Same Old Soup
THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35,
Mich., VE 8-9364. SubscripLion $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid At Detroit, Michigan
PHILIP SLOMOVITZ CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ SIDNEY SHMARAK
Editor and Publisher
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
of Shevat, 5724, the following Scriptural selections will be
read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion: Exod. 13:17-17:16. Prophetical portion: Judges 4:4-5:31.
Licht Benshen, Friday, Jan. 24, 5:19 p.m.
VOL. XLIV. No. 22
January 24, 1964
An Eleventh Commandment of M. E. Justice
In 1944, Harper & Brothers published
a volume entitled "Palestine—Land of
Promise." Its author, Dr. Walter C. Low-
dermilk, the famous American soil con-
servation expert, had gone to what was
then Palestine and suggested the estab-
lishment of a Jordan Valley Authority for
the protection of the soil and the preser-
vation of the precious water supply.
Dr. Lowdermilk, a devout Christian,
acquired new inspiration for his life's
work during the research he conducted
in the Holy Land. He wrote what he
called "The Eleventh Commandment,"
and during the dedication of new Pales-
tinian villages he broadcast its text over
the radio in June 1939. The command-
ment he composed stated:
"Thou shalt inherit the holy earth as
a faithful steward conserving its resources
and productivity from generation to gen-
eration. Thou shalt safeguard thy fields
from soil erosion, thy living waters from
drying up, thy forests from desolation,
and protect thy hills from overgrazing by
the herds, that thy descendants may have
abundance forever. If any shall fail in
this stewardship of land, thy fruitful
fields shall become sterile stony ground
or wasting gullies, and thy descendants
shall decrease and live in poverty or
perish from the face of the earth,"
Dr. Lowdermilk's idealism was not
directed to Jews, but to an area. He was
not praying for Israel but for the peoples
of the Middle East—all of whom would
have benefited, had his irrigation plan
What a pity that the politicians have
taken over and, instead of encouraging
cooperation for the advancement of all
nations, they are propagating war!
The late Dr. Eric Johnston, whose
scheme for such cooperation was en-
dorsed by the United States Government,
knew about the Lowdermilk plan. In a
sense, he had embodied it in his proposals
for Arab-Israel cooperation. But the
Arabs are bent on war and will not recog-
nize Israel. Therefore Israel had to do
her job herself.
Dr. Lowdermilk earned the commen-
dations of American officials for his de-
voted efforts which included his research
in Palestine. On Oct. 31, 1940, the former
Vice President of the United States,
Henry A. Wallace, who previously headed
our Department of Agriculture, had this
to say about Dr. Lowdermilk:
"Some years ago, I called into the office
of the Department of Agriculture a soil ex-
pert by the name of Dr. Lowdermilk. I said
that I felt trouble closing in on the world,
and I hoped he could go to certain lands over-
seas where there had been ancient civiliza-
tions, and discover as completely as possible,
the evidence . . . of the way in which soil, and
therefore civilizations, had been destroyed.
"Dr. Lowdermilk took on the task. He re-
turned from abroad and came to our office.
The very first thing he gave me was a thirty-
to forty-page document with photographs,
the result of his observations in Palestine.
Dr. Lowdermilk is not of Jewish descent but
he had become the most complete Zionist
convert anyone could ask for.
"In reading Dr. Lowdermilk's report I was
convinced that the material foundations of
Zion were very real and deep indeed. Some
of us . . . have sometimes wondered how deep
in the soil Zionist enthusiasms were. Dr. Low-
dermilk set this question at rest. As an agricul-
turist and soil expert, he was profoundly im-
pressed with the scientific character of the
work, and as a human being he was infinitely
inspired by the human beings whom he met
there on the Land . . .
"The Jewish people have been hungering
for some kind of stability on the land for thou-
sands of years—on that ancient bit of land
which Abraham paid for and which was aban-
doned for a time by Joseph and his brethren,
but which was built up again, and is now being
resettled for a third time—resettled not by
grace of government help, but through the
funds, spirit and tradition of the Jewish
"And, so I, a Gentile, close to this effort,
regard the translation of this spirit into tan-
gible reality as one of the most exciting un-
dertakings in the world—for it is a spirit
which comes down from olden times, but is
at the same time forward looking."
Strong Pleas for Traditional
Principles Made by Schonfeld
"The secularists have no explanation of life" and "Judaism
explains life as a refining of the matter and energies of cosmos,"
Dr. Solomon Schonfeld declares in his newest book, "Why
Published by Shapiro, Vallentine & Co. in London, the book
is being distributed in this country by Bloch.
Dr. Schonfeld, who is the presiding rabbi of the Union of
Orthodox Hebrew Congregations of Britain, treats his study of
Judaism as a philosophy of man and the universe and places
emphasis on the unique status of Torah.
The author, declaring that the theme of his book is "ex-
planatory rather than argumentative, encouraging rather than
defending," states that "Jews with a definite philosophy of life
should feel at one with their allotted role in the unfolding of
Discussing Biblical Judaism in relation to the sciences,
Rabbi Schonfeld maintains that scientists "are currently
veering towards the inclusion of faith within the scientific
view." Maintaining that "the Bible already has the ultimate
answer to all research," he states that the scientist "should
be helped to a realization that the Bible is in step with him
just as he should be in step with the Bible."
His appeal is for the strengthening of the family as "the
foundation-stone of real civilization." He deplores lascivious devia-
tions, easy-going sex "looseness," the excusing of homosexuality
and asserts that "the inviolability of every family home is a
modern concept in line with Biblical teaching."
"Jewry and Judaism have never aimed to deprive Christians
of their Christianity," Dr. Schonfeld declares in a discussion of
Christian-Jewish relations. "It is fundamental to Judaism," he
adds, "that every human being should acknowledge his Maker.
So long as they do not compel the Jew to pray their prayers, the
Jew wants the Christian to pray, officially and publicly."
Rejecting and condemning communism, Dr. Schonfeld de-
plores the existence of leftist socialism in Eretz Israel.
He appeals: "Judaism for Jews is positive: Live Judaism!
Treasure the Torah-Bible, the genuine Judaism! Let Jewry
create its climate around the synagogue."
In this spirit, Rabbi Schonfeld's "Why Judaism" is a strong
plea for adherence to traditional Judaism.
Israel's irrigation plans began long be-
fore there was an Israel. The Jewish
farmers, more than 30 years ago, already
were concerned about the need for soil
reclamation and water preservation. That
was why Dr. Lowdermilk was invited,
with the cooperation of the United States
Government, to study the soil conditions
and the possibilities of making use of
every available water resource, without
depleting the water supply in the entire
area. But the Arabs are rattling their
sabers against Israel in a sudden rage of
anger over the newly-established water
scheme as if it were a sudden develop-
ment. It was never a secret.
Similarly, the nations of the world
also knew about the plan. Why the sud-
den sensationalism? It is consonant with
the type of diplomatic inconsistencies
which have brought much trouble to the
world because the statesmen, instead of
acting promptly and firmly on major is- Translated from the Yiddish
sues, usually wait for an upheaval to
force attention to serious problems. Then
we experience threats, resort to expe-
diency, hypocrisy. Is the United Nations,
with the aid of our own government,
able now to avert an unnecessary crisis?
Bergner's 'Light and Shadow'
an Australian Jewish Novel
Sen. Hart's Liberalized Immigration Proposal
Senator Philip A. Hart of Michigan
has emerged as one of the chief advocates
of legislation to abolish the national im-
migration origins quota plan, and he
should be given the support of all citi-
zens whose loyalties are motivated by a
sense of justice.
Evaluating his position in testimony
he presented to the Senatorial committee
dealing with the problem, Senator Hart
showed that 'arbitrary ethnic and racial
barriers became the basis of American
immigration policy," and he declared
that the present system "was framed by
an irrational element—the national ori-
gins concept, which said in clear and
echoing words that the people of some
nations are more welcome to America
The need for reform of the present
laws was urged by Senator Hart for
"moral and national interest reasons."
He declared that "the national origins
quota system "neither satisfies a national
need nor accomplishes an international
purpose." He now asks for restoration of
equality and fair play in the selection of
immigrants, facilitation of the reunion of
families and other reforms.
Senator Hart believes that "congress
can this year enact an immigration statute
which speaks a welcome to the immigrant
in the spirit of brotherhood and justice."
President Johnson has informed Con-
gress that he favors liberalization of the
present immigration laws. Under Senator
Hart's able leadership it is to be hoped
that this objective can be accomplished
at this session of Congress.
Herz Bergner, a native of Poland who came to Australia in
1938, became an Australian naturalized citizen and continued his
story writing he had begun in Warsaw, is attracting attention
with his second novel, "Light and Shadow," just published by
Thomas Yoseloff (11 E. 36th, NY 16). It has been ably translated
by Alec Braizblatt, and an Australian literary critic, Alan Mar-
shall, in a foreword, highly commends the author, who had won
the gold medal of the Australian Literature Society for his first
novel, "Between Sky and Sea."
Bergner has a good background which enabled him, in his
new and excellently written story to describe the life of incoming
immigrants in Australia, to show how they welcomed refugees
from Nazism and assisted in Israel's upbuilding.
"Lights and Shadow" deals with an interesting family that
leaves a small community to settle in Melbourne. One of the
sons intermarries, the daughter gets involved with an Italian
while engaged to a fine young Jewish lad who marries her after
his return from a German prison camp—only to have his love
affair cooled by his wife's actions. The youngest son leaves for
Israel after rejection by a refugee woman much older and with
a child whom she rescued while escaping from the holocaust.
On board ship he is elated to learn that the girl whose love he
had rejected also is on the way to the State of Israel. There
is a joy that indicates a reconciliation.
Thus, the many aspects in the novel reflect life in an im-
portant Jewish community, well delineated by an able writer.