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April 09, 1965 - Image 19

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-04-09

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

$i.3 Billion Budget OK'd in Knesset
Abraham Lincoln and His Jewish Friends
JERUSALEM (JTA)—Asserting approved the over-all, national bud-
that "we shall do everything in our get for the fiscal year 1965-66,
Notes on 100th Anniversary of Assassination power to prevent a war with the which will be in excess of 4,000,-

(Copyright, 1965, MCA, Inc.)

President Lincoln died from the
assassin's bullet April 18, 1965.
The 100th anniversary of the death
of America's martyred President
is an occasion for Jews every-
where to recall also the moments
of Jewish interest in his dramatic
life and death.
The Jewish population of the
United States during that period
of American history numbered less
than 200,000. In the great debate
on the issue of the abolition of
Negro slavery, a number of promi-
xtent rabbis of the period were
'—
among the most outspoken advo-
cates of abolition, including Isaac
Leeser and Sabbato Morais of
Philadelphia, Samuel M. Isaacs of
New York, David Einhorn of Balti-
more and Liebman Adler of Chi-
cago.
>
During Lincoln's career preced-
ing and following his ascent to the
presidency a number of Jews were
among his devoted supporters.
Abraham Jonas, prominent in Jew-
ish affairs in Cincinnati and one
of the founders of the first Jewish
congregation in that city, as well as
one of the influential leaders of
the Republican Party in his state
was an intimate friend of Lincoln
for 30 years. Julius Hammerslaugh
of Springfield, M., Henry Green-
baum of Chicago, and Abraham J.
Dittenhoefer of New York, a Re-
publican member of the Electoral
College from New York in 1864,
were among his friends and sup-
porters.
Sigismund Kaufman of New
York, a founder of the Legal
Aid Society of New York and a
director of the Hebrew Orphan
Asylum, had served as a mem-
ber of the Electoral College from
New York in 1860. Shortly after
Lincoln's inauguration, K a u f -
mann was offered the post of
Minister to Italy, but he de-
clined.
Joseph Seligman of New York, a
banker, was consulted by President
Lincoln on matters of finance.
Abraham Kohn, a Chicago mer-
chant, who was president of the
local congregation and was a popu-
lar leader in local politics, was a
staunch admirer of Lincoln and
presented to him upon his election
as President a silk flag, the work
of his own hands, in the folds of
which was inscribed verse 9 of
Chapter 1 of the Book of Joshua:
"Have I not commanded thee, 'Be
strong and of good courage, be not
afraid, neither be dismayed, for
the Lord Thy God is with thee,
whithersoever thou goest.' "
In addition to the appointment
of Jews to high military and civi-
lian positions, two official acts of
President Lincoln which were of
special Jewish moment, reflected
his broad spirit of tolerance and
fairness. One was his recommenda-
tion, approved by Congress, to re-
verse an existing provision which
Z had limited the appointment of
Chaplains in the army to "regu-
larly ordained ministers of some
Christian denomination." In con-
sequence of the change, four Jew-
ish Chaplains were appointed.
There had been considerable agita-
tion over this matter, led by the
Board of Delegates of American
Israelites, the first representative
of American Jewry. The other was
the result of a storm of protest
during the Civil War over Gen-
eral Grant's order excluding Jew-
ish peddlers from army camps be-
cause a few had been thought
guilty of illegal traffic. Lincoln
rescinded the order, and states,' "I
don't like to see a class or nation-
ality condemned on account of a
few sinners." There were more
than 10,000 Jewish soldiers in the
Union forces, a number far be-
yond the proportion of Jewry in
the general population.
Lincoln died early on a Sab-

'

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, April 9, 1965-19

bath morning. Hence the first
public expressions of shock and
grief and the first eulogies were
delivered from the pulpits of
Jewish congregations. Of the 50,-
000 who participated in the
mourning procession in New
York following the funeral in
Washington, 7,000 were Jews.
One of the prominent American
rabbis of the time, Rabbi Isaac M.
Wise of Cincinnati, held the view
that Abraham Lincoln was of Jew-
ish ancestry, and stated that Lin-
coln himself told him so, but it is
thought that it may have been
nothing more than a bit of pleasan-
try, as there are no facts to sub-
stantiate it.
The assertion is often heard that
Lincoln was an unreligious man. A
study of his life, letters and conver-
sations indicates the opposite to be
the fact. A deep religious mysti-
cism pervaded his nature. When
he was about to enter upon his
presidential duties, he took leave
of his home and old associations
in the following words: "I now
leave not knowing when or. wheth-
er I may return, with a task before
me greater than that which rested
upon Washington. Without the as-
sistance of that Divine Being, who

ever attended him, I cannot suc-
ceed. With that assistance, I can-
not fail. Trusting in Him who can
go with me, and remain with you,
and be everywhere for good, let us
confidently hope that all will yet
be well." In many of the crisis
which subsequently confront-
ed him, he invoked the aid of that
Divine Power.
On another occasion Abraham
Lincoln uttered the following
credo: "I believe the Will of God
prevails; without Him all human
reliance is vain.
"I have a solemn oath registered
in Heaven to finish the work I am
in, with malice toward none, with
charity for all, with firmness in the
right as God gives me to see the
right."

Montreal Aim $4.5 Million

MONTREAL (JTA)—A goal of
$4,515,000 for the 1965 Joint Cam-
paign for Combined Jewish Appeal
was announced here by Henry
Blatt, general chairman, and

Arabs," Mrs. Golda Meir, Israel's
foreign minister, told the Knesset
that Israel will "do anything neces-
sary" to defend its water rights.
Mrs. Meir made these statements
as she concluded the Knesset de-
bate on her ministry's budget,
which parliament approved after
she had finished her presentation.
In a separate vote, the Knesset

000,000 Israeli pounds ($1,333,333,-
333).
During the debate, the govern-
ment was criticized by the left-
wing Mapam Party for failing to
respond favorably to a statement
recently made by Habib Bourguiba,
president of Tunisia, who, in a
speech in Jordan, seemingly called
for an Arab-Israeli rapprochement.

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Samuel Bronfman, honorary cam-
paign chairman. "This means that
we will be seeking to raise at least
$385,000 more than last year,"
Bronfman state.

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