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June 26, 1964 - Image 13

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1964-06-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Orthodox Rabbinical Council at Conference
Attacks American Jewish. Committee for
Pressuring Vatican Council on Statement

ican Jewish Committee, along with
other secular Jewish organizations,
was attacked by the Rabbinical
Council of America for pressuring
Vatican Ecumenical Council lead-
ers for passage of a statement on
Catholic church-Jewish relations.
The Orthodox rabbis attending
the annual meeting here, followed
a criticism raised by the Reform
rabbinate at its annual conclave.
Rabbi Abraham N. Avrutick,
president of the Rabbinical Coun-
cil, charged that representations
to the Ecumenical Council were
made by secular organizations
"completely unaware of the prin-
ciples and implications of their




He said the Vatican declaration
was formulated within the frame-
work of Christian theology, and
thus, Jewish organizations who
have approached Pope Paul VI in
the name of all Jews have done a
disservice to the Jewish people as
a religious entity,
At the same time, he said, the
rabbinate was in favor of coopera-
tion between Christians and Jews
on a "sound sociological basis."
Incoming president Rabbi Israel
Miller of New York leveled his
attack against Morris B. Abram,
presdent of the AJC, who recently
had an audience with the Pope.
The statement on Christian-Jew-
ish relations is "purely a Christian
matter," Rabbi Miller said, and
Jews should not be involved in
securing its passage by the council
fathers. Rabbi Miller also said the
papal audience with Abram was
granted on a Saturday, and the
Jewish delegates were photo gr aphed
not wearing skullcaps.
Criticism against those who pre-
dict a decline in American Jewish
life was voiced by Rabbi Avrutick.
"The recent prophets of gloom
regarding the survival of Judaism
have committed great blunders
and errors in failing to assess the
inner resources of the Jewish com-
munity in the United States,"
Rabbi Avrutick said in his presi-
dential address at the convention.
"If anything, American Judaism
is undergoing a most spectacular
renaissance in revitalizing funda-
mental institutions of education,
social welfare and scholarly re-
search of all types and descrip-
"Over 300 all-day schools have
been created by Orthodox Jews
in recent years hi every major
city in the United States, and
their current budgetary outlays
for the total Jewish education is
approximately at the $50,000,000
mark annually," he said. "There
is no justification to fear the
contraction or decline of current
Jewish collective living in the
United States in the near or dis-
tant future."
The Rabbinical Council presi-
dent also urged that interreligious
cooperation between Christians
and Jews in the United States be
conducted on the basis of sound
sociological doctrine rather than
the complicated arena of theology.
"The Ecumenical Council," he said,
"is proceeding along intelligible
lines in attempting to formulate an
interfaith platform and philosophy
which reflects a mutual concern
for the problems which confront
all religious bodies in this world."
Rabbi Meir Felman, chairman
of the convention, appealed to the
Convention platform committees
and nominees of the Democratic
and Republican parties to "commit
themselves unequivocally and irre-
vocably to the preservation of the
territorial integrity and sovereign
inviolability of the state of Israel
against all the Arab nations who
are pledged to Israel's destruc-
In other actions, Jewish leaders
as well as university educators were

Friday, June 26, 1964

called upon "to restore the reli-
gious and the moral standards of
the university campus."
Rabbi Harold P. Smith of Chi-
cago, past president of the orga-
nization, said "There has been a
breakdown in the whole ethical
structure which has typified the
college community of the past."
"This serious campus situation is
not attributable to students who
come from impoverished and de-
pressed environments; the insti-
gators of the recent collegiate riots
are representative of economically
favored and culturally advantaged
Rabbi Smith said that "parents
are committing a great injustice
and moral wrong by encouraging
their children to enroll in out-of-
state schools of fashionable vogue
and glamorous reputation.
`By living away from home, these
offspring tend to obliterate the in-
fluences of religion and social
morality in their scale of personal
values. Parents should not be
swayed by the current ideas of so-
ciologists and educators relating to
the desirability of sending their
children to far-off centers of higher
"It is unfortunate that several
American professors and high
school instructors have recently ad-

vacated and condemned sharp
breaks from conventional moral
standards," he said.
Dr. Samuel Belkin, president of
Yeshiva University, speaking at the
convention, warned the American
Jewish community that its survival
in a pluralistic and materialistic
society "is in jeopardy unless the
Jews stress the primacy of religious
values in their daily routines of
He further warned that "religion
should not retreat into an ivory
tower by allowing theory to replace
action and philosophy to displace
practice." Religious institutions and
leaders should "cope with the
varied problems which challenge
modern living," he urged.
Dr. Bernard Lander, director of
the Bernard Revel Graduate School
of Yeshiva University, maintained
that freedom is not a threat to the
survival of the American Jewish
community. "If anything, liberty
should unleash a new golden era
of Jewish spiritual creativity in
our democratic society which is
engaged in a struggle against the
evil forces of totalitarianism," he
said. "The challenges confronting
American Jewry are related to the
ways and means of strengthening
and kinship with the non-Jewish
world," he stated.

Catholic Bishops Warned Against
Public School Prayer Amendment

WASHINGTON — The flood of
suggested amendments to permit
public school prayers has caused
some concern in the legal depart-
ment of the National Catholic
Welfare Conference. U. S. Roman
Catholic bishops have been ad-
vised to observe extreme caution
toward them.
In its first public statement on
the controversy, the Conference
called the existing clauses of the
First Amendment "of incalculable
benefit to religion.
The conference position comes
close to being an official policy
statement by the U. S. Roman
Catholic hierarchy. Although a di-
rect stand is being avoided, the

I. Rosenhaus Dies; Edited
Yiddish Daily in Russia

LONDON (JTA) — I. Rosenhaus,
veteran Soviet revolutionary, has
died in Minsk, it was reported
For many years, Rosenhaus
served as editor of the "Shtern,"
a Yiddish daily newspaper pub-
lished in Charkov in the years be-
fore World War H, and now de-
Rosenhaus, who was in his 70s,
was active in the Communist party
and administration in White

fact that the conference serves in
an advisory capacity to the bishops
adds to the siginificance of the

During the House Judiciary
Committee's recent hearing, most
major denominations opposed any
amendment, but the Roman Catho-
lic church took no official position.

N.Y. Rabbi Publishes
New Torah Translation

Brooklyn rabbi Dr. Charles
Kahane has published a new trans-
lation of the five books of Moses,
using interpretations from the
commentaries of Jewish scholars
over many centuries.

The two-volume work, begun by
Dr. Kahane in 1959, has the He-
brew and "American English" on
adjoining pages. He said he un-
dertook the project to make the
torah more meaningful to Amer-
icans. The interpretations come
from the Talmud, Midrash and
such commentators as Maimonides,
Ibn Ezra, Jonathan Ben Uziel and

Solomon Rabinowitz Book Con-
cern contributed toward the print-
ing of the work. Dr. Kahane calls
it "Torah Yeshara," the second
word being an acronym of his own
Hebrew name, Yehezkel Sheraga

• 0

1964 P. Loritterd C0.)

The Manifold Lives of Cyrus Adler

Cyrus Adler was one of those rare people
who, from time to time, come along to
astonish the world with the vast variety
of their activities. At the age of 20, he
received his B.A. from the University of
Pennsylvania and promptly enrolled in the
graduate school of Johns Hopkins.There he
became the first student to attain a Ph. D.
in Semitics in an American university.
Shortly after his graduation Adler be-
came an Associate Professor in Semitics.
He found the time to become Assistant
Curator of the U.S. National Museum. In
1892, Adler was named Librarian of the
Smithsonian Institution, whose Assistant
Secretary he became seven years later.
One would think he had made his mark,
but his career was just beginning.
While still at the Smithsonian, Adler

had a hand in establishing the Jewish
Theological Seminary and the Jewish Pub-
lication Society. He was a founder of the
American Jewish Historical Society and
an editor of the Jewish Encyclopedia. In
1908, he left the Smithsonian to take the
post of President of Dropsie College.
Adler's unflagging energy saw him head
a project to furnish a new authoritative
translation of the Bible; he helped create
the American Jewish Committee; and he
became President of the Jewish Theologi-
cal Seminary.
When Adler died in 1940, this tribute
to his accomplishments was paid by Presi-
dent Franklin D. Roosevelt: "Scholar,
patriot, humanitarian and religious leader
an earnest worker in the cause of peace First with the Finest Filter Cigarettes
and advocate of good will among men."
through Lorillard research


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