30th Year of
THE JEWISH NEWS
"T" r=e cD 1 "T"'
M I 1-1 I A, IN
of Jewish Events
Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
VOLUME XLIV — No. 20
10 kr i Vneido ni nslop
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.—VE 8-9364—Detroit 35, January 10, 1964—$6.00 Per Year; This Issue
Soviet Documentary Records
Ignore Nazi Torture of Jews
Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
a zis Retain Their Defense
of 'Followed Orders to Kill'
FRANKFURT, (JTA)—West Germany's biggest war crimes
trial since the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal of 1946, involv-
ing this tin 22 former guards, officials and medical personnel
at the infamous Auschwitz-Birkenau death factory, charged
with complicity in the murder of 4,000,000 persons, most of
them Jews, resumed Monday.
The proceedings, which opened two weeks ago and recessed,
got under way in earnest with the questioning of the accused
"good" Nazis. Presiding Justice Hans Hofmyer heads the trial,
with two other judges and three alternate jurists on the bench
and a jury of six and four alternate jurors sitting by:
The first to be questioned was Emil Bendarek, an inmate
at Auschwitz who, according to the prosecution, had his life
spared when he agreed to help murder other prisoners. A trus-
tee at the camp, Bendarek is accused of having beaten one man
to death, helped kill eight others, and dousing other prisoners
with cold water as they stood naked outdoors until they froze
So far, all the accused have denied the charges of murder,
torture and complicity in mass executions. Several of them have
advanced the usual Nazi contention that they had to carry out
orders to kill—or face death themselves. This contention, how-
ever, is expected to be proven false by the prosecution through
at least one witness.
The trial is on a schedule of three days a week—Mondays,
Thursdays and Fridays. The proceedings are expected to last
The arrest in the Soviet zone of a 58-year-old East German
physician, Kurt Heissmayer, on charges of crimes against
humanity during the Nazi era, was disclosed here.
Dr. Heissmayer, a resident of Madgeburg, was charged
with committing war crimes while serving as a doctor in a Nazi
concentration camp. The reports from East Germany did not
specify which camp he was alleged to have served. The arrest
reportedly took place more than 10 days ago.
LONDON — A volume of documents on the Nazi occupation of Soviet terri-
tory during World War II published recently in the Soviet Union has been edited
in a way which fails to convey the scope of the Nazi torture and murder of Soviet
Jews, it was reported here Tuesday.
The volume "Criminal Ends—Criminal Means" was published in 60,000 copies
under the 'authority of the war history department of the Institute of Marxism-
Leninism, the Central Archives Division and the Committee of Soviet War Veterans.
The books contain 153 documents. Only in four is any reference made to
Jewish victims of the Nazi invasion and occupation.
One of the other three refers to "Jews and Bolsheviks" and another to a
plan to exterminate five- or six-million Jews.
A report on Babi Yar, the site of the slaughter near Kiev made famous by
the poem by Soviet poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko, includes a description of the
shooting of Jews alongside similar descriptions of the shooting of gypsies and
prisoners of war.
The over-all view given in the selection, it was asserted here, fails either
by design or accident to convey the impact of the calamity which the Nazis
visited on Jews in the occupied areas.
At least one more Jew has been sentenced to death in the Soviet Union for alleged
participation in "economic crimes".
Two Jews were given prison sentences, and one Jew had his new home confiscated, ac-
cording to provincial Soviet newspapers reaching here Tuesday.
The reports indicated that the USSR's campaign against Jews accused as criminals has
The Jew sentenced to death was convicted of embezzlement and "diversion of public
He had been given the death sentence after a trial in Kiev, according to Pravda
Ukranskaya. His name was listed as Niyakovsky.
At Tashkent, capital of Uzbekistan, two Jews, Abramovitch and Flitzfeder, were sen-
tenced to prison terms of six years and three years respectively, according to Tashkenskaya
Pravda. A non-Jew, Makarkin, was convicted in the same trial and given nine years in prison.
All were accused of bribery.
The same newspaper reported the case of a Jew named Itzhak Yusiipov who was charged
with having built a home costing 9,000 rubles on an income of 125 rubles a month. The
charges alleged that he could not have come by his money honestly since his salary as a
purchasing agent for a hospital was low and he had to support a family of five. The court
ordered that his home be taken away from him.
Contrast Noted in Youth Aliyah's 30th Year
Youth Aliyah, the great rescue program
through which 110,000 children were
rehabilitated in Israel, marks its 30th
anniversary this month with a study in
contrasts shown in these photos. On the
left is a group of Youth Aliyah children
of the post-war period. Below are pres-
ent-day Youth Aliyah students in a
soil chemistry class at Kfar Batya,
Mizrachi Women's Children's Village
in Ranaana, Israel.
See Commentary, Page 2
U. S. Envoy Accuses USSR of
'Sorry Anti-Semitic Record'
NEW YORK, (JTA) — Ambassador Jonathan B. Bingham,
member of the U.S. delegation to the United Nations, charged
the Soviet Union with a "sorry record" of anti-Semitism and said
that Communist bloc delegations have shown "something less than
wild enthusiasm" for UN efforts to combat religious intolerance.
Bingham told 1,100 guests attending a Bnai Brith Youth Serv-
ices dinner that the "hypocrisy" of Communist claims of religious
freedom has been exposed by their "encouragement and practice
of anti-Semitism." "The one hopeful aspect of the sorry Soviet
record," he said, "is their obvious anxiety to conceal the truth.
This demonstrates that the Kremlin leaders are not insensitive to
the pressures of world opinion."
Label A. Katz, president of Bnai Brith, in a plea for UN action
to outlaw religious discrimination, said the Soviet Union's policy
toward its Jews "calls for a formal condemnation by an inter-
national body." He said community life in the USSR might be
improved by "persistent expressions of the moral indignation
that free peoples should feel."
164 Yiddish Books Published
in 1962; None in Soviet Union
LONDON, (JTA)—A total of 164 Yiddish books were pub-
lished around the world in 1962, compared with 146 in 1961,
figures released here by Ziko, Central Institute for Jewish Cul-
tural Organizations, showed.
According to the analysis, not one Yiddish book was published
in the Soviet Union in 1962. Of the total issued that year, Israel
led the list with 55 Yiddish books; the United States came next
with 41; 38 were published in Argentina; 10 in Poland; six in
France; four each in Mexico and Canada; two in England; one
each in South Africa, Uruguay, Australia and Romania.
By subject, around the world, the Yiddish books published in
1962 included 35 works of fiction, 29 of poetry, 56 biographies, 18
on the Nazi holocaust; 11 collections of documents relating to
various Jewish communities decimated by the holocaust; 12 educa-
tional works and textbooks; and three on music.