THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member • American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial
- Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 48235 Mich.,
VE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid at Detroit, Michigan
Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the tenth day of Tammuz, 5724, the following Scriptural selections will
be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion: Num. 19:1-22:1. Prophetical portion: Judges 11:1-33.
Licht benshen, Friday, June 19, 7:52 p.m.
VOL. XLV, No. 17
June 19, 1964
Jewish Identity: Helpless Leadership
On its 75th anniversary, which has just
been observed, the Jewish Publication Society
of America has made public the results of a
survey that should cause our Jewish com-
munities to concern themselves most seriously
with the cultural status of American Jewry.
It was reported that the total JPS mem-
bership at this time is 11,666. This figure in
itself calls for study and evaluation. The
publication society offers the best bargain
in books. Its products are among the coun-
try's best literary products. Yet, a total Jew-
ish community of five and a half million is
able to show such a poor showing in book
buying from a communally sponsored non-
There are at least a million and a half
Jewish family units in this country. That
should represent a potential in book club
membership of many tens of thousands—
possibly 200,000. The 11,666 figure remains
a static response.
A factor to be considered in this connec-
tion is the membership of the society in 1913.
It had then reached the total of 10,500. But
the Jewish population in this country at that
time was not more than 2,400,000. We have
multiplied by nearly 150 per cent. Yet the
Jewish book readership is the same in 1964
as in 1913. Does this mean that, after all,
we have made no progress, that the inter-
vening years and their experiences have had
no effect on us, that our trend is assimilatory
rather than dedicatory?
The JPS survey showed last year that 62
per cent of the total membership was older
than 45 and that 38 per cent of the member-
ship is in the 55-year and older brackets. This
is rather encouraging. If 38 per cent of the
membership is below the age of 45, there
are enough young people in the membership
to offer assurance that the younger group is
retaining a Jewish interest.
But like the entire membership which is
small in numbers this group of younger read-
ers also is very small. It revives the view that
Judaism survives because of a shearith, be-
cause of a dedicated minority. And while
we are always dependent upon such a group
to keep Jewish interests revivified, it is not
an acceptable solution to an urge for survival
of the larger Jewish masses.
The figures quoted may be applicable to
many other Jewish functions. While there are
more than a million and a half Jewish families
in this country, only a quarter of a million of
them receive a Jewish newspaper. What hap-
pens to the other million families that are
without contact with Jewish communities
throughout the world, with Jewish happen-
ings, with events in their own midst?
We can boast all we wish about a religious
revival. Whatever the claims of new cultural
spurts in our midst, the facts we have pre-
sented are too challenging for complacency.
Both professional and lay leaderships are
faced with a problem that calls for practical
approaches to a solution. Thus far, our com-
munities seem to be roaming in darkness in
the face of issues revolving around Jewish
identity that are either ignored or which our
spokesmen appear helpless to confront with
Tragedy of Arabs' Hatred for Jewry
A Jewish escapee from Arab persecutions
has written an expose of conditions which
indicate that the treatment accorded to Jews
under Moslem rule preceded the emergence
of Israel. Arab propagandists contended that
the establishment of Israel was the cause for
hatred for Jews in Arab lands. But J. Daniel
Khazzoom, visiting assistant professor of eco-
nomics at Cornell University, proves that the
bias antedated Israel's rebirth.
Prof. Khazzoom replied to a letter from
an Arab, published in the New York Times,
in which rash claims were made in an effort
to create antagonism against Israel and Is-
rael's friends. Writing to the Times from
Ithaca, N. Y., Prof. Khazzoom stated:
Sami Hadawi, in a letter to The Times of May 20
deals with the condition of the Jews in Arab coun-
tries. As one of the approximately half million Jews
who had to leave their homes behind in Arab lands
in order to save themselves persecution and death
from "other than natural causes," I find the letter
It is not true that news of ill-treatment of Jews
in Arab lands began to appear, as Mr. Hadawi argues,
only after the establishment of the State of Israel.
Prior to that time, numerous reports appeared in
the Western world calling attention to the deterio-
rating position of J e w is h, Kurdish, Nestorian,
Armenian, Chaldean and other minorities in the
Arab countries. Arab leaders revealed no particular
interest in the reports on the treatment of minor-
ities in their countries. On the contrary, most lead-
ers resented such reports and considered them as
intrusions in the internal affairs of their countries.
Israel did not bring unfounded accusations of ill-
treatment of Jews, as Mr. Hadawi submits, but
helped bring into focus an already intolerable situ-
CLAIM OF DISTINCTION
By implication, Mr. Hadawi argues that Arab
policy has been one of differentiating between Zion-
ism and Judaism. This argument is reminiscent
of similar claims encountered in recent, as well as
contemporary, history. Karl Marx, a notorious Jew-
baiter, contended that he is not against the Sabbath
Jew, but rather against the capitalist Jew; Adolf
Hitler claimed he differentiated between the common-
place Jew and the international Jew, and that he
was opposed to the latter only; and George L. Rock-
well denies he is against the Jew; rather, he argues,
he is against the Communist Jew.
Events made it clear, however, that in none of
these cases could the alleged distinction have been
real. It was rather a mere convenient cover-up for
more encompassing racism. The denial of wholesale
prejudice and the stress on alleged screening were
meant to gain the sympathy of the uninitiated.
The seemingly innocent claim of distinction
between the Zionist and the non-Zionist Jew is as
treacherous, and conceals behind as dangerous ele-
ments. It is a matter of record that Jews in the
Middle East were not active in the Zionist move-
ment; yet, while the Arabs launched their attack
against Israel in 1948, they waged a second war of
terror against the Jews in the Arab lands. Mass
arrests became the order of the day; cases of mur-
ders in prisons and of executions following mock
trials were numerous; and torture was not uncom-
mon at the time.
It is further no secret that translated copies of
Hitler's "Mein Kampf" have been distributed in
Egypt to military officers.
Prof. Khazzoom's statement is especially
valuable for the record because the antagon-
ism to Israel has been couched in language
intended to create a bogey, a mythical menace
called Zionism. Arab propagandists have
learned all the tricks that are used by anti-
Semites everywhere, by Communists in Rus-
sia who call their Jews cosmopolitans and
therefore exclude them from their ranks as
undesirables, while to anti-Semites in non-
Communist countries the Jew is a Commu-
Jews and Arabs could, as they should, live
in harmony. But they don't. Arabs are offered
Israel's freedoms, yet there are all-too-fre-
quent evidences that many of them are poten-
tial fifth columnists. Prof. Khazzoom has
stated his case very well. His expose should
be welcomed in the interest of truth that may
eventually, lead to amicability among the
Story of Zionist Pioneering in
Rahel Ben-Zvi's 'Coming Home'
Rahel Yanait Ben - Zvi, the widow of the second President of Israel,
Itzhak Ben-Zvi, is a distinguished leader in her own right. She has
played an important role in Zionist pioneering, has been a leader in
the labor movement and she is fully acquainted with Israel's beginnings.
"Coming Home," her impressive book, published by Herzl Press,
which was translated from the Hebrew original "Anu Olim" by David
Harris and Julian Meltzer, and was edited by Sulamith Schwartz Nardi
with the assistance of Rita Sapir, is as much historical as it is bio-
While it is offered as the story of an eventful youth, it depicts life
in Palestine before the emergence of Israel, and there is much data
in it to supplement Zionist history.
What a remarkable story this former First Lady of Israel relates
— starting with her arrival in Jaffa in 1908 and continuing a nar-
ration that takes her through the period of the first stages of Jewish
pioneering until the beginning of British rule as the mandatory
"Coming Home" introduces the reader to the early Jewish watch-
men, in the "Hashomer" ranks, who defended the first settlements. It
describes the Poale Zion colonists. It introduces us to the. great leaders
of the movement, David Ben-Gurion and the others who were the
leaders in the efforts among the builders of Zion . . . Dov Hos, the
Katznelsons, Weizmann, Levi Shkolnik (Eshkol), Jabotinsky and scores
of others pass in historic review in this account of a great lady's career
as one of the creators of the Jewish national renaissance.
Mrs. Ben-Zvi tells about the meeting Dr. Chaim Weizmann had
with Emir Faisal, the son of King Hussein of Hedjas. The Zionist
leader who was to become the first President of Israel came to a
Poale Zion meeting and reported on the meeting he had with Faisal.
Mrs. Ben-Zvi's account states that Weizmann told the gathering:
" 'Prince Faisal is a young eagle. That young Bedouin will have
a great future.' Weizmann was full of hope that the agreement they
had reached would bear fruit. At that moment Weizmann himsel
seemed to me like an eagle — but with folded wings. You are th,
King of the Poor, I thought, the King of the Jews that are still in
Many episodes included in "Coming Home" will live inperishably
in Jewish history. As a distaff account of a brilliant share in great
reconstructive work, Rahel Yanait Ben-Zvi's book is highly recom-
Texts of '62 Franklin Memorial
Lectures Edited by Dr. Seltzer
On a grant from Temple Beth El, the Leo M. Franklin Memorial
Lectures in Human Relations were set up at Wayne State University
in memory of Rabbi Franklin.
Inaugurated in 1950, these lectures are given annually and the
texts are published in yearly volumes.
The seventh volume in the series, just issued by WSU Press, con-
tains the five lectures that were given in 1962.
In that year, the Franklin Memorial Professor was Dr. Lawrence H.
Seltzer, professor of economics at WSU who has been associated with
the university since 1921. Dr. Seltzer edited this volume.
Published under the title "New Horizons of Economic Progress,"
the current volume contains an introduction and a lecture on the
subject "The United States and the Common Market" by Prof. Seltzer;
and lectures by Paul H. Samuelson, Walter P. Reuther, Herbert A.
Simon and Theodore 0. Yntema.
Appraising the long-range prospects of the country's economy,
these lectures reviewed the monetary and fiscal problems, governmental
policies in reducing wastage of manpower and material resources, the
economic effects of the cumulating additions to our knowledge and
skills, shortcomings of educational institutions as instruments of eco-
nomic progress and the Common Market role in international trade.