By MILTON FRIEDMAN
his top staff members was pri- achievement for an "unofficial
vate, unofficial, and "not as a tourist."
WASHINGTON — Pro-Israel representative of the U. S. Gov-
Ben-Gurion later comment-
elements were reassured to ernment." Indeed, Department ed that Feldman was "the
learn that President Lyndon B. spokesman indicated that Feld- kind of man to whom I can
Johnson will rely on Myer Feld- man was in Israel merely as a talk."
man, of the White House staff, tourist, so unimportant that
President Johnson and Feld-
to advise him on Jewish issues "we do not know with whom he man
have been acquainted since
exactly as Mr. Feldman did for had appointments."
1950s. Feldman then
Such remarks about a senior helped on some work of the
Biased recommendations of • White House staff member were Senate Preparedness Subcom-
the State Department will now unprecedented. They reflected mittee. A Senator at that time,
continue to be observed and the vexation of career diplo-
was chairman of the
balanced by Feldman. There mats at Mr. Feldman's powerful Johnson
Subcommittee. Feldman was
will once more be at the Presi- White House role in counter- then executive assistant to the
dent's elbow an alternative to balancing various stratagems chairman of the U. S. Securities
any one-sided policy, papers dangerous to Israel.
and Exchange Commission and
submitted by the State Depart-
The Department made the volunteered to assist the Sub-
ment's Near Eastern Division.
comments on Mr. Feldman in committee.
An incident in 1962 illus- response to inquiries by Arab
Those who know the Presi-
trated State Department-White ambassadors. Instead of assert- dent
are convinced that his at-
House relations. The Depart- ing the right of an American titude toward leaders of Jewish
ment then stressed — both pub- President to have a Jewish as- faith and Jewish causes is en-
licly and through diplomatic sistant concerned about Israel's tirely positive. His designation
channels to the Arab states— survival, the Department sought of Feldman to continue as
that discussions held in Israel to minimize and discredit the Deputy Special Counsel and also
by Feldman, Deputy Special Feldman visit to Israel. (The personal adviser on Jewish mat-
Counsel to the President, did result was only that the State ters was reassuring to many
no necessarily reflect the views Department discredited itself, Jewish leaders. Feldman's quick
of the United States Govern- in this connection, in the eyes acceptance revealed his faith
of John F. Kennedy).
in President Johnson.
When President Kennedy
During his visit, Feldman dis-
The new President has as-
heard of this, he commented cussed Israel's development and sumed duties at a juncture
that the Department did not security needs with the then which finds several issues sim-
always reflect his own views. Premier David Ben-Gurion. mering: Israel is about to at-
President Kennedy was less Shortly thereafter, the agree- tempt its water diversion pro-
than pleased by some career ment to sell U. S. ground-to-air ject, possibly bringing Arab
diplomats who actually stated missiles to Israel was an- violence; the Arab refugee sit-
that a visit to Israel by one of nounced. This was quite an uation has been revived at the
United Nations; a Presidential
must be made on im-
Former Auschwitz Concentration decision
plementation of the "anti-ag-
gression" amendment involving
Camp Officials Face Crimes Trial severance of aid to Egypt; the
FRANKFURT, (JTA) — The Lucas, former camp physician; relationship of the United
biggest postwar trial of Nazis Dr. Viktor Capesius; SS officer States and Israel remains to be
accused of mass murder of Jews, Franz Hofmann, camp druggist; defined, and the Hawk missiles,
involving 22 former officials and Wilhelm Boger, aide to the chief although contracted, have yet to
a former inmate who was a trus- of the political division; Oswald be delivered.
Other questions awaiting
tee in the Auschwitz extermina- Kaduk, and SS male nurse Josef
tion camp, where millions of Klehr. Hofmann has already action include the plight of
Jews were annihilated will open been sentenced to death for his Soviet Jewry, Arab travel re-
strictions affecting Americans,
here today. But the presentation murders in the Dachua camp.
Arab boycotts and blockades,
of evidence against the defend-
They are variously charged
ants will probably not begin with mass a n d individual immigration reforms, ratifica-
until February or early March, shootings, selections for gas- tion of the Genocide Conven-
tion, and various other civil
it was indicated by the chief sing, mass and individual tor-
rights and human rights mat-
prosecutor, Dr. Hans Grossman. tures, gassing, trampling in-
Dr. Grossman said it would mates to death, hangings, med-
take at least one to two months ical experiments, injections the The coming months will tell
story of the Johnson Ad-
before completion of all pre- and other crimes. The camp
liminaries, including opening was established in April 1940 ministration. Feldman's con-
statements from each of the 22 under Hoess, who was tried tinued presence signifies reas-
defendants. Eighteen attorneys by Polish authorities in the surance to those concerned
have been retained by the de- first Auschwitz trial in War- about the State Department
fendants. The trial, which will saw in April 1947, and hanged pressures.
There is every likelihood that
be held in Frankfurt City Hall, at the camp.
President Johnson will display
will draw more than 100 report-
ers from West Germany and
BONN, (JTA)—Two high po- the sense of justice he asserted
lice officials, each heading a in defense of Israel when he
After the first session today, division of the West German was Senate Majority
will be there to as-
the next hearing will be on Dec. criminal police, have been ar- sist Feldman
Feldman's function at
30. The trial has been in prepa- rested on separate charges of the him.
House is different
ration since 1959. The chief de-
and on a much higher level than
fendant, Richard Baer, who was of Jews during World War II. the
roles played by David K.
the last Auschwitz commandant, One is Werner Meyer, chief po-
and who was arrested for the lice commissioner of the Schles- Niles, who served President
wig-Holstein criminal investiga- Truman, and Maxwell Rabb,
trial, died last June in prison.
who handled Jewish affairs for
The 22 defendants were tion division. The other is Dr. President Eisenhower. As Dep-
chosen from about 1,000 sus- George Fleischmann, head of uty Special Counsel, Feldman is
pects on the basis of evidence the criminal police bureau at responsible for many vital com-
supplied by 1,300 survivors of Ludwigshaven.
According to a Ministry of munications links with Congress
the murder camp in which an
official at Kiel, Meyer and Federal agencies.
estimated 4,000,000 men, wo-
Officially redesignated as the
men and children — mostly has been under investigation for White
Jews—were put to death dur- 18 months. An officer in the SS Israel," House's
Myer Feldman is aware
ing the war. The indictment during the war, he was stationed that "the
covers 700 pages, and evidence in Russia in 1943. The charge doth not Watchman
from the 1,300 survivors totals
about 16,000 pages. The prose- the mass murder of Jews." He slumber."
cution plans to call 254 wit- has been suspended from his
nesses from 13 E u r op e a n office.
Fleischmann is charged with
countries, Israel, the United
"participating in the mass shoot-
States and Australia.
The court will be made up of ings of Jews in the Smolensk
region in 1941." He is also ac-
three judges and three supple- cused
of having ordered the ex-
mentary judges; and six regular
and four supplementary jurors. ecution of an SS officer on the
Chief Prosecutor Grossman is staff of a Nazi exterminating
the head of the political section squad in Russia. Six police offi-
of the Frankfurt Prosecutor's cials have been arrested in
Office. He will be assisted by Schleswig-Holstein since 1959
three other district attorneys. on charges of having committed
The victims will be represented war crimes during the Nazi
by 15 "private accusers," close regime.
relatives of Jews slaughtered in
Auschwitz. The defense lawyers Einstein Medical
are either of their choice or Center Renovated
appointed by the government.
PHILADELPHIA, (JTA) —A
The most important defend- former surgical building at the
ants are Robert Mulka and Karl Albert Einstein. Medical Center
Hoecker, who were adjutants of has been renovated at a cost of
Rudolf Hoess, the first com- some $665,000 to become Phila-
mandant; and of Baer. Others delphia's first hospital ward
are the former camp dentist, facility with only two patients
SS officer Willi Franl; Dr, Franz per room.
(Copyright, 1963, JTA, Inc.)
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5—THE DET ROIT JEWIS H NEWS—Friday, Decemb er 20, 1963
Feldman Stays as Johnson's Jewish Adviser