It became known in Tel Aviv this week that on his visit in Washington early
in June, at the invitation of President Johnson, Israel's Prime Minister Levi Eshkol
will strive for. American aid to assure relaxed tensions in the Middle East, ask for
a nuclear reactor for water desalination and will seek aid in the reduction of
Egypt's arms superiority over Israel. •
Eshhol's Pence Aims in U. S.:
WW1 Seeli lielaxed Tensions
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A Weekly Review
/rat in Resonrers
Editorials Page 4
f Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XLV, No. 13
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All Detroit Synagogues Join
This Sabbath's National Days
of Prayers for Russian Jewry
Moroccan Minister Demands
French Opposition to Israel;
Ben Bella Vows Destruction
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
PARIS—The Moroccan Foreign Minister Ahmed Balafred
appealed to French Foreign Minister Maurice Couve de Mur-
\Tulle on behalf of all the Arab states for action by France to
oppose Israel's national water carrier plan.
The meeting, which lasted an hour, was attended by A.
Oheraoui, the Moroccan ambassador in Paris, and Jean Soutou,
the director of the Middle East Department of the French
The Moroccan foreign minister told the French foreign
minister that action by France to prevent Israel from imple-
menting the project which will tap the Jordan River through
Lake Tiberias "would be greatly appreciated by the Arab states
and would further Franco-Arab friendship."
Algerian President Ahmed Ben Bella, speaking in Algeria,
again strongly attacked Israel and called for its destruction.
The Algerian president, who has just returned from a trip to
Eastern Europe which included a visit to the Soviet Union,
said that "Algeria's role in convincing the Socialist bloc of
Israel's neo-colonialism and imperialist role was all important."
He also said that in his meetings with Soviet Premier Khrush-
chev and other "socialist leaders" he tried "to open their eyes
to the fact that Israel is the main obstacle to Arab socialist
Detroit's synagogues are responding unanimously to the call that has been issued
by the Synagogue Council of America, together with the 24 leading national Jewish or-
ganizations, and are dedicating this Sabbath weekend as a two-day period of prayer for
the security of the Jews in Russia. The two- day period of prayers will serve as a national
demonstration and as an appeal from a united American Jewry pleading with the
Soviet Union to abandon discriminations against our kinsmen in the USSR.
.Special services will be held in Reform temples this evening and in Conservative
and Orthodox synagogues Saturday morning.
The Synagogue Council of America is the national coordinating agency of the three
major Jewish persuasions, representing both rabbinical groups and the three congrega-
The three rabbinic constituencies are represented by the Rabbinical Assembly
(Orthodox), Rabbinical Council of America (Conservative) and Central Conference of
American Rabbis (Reform).
The Jewish Community Council of Detroit joined the national organizations and the
Synagogue Council in supplementing their call to action and in urging local congrega-
tions to participate in the two days of prayers.
Prayers will be recited in all synagogues and temples, and a number of the local
rabbis have announced that their sermons will be devoted to the problems of Russian
Jewry. The titles of their sermons appear in the synagogue listings of services in this
More than 2,000 Protestant and Catholic clergymen have joined Jewish religious
leaders in signing a "Letter of Conscience," urging Soviet authorities to alleviate cur-
rent repressive measures against Soviet Jews.
The announcement was made jointly by producer-playwright Dore Schary, national
chairman of the Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith, and Label Katz, international
president of Bnai Brith.
The signed petition will be presented to the U.S. State Department and UN officials
for transmission to the Soviet Union.
'43 Palestine Religions Trusteeship
Plan Revealed by State Department;
Limited Rotating Jewish Membership
WASHINGTON (JTA) — The British government leaned toward partition of
Palestine as early - as 1943, while President Roosevelt at that time entertained an idea
':-:4hat the Holy Land should be placed under a trusteeship composed of representatives
of the Moslem, Christian and Jewish faiths, according to documents dating back to
- that era made public here by the State Department. They were kept secret until
their publication Sunday.
The authority for the Roosevelt views is Lt. Col. Harold B. Hoskins, known then
for his pro-Arabic attitude, whom the wartime President had sent as an emissary
to the Middle East. Col. Hoskins' report on what Roosevelt had presumably said
emerged in the State Department's "Foreign Relations of the United States, Volume
IV, the Near East and Africa," summarizing cables, leters and memoranda pertaining
directly or indirectly to the Palestine question.
In a 1943 memorandum on his meeting with President Roosevelt, after returning
from a Middle Eastern tour, Col. Hoskins reported: "As to a solution of the Palestine
problem, the President stated that his own thinking leaned toward a wider use of
the idea of trusteeship for Palestine, making Palestine a real Holy Land for all
religions, with a Jew, a Christian and a Moslem as the three responsible trustees.
He said he realized it might be difficult to get the agreement of the Jews to such
a plan but, if the Moslems and the Christians of the world agreed, he hoped the
Jews could also be persuaded.
The documents show that the State Department, during 1954, lost no time trying
to water down the idea of equal representation on a possible Palestine trusteeship for
Jews, Moslems and Christians. A memorandum done a few weeks after the Hoskins
meeting with Roosevelt, written by the State Department's chief of the Division of
Near Eastern Affairs, Mr. Merriam, spelled out the kind of Jewish representation he
had in mind. Under the Merriam formula, membership in the trusteeship body would
have been based on the number of believers in the three religions — Christian,
Jewish and Moslem — throughout the world.
The Merriam memorandum stated: "Considering that there are in the world some
585,000,000 Christians, 220,000,000 Moslems and 15,000,000 Jews, the body might have
a membership of six, consisting of three Christians, two Moslems and one Jew.
If it is desired to reflect the number of communicants more accurately, the body
could consist of six Christians, two Moslems and one Jew."
To make sure that Jews have only minimal representation, the Merriam plan
proposed further that the single Jewish member be "rotated," so that this Jew would
"represent Zionists, non-Zionists and anti-Zionists at the moment the foregoing appears
to reflect the major attitudes of Jewry toward Palestine."
(Continued on Page 7)
(Related Stories Page 40)
Revised Jewish Definitions Expected
From New Vatican Secretariat; Pius'
Attitude Revealed in Priest's Essay
ROME (JTA)—An exact definition of what the functions will be of the special
Vatican Secretariat for non-Christians—the formation of which was announced by
Pope Paul VI—is expected to be given by Paolo Cardinal Marella, who was named
by the Pope to head the new secretariat.
Thus far there was no indication that the planned statement by the Ecumenical
Council, declaring that the Jewish people should not be blamed for the crucifixion
of Jesus, will be dealt with by the new secretariat, which will parallel the Secretariat
for Christian Unity of which Cardinal Bea is the head. However. it is considered
likely that the new body will collaborate with Cardinal Bea's secretariat, which is
handling the Jewish question.
The statement declaring that Jews are not guilty of the crucifixion of Jesus will
no longer be a part of Chapter IV of the Christian unity schema. as was the case when
it was presented to the Ecumenical Council last year. A draft. of this statement has
now been prepared for circulation to the 2,300 cardinals, archbishops and bishops who
will attend the forthcoming session of the Ecumenical Council in September, and will
be acted upon by the Council as a separate declaration.
The formation of the new Secretariat for non-Christian religions, announced by
the pontiff, will make it possible to invite representatives of non-Christian faiths
as observers to the September session of the Ecumenical Council.
A Vatican spokesman said that the new secretariat will deal with Jewish and
other non - Christian groups. Until now, Cardinal Bea's Secretariat for Christian Unity
had the jurisdiction over questions concerning Catholic-Jewish relations.
Cardinal Marella, the 70-year-old head of the new secretariat, has been for about
40 years in the Vatican's foreign service. He was apostolic delegate to Japan for 13
years. The Italian prelate is archpriest of St. Peter's Basilica.
A priest who served as an Italian army chaplain during World War II has quoted
the late Pope Pius XII as saying he had thought many times of excommunicating
Nazis for their persecution of Jews, but held back because of pressures on the Vatican
and for fear of making things even worse for the Jews.
This latest development in the controversy over the late pontiff's stand on
Nazism, touched off by the play, "The Deputy," appeared in the Italian religious
monthly, "The Paria," in an article by Father Pirro Scavizzi. "The Deputy," by
West German playwright Rolf Hochhuth, charges that the late pontiff failed to
speak out against the Nazi slaugher of European Jewry..
(Continued on Page 6)