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March 12, 1965 - Image 9

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-03-12

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.



Education Commissioner Gets Knuckles Rapped
for Advocating Administration's School Bill

By MILTON FRIEDMAN I

(Copyright. 1965, JTA, Inc.)

WASHINGTON—An attempt by
Dr. Francis Keppel, U.S. corn-
missioner of education, to win
liberal Jewish support for Presi-
dent Johnson's education bill pro-
yoked a fiery debate at the recent
"Conference on Poverty" of the
Union of American Hebrew Con-
gregations. (See story elsewhere.)
Dr. Keppel sought to silence the
concern voiced by some liberals
over what they see as dangerous
violations of the church-state
separation concept in the bill. But
he elicited instead a detailed at-
tack on the bill's provisions,
voiced mainly by Chairman Mar-
vin Braiterman of the Church-
State Subcommittee of the Com-
mission on Social Action of Re-
form Judaism.

After Dr. Keppel finished his
carefully-prepared address,- Brait-
erman took the floor. He de-
clared that it was not enough for
Dr. Keppel to reassure the meet-
ing of President Johnson's devo-
tion to the traditional separation
of church and state. Nor was it
adequate to report that the at-
torney general was satisfied with
the constitutionality of the bill—
or to say that Dr. Keppel was
himself personally pleased, he
declared.

Such assurances were not ac-
ceptabl e, said Braiterman, be-
cause "there are alarming pro-
visions in this legislation which
do in fact transgress the separation
of church and state and may cause
serious injury to public educa-
tion."
Displeasure was then expressed
by Braiterman, and others,
at proposals that require shared
facilities linking public and paro-
chial schools, that furnish books
at government expense to paro-
chial schools, that provide for
supplementary educational centers
under partial auspices of parochial
schools, and so forth. It was
charged that the bill did not in-
clude adequate provisions to per-
mit judicial review of constitu-
tionality at the initiative of private
citizens.
Dr. Keppel angrily looked at
Braiterman. He made an emotional
answer to the charges, climaxed
by a suggestion that the question-
er go "and look up the facts
again."
It was Dr. Keppel's contention
that his audience needed to take
a look "word by word" at the
latest House version of the bill.
He said "my purpose here today
is educational" because his critics
appeared to him not to under-
stand the actual provisions of the
bill.

Dann to Seek Orde r Against Judge
Before Sanity Trial of Jack Ruby

-c]

Detroit attorney Sol Dann said
he would ask a federal court with-
in the week to disqualify Dallas
Judge Joe B. Brown, who assigned
Jack Ruby an
attorney he op-
poses.
Dann is the at-
torney Ruby's
family wants to
defend the con-
demned slayer of
Lee Harvey Os-
wald. A jury trial
will determine
R uby's sanity
March 29. It
could mean life
or death for the
53-year-old man
Dann insists is
very sick. (See
the Jewish News,
Ruby
July 17, 1964.)
Overruling a series of defense
motions, Judge Brown assigned
Phil Burleson and Joe Tonahill as
Ruby's lawyers. Ruby said he wants
nothing to do with Tonahill.
Tonahill and other defense
lawyers have argued that Ruby
was insane when he shot Oswald
and_ has deteriorated steadily to
the point that he believes Jews
are being slaughtered in the
streets because of his criminal
act, Ruby's sister, Mrs. Eva Grant,
insists the family doesn't trust
Tonahill.
Dann's name was included in
a motion submitted by Tonahill
which requested an order exciud-

Tobias Cohen, a 17th Cen-
tury German-born Jew became one
of the outstanding physicians of
his time. He attained prominence
after emigrating to Turkey where
he served as the personal physi-
cian to Sultan Ahmed In.

Dr. Keppel defended the bill as
"a viable program of aid which
will strengthen rather than im-
pair our cherished institutions."
He said the risks seen by the
bill's critics were illusory. He
suggested that the real need is to
help the individual child get an
education, indicating that liberal
objections block this aim.
Braiterman's remarks had deep-
ly annoyed Dr. Keppel. Braiter-
man had said that "if the adminis-
tration is concerned with maintain-
ing church-state reparation, we do
not understand why they have re-
fused suggestions. That would in-
clude the right of judicial review
written in the legislation, which
would be tangible evidence of
their concern."
He contended that the adminis-
tration, by its shared facilities
provision, would not bring ele-
ments of the American people
closer together "but will create
segregated enclaves of private and
public school children, attending
schools under the same roof but
under separate disciplines and in
separate groups that will pn7zle
and disturb the unity of our pub-
lic schools."

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parochial se/1001s, violate the
most important and basic prin-
ciples of church-state separation
and, in the case of all private
school 5, including parochial
schools, would gravely threaten
the public schools by leaving
them as the repository of the
disadvantaged children while
the affluent go elsewhere at
public expense."
"Dr. Keppel says that men are '

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, March 12, 1965-91

dominant Mapai Party. The vote
was 73-23.
Itzhak Tabenkin, the leader of
Ahdut opposed alignment, just as
former Premier David Ben-Gurion
had in the Mapai Party.
The alignment will be limited to
a joint slate for the forthcoming
national elections. Ben-Gurion and
his Mapai followers opposed it be-
cause Ahdut made it a condition
for agreement that Mapai abandon
its commitment to electoral reform
to reduce the number of political
parties in Israel.

HEAVY NYLON PLUSH

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TEL AVIV (JTA)—Formation of
a new political party was an-
nounced here by the members of
the old Progressive Party who
had joined the General Zionists
to form the present Liberal Party.
The new group will call itself
the Independent Liberal Party.
The decision to form a new
grouping was made by the former
Progressives at a meeting here,
where they objected strenuously
to the plans for the merger of the
Liberal Party with Herut. Moshe
Kol and former Justice Minister
Pinhas Rosen blamed the former
I General Zionists for causing the
new split.
All efforts to mediate the dif-
ferences over Herut alignment in-
side the Liberal Party failed. Those
seeking to avert the split had
proposed that the planned Herut-
Liberal merger be postponed un-
til after next November's sched-
uled general elections.
Elsewhere on the Israeli po-
litical scene the convention of
the leftist Ahdut Avoda ap-
proved Tuesday a proposal for
a limited alignment with Israel's

According to Reform Jewry's
church-state expert, "for gov-
ernment to finance a non-public

ing Dann and several other law-
yers from the case. Judge Brown
overruled the motion.
Dann called the situation within
Judge Brown's courtroom "judicial
murder" and added that "Jack is
suffering from lawyeritis, which tired of argument and tired of
contest. But it is a fundamental
could be fatal."
civil liberty and the future role
of our public schools that we are
Italian Jew Proposes
arguing and contesting about. It
will be a sad day if weariness or
Monument to Pius XII
political considerations cause us
ROME (JTA)—The Rome daily, to forego such arguments or con- ,
II. Tempo, accepted a proposal tests," said Braiterman.
from an unnamed Italian Jew and
"We are sorry that Dr. Keppel
began a subscription campaign for is tired: we hope that there are
a monument in memory of the late many people in America who are
Pope Pius XII.
not yet ready to throw in the
The anonymous Jew, in making sponge and give up the sensible
the proposal in a letter to the objective of federal aid to educa-
newspaper, said he was one of tion that will strengthen, rather
"many Jews" who were saved by than impair cherished institutions
the late pontiff. The role of Pius in our land."
XII during the Nazi period has
The meeting sponsored by the
become an object of debate be- Religious Action Center of the
cause of a widely performed play, UAHC has provided a valuable
"The Deputy," by a West German forum for airing the issue. Mem-
playwright, Rolf Hochhut. The bers of Congress. deliberating on
theme of the play is that the Pope the bill, observed the exchange
failed to do all that he might have and prepared their own questions
to save European Jewry from the for Dr. Keppel and the adminis-
Nazi mass slaughter.
tration.

WEN/

Israel's Liberal Party Is Split in Two
Over Herut; Ahdut OKs Mapai Accord

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