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July 10, 1964 - Image 32

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1964-07-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Israel Files Complaint in the UN
as Syria Mounts Border Attacks

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

UNITED NATIONS — Israel
complained Tuesday to the United
Nations Security Council early
Tuesday evening against "recent
armed attacks by Syrian forces
upon Israel's citizens and civilian
activities in the vicinity of the
Israel-Syrian border."
These attacks, according to the
letter, "constitute a most flagrant
violation of the Israel-Syria gen-
eral armistice agreement," Israel
stated, and "the deteriorating
border situation is a serious
threat to international peace and
security."
Israel permanent representative
Ambassador Michael Comay sent
a letter to the president of the
Security Council after earlier con-
ferring with Secretary General
U Thant and Dr. Ralph J. Bunche,

Hebrew Corner

Reuben the Painter

Reuben celebrated his 70th birthday
recently.
The erect Reuben with long grey hair
is a good conversationalist and interest-
ing person, but he has no time, he must
work. He is obliged to continue on the
road that he chose for himself when he
was 4 years old, when he did not as yet
know what paper is or what a pencil is.
The small child from Romania found
a baked brick covered with plaster. With
a piece of glass he carved out the form
of the "Rebbe" of the "Heder".
From then on Reuben began to paint.
Artistically Reuben was influenced by
his family. His father used to invite
Jewish men and women to his home and
read stories aloud to them. Not once
would the women cry during the read-
ing.
Visitors from Jerusalem with beards
and "Peyoth" would also come to the
parents' home. They would tell about
Holy Jerusalem, the Wailing Wall, tall
palm trees and broad olive trees. Reu-
ben would listen to these stories with
great wonder. Till this day Reuben
paints the charmed land with those
broad trees.
Reuben came to the country for the
first time when he was 19. He studied
where all the artists at that time in
the country studied, at the academy of
hunger . . .
After a year and a half. Reuben
returned to Europe, where he remained
for ten years, after which he returned
to Eretz Israel. Since then he is mak-
ing paintings of the country he loves,
with the exception of when he was the
Israel ambassador to Romania.
After a few years Reuben returned
to his home on }Malik street in Tel-Aviv
and continues to paint.

undersecretary for special political
affairs.
Accompanied at that conference
by Lt. Col. Yaacov Monbaz, mem-
ber of Israel's permanent mission
here, Ambassador Comay requested
that the United Nations use its
full weight and influence to halt
further aggression by Syria.
The letter did not ask for a
meeting of the Security Council
but only that the president circu-
late the complaint to all mem-
bers of the Council.
According to the letter, Syria
has been making sporadic attacks
against Israel along its border
since it broke a "long period of
calm along this border" on June 9.
In his letter and attached ap-
pendix, Comay listed 29 cases of
shooting attacks from Syrian posi-
tions at Israel's citizens and ci-
vilian activities in the border area
in the four-week period from
June 9 to July 6. In each case,
Comay informed the council, Is-
rael's complaint was submitted
to the Syrian-Israel Mixed Armis-
tice Commission, and except during
attacks on July 2 and July 6 "no
fire was returned from the Israel
side of border."
During various attacks, Israel
suffered four casualties. One of
the wounded, according to Comay,
is still in critical condition.
Syrians, he stated, used rifles,
tanks, 82-mm Soviet-type recoil-
less guns and various other weap-
ons during attacks, as well as incin-
diary bullets which set fire to
crops and other Israeli possessions
"causing extensive damage."
One of the attacks, Comay re-
ported, on July 2, lasted over seven
hours.
In Tel Aviv, Mrs. Golda Meir,
Israel's foreign minister, ex-
pressed Tuesday to the acting
chief of the United Nations
Truce Supervision Organization
(UNTSO), Israel's serious view
of the renewed Syrian attacks.
The meeting was held at Mrs.
Meir's request.
Mrs. Meir demanded action by
UNTSO to pacify the region and

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to see to it that the Syrian attacks
were not resumed.
The same day, an Israeli border
policeman was killed and an Israeli
tractor driver was wounded when
Jordanians opened fire against Is-
raeli field workers on the border.
This was the first Jordanian attack
against Israel in this area in sev-
eral years.
The Syrian shootings against
Israeli farmers and border patrols
during the last week were ap-
praised by members of Israel's
Cabinet here as probably due to
internal tensions in the Syrian
government, aimed at diverting
local public opinion from t h e
domestic Syrian problems to the
alleged "Israeli threat."
Monday afternoon, Syrian artil-
lery opened up against two Israeli
settlements in the Huleh area,
firing at farmers and at an Israeli
border patrol, and wounding one
Israeli border policeman slightly.
The settlements attacked, Ash-
murah and Notera, were fired upon
from the Syrian heights at Djla-
binah and Darbashiyeh. The Is-
raelis returned the fire. When dusk
fell, United Nations observers ob-
tained a cease fire.
Three Israelis — one tractor
driver and two patrolmen—were
injured last week when Syrian
positions opened fire on Israeli
fields in the Upper Galilee
region. The fields were illumi-
nated as a result of the use of
phosphorus bullets.
The Syrians also fired on a
patrol car moving along its usual
route. Several fields were set
ablaze and destroyed.
ISraelis returned machine gun
fire. United Nations observers had
tried five times to obtain a cease
fire but each time arrangements
were violated by the Syrians who
renewed their firing.
Sunday, several bursts of auto-
matic weapon fire again were
directed from the Syrian emplace-
ments toward Kibbutz Ashmora,
near the Sea of Galilee, in North-
ern Israel. No injuries were re-
ported. Israel did not return the
fire.
Israel's Cabinet discussed the
shooting incidents at its weekly
meeting. The Cabinet heard re-
ports about the firings from Gen.
Yitzhak Rabin, chief of staff of
Israel's armed forces.
Gen. Rabin also reported to
the Cabinet that he doubts that
Abbas Hilmi, the former Egyp-
tian jet pilot who had defected
to Israel, is now back in Egypt.
Discussing the case, Gen. Rabin
told the government leaders
that Hilmi, who had left Israel
for Argentina, may have been
captured by Egyptians in Argen-
tina.
In the Knesset (Parliament),
Elimelech Rimalt, a member of the
Liberal party, called for an
emergency meeting of the Foreign
Affairs Committee to discuss the
Syrian border attacks.

oemoo-avalrolorsoom000lssolornewolpemoormo ■ Nro-mmoasnartIonisoomoo.amoolmmnisoononews.o4woislon

Boris Smolar's

'Between You
... and Me'

(Copyright, 1964, Jewish
Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)

I

The Rabbis and The Vatican

Years ago, when I was engaged by Pulitzer's "New York World"—
one of America's leading newspapers in its time—and was given the
privilege to write on any subject I chose, the editor gave me friendly
advice . . . "Write on anything you wish," he said, "but avoid dealing
with religion" . . . "Religion," he explained, "is a most touchy subject;
no matter how favorably you may write on a religious subject, there
will always be somebody who will claim that you offended religion" .. •
This friendly warning comes to my mind now, as some rabbis—some
only—are criticizing Jewish organizations seeking to secure from the
Ecumenical Council a declaration exonerating Jews of collective re-
sponsibility for the crucifixion of Jesus by the Romans. . . Do these
rabbis not realize that, should the Ecumenical Council withdraw from
the considered declaration, the impression the Christian world that
Jews are "Christ-killers" will be fortified? . . . Are they not aware
of the fact that the crucifixion story, in the form implanted in the
minds of millions of Christians, has been the basis of ugly anti-Jewish
feelings for centuries? . . . Did these rabbis learn nothing from
Jewish history and the fierce pogrom on Jews which the crucifixion
legend precipitated? . . . Don't they know that in Czarist Russia,
Poland, Romania and other East European countries Jews were afraid
to be seen on the street and were locked up in their homes on Christ-
mas Day because of the legend that the Jews are responsible for the
crucifixion of Jesus? . . . The rabbis opposing intervention with the
Vatican, by Jewish organizations, such as the American Jewish Com-
mittee, in regard to the crucifixion issue claim that this is a theological
matter and is, therefore, not within the province of Jewish groups
dealing with protection of Jews from bigotry . , . But those very
same rabbis do not mind injecting themselves and their rabbinical
organizations into issues which have nothing to do with religion ..
They also do not find anything wrong with the action of the American
Jewish Committee, or any other Jewish organization, in protesting
against Moscow's discrimination against Jews in religion . . . Obviously,
these protesting rabbis speak only for themselves—their organizations
abstaining from supporting them with resolutions . . . There are, of
course, also other rabbis—some of them very prominent in the Ortho-
dox, Conservative and Reform movements—who apparently think dif-
ferently than their protesting colleagues . . . In fact, some of them
have been consulted by the American Jewish Committee with regard
to the intervention at the Vatican, and have even participated in
private discussions with high Vatican officials.

Disappointment and Expectations

As matters develop now, all indications are that the key to the
question of exonerating the Jews from collective responsibility for
the crucifixion of Jesus seems to lie in the hands of Pope Paul VI .. .
His predecessor, Pope John XXIII—who went into history as a great
friend of the Jews and one of the most venerated pontiffs—was
definitely in favor of such exoneration . . . In fact, it was he who
give impetus to the idea by authorizing Cardinal Bea at the Vatican,
to receive memoranda from Jewish organizations on this issue . . .
It was also under him that a declaration stating that it is wrong
to blame the Jews for the death of Jesus was prepared . . . Whether
Pope Paul VI is now inclined to carry out the will of his predecessor
remains to be seen during the forthcoming session of the Ecumenical
Council, which opens in September . . . It was a disappointment to
Jews that the draft decree on the crucifixion issue introduced by
Cardinal Bea to the Ecumenical Council session last year had been
deferred to this year's session . . . The disappointment will be much
greater should the session this year also not find the opportunity to
act on it clearly and favorably . . . In the United States, the draft
statement submitted by Cardinal Bea on Catholic-Jewish relations,
including the crucifixion issue, received widespread publicity in both
the religious and secular press . . . Affirmative response to the draft
decree appeared in diocesan papers in this country . . • Some of the
Catholic newspapers termed this document as leading to the "end
of anti-Semitism," and practically all of them made some reference
to the American Jewish Committee's views and actions . . . For rabbis
to criticize the American Jewish Committee for its efforts to secure
Pope Paul's support for the document which could mean so much for
the Jews is, therefore, something that will puzzle many people
their awn congregations . . . It is "either now or who knows when
that Jews could secure from the Catholic church a declaration on the
crucifixion episode .. . If not now, who knows when another chance
will be forthcoming, since the Ecumenical Council—the entire leader-
ship of the Catholic church—meets so seldom. .. The last Ecumenical
Council was held in 1869; the one prior to that, in 1562.

Famous Names ins. Israel's Festival of Music and Drama

By JOSHUA H. JUSTMAN
JTA Correspondent in Israel

(Copyright, 1964, JTA, Inc.)

JERUSALEM — Israel's fourth
international Festival of Music
and Drama which opens this
month, will be studded with famed
names and outstanding events;
Igor Stravinsky, Yehudi and Hef-
zibah Menuhin, Josef Krips. the
Marenzion Sextet, the Old Vic
theater, are a few. The Festival's
organizers also have included in
the program an impressive list of
younger artists, and a wide scope
for local talent will add to the
festival more of an "Israeli flavor"
than in the past.
Israeli artists will be well rep-
resented. Besides the Israel Phil-
harmonic Orchestra, there is the
Israel Youth (Gadna) Orchestra
and the symphony orchestras of
Haifa and of Kol-Yisrael Broad-
casting Station. Included in the pro-
gram are three choirs — Rinat
Choir, which has successfully ap-

peared in France, Italy and the
USA, and the Tel-Aviv and Haifa
Chamber Choirs. The list of con-
ductors includes S h a 1 om Roni
Midis, Gary Bertini and Mendi
Rodan. Among the soloists are the
young cellist Uzi Weisel, viola
player and composer Odeon Par-
tos, singer Ephraim Biran, pianist
Mindue Katz, and the famous
Inbal-Yemenite Dance Theater.
A feature of this year's Festi-
val will be the premiere per-
formance of a specially com-
missioned work, "Abraham and
Isaac" by Igor Stravinsky, which
he will conduct. Another prem-
iere performance will be that of
a specially commissioned violin
concerto by the Israeli composer
Odeon Partos. Performance of
this concerto—commissioned by
the Ford Foundation for Yehudi
Menuhin — was delayed at

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, July 10, 1964

32

Menuhin's request so that he
might give its premiere per-
formance in Israel.
Included in the program are
the Juilliard Quartet, the Singer-
kreiz of Zurich—a choir made up
of 50 young teachers, students and
other professionals—and the Mexi-
can Folklore Troupe, a relatively
new group of 120 performers
which has gained wide popularity
in the American continent. The
troupe, incidentally, so impressed
President de Gaulle during his re-
cent visit to Mexico, that he in-
vited them on the spot to appear
in France, an invitation which
they have accepted, following this
appearance at the Israel Festival.
Most of the performances will
take place in Jerusalem, Tel-Aviv
and Haifa; some at Rehovot and
at Kibbutz Ein Hashofet, and six
performances at the excavated
Roman theater of Caesarea, with
the ruins of the Crusader Fortress
rising jaggedly in the background,

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