By ARNOLD LAWRENCE
Ghetto, and little by little the unorganized, ill-equipped,
people realized there was no starved groups of men, women
It is almost 14 years sin
more cause for hope.
the Warsaw Ghetto ceased
and children resisted all that
And the loss of hope gave the German forces could throw
exist. The vast majority of
rise to resistance.
know of it only second han
at them. And then Rose's bunker
Throughout this year, Martin was discovered. Noxious gas was
through books, through storie
Rose worked in the Tebbin fac- thrown in.
When it becomes too unplea tory. He spent his days there.
Gasping for air, the survivors
He made slippers and shoes for came to the surface, to breathe
ant to think about, we turn o
thoughts to more pleasant thing
and to be packed off to the ex-
night, too; he dug bunkers; he termination camps.
to the security and happiness
stored food; he collected am-
our lives around us.
Martin Rose left the Gheto
Some people, a very few
as his father and mother
The Ghetto prepared to re-
can't forget so easily. For
had left it: in a cattle car.
sist. The end was in sight. He
these people the thoughts are
The next few years he lived by
was going to die anyway, so
memories, bad memories, hor
chance and luck. He was in
he might as well die along
rible memories, nightmares
Dachau, Budzin, Radom, Wei-
Of the 600,000 Jews who were
hingen and Treblinka. It could
was prepared to die, but be-
walled up there, a few sur-
be said it is a miracle that he
vived; a handful came to De-
is alive today. Of a family that
troit. One of them might be
numbered perhaps 200) aunts,
On the eve of Passover, 1943,
uncles, nieces, cousins, he is
Martin Rose is a good-look German loudspeakers an- the only survivor.
nounced that all Jews remaining
hig man. He is in business. H
Today Martin Rose thinks
has a wife and two daughter in the Ghetto would line up in about his family, his wife Ruth,
He has worked hard to get wher
who he met and married here
he is; in fact, he has worke Any Jews who did not comply in Detroit; his two girls, Debbie
harder than most. He is a sur
Martin Rose and his companions and Sharon. He is a member of
vivor of the Ghetto.
Beth Abraham Synagogue, the
Martin Rose was 18 when th
Jewish Community Council, Al-
Ghetto was created. His fathe
bert Einstein Chapter, Bnai
owned a leather factory in War
saw. His brother and he wer sisted. Making use of their poor
Martin Rose has a good life
students in that city; his mother assortment of arms, home-made now, but he still remembers
when he used to wake up
In 1940, about six month weapons lifted off the bodies of
screaming, and he remembers
after the infamous walls wen dead German soldiers, and all why.
up, this family moved into on
Mrs. Mitzi Watzman has a
room within the Ghetto. The back. During the first massive comfortable home near North-
resistance, Rose was shot twice.
could leave each day with spe
land. She has a daughter in
cial passes to the factory, wher A doctor in his unit saved his
high school, a son in element-
they were forced to manufactur
ary school and an infant
with a piece of wire.
leather goods for the Nazis.
For 10 or 12 days, these small, daughter. A most attractive
And then the warehouse
and personable woman, she
where the leather was store
seems content with her life.
were confiscated, and the family
She has a right to be—she
stayed within the walls.
also survived the Ghetto.
Martin Rose saw his family
The formation of the Ghetto
systematically destroyed. His
did not affect her family im-
(Continued from Page 1)
brother was liquidated be-
demiately. Their home was
cause he was "too intelligent." from the University of Roches- within the area that was walled
His father and mother were ter and Syracuse University— off. It was not until the Germans
"resettled." Martin Rose succeeded in confirming these had removed many of the Jews
discoveries through laboratory
stayed in the Ghetto.
that her family was forced to
By 1942, some three years work.
move—the walled-off area was
after the formation of the
Dr. Ne'eman was born in Tel made smaller, and their room
Ghetto, there were about 50- or Aviv, obtained his scientific edu- fell outside the Ghetto walls.
60,000 Jews left. At this point, cation in Israel, fought in the They were moved within.
preparations f o r resistance Haganah and in the Israel army
Mitzi Watzman did not stay
during Israel's War of Libera- in the Ghetto until the end.
Many people ask "Why didn't tion, obtained advanced degrees She escaped. During December
the Jews resist long before?
in London, and is now assistant 1942, a few short months before
"How could over 500,000 Jews professor .on leave at Tel Aviv the final uprising, she and her
allow themselves to be carted University.
sister slipped past the drunken
Dr. Gell Mann was born in guards. After the girls split up,
off to extermination?"
"Why didn't they fight back?" New York. At 34, he is consid- she made her way alone, a teen-
Martin Rose has an answer for ered one of the world's leading age girl, through Nazi-ridden
these questions. He says that it physicists—having obtained his 1 ands. She remained alone, run-
is difficult to understand if you degree of doctor of philosophy
ning, on guard, pursued, hungry
were not there and did not live from the Massachusetts Institute a nd penniless, for six months.
through it. He says, when people of Technology when he was only And then she was captured, and
are literally starving, and bread 21. Dr. Goldhaber was born in ent to Auschwitz.
is promised them, they go to get Lwow, Poland, has been a con-
Mitzi Watzman and her sister
the bread. He says that when sultant to the U.S. Atomic En- a re all that remain of her fam-
you are weak, and tired and ergy Commission, and is con- ly. She has a good life now.
hungry, and there are machine sidered one of the topmost S he has made new memories,
guns at your back, it is not easy physicists in the world.
b ut the old ones remain.
to fight back.
In a telephone statement from
Sophie Marks did not live
He says that no matter how Pasadena to the Jewish Tele- in the Ghetto. She lived as a
bad things were and no matter
gentile, outside the walls, and
how much worse they became, said he made his mathematical watched. She heard the Poles
it was still impossible to believe discovery while serving as mili- around her say. "The Jews
that the situation could be still tary attache at the Israel Em- shouldn't be here in the first
worse, still more intolerable. bassy in London. He held the place. It is good that they
German promises and tricks rank of colonel in the Israeli are dying."
kept the Jews from fighting Army. "I am happy that we
Sophie Marks lives in Oak
have in Israel, now, a group of P ark. She has a brother and
If you are hungry and some- scientists continuing the work ister in Russia. They are all
one offers you food, even if on this subject—on the frontiers t hat are left. She has her mem-
you "know" deep down that of physics," he told the JTA. 0 ries too.
they are lying, you hope that That work, he said, is being
And there are others in De-
they are not, and you grab at done under the aegis of the Is- t roit with memories. There is
the opportunity to eat and raeli Atomic Energy Commis- S am Moss, who cleaned the
live. You don't fight back. sion.
r ubble of the Ghetto, after there
That would be to give up all
w ere no more Jews to be taken
hope, and when hope is all you
a way. There is Ruben Helman
have left, you do not give it
About one-third of Israel's a nd Abraham Lefko. And there
up so readily.
population—three-quarters of a is Harry Tuchklaper.
By 1942 there was no more million persons — live in the
They all have their own
hope. The truth about "resettle- country's three largest cities, st ories. And they all have their
ment" and food had reached the Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and Haifa. m emories.
by 2 Scientists
Algeria Jews Visit Paris to Arrange
for Passover Supplies Shipment
PARIS. (JTA) — A delegation
of Algerian Jews, the first to
come to France since Algeria
won its independence, arrived
in Paris to arrange for the ship-
ment of matzoh and other ritual
supplies for the forthcoming
The five-man delegation,
representing the 5,000 Jews
still living in the former
French territory — a small
fraction of the preindepend-
ence community of 130,000—
came to attend a meeting of
the Jewish Central Consistory.
They also met with represent-
atives of other Jewish organ-
izations to whom they re-
p o r t e d on conditions in
nomic problems, some actually
living in desperate straits. They
are free, however, to organize
themselves communally, to con-
duct religious services and to
provide Jewish schools for their
Individually, many of the Al-
gerian Jews face serious eco-
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5—THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS—F riday, Februa ry 28, 1964
Survivors of the Nazi Horrors
Recall Life in Warsaw Ghetto