Israel Zangwill Centennary—Zionist Visionary,
Child of the Ghetto, Creator of Incisive Jewish Wit
By JOSEF FRAENKEL
Jewish News Special London Correspondent
A few months before the publication of his pamphlet, "The Jewish State," Theodor Herzl decided
to leave Vienna for Paris in an effort to gain supporters and collaborators for the realization of his
plans. Max Nordau advised him to go on to London, and there to get in touch with Israel Zangwill.
The three men, Herzl, Nordau and Zangwill, were at that time already well-known writers and authors;
Herzl was 35, Nordau, 46, and Zangwill, at 31, the youngest of the three.
Herzl arrived in London on Nov. 21, 1895, and his first call was on Zangwill, to whom he explained
his Zionism, and asked him to arrange a meeting between himself (Herzl) and the leaders of Anglo-Jewry.
Herzl's entry into Zangwill's study at 24 Oxford Road, Kilburn, marked the beginning of modern Zionism.
Zangwill, who had never before heard of Herzl, was charmed by his personality, that of an "As-
syrian king," and immediately set to work. He sent a telegram to Col. Albert Goldsmid, the leader of
Continued on Page 24
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VOLUME XLIV — No. 19
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12 of 13 Arab States Join
War Threats Against Israel
Poll Shows Decreasing
Tendency to Blame Nazis
for German Military Defeat
There is still a fair percentage of West Germans who believe
that Hitler, were it not for the defeat of the Nazis in World
War II, would have become one of the greatest German states-
men. This fact is brought out in recent West German polls,
which also show a decreasing tendency to blame the Nazis for
Germany's military defeat. But Hitler runs a poor third to
Adenauer and Bismarck in answer to the question: "Which
great German did the most for Germany?," in poll findings,
conducted by the Allensbach Institute of Demography, and
released by the World Jewish Congress.
Continued on Page 24
CASABLANCA, (JTA)—King Hassan II, of Morocco, has agreed to partici-
pate in the summit conference of Arab heads of state, summoned by Egypt's
President Gamal Abdel Nasser to meet in Cairo to discuss unified action against
Israel, if Israel should start diverting the waters of the Jordan River, it was
officially announced here by Morocco's new Minister of Information.
So far, 12 of the 13 Arab states have agreed to attend the summit meeting,
scheduled to be held in Cairo on January 13. Saudi Arabia is the only country that
has as yet not publicly accepted Nasser's call for the conference.
The Istiqlal Party, the official opposition party here, issued a statement
"welcoming" the King's decision, and demanded that Morocco take "the initiative
JERUSALEM, (JTA)—Premier Levi Eshkol said Israel would seek maxi-
mum world attention to the "cruelties" suffered by Israelis in Syrian prisons and
that Israel would spare no effort to obtain the release of Israelis still held. He
accused Syria of "barbarism" in the treatment of Israeli prisoners.
He told Israel's Parliament that joy over the return of 11 Israelis in a
prisoner exchange last Saturday was "mixed with deep sorrow and shock." He
added that eight of the returnees were "broken in body and spirit after years of
cruel man-handling and indescribable sufferings." All of the 11 had to be
He noted that for years the Syrians had denied holding any Israeli
prisoners altogether, but that those returning had confirmed that more were still
being held. Israel has renewed its energetic approach to the United Nations to
effect their release, the Premier said.
He opened his statement with an expression of thanks on behalf of the
Government and the families of the freed prisoners to the United Nations for the
efforts made to obtain their release.
(Washington sources confirmed that the U.S. Embassy in Israel has been
informed of Israel's charges of barbarity against Israel. However, it was noted that
Continued on Page 3
Charles Gershenson & Al Borman Named
to Head 1964 Allied Jewish Campaign
The Jewish Welfare Federation will conduct its 1964 Allied Jewish Cam-
paign under the leadership of Charles H. Gershenson, as chairman, and Abraham
Borman, as co-chairman, announced Max M. Fisher, Federation president.
Fisher called the community "fortunate" to have retained the active and
capable leadership of the two men who led the multi-million dollar drive in 1963.
Fisher forecast a total considerably in excess of last year's $4,615,000, which he
called an excellent achievement for 1963. He said all indications are that 1964
will be a banner year for the campaign.
The pre-campaign budget conference has recommended that 52 per cent
of funds raised in the 1964 campaign, up to $4,800,000, and 90 per cent above
that figure, be allocated for overseas and Israel.
"If we are to make the necessary improvements in services of our local
agencies and continue to adequately support our national beneficiaries, we must
raise substantially more in 1964," Gershenson said.
Gershenson is president of the Jewish Community Center - and serves on
the board of governors of Federation, on the boards of the Detroit Service Group
and the Jewish Family and Children's Service. He has been a leader of the cam-
paign's real estate and building division, and a former big gifts chairman; and has
been a member of several survey missi ons to Israel.
Borman was treasurer of the 1962 Allied Jewish Campaign and has been
a leader in the campaign's food division. He is a member of the board of gov-
ernors of the Federation and of the United Foundation. He serves on the govern-
ing bodies of the Jewish Home for Aged and United Hebrew Schools.
Gershenson and Borman will lead 3,200 campaign workers in securing the
gifts of more than 27,000 of Detroit's Jewish citizens. Over the past decade the
campaign has averaged more than $5,000,000 annually.