Soviet Organ Calls Judaism 'Enemy'
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
12—Friday, Apt :l 2, 1%5
Report No Matzo
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
LONDON — No matzo is
being baked anywhere in the
Bielorussian Soviet Republic,
not even in the capital city of
Minsk, authentic information
received here from the Soviet
Union revealed Wednesday.
The Jewish population of Bi-
elorussia is 250.000. In addi-
tion to Minsk, one of the fore-
most centers of Jewish reli-
gion and culture in modern
Russia, both under the Czarist
and the Soviet regimes, an-
other city with a sizable Jew-
ish population in the region
The Jewish community of Riga,
Latvia, part of the Soviet Union,
has started baking matzo in an
oven in the courtyard of the syna-
gogue in that city, according to
information received from the
The quantities being baked at
Riga, the report stated, are very
limited because of technical diffi-
culties and a delay in permission
being granted by the authorities.
Many Jews in Riga, according to
the report, will be without matzo
as a result of the delay.
States, never to the Soviet Union
and — with one exception — not
even before the United Nations."
The Senator charged that the gov-
ernment "puts its head in the sand
on the issue of human rights."
Mass r allies throughout the
country were being staged in pro-
test to Soviet anti-Semitic prac-
tices this week. In Philadelphia,
Jews held an interfaith rally after
the community relations council
held its eighth picketing demon-
stration outside the Russian Em-
bassy in Washington.
The three-faith rally to protest
Soviet discriminations heard an
appeal from a Jewish leader to
Soviet authorities either to re-
move the Soviet disabilities on
Jews or to allow them to emi-
The appeal was voiced by Philip
M. Klutznick. former U.S. am-
bassador to the United Nations
and former president of Bnai Brith.
The Jewish Community Rela-
tions Council of Greater Philadel-
phia last week staged its eighth
picketing demonstration before the
Russian Embassy since March 2.
In Cleveland a plea to Ameri-
cans of all faiths to join in protest-
ing the Soviet Union's treatment
of its. Jews was made by former
Sen. Kenneth Keating of New
York, who addressed a rally of
more than 2,000 persons.
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favorably to criticism by foreign
government organs or official rep-
resentations on matters which the
Soviet government considers to be
Soviet internal affairs."
A recommendation was made by
the State Department that private
individuals and organizations dis-
pleased by Soviet policies affect.
ing Jews continue to voice their
views in appeals to world public
opinion. "We hope that world pub-
lic opinion can lead the Soviet
government to calculate that its
interest can best be served by
moderating its campaign against
Judaism, MacArthur stated.
The State Department official
assessment of the facts pertaining
to Soviet anti-Semitism said,
"'While all observers agree that
Soviet Jews are being placed un-
der increasing restrictions with
regard to religious worship, the
United States government has no
information indicating that Soviet
Jews fear physical persecution of
the type and magnitude which was
directed against them during Czar-
ist times or during the immediate
post war period under Stalin."
Sen. Scott said he disagreed
"emphatically" with the govern-
ment's decision to refrain from ac-
tion. He said that "for the past
two years, U.S. government
officials have expressed their con-
cern about this situation, but only
before Jewish groups in the United
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NEW YORK (JTA) — A 1,350-
word article that reviles Judaism
as an enemy of the Soviet people,
prominently published last month
in the leading newspaper of
Minsk, capital of the Bielorussian
Republic, was reported Sunday by
the American Jewish Conference
on Soviet every,
The article, which charges
Judaism with being "the enemy
of human culture," and "the hot-
bed of a code of morality hostile
to (the Soviet Union)" appeared
in the Feb. 2 editions of "Zviaz-
da," largest Bielorussian-language
It's author is listed as J. Mura-
viev, a lecturer at the V. I. Lenin
Bielorussian State University. The
tone of the article is similar to
other anti-Jewish material pub-
lished in the Soviet Union and
bearing official Soviet imprima-
turs, which Jewish organizations
here have exposed.
The Muraviev article, entitled
"The Shadow of the Synagogue,"
conjures up crude and medieval
distortions of Jewish ritual and
practices and condemns Ju-
daism as not only an out-moded
religion but one that "defends
what is dead and rotten," and
denies"man's right to struggle
for a better world."
It calls the United States "the
center of contemporary Judaism"
and declares that American Jew-
ish organizations are headed by
"such leaders of big business as
Guggenheim a n d Morgenthau,
Harriman and Rockefeller."
The contents, together with
photo copies of the original article,
were made public by Label A.
Katz, president of Bnai Brith and
chairman of the steering commit-
tee of the American Jewish Con-
ference on Soviet Jewry, a coor-
dinating body of 24 national Jew-
Katz described the "Zviazda"
article as "hysterical anti-Semi-
tism," declaring that "its abusive
character is obviously intended to
promote the policy of suppression
of Soviet Jewish life by intimidat-
ing the Jews of Minsk."
The city's population of 500,000
includes some 30,000 to 40,000
Meanwhile, Soviet newspapers
reaching London from various
sections of the Soviet Union con-
tinue to carry anti-Jewish in-
nuendo aimed at creating the
impression that Jews are be-
having in an "unsocialist man-
* * *
Despite such evidence, the
U.S. State Department does not
believe the U . S . government
should involve itself directly
with Soviet authorities on the
problem of Soviety Jewry, the
department has informed Sen.
Hugh Scott, Pennsylvania Re-
Sen. Scott responded with a
charge that "our government is
shirking its responsibility in this
area. He criticized the State De-
partment for opposing the Ribicoff
Amendment, which would have
condemned Soviet anti-Semitism.
The White House asked the State
Department to respond to Sen.
Scott on the request of Philadel-
phia-area citizens that the govern-
ment take more overt action to
help Soviet Jewry. Douglas Mac-
Arthur II, assistant secretary of
state for congressional relations,
wrote Sen. Scott about the govern-
ment's latest assessment of the
situation of Russian Jews. This
assessment concluded that no U.S.
government action was indicated.
"As stated in this assessment,"
MacArthur said, "the department
does not believe that formal, gov-
ernment to government protests
over the situation of the Soviet
Jewish community are in the best
interests of Soviet Jews." He
pointed out that "in the past,
Soviet officials have reacted un-
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