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July 10, 1964 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1964-07-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.





PARIS (JTA) — For the first
time in the history of close rela-
tions between France and Israel,
the French government formally
announced the closeness of the ties
between the two governments. An
official French government com-
munique was read by Information
Minister Alain de Peyrefitte, in
front of a national television hook-
up, declaring:
"The private visit which Israeli
Premier Levi
Eshkol is current-
ly paying to Par-
is has been an
opportunity to re-
view the Mid-
eastern problems.
It is evident that
France, after a
strained period,
enjoys excellent
relations with the
Arab world. For
France, this does
not signify, how-
de Gaulle
e v e r , that our
friendship with the State of Israel
should be weakened in any way
whatsoever. On the contrary. we
believe that the good relations
which we have with both sides are
of a nature to contribute to the
maintenance of peace and of the
status quo in the Middle East. This
is also the aim of the other West-
ern Powers."
The communique was issued
after a meeting of the French
Cabinet at the Elysee Palace, the
official headquarters of the French
President, with General Charles
de Gaulle presiding. Government
communiques are usually hand-
written by the President of France
himself.
Just prior to the issuance of the
communique, Eshkol renewed his
personal ties with noted French-
men whom he characterized as "old
friends." They included Guy Mol-
let, Prime Minister of France dur-
ing the 1956-57 period of the Suez
Sinai crisis: Christian Pineau, who
was Foreign Minister then; and an-
other member of the French Cabi-
net at the time, Albert Gazier.
These were the men, it was point-
ed out. "who were responsible for
destinies of France at the hour of
Israel's peril" in 1956-57.
Eshkol began a series of tours of
French military installations and
agricultural and industrial enter-
prises Tuesday. His first tour was
a one-day visit to model farms and
agricultural institutions, escorted
by the French Minister of Agricul-
ture, M. Edgar Pisani. Eshkol spent
the weekend at the country estate
of Baron Edmond de Rothschild at
Armenvilliers, which is surrounded
by high walls and flanked by dozens
of guards and French police offi-
cers.
Eshkol and his entourage were
received last Friday morning at
the Paris City Hall, and escorted
through the centuries-old build-
ing by Paris Mayor Jean Le-
garet. The Mayor stressed the
close ties between France and
Israel. Eshkol spoke of the pa-
rallel between the world's two
most famous cities — Jerusalem,
where three religions are en-
shrined, and Paris where the
rights of man were first recogn-
ized and proclaimed..
Later in the day, the Premier
was guest of honor at a luncheon
given by the Franco-Israeli Friend-
ship League. Present there were
three cabinet ministers — Minister
of JuStice Jean Foyer, Minister of
Labor Gilbert Grandval, and Mini-
ster of Housing Jacques Maziol;
army generals, members of Parlia-
ment and the French Academy. and
dozens of other important person-
alities.
Welcoming Eshkol, the League's
`President, Diomede Catroux, a
former Minister, said that "the
friendship between our two coun-
tries is deep and lasting; it is no
accidental episode in our history."
He also repeated the promise made
to Israel by all important French
political personalities; "France
will always be by your side should
you need her."
Replying in Hebrew, Eshkol
described how "close France is
to our hearts," adding that his

feeling in Paris was "one of be-
ing among trusted and old
friends."
In an interview with Le Monde,
one of the country's leading news-
papers, Eshkol revealed that he and
de Gaulle discussed Franco-Israeli
scientific cooperation in a project
for extracting minerals and other
riches from deep sea waters. Mr.
Eshkol discussed the same project
in a separate conference with
Prime Minister Georges Pompidou.
This proposed understanding, it
was emphasized in most authorita-
tive sources, is entirely different
from. but complementary with, the
recent agreement signed between
Israel and the United States. It
was stressed that there is no con-
flict whatever between the U.S.-
Israel undertaking for desalination
of sea water and the proposal for
French and Israeli cooperation
aimed at extracting not only miner-
al, but also energy and foods as
well, from sea water.
So far advanced was this project
said to be, that a number of Israeli
experts are expected to arrive in
France soon to advance the propo-
sal. Not only the President, but the
Prime Minister and Ministry of De-
fense here were reportedly enthu-
siastic about the plan.
Israeli's status in official French
circles was f urther underscored
here when Eshkol met with Jac-
ques Chaban Delmas, president of
the National Assembly, and Lucien
Neuwirth, chief administrative of-
ficer of the French Parliament.
The latter met with Eshkol under
the auspices of the Franco-Israeli
Parliamentary Committee, which is
headed by Parliament's vice-presi-
dent, Raymond Schmittlin.
Both M. Neuwirth and M.
Schmittlin toasted Israel's Pre-
mier warmly, the latter assuring
Eshkol: "If certain unpleasant
winds blow toward Israel from
the desert, other, friendlier winds
reach you from across the Medi-
terranean, which forms a bridge
between us." The allusion was un-
derstood clearly to be a pledge
of French aid in case of an Arab
attack against Israel.
Responding to those toasts, Esh-
kol declared that the French Par-
liament was "the hearts of hearts"
of Franco-Israeli friendship. He
restated I s r a e l's determination
to continue her close ties with the
French Republic, declaring: "Our
foreign policy is based on this
premise."
Eshkol also met with leaders of
the French Jewish community and
held a special press conference for
the Jewish press. The session with
the French-Jewish leaders was held
behind closed doors, with not even
the names of the local participants
being announced, at their request.
Eshkol told the Jewish press later
that he had criticized the lack of
interest in Hebrew study among
Jews in France. He noted that, out
of 150 students taking Hebrew
courses in French universities, not
more than 10 per cent are Jews.
Appealing to the Jewish press
here to help awaken Jewish con-
sciousness in this country, Eshkol
pledged the help of the Israel Gov-
ernment, the Jewish Agency and
other bodies dealing with Jewry
outside Israel to aid such Jewish
counsciousness development
in France.
Eshkol placed a wreath on the
monument to the "Unknown Jew-
ish Martyr" in the French capital,
visited the local Jewish commun-
ity. and met with various Jewish
delegations, including one repre-
senting the many thousands of
Jewish refugees from Algeria.
Eshkol asserted that Israel has
no intention of equipping itself
with nuclear arms, and expressed
the hope that atomic weapons
will never reach the Middle East.
Israel, he said, will not be •the
first country in the region to
possess nuclear weapons, "not only
because these weapons are too ex-
pensive but also because the con-
ventional arms now in the Middle
East are already deadly and das-
tardly enough."



France Affirms Israel Les and Aims at Peace in Middle East

Eshkol met for more than an
hour with Pierre Messmer, French
Minister of the Armies, and other
top-ranking French government de-
fense officials, finding them "most
understanding of Israel's problems
and needs."
At the press luncheon, Eshkol,
who had been asked what conces-
sions Israel was prepared to make
in order to reach a settlement with
Arab states, replied: "I am certain
that the day will come when the
Arabs will recognize Israel, as
other nations in the area have
done. I do not think that peace
can be furthered by making con-
cessions. Israel already occupies
only one-fourth of the area of the
original mandate granted by the
League of Nations to Britain in
Palestine — which was four times
larger than the State of Israel."
"What Israel is prepared to
offer the Arabs," he added, "is
her friendship and her technical
assistance." He challenged the
Arab states to "a peaceful com-
petition under which Israel and
her neighbors would compete on
such projects as the desalination
of sea water — rather than in an
arms race."
One of the journalists asked Mr.
Eshkol whether he planned to visit
the Soviet Union and meet there
with Premier Nikita Khrushchev.
He replied:
"I am prepared 'to meet with the
Soviet Prime Minister at any time
and in any place, especially in the
Soviet Union. I would take such an
opportunity to try to convince him
that Israel is neither an imperial-
istic nor a colonialiatic state. I
would also discuss with him the
situation of Soviet Jewry, for
whom I would seek equal cultural
and religious rights. I would also
raise the problem of the emigra-
tion of Soviet Jews who desire to
do so for purposes of reunification
with their families — one of the
most tragic problems."
Eshkol told his audience that
"friendship with France is the cor-
nerstone Up o n which Israel's
foreign policy rests." He said he
was "deeply touched by the friend-
ship shown by the entire French
nation, symbolized by the President
of the Republic, the Prime Mini-
ster and other members of the
government with whom I had the
honor to meet."
The president of France's
largest research institute offer-
ed Israel "close collaboration in
exploring and exploiting the
world's riches." M. Navarre, head
of the. Petrol and Chemical Re-
search Institute, made the of-
fer to Eshkol when the Israeli
leader and his group visited the
institute's huge laboratory on
the outskirts of Paris in subur-
ban Malmaisons.
The Israeli Premier, now in the
second week of a 12-day visit to
France, was told by M. Navarre:
"What I am authorized to offer is
complete scientific and industrial
cooperation in all fields which in-
terest our two states." He cited
the exploration and exploitation
of the riches of the sea, chemical
research and industrial applica-
tions and oil prospecting and drill-
ing. He added he would be glad
to train Israeli scientists and re-
search workers in the institute's
methods.
Continuing his 12-day visit in
France, Eshkol spent Monday
studying aspects of French agri-
cultural pursuit and compared
methods used in France with
those employed in Israel.
Accompanied by Edgar Pisani,
French Minister of Agriculture,
Eshkol visited an agricultural re-
search and experimental station,
inspected the French National
School of Agriculture, and toured
the Zootechnical Research Insti-
tute. In the latter he was shown an
aspect of French agriculture that
does not apply to Israel — the
breeding and raising of prize pigs,
an important element in the
French meat industry.
Returning to Paris in the eve-
ning, he met with members of the
Israel Embassy staff and other
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Israelis working for French agen-
Friday, July 10, 1964
3 cies.

Eshkol and Turkey's Prime
Minister Ismet Inonu held a
half-hour conference in Paris.
Both statesmen, each visiting
this country, are occupying suites
in the same hotel, the Bristol. Ask-
ed about the meeting. Eshkol de-
scribed it as a "talk between heads
of governments of neighboring
states who happen to be also neigh.
bors at the some hotel." Accom-
panying Premier Inonu to the con-
ference with Eshkol were his For-
eign Minister, Feridoun Jamal Er-
kine; and Nichol Erim, chairman
of the Turkish Parliament's foreign
affairs committee. The latter is
also Premier Inonu's son-in-law.

30,000 Jewish DPs
in Australia Since '45

MELBOURNE (JTA) — Charles
Jordan, director-general of the
Joint Distribution Committee now
visiting here, said that since 1945
about 30,000 displaced Jews have
been settled in Australia.
Jordan conferred with those
members of the Jewish commu-
nity responsible for immigrant so-
cial services and also visited the
homes and schools established pri-
marily for victims of the Nazi holo-
caust.

It was understood that, durin g
the conference, one of the problems
raised was the exchange of Am-
bassadors between Turkey and
Israel. While relations between
Turkey and Israel are very friend-
ly, neither government has an Am-
bassador in the other country.

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