"For the sake of the basic values all of us advocate, we must think in terms of the country's future, of
our children's and grandchildren's roles in a mixed community in which the Negro population already has
grown to more than twenty million in the country at large and is increasing much more rapidly than our
own. Regardless of the ratios of population, we must live together in amity no matter what our neighbor's
Excerpt from Editorial
on Page 4
racial, religious or nationality background."
Frigh 4-ened Men
Yield to Boycott
HE JEWIS NEWS
A Weekly Review
NI I C1-110,ANI
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XLV, No. 24
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Defamatory Attack on Johnson
Launched by Arab States Over
American Desalination Project
The Shortage of Good Teachers
Is Crushing Jewish, Education,
World Experts Agree at. Parley
GENEVA (JTA)—Jewish communal, religious and educational
leaders attending a World Conference on Jewish Education, which
opened here Sunday, established at the opening session that a critical
lack of qualified teachers is thwarting the advancement of Jewish
education in communities outside Israel.
The need for an accelerated teacher recruitment and training pro-
gram was stressed in an address by Prof. Alexander M. Dushkin of
the Hebrew University and in statements by education experts who are
participating herein plans to initiate a World Council on Jewish Edu-
cation to deal with major problems of Jewish education.
Dr. Joseph Lookstein, of New York, acting president of Bar-Ilan
University in Ramat Gan, Israel, and coordinator for the presidium
that is organizing the council, said that a "minimum force" of 5,000
trained Jewish teachers is essential to fill present-day needs. This also
was emphasized in a report on a survey of teacher training and recruit-
ment throughout the world conducted by Prof. Dushkin.
In the United States alone, where the shortage of Jewish teachers
Is not as critical as in many other lands, Dr. Dushkin found that less
than half of the estimated 1,200 teaching posts vacant each year are
filled by trained personnel and many schools "are compelled to appoint
as teachers anyone who knows a little Hebrew, however unqualified
and incapable, frequently with disastrous effects on children."
The survey disclosed that 8,500 teachers occupy 19,000 Jewish
teaching posts in the United States, most of them doubling up at all-
day and afternoon schools, and that the turnover among them is about
10 per cent a year.
To compensate for this loss, Dr. Dushkin reported, 11 Jewish teach-
er training institutes are grading only about 150 students annually, not
all of wham remain in the Jewish teaching profession. An additional
500 teachers are recruited each year from rabbinical seminaries, from
Israelis temporarily residing in the United States and from other
"The teacher shortage is even more acute in continental Europe
here less than 25 per cent of the children attend Jewish schools," Dr.
shkin said. He found an "urgent need" for more schools and classes
Continued on Page 3
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The
WASHINGTON—The Arab states have launched a defamatory attack on "the
LBJ nuclear desalting program" which commenced recently in Israel following
an agreement between President Lyndon B. Johnson and Prime Minister Levi Esh-
Attacking the joint American-Israeli survey to advance nuclear desalination,
the Arab broadcasts of recent days have mounted an attack on President Johnson
for "support of Zionist aggression."
The Damascus radio service vilified the LBJ plan, stating that "although de-
salination of sea water was adopted as its object, this is merely used as a cover by the
American - Zionist agreement to conceal far-reaching cooperation and a more dan-
gerous effect on Arab existence."
The broadcast, following the line of others emanating from Cairo, Amman
and other Arab capitals, said President Johnson was now affirming "o r g a n i c ties
with Zionist imperialism' through the guise of the LBJ desalting plan.
Notice has been taken by Washington authorities of editorials like one ep-
pearing in "Al-Bath" of Damascus which alleged to expose the LBJ plan. It said "the
agreement was signed at the same time Israel was plotting over the Jordan River
waters. This confirms America's open sup port of the Zionists against Arab waters
and its determination to back Zionism in its unceasing aggression against Palestine."
• "Implementation of the (LBJ) agreement," said the Arab editorial, "involves
effective participation by America in developing Israel's technical ability so as to dou-
ble its economic and military potential. America's contribution to the desalination
of sea water will strengthen the enemy's position to absorb new Zionist immigrants in
the Negev and other part s of occupied Palestine. The development of Israel's tech-
nical and manpower capability in addition to formalizing Zionist occupation of Pal-
estine, will encourage the occupation enemy to carry out new expansionist adven-
These views followed the same line taken by Arab diplomats in complaints
registered with American embassies in Arab states. The White House, however,
has issued orders for full speed on the LBJ plan, visualizing it as an undertaking
which will ultimately benefit not only Israel but other lands as well.
President Johnson has asked that he be kept informed on the survey's prog-
(The American desalination program is not limited to Israel but is intended to
benefit many nations. The plan includes negotiations alsod with the Soviet Union for
the use of nuclear power in effecting a wide desalination program for humanity's bene-
fits. The Arab states were offered similar aid by our government, but it has not yet
been accepted, due, it is believed, to the inclusion of Israel in such a program).
USSR, Israel Clash at Geneva Over Bias;
Protest Against Anti-Semitism by Soviet
Citizens Revealed in Appeal by Russell
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Je wish News
LONDON — Complaints by Soviet citizens, including members of the Communist Party, about
the plight of Jews in the Soviet Union, have been received by Lord Bertrand Russell, the noted
British philosopher, it was disclosed here Tuesday when Lord Russell made public the contents of
a letter from a Moscow Jewish war veteran pro testing against the "forced assimilation" of Soviet
The author of the letter, whose name was nat disclosed, asked Lord Russell to approach
Soviet Premier Nikita Krushchev on the matter and to forward the complaint to the Moscow
Yiddish publication, "Sovietish Heimland."
Lord Russell, who exchanged correspondence some time ago with Premier Khrushchev
on the plight of Soviet Jewry, sent copies of the letter without the signature to the organ of the.
Soviet Writers Union, "Literaturnaya Gazeta," as well as to "Sovietish Heimland."
The author of the letter, a member of the Communist Party, who said that he was writ-
Ing on behalf of "a great number of people," noted that although there are about 3,000,000 Jews in
the USSR, "they do not have a newspaper in Moscow, Kiev, Minsk or in other centers, that
There are no Jewish libraries or schools where those who want to can learn the Jewish language;
no clubs, theaters or other centers of cultural activity, and no public organization to serve the
Jewish population." He adds:
"To our deep sorrow, it is impossible and even pointless that we should put the
problem to the Soviet government or any other responsible organization. We want nothing more
than to receive the same rights as Jews in Poland, Romania and Czechoslovakia."
The writer of the letter informed Lord Russell that Jews in Russia had read the British
philosopher's letter to Premier Khrushchev concerning discrimination against Jews in the USSR
at the trials dealing with economic crimes.
In his own letter to "Literaturnaya Gaze ta" and "Sovietish Heimland," referring to the
Continued on Page 5
Negotiations Prove Workable; Israel,
Jordan Make Territorial Adjustment
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
JERUSALEM—Israel and Jordan agreed to a slight recti-
fication of their border in the village of Beit Safafa on the
southern outskirts of Jerusalem, it was announced here Tues-
day. The adjustment involved a small tract of land, 30 feet by
45, occupied by six Arab houses, which will hereafter be in
The agreement was made in the United Nations Israeli-
Jordanian Mixed Armistice Commission. According to Israeli
sources, adjustments of territory in border villages are fre-
quently made by mutual consent of the two governments. In
this case, the six Arab householders were given the choice of
remaining on the Jordanian side or being moved to other
homes in the Israeli sector. Four of the Arabs chose to go to
the Israeli side. Israel agreed to give full compensation to the
two Arab householders remaining in the Jordanian section.
The agreement was reached after both Israel and Jordan conceded at
the meeting of the MAC that the unmarked border should be adjusted.
Recently, there was an incident in which an American tourist was raped
by a Jordanian soldier in this heretofore unmarked area. To prevent
further trouble, Israel had planned to build a fence around its part of
The Herut Party immediately protested what it called the ceding of
Israeli territory to Jordan and demanded a special meeting of the for-
eign affairs and security committee of the Knesset to discuss the issue.
The Knesset is now in recess for the rest of the summer.