Eshkon Visit: Aliyah in Shut Baruch Habah from Stevenson
Special to The Jewish News
After a sensational visit
in Washington, Israel Prime Minister Esh-
kol's visit here ended in a blaze of glory.
At the reception given him and Mrs.
Eshkol by Mayor Wagner, Adlai Stevenson
Symbol of God
greeted him with the Hebrew salutation
"Baruch Habah" and expressed confidence
that the Arab-Jewish tensions will gradu-
On Saturday morning, Eshkol attended
services at the Spanish-Portugese Syna-
gogue, was given an Aliyah Akhron — and
spoke briefly to the congregation.
Abraham Feinberg, president of the Israel
Bond Organization, in his address in Pre-
mier and Mrs. Eshkol's honor at the Bond
dinner at the Waldorf Astoria Saturday
night, proudly reported President Johnson's
assurance that Israel will never again have
to reach American leaders "through a back
Detailed stories of
Eshkol's visit in
New York on Page 40
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Constitutional Experts Join
Spreading Movement to Stop
Tampering with 1sT Amendment
National Church Council
NEW YORK (JTA) — The general board of the National
Council of Churches, representing 40,000,000 Protestants of
31 denominations, adopted a resolution here this weekend
condemning anti-Semitism and declaring that the concept of
collective Jewish responsibility for the crucifixion was a dis-
tortion of the message of Christianity, according to which all
humanity should bear responsibility.
The Council urged Protestants to "seek that true dialogue
with religious bodies of the Jewish communities" in the United
States "through which differences in faith can be explored
within the mutual life of the one family of God—separate
but seeking from God the gift of renewed unity:"
The resolution also said that - "the spiritual heritage of
Jews and Christians should draw us to each other in obedience
to the one Father" and that "the historic schism in our rela-
tions carries with it the need for constant vigilance lest dia-
logue deteriorate into conflict. We must confess that sometimes
as Christians we have given way to anti-Semitism."
The American Jewish Committee issued a statement
"warmly greeting" the declaration of the National Council of
Churches. "This condemnation of anti-Semitism by Protestant
leadership, and their particular rejection of the false charges
of collective Jewish responsibility for the crucifixion, are
significant contributions to the emerging atmosphere of under-
standing between Christians and Jews," the -statement said.
"The National Jewish Committee endorses the appeal of
the National Council of Churches for growing dialogues be-
tween Protestants and Jews in the common service of human
-Tleed, and pledges its support and resources to advance this
al spiritual and human objective," Morris B. Abram, AJC
iffresident, declared in the statement.
The Synagogue Council of America (SCA) lauded the re-so-
lution Wednesday night and hailed "the climate of under-
standing and good will" between Jews and Protestants mani-
fested in the resolution.
The stand was taken in one of a series of resolutions
approved at the 38th annual meeting of the SCA, the coordi-
nating agency of Conservative, Orthodox and Reform rabbini-
cal and congregational organizations.
Detailed Story on SCA, Page 15
WASHINGTON—Two hundred and twenty-three constitutional lawyers and law
professors across the country sent the House Judiciary Committee an appeal to reject
any constitutional amendment to permit prayer and Bible reading in public schools.
The group, which includes 55 law school deans, joined in a public statement oppos-
ing such congressional efforts to overrule the Supreme Court's Bible-prayer decisions.
Six weeks of public hearings on amendment proposals ended last week. New
York Rep. Emanuel Celler, chairman, has not set a date for closed-door deliberations
on the 150 proposals.
The statement, entitled "Our Most Precious Heritage," was signed by lawyers rep-
resenting 83 American law schools, including deans of the schools at the University of
Michigan and Notre Dame.
Referring to the Bill of Rights as the "most precious heritage," the state-
ment said any narrowing of its guarantees in the field of religion could impair
the other liberties it protects.
"American liberties have been secure in large measure because they have been
guaranteed a Bill of Rights which the American people have until now deemed
practically unamendable," the statement declared. "If now, for the first time, an
amendment to 'narrow its operation' is adopted, a precedent will have been established
which may prove too easy to follow when other controversial decisions interpreting
the Bill of Rights are handed down.
"A grave responsibility rests upon the Congress in taking 'this first experiment
on our liberties.' Whatever disagreements some may have with the Bible-prayer deci-
sions, we believe strongly that they do not justify this experiment. Accordingly, we
urge that Congress approve no measures to amend the First Amendment in order to
overrule these decisions," the statement appealed.
The lawyers said the Supreme Court sometimes stirs up controversies by its
interpretations of the Bill of Rights and may well have done so with its prayer
and Bible-reading decisions in 1962 and '63.
"If so," they said, "it is much too early to judge whether it would be the pop-
ular judgment or the court's that will be vindicated by time.
"But whichever the case, we are convinced that it would be far wiser for our
nation to accept the decisions than to amend the Bill of Rights in order to nullify
Among signers of the statement was Dean Erwin N. Griswold of the Harvard Uni-
versity Law School. His earlier critical comment on the court's anti-prayer ruling were
cited often at the committee's hearings by supporters of a change in the First Amend-
ment, which bars official "establishment" of a religion .
Griswold wrote the committee, however, that he did not favor amending the
constitution, and his inclusion as a signer of the statement proved it.
Opponents of constitutional amendments to permit public school prayers indi-
cated here that they believe they have the votes to stop legislation in the House
These same forces, in and out of Congress, believe the price of stoppin g
rent drive to change the Constitution may be a nonbinding expression of Congres-
sional favor for worship in public places.
Continued on Page 5
Bonn Warned of 'Deterioration'
in German-Israeli Relations
BONN (JTA) — A West German Parliamentary leader and a German youth group
who have recently returned from visits to Israel declared here that relations be-
tween Israel and West Germany are reaching a crisis point.
Dr. Carlo Schmid, vice president of the Bundestag, said in an interview that
"the situation has deteriorated noticeably." The youth group consisting of 28 high
school teachers spent three weeks working and traveling in Israel. Representatives of
the group told a news conference that the Israelis they met were seriously disturbed
over developments in West Germany.
They said that Israelis were most concerned over Bonn's refusal to establish dip-
lomatic relations with Israel, the West German government's failure to take action
against German scientists working for the Egyptian armaments industry and the dis-
interested attitude of the West German public toward Nazi war crimes trials. The
Continued on Page 6
Israel Gives OK to International
Inspection of Atomic Reactor
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to the Jewish News)
has agreed to accept international
inspection of an atomic research reactor furnished by the
United States, it was confirmed here Tuesday.
Israel had previously opposed this on the grounds
that it had been discriminated against in the Atomic
Energy Agency in favor of Arab countries.
It is understood that after the final lapse of the present
agreement between Israel and the United States next month
concerning the Nebi Rubin Reactor, Israel will enter into a
new agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency
in Vienna on inspection of this reactor.
The present agreement was due to be terminated at the
beginning of July 1964 but may be extended for another few
months pending a new agreement with the Vienna agency.