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June 12, 1964 - Image 10

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1964-06-12

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Auschwitz Guards Rode Motorcycles to Drown Out Screams of Victims

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

FRANKFURT — Guards at the
Auschwitz death camp rode motor-
cycles around the camp's crema-
torium on one occasion to drown
out the screams of 300 victims
being gassed, a survivor testified
Monday at the trial here of 22
former camp personnel.
Gnazy Golik, who spent four
years in the camp, said the 300
victims were members of the
camp's "special squad," a group of

Hebrew Corner

20th Anniversary
of the Revolt

In the year 1944, in the concentration
camps of the third Reich, the murder
machine was in full swing. To Eretz
Israel came the terrible rumours about
the slaughter of the Jews in Europe.
The people of Eretz Israel wanted to
to help their brethren in Europe, but
the British authorities hindered the
Yishuv in giving its help. The English
navy did all in its power that those
that were successful in escaping, should
not reach the shores of Eretz Israel.
This is the background upon which
came the decision of Etzel (Irgun), one
of the Hebrew underground organiza-
tions, to come out with a revolt. On
February 10. 1944, Etzel groups demol-
ished the immigration offices of the
British authorities in the three large
cities. The war between Etzel and the
British authorities continued till No-
vember 29, 1947. the day of the United
Nations resolution of the State. Many
Etzel soldiers were killed, others were
seized and sentenced to death.
The Etzel veterans met a few months
ago to celebrate the revolt's twentieth
anniversary. 1500 Etzel veterans that at
the time were in English prisons re-
ceived the "prison decoration from a
delegation of former underground fight-
ers from France, Holland and Belgium
that came to Israel specially for the
celebrations.
We will end with an unknown story
about one of the underground soldiers:
A son of the Benzhnan family was killed
in one of the • actions. Like all of the
Etzel members the man that was killed
had an underground name. The British
intelligence was eager to know his real
name. It became known to them that
in one of the homes of Jerusalem a
family is in mourning. The secret service
men compelled the mother to come with
them to the morgue. Under a white
sheet was the body of her dead son.
One of the policemen lifted the sheet
and asked: do you know the dead man?
The mother closed her eyes and said:
"I never saw this person."
Translation of Hebrew column, Pub-
lished by Brit Ivrit Olamit, Jerusalem.

Jews forced to drag corpses from
the gas chambers and then burn
them.
One day, the witness said, the
prisoners "got the order to un-
dress. As members of the special
squad they knew what was going
to happen to them and they re-
fused. SS men then began to beat
them until they finally disrobed
and were driven into the gas
chamber."
The witness said that an SS
medical orderly then threw in a
cylinder of poison gas.
The court took under advisement
a prosecution demand that 26 ad-
ditional charges of murder be
added to the indictment against
two of the 22 defendants
The demand was based on testi-
mony against Hans Stark and Stef-
an Baretzki that they had drowned
victims in ditches and reservoirs
at the camp. Polish witnesses testi-
fied that Stark ordered the drown-
ing of 20 prisoners and forced
another prisoner to drown his own

father.
Stark was accused of later shoot-
ing that prisoner. Stark 42, had
been free on bail but after this
testimony, he was ordered arrested
and confined.
Baretzki was charged with hav-
ing forced four inmates into a
reservoir and with pushing them
back into the water until they be-
came too exhausted to try to leave
and were drowned. Stark original-
ly had been charged with shoot-
ings and Baretzki with abuse and
murder of prisoners. A decision
on the prosecution demand is ex-
pected next week. •
Meanwhile, a former SS cap-
tain testified in the war crimes
trial of two former aides of Adolf
Eichmann in Hungary that he had
been assigned to guard a fortune
in gold and jewels taken from
Hungarian Jews by the Nazis.
The witness, Karl Grabau, also
said he did not know of the mass
extermination program in which

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some 430,000 Hungarian Jews
were murdered.
He testified at the trial of for-
mer SS officers Herman Krumey
and Otto Hunsche. They are
charged with having exacted huge
amounts of ransom from Jews
hoping to escape deportation to
the Auschwitz death camp. They
also are charged with mass depor-
tations of the doomed Jews.
The witness, who is now an ac-
countant in Hamburg and who had
been a member of the supply staff
in unoccupied Budapest, said he
thought that the gold and jewels
were "paid" in connection with
"the emigration" of Hungarian
Jews.

*

,

*

Mengele Capture
Reported, Denied

LIMA, Peru — In a dramatic
turnabout, the capture of former
Nazi physician Joseph Mengele
was announced and then denied in
the same clay last weekend.
Interior Minister Juan Languas-
co said newsmen had heard him
incorrectly when he left a Cabinet
meeting. They reported that Men-
gele, accused of killing Jews at
Auschwitz concentration camp, had
been arrested in San Martin State
after having entered Peru illegally.
Two Lima newspapers, including
the usually reliable La Prensa,
quoted the minister as reporting
the capture of Mengele, who was
known as the "Angel of Death" at
Auschwitz. •
He is accused of having helped
make mass gassings at the camp
"scientifically perfect" and of hav-
ing supervised massive Gestapo
"medical experiments."
* *

Two Nazis to Face Trial

for Murders in Cracow

Freyburg
FREYBURG (JTA)
officials announced that two for-
mer Gestapo agents will go on
trial here soon in the murder of
some 200 Polish Jews in the Cra-
cow area. More than 200 witnesses
will be called. A trial date has
not been set.
The defendants are Robert
Weissmann, 56, and Arno Sehm-
isch, 59, both of Freyburg. Weiss-
Mann was SS major in charge of
the Gestapo headquarters in the
Cracow district from 1942 to 1943.
Sehmisch was chief of the Ges-
tapo in Zakopane. They are
charged with giving orders to exe-
cute the 200 Polish Jews and
allegedly took part in some of the
killings personally. They also are
accused of ordering the deporta-
tion of 4,000 to 5,000 Jews to
concentration camps.

that the Gestapo officer who ar-
rested Anne Frank and her family
in Amsterdam in 1944 will not
have to face trial for war crimes in
the arrest.
The court said that an investi-
gation into the charges against
Karl Silberbauer, an Austrian citi-
zen, had been dropped because I
evidence to charge him with war
crimes was "not sufficient after
such a long time." The former
'Nazi has admitted that he super-
vised the arrest of the Jewish girl,
her parents, sister and four other
Jews.
The former Gestapo officer still
faces a disciplinary investigation
on charges that he hid his role in
the Frank arrests when he was re-
instated as a member of the Vienna
police force in 1954. He remains
suspended from his post as a police
inspector.

Israeli Davis Cup winner Eliezar
Davidson, recently returned to his
home after a stay in Australia. He
reached the finals of the Israel
International Spring Tennis Tour-
nament.

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Court Drops Probe
of Anne Frank Captor

VIENNA (JTA)—An Austrian
court announced here a ruling

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, June 12, 1964
10

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