UJA to =old 1st National Meeting Here
The executive committee of the United Jewish Appeal,
of which Detroiter Max M. Fisher is general chairman,
will convene here at the Sheraton-Cadillac Hotel Monday,
it was announced this week.
The noon session will be the first time that the execu-
tive committee has met in any city other than New York.
It will bring top officers, national chairmen and members
of the executive committee to Detroit from a score of
cities throughout the United States and from coast to
coast. Fisher, as general chairman, will preside.
The meeting, according to Fisher, is geared to consider
the present status of the current campaign, and to take
future developments under advisement.
Following Monday's meeting Mr. and Mrs. Fisher will
host a reception and dinner for officers and executive
committee members and their wives at the. Fisher home,
27751 Fairway Hills Dr., Birniingham.
Fisher holds two of the top humanitarian posts in the
United States as president of Detroit's United Foundation,
the nation's largest community chest, and as general
chairman of the UJA.
Nazis Still in
Honor Roll of
Vol. XLVI I, No. 3
- r F=2 CD I - r
A Weekly Review
Lessons of Purim
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper —Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Printed in a
100% Union Shop
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.—VE 8-9364—Detroit, Mich. 48235—March 12, 1965—$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Full Israel-Bonn Ties Assured
After 3 Days of Secret Talks
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
A summary of Chancellor Ludwig Erhard's statement
Sunday offering full diplomatic relations with Israel follows:
"The Federal Republic has investigated the Middle East
situation thoroughly in several conferences dedicated to
this subject. The heads of all parties represented in the
Bundestag were informed. The United States, Britain and
France were consulted because of their particular respon-
sibility toward Germany as a whole.
"The Federal Government states that, through the
Ulbricht invitation and his visit to Egypt and his reception,
which is a provocation to any German, the political rela-
tions between Egypt and the Federal Republic have been
put in heaviest jeopardy. After Ulbricht's visit, all Arab
states must know that President Nasser's policy is bound
to disturb or even to destroy the long-proven and traditional,
friendly policy existing between Germany and the Arab
world as a whole. The Federal Government deplored this
development caused by President Nasser, which opens an
increasingly free path to Communist incursion into the
"The German people on both sides of the demarca-
tion line expects that its vital interests should be safe-
guarded, and Ulbricht is the representative of a Com-
munist minority which is able to keep millions of Germans
behind walls and barbed wire, only due to the interven-
tion of a foreign power. This fact is not unknown to
Egypt, yet she has accepted this injustice in the face of
all peoples who have arrived at their independence due
to the right of self-determination.
" . .. After very careful consideration of the problems
as a whole, and through weighing all possible developments,
even those outside of the immediate interests of Germany in
the Middle East, the Chancellor has decided:
"1) The invitation of Ulbricht by Egypt has been coun-
tered by the Federal Republic by the stopping of economic
aid. This means that the Federal Republic will not partici-
pate in Eq.mt's second five-year plan. The Federal Govern-
ment will not grant to Egypt any further capital aid, and
refuses' to grant Egypt any delays in the payment of Gov-
ernment-guaranteed debts due for long-period credits. Run-
ning obliffafions will be reconsidered, of course in accord-
ance with international law.
"2) That part of the German people living in the Soviet
Zone has been deprived of the self-evident right to self-
determination. The justification of this rule by force will
be considered by the Federal Government an unfriendly act
and countered in each case by appropriate measures.
"3) The Federal Republic of Germany wishes to
establish diplomatic relations with Israel. This step is
bound to normalize conditions. It is not directed against
any Arab country.
"4) By its decision not to supply arms to areas of ten-
sion, and by deciding to compensate for the rest of deliveries
pending, and agreement with Israel, the Federal Govern-
ment has contributed considerably to the evolution of a
clear Middle East policy. The Federal Government thinks
ft necessary to declare in this context that it rejects en-
deavors to influence its policy in this area particulary as
regards its relations with Israel, be it the 'conflict partner'
who tries to do so or whoever he may be.
"5) Together with its allies, who have repeatedly asked
Germany to be responsible for peace and quiet in the Middle
East, the Federal Republic will endeavor through its
presence to diminish tensions."
JERUSALEM — West German Chancellor Ludwig Erhard's special envoy
completed three days of talks with top Israeli government officials Wednesday
and left for Bonn reportedly with Israel's acceptance in principle of the West Ger-
man offer to establish diplomatic relations.
Israel maintained a complete blackout on the content of the talks between
Dr. Kurt Birrenbach and the Israeli offi cials, but it was reliably r e p or t e d that
agreement had been reached on all points of issue between the two countries, in-
cluding that of the suspension last month by West Germany of its arms deliveries
Premier Levi Eshkol was expected to announce the results of the talks to
Israel's parliament next Tuesday. The talks had gone so well, it was reported, that
a second scheduled trip to Israel by Dr. Birrenbach may be cancelled. The West
German embassy would be located in Jerusalem:
A major point of the talks reportedly was the issue of West Germany's sus-
pension last month of the final shipment to Israel of a multmillion-dollar arms
agreement. While the chancellor has re iterated his willingness to "compensate"
for the suspended arms, Israel is insisting that the original agreement be fulfilled.
It was assumed that Dr. Birrenbach took this Israel stand into consideration be-
fore coming to Israel. Whether he brought an alternative proposal was not
(The report of a possible Erhard-Eshkol meeting next month was being cir
culated during the dramatic meeting. The premier plans to meet with British Prime
Minister Harold Wilson next month in London. The report said that the meeting
between the Israeli and West German leaders might take place during the Eshkol
visit to the continent.
(Reports of such a meeting were widely circulated last year, and official
sources in Bonn were reported as asserting last October that the chancellor and the
Premier would hold the long-rumored meeting before the summer of 1965 in a
third country, probably France.)
Dr. Birrenbach was whisked to L ydda Airport Wednesday morning. Re-
porters were barred and press photographers were stopped from taking pictures as
the envoy, surrounded by special guards, prepared to board his plane.
Dr. Birrenbach, who remained in constant
contact with Bonn throughout the talks, visited
former Premier David Ben-Gurion's home in
secrecy and talked with him for an hour
in Border Raid
on West German-Israel relations. The meeting
was held at the special request of Chancellor
Erhard, who wanted to convey a personal mes-
sage to the former premier. Dr. Birrenbach, in
turn, promised to convey Ben-Gurion's views to
(He visited the Yad Vashem Memorial Center
for the European Jews murdered by the Nazis and
lit an eternal flame for them Tuesday.
(Passing along the graphic exhibit picturing
the horrors visited on the Jews by the Nazis, he
told accompanying officials that he had no words
with which to express his feelings. An emblem
with the Hebrew word .Yizkor — let them be re-
membered — was pinned on the envoy's lapel.)
Premier Eshkol was understood to have con-
sulted with his coalition partners on the tentative
agreement with West Germany.
The national religious party was understood
to support relations with West Germany. Ahdut
Hamoud B e h e r Mahmad
Avodah, which in the past has opposed closer ties
Haj'azi, a member of Fateh, the
with Bonn, indicated it would postpone a final de-
Arab sabotage and terror organi-
cision pending West Germany's reply, but the
zation which has been raiding
party also indicated it would not make any diffi-
Israel, was wounded in a running
culties for Premier Eshkol on the question.
fight with Israeli border police
Knesset delegates of premier Eshkol's Mapai
and captured. Fateh is blamed
Party met with the Premier and decided unani-
for a number of recent sabotage
mously in favor of immediate full diplomatic re-
attempts, including the bomb-
lations with West Germany.
ing of a house in Kfar Hess last
The offer is favored by the Liberal Party.
month. It is a unit of the so-
called "Palestine Liberation
Herut, Mapam, Agudat Israel and the Commun-
(Continued on Page 5)