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E jEW SH
Vol. XLV, No. 22
Detailed Stories on Pages 2, 5 and 10
A Weekly Review
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Nasser Avoids African Clash;
Refrains From Offering Cairo
Parley Anti Israel ResoluiCon
Hope Is Inspired by Pro-Jewish
Vatican Plans; Issue on Agenda
ROME (JTA)—The next session of the Ecumenical Council, to open
at the Vatican on Sept. 14, will definitely have before it the proposed
Catholic Church declaration "On Jews and Non-Christians," Msgr. Pericle
Felici, secretary-general of the Council, announced.
Revised texts of four drafts on various, proposed Council actions,
actions, plus the declaration dealing with Jews, have been circulated to
the 2,300 Council fathers by Msgr. Felici. Accompanying the drafts was
a letter from the secretary-general listing the order of debate, showing
that the declaration will be the third item on the agenda.
The letter also set down a list of rules designed to speed up Council
action and cutting down debate. One of the rules provided that opening
of debate, once discussion had been closed on any item, will require a
petition bearing 70 signatures. Heretofore, debate could be reopened
if requested by only five petitioners.
Recent developments in the field of Catholic-Jewish relations were
seen here by Civitta Cattolica, the leading Jesuit publication, as having
"ripened hope for some document which would definitely mean the end
of equivocal exploitation of Christian themes for anti-Semitic purposes."
Among the recent developments cited by the publication was the state-
ment made by Pope Paul VI last May to leaders of the American Jewish
Civitta Cattolica's hope for the emergence of positive action in the
field of Catholic-Jewish relations was made as part of a 20-page listing
of various statements, documents and press reports dealing with the
proposed Church declaration on relations with the Jewish people on the
agenda of the Ecumenical Council's next session.
In an introductory note to the dossier, the publication cited a state-
ment on Catholic-Jewish relations made by a prominent French journalist,
Jacques Maduale, when the Ecumenical Council had just opened its first
session, two years ago, to the effect that "nobody can foresee the Coun-
cil's decisions, but there are strong reasons to hope they will be positive
and that they will open an era of new relations between Jews and
"Two years later," commented Civitta Cattolica on Sunday, "one can
think of Jacques Maduale's remark as still valid. We deem it useful, for
documentation purposes only and without desiring in any way to inter-
re in a problem which is still under the Council's consideration, to
(Continued on Page 6)
`Over-Optimism' Regarding Anti-Semitic
Dangers Scouted by Nahum Goldinann
TEL AVIV (JTA)—A warning against "over-optimism" regarding the
dangers of the "increasing anti-Semitism" in various parts of the world
was voiced here Sunday night by Dr. Nahum Goldmann, president of the
World Jewish Congress, at a dinner climaxing the week-long plenary
Session of the WJC's executive committee, which had been attended by
100 delegates from 30 countries.
Dr. Goldmann pointed out that optimism in the face of anti-Semitism
is dangerous, noting that such an attitude at the beginning of the Hitler
regime had proven "catastrophic for the Jewish nation."
Unification of the Jewish people and "maintaining the uniqueness
of the Jewish nation, lest it assimilate," he told the assemblage, is
another difficulty facing the World Jewish Congress today. Assimilation
of the Jewish nation, he cautioned, "could mean the end of Israel,"
adding that "that is only one reason for maintaining this uniqueness."
He also emphasized the need for WJC activities "to safeguard Jewish
Other speakers at the event included Israeli Deputy Prime Minister
Abba Eban and Tel Aviv Mayor Mordechai Namir. Among those attending
the dinner were ambassadors and other leading diplomats from 24
countries. (Earlier story, Page 7.)
JERUSALEM (JTA)—The possibility that the Arab states might use the current
summit conference of African heads of state, meeting in Cairo, as a sounding board
against Israel was discounted here by Bediako Poku, Ghana's ambassador to Israel.
In a statement to the Jerusalem Post, the ambassador said that "uneasiness"
over such a possibility fails to take into account "the tremendous amount of good will
existing in many parts of Africa toward Israel." Most African leaders, Poku declared,
are for peace. Reports that they might be swung toward an anti-Israel move, he said,
"give the erroneous impression that the African leaders may lack the stamina and the
sagacity to make independent decisions."
The Ghanaian ambassador's statement was seen here as confirmed by dispatches
from Cairo, reporting that Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, who has engineered
anti-Israel resolutions at most conferences of Africans and Asians, stated flatly that he
does not intend to offer such a resolution at this time.
In his Cairo address, the Egyptian ruler told the conference, attended by the
heads of nearly all of the 34 member states from Africa: "For us Israel is a problem
that is part of an imperialist conspiracy to loot a land in what the imperialists call
`settling. As a result, many Arabs were uprooted from their homes and now are refugees
outside their own land."
He said this was part of a problem which the Arabs shared with Africans, but, he
added: "We do not need resolutions from this conference, and we have none in our
briefcases to submit. All we ask is that you devote deep scrutiny to this problem and
give it careful study. Then we are sure you will understand our position."
It was believed that Nasser had decided to avoid seeking an anti-Israel resolution
which might have faced defeat from African nations with which Israel has developed
aid and trade relations. Israel is conducting technical aid programs in more than 20
African countries and helping to educate many African doctors and other professionals.
(Related Stories, Page 9)
Lord Mancroft Forced by Arab Boycott
From London Chamber of Commerce Post;
Qantas Yields to Threats
LONDON (JTA)—Lord Mancroft, the British-Jewish financier, confirmed here Monday night,
upon his return from a trip to Israel, that the London Chamber of Commerce has withdrawn an
invitation extended to him to take over the chamber's presidency. "This has been done," he said,
"because some members of the chamber trade with Arab countries." The London Chamber of
Commerce has 50,000 members and 49 affiliated trade associations around the
Lord Mancroft, who is chairman of Global Tours. Ltd., and who, as a Jew,
was forced last winter to resign under Arab pressures from the London advisory
board of the Norwich -Union Insurance Societies, stated: "The chamber ap-
proached me unofficially two or three weeks ago and asked if I would withdraw
my name because it could cause embarrassment to the chamber's members
trading with Arab countries. Naturally I agreed. I had no choice. The first
approach inviting me to stand for the chamber presidency was an informal one,
made last September, before the Norwich Union affair."
Philip Herman, chairman of the chamber, said he did not know Mancroft
had been asked to withdraw from the presidential nomination; however, the
fact that the withdrawal request may have been made was confirmed by William
Luxton, secretary of the chamber. Luxton said:
"An informal approach may have been made to Lord Mancroft, but I do
not know whether the offer of the presidency has been withdrawn. The question
of the successor to the current president, the Earl of Verulam, will be considered
Lord Mancroft at a -meeting Thursday, and a final choice will be left to the annual meeting
next May. A body like the chamber has to take into account the problems of the trade boycott. It is
clearly a matter for the chamber's general meeting."
Lord Mancroft is a director of Great Universal Stores, whose chairman is Sir Isaac Wolfson,
one of the most prominent Jewish philanthropists in this country. The latter made many contributions
to and investments in Israel.
Lord Mancroft's forced resignation from the London advisory board of Norwich last winter
caused a sensation, culminating in a hot debate in the House of Commons during which Sir Alec
(Continued on Page 3)
Israel Brands UAR Claim of Downing Jet Fighter 'a Mirage'
TEL AVIV (JTA)—Israel military spokesmen Monday denied Egyptian reports
claiming that an Israeli Mirage jet fighter plane was shot down Sunday over the
Mediterranean near Alexandria.
The Israeli spokesman described the Egyptian story as a "mirage." Egyptian
Military sources also alleged that a second Israel jet was "probably downed." This also
was denied. The denial, issued at the headquarters of the Israeli Defense Forces here,
said that no Israeli plane had violated Egyptian air space. The Israeli spokesman also
rejected a Damascus claim that six Israeli soldiers were killed in an Israel-Syrian
border clash north of the Sea of Galilee Sunday.
(Related Story, Page 7)