THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 48235 Mich.,
YE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid at Detroit, Michigan
Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 16th day of Mar 11, 5725, the following scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion: Levit. 6:1-8:36; prophetical portion: Jeremiah 7:21-8:3; 9:22, 23.
Licht benshen, Friday, March 19, 6:25 p.m.
VOL. XLVII, No. 4
March 19, 1965
An End to Flouting the Constitution
President Johnson has definitely estab-
lished that what has happened and what is
happening in Alabama is not a Negro matter:
"there is only an American problem."
The new American policy is that "we will
have failed as a people and a nation" unless
there is an end to violence, unless the full
rights that are the just due of the Negroes
are granted them, unless the right to vote is
a privilege for all and not only for the white-
We have reached a stage of compelling
an end to the flouting of the Constitution.
And there must be an end to violence and a
return to the basic American ideals which
have been negated for more than a century.
Selma is a mere symbol, but it should
serve us well in reaffirming the "values and
purpose and meaning of our nation." These
have been evaluated well by our Chief Execu-
tive. Now we must settle down to the busi-
ness of making democracy work—and func-
tion equally for all.
East Germany and the Nazi Criminals
A Soviet statement dealing with the ques-
tion of amnesty to Nazi criminals declared:
"In conformity with its rights and commit-
ments, the Soviet government will continue
to take every measure to bring to light the
crimes committed by the Hitlerites
"The Soviet government proceeds from
the belief that Nazi criminals, guilty of mon-
strous crimes against peace and humanity,
should in no case and under no circumstances
escape a just punishment."
The compelling question is: what does
East Germany do to punish Nazis in that part
of Communist-controlled Berlin?
There has been silence on the question.
Apparently former Nazis who have accepted
East German citizenship are considered im-
.mune from punishment. That's what creates
doubt regarding Soviet sincerity in the matter
of the statute of limitations and the punish-
ment of Nazi criminals.
U.S. Jewish Literary Portrait
in Eisenberg s The Golden Land .
Dr. Azriel Eisenberg, prominent educator, author of several books
for hildren and anthologies, offers "a literary portrait of American
Jewry, 1654 to the present," in "The Golden Land," published by Thomas
It is an interesting and 'valuable
compilation of the writings of the most
distinguished Jews in America. Appro-
priately, it starts with a brief verse by
the late Abba Hillel Silver, entitled "God
Built Him a Covenant of Glory," which
". . . out of the bounty of earth and
Jewish National Fund, and he became one
the labor of men,
of the most successful JNF presidents here.
Out of the longing of hearts and the
Then came periods of dynamic champion-
prayer of souls,
ing of the Mizrachi movement, of the ef-
Out of the memory of ages and the
forts in behalf of Bar-Ilan University, of
hopes of the world,
the Zionist Council—of every cause in sup-
God fashioned a nation in love,
port of Israel.
sed it with a purpose sub-
There were scores of other causes that
And called it America!"
received his support, and his major devo-
Because it introduces the section on
tion was to learning.
He was a remarkable leader. He left an "Beginnings," this is especially appropri-
But while most of the authors in
indelible mark on our community. While ate. volume
are American Jewish writers,
no one is irreplaceable, Irving W. Schlussel this
the first section contains selections from the writings of Israel Zangwill
possessed qualities that cannot be dupli- and Cecil Roth.
cated in a leader. It is to be hoped that the
Curiously enough, the section on. "Pioneering Days" also starts
examples he set will be emulated. Meanwhile with a poem by a non-American—"This Is America" by Heinrich Heine,
it may well be said of him that zekher tzadik written nearly a century and a half ago. It concludes with a moving
livrakha — that the memory of this saint will stanza:
live as a blessing — for he was, indeed, a
"A new country! New the fervor.
Irving Schlussel: Great Scholar, Noble Leader
Not only Detroit Jewry but the entire Jew-
ish people is bereaved by the passing of
Irving W. Schlussel.
He was the type of man who gave hope
to our people that it is possible to create
an intellectual aristocracy while creating
an acceptable leadership.
It is not often that a leader is as genu-
inely scholarly. Mr. Schlussel was a devout
man. He was a great Hebrew scholar, a
Talmudist, a Hebraist of note and a man
whose learning was rooted in the dignity of
our great heritage.
He was as successful as a teacher as he
was a lawyer. His dedicated and loyal in-
terest in Israel and in Zionism raised him
to a high rank in national Mizrachi lead-
As a teen-ager he was a devoted Young
Judaean. That brought him close to the
Sunday: Just Another Day for Nazi Murders
During the Nazi trial in a Duesseldorf
court recently, the evidence of Moisze Paca-
nowski, who had come to Germany from
Israel to testify that Arthur Mattes, a Ges-
tapo leader, stabbed and hanged Jews on Oct.
18, 1942, was refuted by the Nazi, who main-
tained that the charge could not be true be-
cause the day was a Sunday, and "anybody
who was ever at Treblinka would know we
never worked on Sunday."
The Gestapo leader did not have to learn
a lesson from the "Never on Sunday" popular
song. He had a much better precedent for
sanctimonious defense. It is an established
'act that some of the worst pogroms in Rus-
sia took place on Sundays—after the peas-
ants who had listened to Hebraic Psalms at
church services had managed to get their
loads of vodka and then proceeded to the
Jewish quarters for their looting and their
Never on Sunday — One would imagine
that the Gestapo felt it had enough to do the
other six days of the week. Perhaps even the
murderers in Germany needed a day of rest,
but they can't get anyone to believe it. After
all, they didn't limit their brutalities to Jews:
their fellow-Christians also suffered at their
hands, and Sunday was just another day for
Intensified Jewish Educational Programs
A report issued by the Jewish Education
Committee of New York shows that pupil
enrollment in Jewish schools has doubled in
25 years. On the face of it, the report submit-
ted by Dr. Azriel Eisenberg spells progress.
Nevertheless, it invites further study.
Dr. Eisenberg states that the number of
children in Jewish schools has grown from
72,492 in 1940 to the present enrollment of
1.55,517. While the trend is a good one, the
enrollees still represent a minority of Jewish
children of elementary school age, and that is
The increase in the number of children
in day schools points to a special trend, with
38,000 children already utilizing the full
day's schedule. But there are, in addition,
69,000 children in afternoon schools, and
48,000 receive a limited Sunday school edu-
cation. This is the most deplorable aspect in
the New York report.
Dr. Eisenberg points to "less animosity
and more cohesion" in the suburbs where
the children receive more intensive Jewish
schooling. This shows the development of
more acceptable trends. Progress is slow,
but as long as it is in evidence it points to a
better future for Jewish educational efforts.
New the flowers, new the fragrance!
Here the very air is heady
With invigorating perfume!"
Ghetto, Conflict, Second Generation, Hostility, War, America and
Israel, Evaluation, Restrospect and Prospect are the other section titles,
indicating the trend intended by the editor. Dr. Eisenberg has chosen
from the works of Jewish leaders, noted authors, statesmen—non-Jew
as well as Jews—to perform the task of explaining and evaluating eve
era in American Jewish life from its very beginnings.
In his preface, Dr. Eisenberg describes his own status, as an
American whose beginnings were in the shtetl, who imbibed Jewish
and American knowledge, whose current anthology "is a tribute by one
of its millions of immigrants to the American people and to the
Indeed, the American dream emerges in splendid light in "The
Golden Land." Dr. Eisenberg has covered a vast area with his selec-
tions. The quoted works cover the creative, the great contributions
made by Jews to America and the appreciation expressed by Amen:-
cans to Jewry; and it nevertheless does not overlook the negative—
the anti-Semitic occurrences and the recession in Jewish ranks.
Americanization processes find their echoes here, and there is a
long dissertion by Kurt Lewin on "Self-Hatred Among Jews." There is
the text of Louis Marshall's letter to President Coolidge appealing
against the anti-Semitism that was fostered in the Dearborn Independent
when it was the mouthpiece of Henry Ford.
"Brandeis Finds His Heritage" is the text of an Eternal Light
program conducted by Morton Wishengrad in which the emerging
Zionism and Jewish loyalties of Louis D. Brandeis were delineated in
an historic television program, in 1947.
Because it commenced with the material dealing with the Ameri-
can Jewish Tercentenary celebration (1954), the concluding essays
concern themselves with the status of American Jewry today, and it
is in the last paragraph of the final article, by Robert Gordis, that we
have a hope and a program for action:
"In order that Judaism may live, it must continue to grow. We have
the authority of the sainted Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook, Chief Rabbi
of the land of Israel, who set forth the goal for 20th Century Judaism
in the words Hayashan hithaddesh, vehadash yitkaddesh, 'the old must
be renewed, the new must be made holy.' "