Desalination No Mirage
THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commerzcing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35,
Mich., VE 8-9364. SubscripLion $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid At Detroit, Michigan
PHILIP SLOMOVITZ CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Editor and Publisher
• • v . .2
• . •
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the fourth day of Shevat, 5724, the following Scriptural selections will be
read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion: Exod. 10:1 - 13:16. Prophetical Portion: Jeremiah 46:13-28.
Licht Benshen, Friday, Jan. 17, 5:10 p.m.
January 17, 1964
VOL. XLIV. No. 21
U. S. Support for Israel's Scientific Projects
American support for cultural and
scientific endeavors in Israel has been
growing with the years, and the Weiz-
mann Institute of Science has been a
special beneficiary of American Jewry
as well as our Government.
Recent discoveries accredited to scien-
tists at the Weizmann Institute in Re-
hovoth, Israel. have spurred the interest
that our people have shown in the great
research institute established in honor of
the first President of Israel and the dis-
tinguished Zionist leader.
Among the important statements that
had been made in support of the Weiz-
mann Institute was the declaration, by
the late President John F. Kennedy, who
said, shortly before his tragic death, on
the occasion of the laying of the corner-
stone for the Feinberg School for Ad-
vanced Studies at the Institute:
"The greatness of a school is meas-
ured neither by acres nor by numbers
of students—but by purpose and ac-
complishment. The Weizmann Institute
has already, in a few years, earned its
greatness. There are few institutions
that have made such an extraordinary
and enduring achievement in so short
a time. I am confident that the Feinberg
school for graduate studies, building
upon the foundation of the Institute
achievement, will quickly make its own
. contributions to the advancement of
President Kennedy was to have de-
livered the address at the annual dinner
of the Weizmann Institute, in December,
but the event, like so many others, was
postponed due to the crime that was com-
mitted in Dallas. President Lyndon B.
Johnson, recognizing the value of the
cause his predecessor supported, has con-
sented to be the speaker at the dinner
that was postponed until Feb. 6. At that
time, an impressive beginning will be
announced for the commencement of the
Kennedy Memorial Fellowships at the
A great American tradition is thus
being perpetuated. Our Chief Executive,
by his presence at the dinner, will con-
tinue American encouragement to the ad-
vancement of science in Israel, a deserv-
ing tribute will be inaugurated in memory
of our late President, and Israel's cul-
tural activities will be enhanced by a
common understanding that leads to the
continuation of good will between this
country and Israel.
Jewish Sufferings Under Nazis: USSR Secret
It is difficult to understand the Com- many, has something to do with an in-
munists' position on the extent of the herited attitude of hatred for all Jews.
Nazi crimes against the Jews. While they It may well be that the continuing anti-
do not hesitate to emphasize the mis- Semitic feelings that were passed on to
treatment of non-Jews, their descriptions Russians from the Czarist regime to that
of Jewish sufferings are accounted for in of the Communists has somethings to do
the form of an "also martyred" group. with an unfortunate policy that pre-
This has been true in Russia proper, •dominated under Stalin and that has not
where the Babi Yar outrage was silenced been erased under the Khrushchev re-
until Y e v g e n y Yevtushenko made it gime.
There has been in evidence in the
known in a poem that aroused the ire of
Khrushchev and other Soviet leaders. USSR a desire to play down every vestige
This has been in evidence in the Soviet of heroism on the part of Jews during
Union's policy of keeping the Babi Yar the last war. This was true in the Russian
area a secret from tourists. It also is true military ranks in which Jews played im-
in Poland where the Jewish sufferings portant roles. But the patriotism of the
under the domination of the Nazis often Jews and the leadership of a number of
has been portrayed as secondary to the Jewish military leaders in the war against
humiliations that were endured by Poles. the Nazis has been kept a state secret.
The documentary volume just issued This, too, may account for an attitude
in Russia similarly fails to indicate the that spells prejudice.
Russia's official policy is to consider
magnitude of the Jewish tragedy.
How is this to be accounted for, other anti-Semitism a state crime. But the policy
than by a desire to minimize the Jewish remains unenforceable, and the USSR
government's adherence to a plan of re-
Perhaps the perpetuated hatred for taining the crime against Jewry in sec-
Trotsky, who had warned far in advance recy places a serious responsibility upon
of the perpetration of the Nazi terror future historians in Communist-ruled
that dangers were impending from Ger- countries to set the record straight.
Those Who Seek Destruction — Arab Madness
An Arab campaign of hate, the intensi-
fication of which was attempted at the
Cairo meeting this week, threatens to
assume such dimensions that a war scare
has monopolized some of the public
Actually, what the Arabs are doing
now, with the Jordan water project as a
mere excuse for renewed war-mongering,
is to continue to keep their own people
and the gullible in many quarters under
tensions occasioned by endless fears lest
another war should break out.
Most of the Arab threats have been
abortive. No one knows, however, when
incitement to riot might result in an open
military operation — and any resort to
war can easily involve other areas and
spread into a world conflict.
Fortunately, many world statesmen
are aware that the new Arab excuse for
the effort to foment trouble results from
their own rejection of a water irrigation
plan that would have drawn both Arabs
and Israelis together and would have
created harmony in the area. But that
would have meant recognition of Israel,
and the Arab war-mongers, who are also
desirous of keeping the masses of their
people in ignorance of the true needs
for proper development in their respec-
tive countries, seem bent upon doing
everything to continue a warlike spirit
It is evident that the Arab leaders are
aiming at Israel's destruction. Such un-
reality is sheer madness, and the sooner
the Arabs realize it the better for the
peace of the area. The sooner the world's
statesmen agree to repudiate such an aim,
the stronger will become the spirit of
amity involving the entire world.
Story of Dead Sea Scrolls in
Shippen Archaeology Studies
"Portals to the Past" by the archaeologist Katherine B.
Shippen is listed by the publishers, Viking Press (6125 Madison,
NY 22), as a book for junior high school-age readers. But it serves
well for adults who seek information about archaeology.
With a noteworthy series of illustrations—the accompanying
stone lithographs by Mel Silverman—this story of archaeology
features a valuable chapter on the Dead Sea Scrolls, under the
title "The Mystery of the Scrolls."
The author ably relates the detailed account of the adventure
at the cave where fragments of a pottery jar and several other
jars were found intact by a Bedouin boy, how they were brought
to light and were declared by a Hebrew University professor to
belong to antiquity.
While it is regrettable that the details of Professor Sukenik's
visit to the Old City of Jerusalem in Jordan, during the critical
war years, are not elaborated upon, the author could have added
much more important material to her account of the scrolls.
But the story as she relates it nevertheless serves a good
purpose and its concluding paragraph is worth noting. It reads:
"The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls with their ancient
and precious Biblical texts has stirred new interest in the
origins of the Old Testament and thrown new light on the life
of the Essenes. Scholars in their quiet way rejoice because
another page has been added to their understanding of the past."
The complete indexing of the scrolls, the historical background
of the Qumran community, the manner of testing ancient docu-
ments are part of Miss Shippen's story.
Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Kurdish, Scythian Tombs, Saharan,
Indus River, Troyan and a score of other discoveries relating to
historic occurrences are fascinatingly told in this most informa-
tive book. Each chapter in this book reads like a fairy tale, yet
it is part of history's records now made known by archaeology.
Miss Shippen performs her task of making the record known with
great skill and with a knowledge which she imparts authoritatively
to her readers.
Ruth Gruber's 'Israel Today'
Paperbacks continue to provide literary material for readers
who otherwise would be unable to benefit from higher priced
books. Books of Jewish interest now are available in the lower-
priced paper-covered texts.
Among the outstanding paperbacks just made available is
the wide-acclaimed "Israel Today—Land of Many Nations," by
Ruth Gruber, published in a revised edition,
by Hill and Wang (141 .6th, NY 10).
The value of this book, which, from its
first appearance in 1958, was welcomed as
a splendid explanation of Israel's status, is
the travel guide. An, expert on Israel, having
visited the country as a foreign correspon-
dent for American newspapers on numerous
occasions, Dr. Gruber advises on transpor-
tation, visas and passports, the Israeli con-
sulates that make such arrangements, the
required innoculations, necessities for trips
to Israel by men and women. the currency
and customs regulations, availablility of ho-
tels and restaurants, shops, tips, etc. The
brevity of this chapter makes it especially
serviceable as a guide.
Dr. Gruber starts her account from the
very beginning, from Israel's rebirth as a
nation, and takes the reader through all
Israeli areas and introduces them to the
many elements who make up the new State.
She discusses the Arab question, takes into
account the Israeli struggle for independence, devotes interesting
chapters to the Jews of Yemen and those who came from the
North African island of Djerba.
There is an explanatory chapter on the Dead Sea Scrolls,
the story of their discovery and their present location.
Many fine photographs, taken by the author, add to the merits
of this fine book on Israel.