the ac-
cusation against the Jewish peo-
ple" and that "the old accusation
of deicide was renewed which has
been for centuries the source of
tragic injustices against Jews."
The telegram noted that the
charge apparently had "seemed to
have been removed forever by the
solemn affirmations of the Ecum-
enical Council," which adopted
last year a provisional declaration
exonerating the Jewish people,
past and present, from any blame
in the crucifixion.
Referring to the killing of
Jesus as "that absurd tragedy of
the failed recognition," Pope Paul
—according to the official tran-
script of his sermon provided here
by the Vatican's organ, Osservatore
Romano—asked: "Why does the
Lord find so many enemies? Why
does the Gospel not find the
world's friendship after 20 cen-
turies?"
The official version quoted the
Pope as answering: "It is because
there is still much ignorance in the
world regarding Christ. Indeed, He
Himself, on the cross, instead of
cursing his killers, prayed to his
Father to forgive them because
they did not know what they were
doing."

In New York, Rabbi Israel Mil-
ler, president of the Rabbinical
Council of America, which rep-
resents 900 Orthodox rabbis in
the United States, said he finds
it "difficult" to understand the
Passion Sunday Lenten sermon.

"It is difficult," Rabbi Miller de-
clared, "to understand how these
words can be reconciled with the
letter and spirit of the draft docu-
ment passed overwhelmingly at
the recent session ofthe Ecumen-
ical Council — a statement which
has been broadly promoted and
publicized.
"The Pope's statement, how-
ever," continued Rabbi Miller,
confirms the position adopted by
the Rabbinical Council of America,
that, while we welcome a better
understanding and mutual respect
among the world's major faiths,
such understanding must be based
upon the premise that each is a
unique religious community with a
unique commitment. We have dis-
tinctive beliefs, distinctive his-
tories, distinctive views of the

THE IMMIGRATION ISSUE: It is generally believed that the
chances are good for the passing in Congress of the pending immigra-
tion bill which provides for the elimination of the discriminatory na-
tional origins quota . However, it is also recognized that the opposi-
tion against this bill is strong in the grass roots and in Congress, where
the composition of the Senate Immigration Committee remains un-
changed . . . Civic groups, Jewish and non-Jewish, are therefore being
alerted now to the fact that, without their vigorous support in the
coming weeks, victory is far from certain . . . The bill, which President
Johnson submitted with his immigration message to Congress, has the
backing of many groups who favor immigration reform . . . There are
others who fear a change in the immigration policy, based on mis-
information and it is considered important now more than ever that Hebrew Corner
interested groups counter these fears with facts . . . It is especially
important that they intensify their efforts now — in cooperation with
other groups in the local communities — to win grass roots support,
through joint conferences and other meetings . . . All can be helpful
The grandfather of Job Rabeinu was
by writing to their Senators and Congressmen, especially those serving
the chief rabbi of the city of Ispahan
on the Immigration Committees, urging them to support moves to in
Persia. But the grandson Job, a dealer
report the bill out of these committees with recommendation for in antique works of art, had become
estranged
from Judaism. He married a
enactment.
French Christian woman, and their chil-

Job Rabeinu Back
in Jewish Fold

JEWISH POETRY: Students of Yiddish literature — and the

o

number of Yiddish chairs in American universities is growing with
every year — will be greatly impressed with a book on American Yid-
dish poets just published . . . The author of this 500-page volume,
entitled "Dichter un Dichtung" ("Poets and Poetry,") is Avrohom B.
Habachnick, noted essayist and literary critic, who is himself one of
the pillars of modern Yiddish poetry . . . Reading Tabachnick's critical
and analytical essays on the Yiddish poets in the United States of the
last 50 years, one gains a picture of the rich and masterful Jewish
poetry created in this country only a generation ago . Whether the
sensitive classic Mani Leib or the stormy M. L. Halpern, the poet of
the sweat shop Morris Rosenfeld or the great esthete, Yehoash, the
gifted A. Lyesin or the lyrical Joseph Rolnik, the saintly H. Leivik or
the playful Moshe Nadir — each of them stands out like a giant in
Mr. Tabachnick's book ... And so do about a dozen of other Jewish
poets, some of them still alive, like Itzik Manger, Chaim Grade, Meir
Shticker .. . All of which testifies to the fact that Yiddish poetry of
our days has gained for itself a highly respected place in the world's
modern poetry, although few of the works of our modern Yiddish poets
have been translated into other languages . . . In his essays on the
Yiddish poets, Tabachnick reveals himself as a serious and solid literary
critic and as a great master in sensing delicate nuances in poetry .. .
His book is a fine contribution to Jewish literary criticism, and his
deep insight into the works which he analyzes puts him, in my opinion,
next to the late Sh. Niger, who was considered the greatest Jewish
literary critic of all times . . . Incidentally, Tabachnick is one of the
Yiddish editors of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency.

48 Friday, April 9, 1965



THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

dren were educated in a spirit com-
pletely foreign to Jewishness.
He heard about the State of Israel,
but without any special emotion. When
approached with the request to join the
Zionist Movement, he said, "It's enough
that I read about Israel in the press."
About a year and a half ago, Job
Rabeinu came to Israel in connection
with business affairs, but before the end
of his visit he discovered that he had
a connection with the ancient people
unto whom he had been born.
In Jerusalem he met the chairman
of the Bezalel Museum, who proposed
that he build a Pavilion of Persian art
in the National Museum. Rabeinu hap-
pily agred to do so.
He returned to his home in Paris and
began to assemble pieces of Persian art
from his rich collections in Paris, Ge-
neva and New York. Job Rabeinu is
one of the greatest authorities in the
world on Persian.art, and he had estab-
lished Pavilions for Persian art in im-
portant museums throughout the world.
The Pavilion of Persian Art in Jerusa-
lem will contain specimens of Persian
Art of all periods, beginning with simple
stone objects from the Palaeolithic Era
to a silver door and an inscription
eighteen meters long from the Mos-
lem Era.
Anyone seeking something Jewish
among the objects of Persian art will
find jars from the period of King Cyprus,
who was connected with the First Re-
turn to Israel in 583 B.C. There will also
be Hebrew inscriptions from the Arabic
period, and more and more.
Recently 12 airplanes arrived at
Lod Airport, carrying in their holds
heavy cases of Persian art objects valued
at $2,000,000. Next summer, so all hope,
the general public will be able to view
the wonders of Persian art.
(Translation of Hebrew column pub-
lished by the Brit Ivrit Olamit, Jerusa-
lem.)

world of the spirit and distinctive
hopes for the future, which pre-
suppose spiritual independence.
We deem it most improper to ad-
vise the leaders of another faith
concerning their theological views.
We are equally determined to re-
main loyal and committed to the
faith of Israel."

Another finding showed that
public school graduates revealed
more than anti-Jewish feeling than
graduates of Catholic parochial
schools.
With regard to specific questions
in the survey, 677 of the respon-
dents said they do not avoid the
company of Jews, 26 said they do,
and 16 did not reply to the ques-
N.J. Catholic Paper
tion. In reply to another question,
561 said they did not prefer non-
Reports 'Minimal'
Jewish neighbors, 120 said they
Anti-Jewish Bias
did, and 33 gave no answer.
CAMDEN, N. J. (JTA) — A poll Eighty-three per cent of the re-
on anti-Semitism among the read- spondents said that they had nrr
ers of the Catholic Star Herald, a distrust of Jews.
weekly published here by the Cam-
den Roman Catholic Diocese, has Quebec Withdraws Text
found only a "minimal" residue of
anti-Jewish prejudice, the paper Found Offensive to Jews
reported.
QUEBEC CITY (JTA)—Gilles
Based on 719 replies to ques- Bergerson, assistant• deputy minis-
tionnaires sent to 3,000 of the Star ter of education of the Province
Herald's subscribers, the survey of Quebec, gave assurances here
showed that nearly 90 per cent of that a third-grade reader, which
the respondents would vote for a had been used in French-language
Jew as president of the United schools here and which depicted a
States if he were nominated by the Jewish father throwing his son in
political party to which they an oven for attending a Roman
usually adhere, and about the same Catholic church, would not be used
percentage approved of the Ecu- next year.
menical Council statement exon-
The official's statement follow-
erating Jews from any guilt in the ed a complaint about the book by
death of Jesus. Only about 9 per Rabbi Morris Halpern of Toronto.
cent felt that even Jews of Jesus' The text is one of three available
time should be termed guilty.
to Quebec's French- language
While the overwhelming ma- schools, and can be bought in book-
jority of those responding re- stores for 80 cents.
plied in a manner indicating
Bergeron said that proper meas-
they were free of anti-Jewish ures will be taken to ensure that
bias, some other strong feelings the text, "My Third Reading Book,"
were shown by the fact that five will not be used in future school
persons not only refused to an- years. The Roman Catholic School
swer but mailed back their ques- Board here said that the book was
tionnaires "torn to shreds," the not currently in use, although it
newspaper reported.
had been used in previous years.

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