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July 24, 1964 - Image 10

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1964-07-24

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Britain Upholds the 1950 Triparite
Agreement on Israel-Arab Borders

LONDON (JTA) — The British
government still considers the 1950
Tripartite Declaration between
Britain, France, and the United
States, concerning the inviolability
of the Arab-Israeli borders, as
"valid," but regards the United
Nations as primarily responsible
for the maintenance of peace in
the Middle East, R. A. Butler, Sec-
retary of State for Foreign Affairs,
told the House of Commons.
Butler made that answer when
he was questioned in the House,
by members of his own Conserva-
tive Party as well as by Laborite
members.
Gilbert Longden, a Conservative,
started the barrage of questioning
on the Arab-Israel issue by asking
Butler whether, in view of Soviet
rearming of Egypt, Britain still
supports the Tripartite Declara-
tion. "Are you satisfied," Longden
asked, "that President Nasser, who
loses no opportunity of telling the
world that war with Israeli is in-
evitable, knows what the conse-
quences will be?'
Butler referred • the questioner
to a statement by former Prime
Minister Harold Macmillan in May,
1963, "when he endorsed the
views of the American President
of what likely action would be in
the event of trouble." Emanuel
Shinwell, a leading member of the
Labor Party, then asked: "Will
you define what is meant by gov-
ernment support for the Tripartite
Declaration? Does it mean that, in
the event of any attack by Israeli
or by the United Arab Republic,
those who sponsor the 1950 agree-
ment will intervene to bring a con-
flict to an earlier end?"
"We regard the United Nations,"
replied Butler, "as primarily re-
sponsible for the maintenance of
peace in this area. If any threat to
the peace arises, we would consult
the United Nations immediately
and take whatever action we feel
would be required." Questioned
further, he asserted: "The govern-
ment regards the Tripartite Agree-
ment as still valid."
Another Conservative, John

Biggs Davidson, tried to pin Butler
down by asking: "Having regard
for President Nasser's declaration
on July 1, of the Egyptian govern-
ment's policy regarding the inevita-
bility of war with Israeli, will in
that event Her Majesty's Govern-
ment seek through the United Na-
tions Security Council or diplo-
matic channels, or both, an Arab-
Israel conciliation conference, or
other appropriate meeting and,
meanwhile, take steps, whether by
reaffirmation of the Tripartite Dec-
laration or otherwise, to make clear
to Egypt and other powers the con-
sequences of aggression in the Mid-
dle East?"
"President Nasser," replied But-
ler, "has endorsed Khrushchev's
proposal that force should be re-
nounced in the settlement of re-
gional differences and border dis-
putes. As Macmillan had said in
1963, we will consult immediately
with the United Nations if any
threat to the peace arises in the
Middle East, and will take what-
ever action we thought may be re-
quired. Meanwhile, Her Majesty's
Government supports the efforts
of the United Nations Palestine
conciliation Commission to achieve
a settlement of the dispute between
the Arab states and Israel."

Negroe's Religious Practice Is Viewed as Freedom Issue

"Black Religion—The Negro and
Christianity in the United States,"
by Joseph R. Washington, Jr.,
makes a thorough study, based on
deep research into the religious
status of the Negroes. It was pub-
lished by Beacon Press.
It is a sociological study of the
church influence upon the Negro,
and in compiling the data condi-
tions were studied in the North as
well as the South.
Definitely traced to the segrega-
tionist conditions, there is an
acknowledged feeling that what is
today "a Negro church" would not
have existed as a differing entity
from Protestantism or Catholicism
or would not have been at all.
It is of special significance that
Dr. Washington believes that the
faith of the Negro never was
steeped in the dogmas and prac-
tices of Protestantism. There is an
evident ascription of the existing
condition to the discrimination
which inspired the Negro to estab-
lish their own methods of worship
and actually to formalize a church
of their own.
Commenting on Washington's
"Black Religion," Dr. John Hope
Franklin, chairman of the Brook-
lyn College department of history,
called it:
". . . a searching examination
of the role of Christianity in the
life of the American Negro; and

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Beth Yehudah Is Proud of Its Graduates,
alutes Supporters of Torah Education

Sometimes members of the community ask,
"When the emphasis is on Torah Education, is it
possible for the Beth Yehudah Schools to do a really

good job of providing secular education? How do we know that secular
education is not being neglected?" The Detroit Chapter of Phi Beta
Kappa, the national scholarship award society, has answered that
question. Of a high school graduation class of 21 students, eight
received the coveted Phi Beta Kappa awards. Because the Beth
Yehudah Schools encourages boys to attend Yeshivoth where students
live on campus, depleting its graduating class of male members, eight
girls and one boy, received the awards. We have the highest proportion
of Phi Beta Kappa Graduates of any school in the state.

FIVE GRADUATES TO STUDY IN ISRAEL

Five high school graduates of the Beth Yehudah Schools, Judith
Isbee, Sara Gail Cohen, Miriam Posner, Leah Bresler, and Bluma
Shoenig, are on their way to Israel to study at the Beth Jacob Teachers'
Institute of Jerusalem. This is the first time a group of students from
one American school has gone to the Beth Jacob Institute. We are
proud that our students met the entrance requirements of this fine
institution of learning. We know they will make fine teachers.

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, July 24, 1964
10

out the possibility of develop-
ing beyond its own problems of
inheritance or expanding to at-
tract those who are not born
into it."
The issue is presented as a
challenge to Christians and the
Negroes are portrayed as being
faced with the need of taking the
offensive in becoming assimilated
into the Christian community.
While it is primarily a Christian
analysis, the issues described in
this volume are of interest to mern-( -
bers of all faiths in this country' , _ i
because of the conditions which
brought about the church of the
Negro.

111111••

Bernard Katzen
Defends the GOP

NEW YORK—The Republican
Party convention at San Francisco
had adopted a "strong plank on
the Middle East situation," Ber-
nard Katzen, director of the Re-
publican National Committees
ethnic division, declared here
Wednesday at a press conference
which he had summoned for a
discussion of the GOP's stand re-
garding the Middle East.
"I am confident," he said, "that
the Republican Party will demon-
strate its support of those nations
which are our friends. Certainly
Israel is in that category."
Katzen pointed out that the
Republican platform's plank deal-
ing with the Middle East not only
pledged United States "economic
and military assistance" to help
maintain stability in the Middle
East and to "prevent an imbalance
of arms" in that region, but also
reaffirmed the party's pledges of
1960 concerning that area.
He read the 1960 pledge which
had specifically urged the Arab
states and Israel "to undertake ne-
gotiations for a mutually accept-
able settlement of the causes of
tension between them." He noted
that the 1960 plank now reaf-
firmed had also pledged the GOP
to help solve the Arab refugee
problem, seek to end blockades
and boycotts, urged freedom of
navigation in international water-
ways, called for "cessation of dis-
crimination against Americans on
the basis of religious beliefs" and
called for "an end to the waste-
ful and dangerous arms race and
to the threats of an arms im-
balance in the area."

what it revealed is not a pretty
picture. He makes a good case
for the Negro Church as a socio-
economic civil rights (!) institu-
tion, In the process white Prot-
estantism and Catholicism come
out somewhat tarnished. I be-
lieve that the book will, indeed,
stir the American Christian
community."
To prove his point that there is
an uniqueness about the Negro
church practices, Washington
writes: "The fact that a Negro is
Protestant, Roman Catholic, or in
rare instances Jewish, is of minor
and less predictable value in de-
termining his beliefs and atti-
tunes. Regarless of the Congre-
gational expression in which he
may be involved side by side with
his white neighbor, the Negro
knows the dimension of separation
from the white which leads him
to seek fulfillment in fellowship
primarily concerned with the folk
religion: Freedom and equality."
Pointing to five religions recog-
nized by Americans today—Prot-
estantism, Judaism, Roman Ca-
tholicism, secularism and the re-
ligion of the Negro—the author
declares:
"The religion of the Negro
differs from all others in being
defensive, reactionary, and lack-
ing in universal or historical ap-
peal. It alone is stagnant, with-

* .:A x •xc r

BUILDING FUND CONTRIBUTIONS REACH
QUARTER MILLION MARK

Beth Yehudah students who received awards for
scholarship are shown with the new president of Beth
Yehudah Schools, Hillel L. Abrams, who is a graduate of
the school. Show sitting from left to right: Esther Gasthal-
ter, Sara Gail Cohen, Zipora Kahana and Judith Isbee.
Standing from left to right: Joseph Finkelstein, Sammy
Kuperwasser, Albert Silberberg, Hillel L. Abrams, Lawrence
Platt and Stewart Jonas.

Our Building Fund Committee has reported excellent progress
toward its $1 million goal for the construction of a new Beth Yehudah
Campus on Fairfax Road in Southfield. To date, 615 pledges to the
building and maintenance fund have been received. The total amount
pledged is near $250,000. The Yeshivah has paid in full for the Fairfax
building site. In addition, the Detroit Board of Education paid $170,000
for the buildings and property on Dexter Blvd. When the mortgage
was liquidated, income from the property was $111,307. The $111,307
is not included in the $250,000 building fund total the committee
reported. Building Fund Committee members are, Max Biber, Nathan
I. Goldin, Samuel Hechtman, Daniel A. Lavan and Meyer Weingarden.

Shown with Whitman Scholar, Charles Feinberg, are
the Beth Yehudah Schools' Phi Keta Kappa Scholars. Shown
sitting from left to right: Fay Helen Baras, Linda Beale and
Sara Gail Cohen. Standing from left to right: Mr. Charles
Feinberg, Rivkah Greenbaum, Rochelle Greenfield, Zipora
Kahana, Judith Isbee and Lawrence Platt.

Members of the Bialistocker Aid Society are shown pre.
senting $3,500 to Rabbi C. T. Hollander (extreme right).
From left to right: Max Finkel; Reuben Golchinsky; Jack
Lipowicz; and Ben Kaplan. A handsome plaque at the new
Beth Yehudah School on Fairfax in Southfield will corn-
memorate the society's gift-

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