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August 07, 1964 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1964-08-07

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Teacher Shortage Viewed as Major Problem

(Continued from Page 1)
in France where the Jewish pop-
ulation has jumped substantially
in recent years as a result of Jew-
ish emigration from North Africa.
The yearly attrition is about
one-fifth of the 1,800 teachers in
continental Europe and Great
Britain, while teacher training
schools are turning out only about
30 qualified graduates a year, Dr.
Dushkin noted. He described the
eacher shortage as the "central
oblem of Jewish education to.
\----say" and stressed the need to raise
the status of the profession to a
level equivalent with other teach-
ing groups.
Dr. Nahum Goldmann, president
of the World Jewish Congress,
in the opening address at the as-
sembly, attributed to Jewish edu-
cation "the Jewish role in continu-
ity and survival. "Neither the im-
pact of anti-Semitism nor the
stress on Jewish philanthropy, im-
portant as they are, have the pri-
macy of Jewish education in de-
termining the future of Jewish
life," he declared.
A 50-member World Council on
Jewish Education was formally
established at the conference to
deal on a global scale with the
"critical shortages" in Jewish
education.
The formal action was taken

after a sharp and lengthy debate
over the site for the Council's
headquarters was resolved by a
compromise decision providing for
interim offices in New York for
administration and financing and
in Jerusalem for educational re-
search. The principal headquarters
will be determined at a meeting
next year at which time the
Council will elect its officers.
The Council -will operate as a
coordinating research body to
maintain closer educational con-
tacts among Jewish communities
throughout the world, assist them
in improving their educational
facilities and help establish those
facilities in countries where they
do not exist. It will concentrate
on ways of overcoming the lack
of qualified teachers—a shortage
regarded as the central problem
in Jewish education—and on pro-
viding . adequate textbooks and
other pedagogic materials.
The nature of the problem was
pointed up in studies reported
here which indicate that only 40
per cent of Jewish youth in coun-
tries outside Israel are now at-
tending some form of organized
Jewish education. This, in the
main, was not attributed to dis-
interest by or assimilationist
trends among Jewish youth but to
a teacher and classroom shortage

Israel Proposal to Meet Bias Charge
Rejected by Strik ing Indian Jews

JERUSALEM—Leaders of the
Indian Bnei Israel community in
Israel Tuesday rejected a proposal
made by President Zalman Sha-
zar aimed at meeting their dem-
ands over what they felt was dis-
crimination against them in the
administration of the marriage
regulations by the chief rabbin-
ate.
The Bnei Israel leaders, who
heard President Shazar's proposal
at a meeting at the president's
house, attended by Chief Rabbi
Yitzhak Nissim, decided to con-
tinue their sit-down strike and
fasting and held a mass demon-
stration Wednesday. One of the
members of the Bnei Israel who
has been fasting since last week,
was ordered hospitalized.

form" ad to call upon the rabbi-
nae to annual directives re-
garding Bnei Israel's personal
status.

that has worsened in recent years
with a rise of the Jewish youth
Population.
The Council itself will be divid-
ed into five geographical regions
"responsive to educational call-
ings" in their respective areas.
The American Jewish community
with 12 delegates will have the
largest representation on the
Council. Israel will have eight,
Europe six (two of whom will be
from Great Britain), Latin Amer-
ica five and "other countries" four.
The latter subdivision includes
one representative each from Can-
ada, South Africa, Australia and
Iran.
Fifteen members at large will
be elected by the Council's execu-
tive committee. This will enable
the Council to coopt educational
specialists and to correct any
ideological or geographic imbal-
ances in the makeup of the
Council.
It is expected that the Council
will establish a World Bureau of
Jewish Education to conduct its re-
search activities and to serve as
an informaltional clearing house
on educational materials. The
Council will operate in five major
areas: educational personnel, edu-
cational material, youth and adult
education, day schools and other
forms of "intensive education"
and research and publications. The
non-ideological character of the
Council was s t r e s s e d by Dr.
Goldmann.

r-

GOING TO A WEDDING
OR TO A BAR MITZVAH? I

Surwin's have the largest selection
of Bridal Gowns . . . Elegant gowns ,
for the mothers and guests.

A liberal spokesman said that if
the Knesset failed to adopt such a
Priced from
49 99 to 299"
resolution, he would introduce a
private members bill declaring the
SURWIN ' S '
directives null and void.
I LOT G - NORTHLAND CENTER

If a man tells you: "I have not
toiled and succeeded," do not be-
live him; "I have toiled and not
succeeded," do not believe him;
"I have toiled and succeeded," be-
lieve him.—Megillah 6.

STOCKHOLM (JTA) — Sweden
and West Germany signed an
agreement here, under which the
Bonn government agreed to pay
reparations totaling 1,000,000
Deutschmarks ($250,000) as com-
pensation to Swedish subjects who
were victims of Nazi persecution
during World War II. It is not
known at this time how many
Jews may qualify as beneficiaries
under the agreement.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, August 7, 1964
3

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AMERICAN FINANCIAL QUIZ #2

• •

The proposal, which was back-
ed by the two chief rabbis and
the minister for religious af-
fairs, Dr. Zorach Warhaftig, de-
clared that the "chief rabbinate
retiterates its announcement that
Bnei Israel of India are Jews in
every sense.

Questions put at the time of
marriage according to the 1962
chief rabbinate directives apply to
immigrants from every distant
land and in no way discriminate
against the Bnei Israel.
It was pointed out that, in the
past two years, there was no case
in which Bnei Israelites encount-
ered any difficulties in maarrying
members of other Jewish corn-
munies.
It was felt here that the presi-
dent's-proposal ought to have sat-
isfied the Bnei Israelites and that
their decision to continue the
struggle appears now to be devoid
of any real basis.
Explaining their rejection of
President Shazar's proposal, Bnei
Israel leaders said that the fact
that question put to their members
at the time of marriage applied to
all immigrants from distant lands
constituted an attempt to "extend
the scope of discrimination."
Leaders of the Liberal Party,
meanwhile, announced their in-
tention of seeking a special ses-
sion of the Knesset, Israel's par-
liament, which has recessed for
the summer; to deal with the
Bnei Israel problem, to "con-
demn discrimination in any

Bonn to Pay $250,000
to Swedish Victims

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