Orthodox Rabbis Council to Honor
Morris Karbals at Testimonial
Statute Backing Likely;
Bigots Launch Drive
Dinner of Vaad Harabonim to be held Sunday . . . Story on Page 5
Editorial Analysis, Page 4
Story on Page 9
Saintly Drive . .
Rabbis Are the
1=0 "T" PZ 0 1 — r
XLVI I. No. 2
A Weekly Review
f Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper--Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Printed in a
100% Union Shop
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.
VE 8 9364
Detroit, Mich. 48235
March 5, 1965
$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
By MILTON FRIEDMAN
(Copyright, 1965, JTA, Inc.)
WASHINGTON — State Depart-
ment officials were so eager to
shield West Germany from conse-
quences of German policies which
angered many Americans that they
ignored the Johnson Administra-
tion's program to curtail the flow
of dollars to Europe.
The Bonn Government's appease-
ment of Egypt by the abrupt can-
cellation of arms sales to Israel
provoked public opinion. So did
Bonn's attitude on ending trials of
Nazi war criminals. Consequently,
a few American businessmen con-
sidered reduction of the huge sums
spent in West Germany for goods
-k-1.0 machinery. In some cities,
lers for Volkswagen and Merce-
es-Benz automobiles were cancel-
ed. Customers bought American
The State Department was fully
aware that President Johnson has
been urging Americans to reduce
spending for foreign products be-
cause of the payments deficit and
gold drain. Yet the Department
was infuriated when Americans .
responded to Bonn's obnoxious be-
havior by doing exactly what the
Diplomats were hypersensitive
because they knew America's moral
responsibility to provide arms to
Israel had been evaded and passed
off to Bonn. This was done be-
cause the State Department wished
v-------\avoid offending Egyptian Presi-
- '-'-,____ lit Nasser.
Soviet arms of ultra-modern de-
sign are pouring into Egypt. New
orders have been placed in Mos-
cow. Yet the United States has
evaded any systematic commitment
to sell balancing arms to Israel on
a continuing basis. Since the United
States put this burden on Bonn,
American diplomats feel they have
to defend the Germans and extri-
cate them from difficulties with
"emotional elements" in the United
This explained the unprecedent-
ed State Department pro-German
announcement that this Govern-
ment deplores "private boycotts"
because they are "a form of retalia-
tion." The Department had never
so dramatically denounced Arab
boycotts affecting Americans.
The Department was infuriated
by full-page advertisements insert-
ed in leading newspapers by the
Jewish War Veterans. The ads
Continued on Page 7
JERUSALEM—The Israel cabinet held a special meeting Tuesday to discuss the five days of talks between
Israeli government leaders and Undersecretary of State Averell Harriman, which ended Monday night without
issuance of a formal communique.
Harriman issued a statement before his departure in which he said "My discussions with Israeli officials
have been friendly, frank and useful. They confirmed not only the points of tension which have recently arisen in
the area with new intensity, but also Israeli relations with friendly countries. As a result of our talks," he added,
"I believe the Israeli government is fully aware of United States govern-
ment views and I am now able to report clearly to President Johnson the
views of the Israeli government."
Declaring that the exchanges would be continued through diplo-
matic channels, the envoy added that "It is a cardinal tenet of United
States policy to do whatever is possible to help promote stability and
peace in the Near East. I am confident our talks have been useful, and
I leave tremendously impressed with the vigor and determination of this
country and its progress since my visit a decade ago."
(In Moscow, the Communist Party newspaper Pravda, assailed
Harriman's trip as an "anti-Arab" move. Pravda accused the United
States of planning to replace canceled West German arms shipments to
Israel "so that there should be no let-up in the common efforts to help
Israel build up its military might."
The conferences with Harriman continued right up to his departure.
The communique did not go beyond generalities, since Harriman had come
here wtihout a clear mandate from the Johnson administration for entering
into hard commitments.
Authoritative sources here said the talks marked "progress" in
United States attitudes about supplying Israel with direct military aid.
They said the issue was not settled because the United States views it as
of a wider situation and wishes to tie it to an agreed formula on
Israeli Foreign Minister Golda Meir greets
President Johnson's special envoy, Ambas- Israel's reaction to Arab plans to counter Israel's tap of the Jordan River
for its national irrigation project.
sador W. Averell Harriman, in Jerusalem,
The United States, it was reported, feels that even if the Arabs try
when he arrived for high-level talks on
to divert a small part of the water, Israel should not consider this an act
the Middle East situation following the
West German cancellation of arms ship- of aggression. Israel has warned that it would so consider it. In the
ments to the Jewish state.
Continued on Page 5
Israel Complains to the UN
on Terrorism From Jordan
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (JTA) — Israel Monday filed
with the Security Council a sharp complaint against Jordan,
charging the Arab government with serious violations of the
Jordan-Israel armistice agreement and with endangering the
peace of the area.
Israel revealed at the same time that saboteurs obviously
being sheltered by Jordan have carried out three separate efforts
at terrorism inside Israel in the last two months.
The complaint was lodged by Israel's permanent represen-
tative here, Ambassador Michael S. Comay. The Israel represen-
tative requested that his letter of protest be circulated to all
members of the Security Council, but avoided asking that the
Council convoke any sessions on the issue.
According to the letter, an attack very early Sunday morning
at Kfar Hess, in Israel's central area, about five miles from the
Jordanian border, was only one of a series of similar efforts.
At Kfar Hess, two separate explosions damaged the small
farm settlement's silo and blew up part of a house where
members of the settlement were asleep. No one was injured.
Israeli border patrols and army units traced the tracks of
three men back to the Jordanian frontier.
On Jan. 7, Comay reported, a group of armed infiltrators
was intercepted by an Israeli patrol near Nechushah, another
village, remote from Kfar Hess and less than two miles from
the Jordanian border. One of the infiltrators was wounded and
captured, while the others escaped across the frontier.
The man caught admitted under interrogation by United
Nations military observers that he was a member of a unit of
anti-Israel saboteurs at work inside Jordan. He had explosives
hidden in his gear when captured.
On Jan. 21, Comay continued, explosives were discovered in
place at the water dam in the new town of Arad.
It is belived here that the saboteurs from Jordan are mem-
bers of a group called the Fatah, comprised of so-called Arab
refugees working under the domination of the Unified Arad
Command established to carry out systematic attacks against
France Starts Cairo Talks
on Extending Trade Ties
PARIS (JTA) — An official French delegation of eight
representatives of various ministries has begun negotiations
in Cairo for "the expansion of trade relations" between France
and Egypt, it was announced here.
The delegation includes officials from the foreign ministry
and the ministries of industry, trade and agriculture, and is
headed by Maurice de Courson, of the foreign ministry, who
holds the rank of special envoy and minister plenipotentiary.
The negotiations, is was announced, are taking place within
the framework of the Franco-Egyptian trade agreement signed
Meanwhile, Cairo dispatches received by the French press
reported that another delegation, headed by Emmanuel Mayolle,
vice president of the French National Association of Industrial-
ists, finished a 10-day visit to Egypt Monday, after concluding
negotiations for French participation in Egypt's forthcoming
five-year development plan.
On behalf of the industrialists and bankers on the delega-
tion, Mayolle was reported here telling the Egyptian press that
the group "intends, upon its return to France, to call on French
industrial circles to closely and sympathetically examine their
possible participation in the realization of Egypt's five-year
The French cabinet decided at a meeting here under the
chairmanship of President de Gaulle, to end "the policy of
active aid to Israel," the influential daily, L'Aurore, claimed.
Attributing its report to "usually well-informed sources,"
the newspaper stated: "Israel no longer enjoys the good graces
of the government. The long-term policy of active help is
L'Aurore asserted that the general tone of the cabinet meet-
ing, which discussed in detail reports received last week from
Cairo, Bonn and Tel Aviv, was one inclined to "let Israel find
its own modus vivendi with her neighbors, or no longer count
on us." There was neither confirmation nor denial of the report
from official government sources.