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March 12, 1965 - Image 8

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1965-03-12

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

LBJ's School Bill Attacked at Parley of Reform Jews

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Boris Smolar's

'Between You
. . . a nd Me'

(Copyright, 1965, Jewish
Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)

OPEN SECRETS: The question of whether the United States should
openly provide Israel with arms will come more and more to the fore-
front in American public opinion, now that it has been raised by the
Israel government during the talks with Ambassador-at-large W. Averell
Harriman last week in Jerusalem . . . It is no longer a secret that
the United States has been stimulating not only West Germany but
also other countries—at different times—to supply Israel with arms .. .
It all started way back when John Foster Dulles was Secretary of
State under President Eisenhower . . . Although Dulles was no great
friend of Israel, he quietly suggested to Canada that it sell jets to
Israel when the Jewish State was in dire need to counteract Egypt's
acquisition of jets from Moscow . . . Later, the United States had given
agreement to Britain to sell Centurion tanks to Israel, when Israel
needed such modern tanks to offset the tank power provided by Mos-
cow to Nasser . . . Washington also had something to do with the sale
by France of Mystere jet fighters to Israel, which bolstered Israel's
air power . . . Now it came out that the Bonn government has given
arms to Israel with Washington's blessings ... In the light of all these
facts, the question in the minds of many Americans is: Why hide be-
hind other countries in helping Israel to maintain its balance of arms
vis-a-vis E#ypt? . . . Why cannot the United States itself provide arms
to Israel every time Moscow proVides arms to Egypt and other Arab
lands? . . . The fear that this may antagonize the Arab rulers has
turned out to be exaggerated since it is now known that the Arabs
knew all the time that Washington is helping Israel indirectly with
defense arms . . . The Arab rulers had good reason not to protest
against such action, and did little to protest even against England
and France when they sold arms to Israel openly . . . Nor did they
protest when the late President Kennedy openly announced that the
United States decided to sell Hawk missiles to Israel . . . Their pro-
tests started with West Germany a year after they knew of Bonn's
arms deal with Israel, and only because Nasser sought an excuse to
justify his inviting Premier Ulbricht of Communist East Germany on
a state visit to Egypt . . . The considered opinion of some in Wash-
ington now is, that open sale of American arms to Israel would only
convince Nasser, that running to Moscow for arms will not bring his
military strength vis-a-vis Israel any further . . . This may lead even-
tually to an end in the arms race between Nasser and Israel . . .
Incidentally, the United States provides Jordon with arms .openly; why
can the same not be done with regard to Israel? . • .


COMMUNAL CURRENTS: To what extent do Jewish parents in this
country demonstrate a desire for their children to acquire knowledge
of Jewish matters? • . . . To what extent do they want their children
to remain Jewish and understand its meaning? . . . A sample survey
conducted among parents in an Eastern city with an estimated Jewish
population of 80,000 established that 96' percent of the children there,
between the ages of 6 and 14, receive some kind of formal Jewish
education . . . This high proportion is consistent with national trends
. . . The parents who included Orthodox, Conservative and Reform
Jews, also indicated the kind of Jewish education their children were
receiving . . . About 51 percent attend schools requiring attendance
on both weekday afternoon and a weekend morning; 27 percent attend
Sunday schools only; 16 percent attend an all-day Jewish school; 4 per-
cent weekday afternoons only; and 2 percent have private tutors at
home . . . This is an exceptionally good picture . . . The parents in-
terviewed were then asked: "How many years of Jewish schooling
would you like your child to have? . . Two-thirds of them gave
figures above five years; 23 percent said "through Bar Mitzvah" or
"through confirmation"; and 6 percent gave figures ranging between
one and five years . . . This throws light on the aspirations of the
parents for the Jewish education of their children . . . However, it is
questionable whether many, or most, of these children will be ex-
posed to this much Jewish education . . . It is considered possible,
perhaps even probable, that for a variety of reasons the children will
not receive as much Jewish education as their parents would wish them
to get . . . One of the reasons is the yielding by parents and children
alike the value of Jewish education for other values . . .

dissent, arising from concern over
violations of the church-state sep-
aration concept, was voiced in con-
nection with the Johnson adminis-
tration's education bill at the
conference on poverty of the Union
of American Hebrew Congrega-
U.S. Commissioner of Educa-
tion Francis Keppel addressed
the conference in an effort to
enlist liberal Jewish support be•
hind the bill. But he elicited in-
stead a detailed attack on the
bill's provisions, voted mainly by
chairman Marvin Braiterman of
the church-state subcommittee
of the Commission on Social Ac-
tion of Reform Judaism.
Braiterman said it w a s not
enough for Dr. Keppel to reassure
the meeting of President John-
son's concern with the traditional
separation of church and state be-
cause "there are alarming pro-
visions in this legislation which do
in fact transgress the separation of
church and state and may cause
serious injury to public education."
Alarm was expressed by Braiter-
man, and others, at proposals that
required shared facilities between
public and parochial schools, that
furnish books at government ex-
pense to parochial schools, and
which provide for supplementary
educational centers under auspices
of parochial schools. He said the
legislation does not include ade-
quate provisions allowing judicial
review of constitutionality at the
initiative of private citizens.
Dr. Keppel advised Braiter-
man to "go look up his facts"
and asserted that the Justice De-
partment was content with the
constitutionality of the bill. He
urged the conference to put
aside its objections and concern
itself with helping the individual
"In your efforts to preserve and
safeguard the Jew i s h faith, a
changing pattern has evolved in
the relationship of religion to sec-
ular education, which others are
studying carefully in some of its
aspects," Dr. Keppel said. "The
Jewish experience, of course. may
not apply in many respects to other
faiths, but it is receiving atten-
The conference closed with
adoption of a number of educa-

RUSSIAN ECHOES: Interest of American Jewry in the fate of
Jews in Russia has always been great because of the fact that many
Jews in this country have their relatives in Russia .. . This has been
the case when Russia was ruled by the Czarist regime which was out-
spokenly anti-Semitic; this is the case now when Jews in Russia are
being discriminated against by the Soviet regime . . . To understand
the Russians of yesterday and today one must read "A Short History
of the Russian Revolution" by Joel Carmichael, just published by Basic
Books, Inc. . . . Mr. Carmichael is one of the outstanding American
experts on Russian history . . . He is also the author Of "An Illustrated
History of Russia" which is considered one of the best books dealing
with Russia's past and present . • His new book, written against the
immediate background of the events that brought about the Russian
Revolution in 1917, refers, among other things, to the pogrom on Jews
in Russia in the pre-Revolution years and notes that "even more re-
cently" the Jews are suffering from anti-Semitism in Russia . . . In
presenting the ideals, forces and circumstances which led to the Rus-
sian Revolution, Mr. Carmichael points out that the consequences of
this revolution are being felt today in our daily life . • . He brings
out vividly the evaporation of the Czarist regime, the emergence of
the Kerensky regime which existed for a short time, and the birth of
the Bolshevik regime . . . The book is extremely well written and
should be read by everyone interested in the march of events in Rus-
sia of today . . .

Justice Agranat Is Named President of Israel Court

Shimon Agranat, 58, the American-
born jurist, was nominated presi-
dent of the Israel Supreme Court.
He will succeed Justice Yitzhak
Olshan, who reached the compul-
sory retirement age of 70.
Justice Agranat, who was born
in Louisville, Ky., settled in Pal-

estine 35 years ago at the age
of 24, following his graduation
from the University of Chicago.
He has been a member of the Sup-
reme Court since 1949 and in 1960
was named permanent deputy
president of the Court. He is a
visiting professor of criminal law
at Hebrew University.

The 1061 United States Macca-
biah Games basketball team in-
cluded Larry Brown, who won an
Olympic gold medal in Tokyo, and
Art Heyman, who is playing pro-
fessionally with the New York

8—Friday, March 12, 1965

tional and action programs to com-
bat poverty. A mobilization of the
nation's Jews to actively support
national and local activities and to
initiate new projects was urged.
The recommendations covered pro-
grams in cooperation with feder-
al and state agencies, with other
religious and civic groups, in the
synagogue involving clergymen,
businessmen, professionals and

* *

CCAR Urges President
to Start Viet Nam Talks

NEW YORK, N.Y.—The Central
Conference of American Rabbis
called . upon the government and
President Johnson to enter into
"immediate" negotiations with
other nations and through the
United Nations for a peaceful set-
tlement to the crisis in South
Viet Nam.
In a statement adapted at its
executive board meeting, the rab-

binic body, representing 875 Re-
form • rabbis in North America

"Theo Central Conference of
American Rabbis urges our goy -.
ernment to join with other gov-
ernments, including our Allies and
the secretary general of the United
Nations, to enter into immediate
negotiations of the critical situa-
tion in South Viet Nam. We de-
plore escalation of the conflict by
any country. Such escalation can
only add to the misery of the
Vietnamese people and runs the
risk of a global nuclear war.




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19190 Schaefer

Presents a Lively New Play


By The Sisterhood Players

SUNDAY, MARCH 14 - 8:30 P.M.

In The New Auditorium

Social Hour - Dancing - Refreshments



skivath &tit dutclakg 07A

presents its

First Annual Purim Gala

Tuesday Evening, March 23
at 6 :30 p.m. at the
Rainbow Caterers, 14200 West Ten Mile, Oak Park, Mich.


Rabbi Irwin Witty, of Winnipeg

Guest Speaker

and a

Purim Cantata by the Beth Yehudah Boys Choir

$5.00 per plate
For Reservations, Call UN 4-5759 or UN 2-3845

Members, Friends, Educators and Representatives of Detroit Synagogues
are urged to attend .. .

Regional CONFERENCE of the


MARCH 21, 1965 — NOON to 5 P.M.

at Imperial Catering, 18451 Wyoming


1. Defense and security of Israel and the education of its youth — Samson Krup-
nick — Presidium R.Z.A.
2. Problems of assimilation and intermarriage in the U.S. and the world over—Rabbi
Isaac Stollman, Hon. Chairman R.Z.A.
3. A report on Soviet Jewry — Rabbi Dr. Bernard Poupko.
4. The future of the Yeshiva Day School movement in America -- Rabbi D. Staysky,,
Chairman Vaad Hapoel, Ohio Valley. ._

1st Session — Lunch — 12 Noon to 3 p.m.

2nd Session — 3 p.m. to 5 p.m.

For Registration Call DI 1-0708

Since the untimely passing of our dearly beloved leader IRVING W. SCHLUSSEL, the
conference will be dedicated to his blessed memory.

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