Our Jewish Heritage
New Anchor Bible
Starts This Week
by Charlotte Hyams
A Review of
Book of Jeremiah in
° Page 40
Bias Even Among
All Jews Victims
E JEWIS NE
of a Boycott:
""1— F2 CD I T
and the Arabs
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper--Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
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Vol. XLVI I. No. 1
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.—VE 8-9364—Detroit, Mich. 48235—February 26, 1965—$6.00 Per Year; This Issue 20c
Harriman's Visit to Israel
Viewed as U.S. 'Calm-Down'
ActionForced y onnCrisis
(Direct JTA Teletype wire to The Jewish News)
World Pays Frankfurter Tribute;
Jurist Requested the Kaddish
Leaders in all walks of life, Jews and non-Jews, in this country
and abroad, in Jerusalem, London, Paris as well as in New York
and in Washington, joined in paying tribute to the memory of form-
er Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter, who 'died Monday at
the age of 82.
Mr. Justice Frankfurter will be remembered as a devoted Zion-
ist who labored closely with Justice Louis D. Brandeis in be-
-*thalf of the great cause of Israel's redemp-
'tion. Frankfurter was a member of the
Jewish delegation to the Versailles Peace
:;Conference in 1918 which framed Jewish
proposals for the establishment of the Na-
tional Home in Palestine. Isidore Levin of
Detroit, who was one of his star pupils at
Harvard when Frankfurter was professor
of law, was one of his chief secretarial as-
sistants at Versailles.
Frankfurter retained his deep interest
in Zionism and in Israel and five years ago
delivered a major address at the annual
dinner of the Weizmann Institute in New
Frankfurter had expressed a wish that
Jewish funeral rites should be conducted
for him and that the kaddish should be
recited. This was expressed by him to Gar-
son Kanin, the playwright. It was incorporated in an essay included
in a volume of tributes to Frankfurter published by Morrow last
(Continued on Page 6)
WASHINGTON — United States officials said Tuesday that the purpose of an
emergency visit to Israel this week by Undersecretary of State W. Averell Har-
riman is to urge restraint on Israel and world Jewry on the German arms issue,
rather than initiate any United States munitions supply program for Israel. Harri-
man arrived in Israel Wednesday.
President Lyndon B. Johnson, characterized by officials as concerned about
the plight of West Germany in the wake of both Arab and Jewish reactions to
Bonn policies, quickly consented to the State Department suggestion that Harri-
man be dispatched to "calm down" Israel.
This will be Harriman's first trip as ambassador at large, his new designa-
tion. He still holds the title of undersecretary of state because the Senate has
not yet acted to confirm the redesignation announced very recently.
The special mission will be described as at the personal direction of Presi-
dent Johnson. This, it is believed, will strengthen the envoy's status when he
meets with Israel Prime Minister Levi Eshkol and other Israeli leaders.
It was stressed here in an obvious effort to avoid criticism from Egyptian
President Nasser that Harriman does not plan to convey any commitment for a
United States arms program for Israel to substitute for the canceled Bonn con-
The main purpose of the Harriman visit, according to high-ranking State De-
partment sources, is to meet urgent West German appeals for the United States to
quiet the furor resulting from the revela tion of the German-Israel arms agree-
ment and its abrupt cancellation. Egypt reacted with extreme diplomatic moves
favoring Communist East Germany when the agreement was revealed. Israel took
strong objection to the cancellation of the agreement, a move by Bonn to appease
West German Ambassador Heinrich Knappstein requested American interces-
sion with Israel and the Arab states last week when he met with Secretary of
State Dean Rusk. The State Department issued a statement requested by West
Germany, voicing disapproval of American Jewish boycott moves.
German approaches to Washington have stressed that the United States
avoided Arab wrath b.y urging West Germany to undertake the Israel arms sup-
(Continued on Page 5)
Germans Find Collaborators in Washington to Sweep
Nazi Era Under Rug as Appeasement Rules in Capital
By MILTON FRIEDMAN
JTA and Jewish News
(Copyright, 1965, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
WASHINGTON — Has a chain reaction
of appeasement of Egypt's Nasser been
ignited by the Johnson administration's
rescue of Nasser from the wrath of Con-
gress on the aid issue?
It is now evident that the German
Embassy in Washington reported fully to
Chancellor Erhard in Bonn on the role of
President Johnson in the recent Egyptian
Egyptian newspapers boasted that Nas-
ser's power and influence were recognized
and strengthened by the "surrender" of
President Johnson who had beseeched Con-
gress to continue surplus commodity ship-
ments to Egypt. The White House gave in
after Nasser threatened to collaborate more
elasely with Communism. The American
surrender encouraged Nasser to take an
even tougher stand with West Germany to
force cancellation of German arms con-
tracts with Israel.
Chancellor Erhard of West Germany,
noting the Washington trend, capitulated
to Nasser's blackmail. He acted on the
belief that Germans were more concerned
with preventing East German penetration
of the Near East than in the preservation
The irresponsible German role in the
Near East is now the subject of world at-
tention. But the American commitments to
preservation of peace and stability in • that.
region are losing meaning in the new turn
The time has come to remind Washing-
ton that Israeli security cannot rest solely
upon a changing and cynical Germany.
Israel depends on a vague series of guaran-
tees voiced at election time and on other
occasions by various presidents. Some time
ago, the United States provided Hawk anti-
aircraft missiles to Israel.
But more recently, the State Depart-
ment has been preoccupied with avoiding
Arab criticism. Israel was urged to seek
its defensive needs from West Germany.
Washington urged the Germans to sell
Israel used American equipment. The State
Department meanwhile encouraged con-
tinued American economic aid to Nasser
on grounds that this promoted peace in the
Near East. Nasser, thus strengthened, di-
verted more of his own funds to the pur-
chase of additional ultramodern Soviet
arms. He sought to hire more German
rocket scientists and military technicians.
A dangerous situation is developing in
the Near East through the series of capi-
tulations by Washington and Bonn to Nas-
ser's blackmail. Had President Johnson.
heeded Congress rather than the State De-
partment, Nasser might have been put in
his place. Now he is the Near East's "Man
Washington complicity in German atti-
tudes has been . overlooked. The United
States, of course, did not concur in Bonn's
cancelation of German arms contracts with
Israel. Nor did America tell Bonn to refuse
to extend the statute of limitations cover-
ing trial of Nazi war criminals. And no
Washington official urged Bonn to send
German rocket scientists to work in Egyp-
tian military industries.
The United States, however, in its ob-
session with rehabilitating West Germany
as the cornerstone of NATO, collaborated
in sweeping the Nazi era under the rug.
The fiction of a totally "New Germany"
has been written on both sides - of the
The reparations agreement brought
Bonn a cloak of immunity from critcism.
Nazis returned to high posts, Nazi indus-
trialists defied decartelization orders. The
State Department did not want to offend
German sensibilities or remind Europe of
Nazi barbarism at a time when Europeans
were asked to accept a new German army
as their shield and protector.
State Department officials justified the
role of Germans in Egypt, minimized the
aggressive intentions of the Nasser regime,
and debunked Israel's fears.
Israel is the world's only nation, menac-
ed by Soviet arms in the hands of pro-
Communist neighbors, which has such
trouble obtaining American defense assist-
ance. Why should Israel be forced to rely
upon second-hand U.S. tanks from West
Germany? The United States has enough
tanks to sell directly to Israel.
It is nothing less than American ap-
peasement of Nasser which led to the top-
level decision to pass off responsibilities
for Israeli security needs to the Germans.
Every single item ordered by Israel from
West Germany could have been shipped
directly from the United States. The State
Department was frantic to avoid direct in-
volvement with Israeli defense require-
The question now to be asked is what
will happen if a power-mad Nasser
launches armed aggression against Israel?
Will the State Department tell Israel to
apply to the Germans for help?