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December 06, 1963 - Image 10

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-12-06

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Friday, December 6, 1963—THE DETROIT JEWISH NE WS- 10

permitted to us to have at least
a foretaste of discussion con-
cerning these chapters because
of lack of time and for no other
reason."
Another Council prelate, Car-
dinal Lercaro, of Bologna, said
in an address to a conference
of Catholic journalists here, that
the two chapters presented by
Cardinal Bea will be first on
the agenda of the next Ecumeni-
cal Council session, in Septein-
ber.
("Regret and sorrow" that the
Ecumenical Council at Rome
had closed without any action
having been taken on the pro-
posed declaration on the Cath-
olic attitude toward Jews was

Revised Action on Decree on Jews
Expected at Next Ecumenical Session

ROME, (JTA) — A leading
prelate attending' the Ecumeni-
cal Council at the Vatican, Arch-
bishop Florit, of Florence, pre-
dicted that the "overwhelming
majority" of the Council partici-
pants will approve the "long
expected" chapter on the Catho-
lic Church's relations with the
Jewish people.
That chapter absolves the
Jewish people of the crime of
deicide, or responsibility for the
crucifixion of Jesus, and calls
on the Catholic priesthood to
help end all forms of persecu-
tion, including anti-Semitism.
Archbishop Florit made his
statement in an address before
a Catholic organization here.
The Council did not reach
further debate or voting on the
chapter dealing with the Church-
Jewish relations when it ad-
journed Dec. 2.
One of the ardent advocates
of the chapter- on Jews, Msgr.
John Osterreicher, said that
"continuous contacts and mu-
tual studies" must still be made
regarding the chapter on rela-
tions with Jews. Msgr. Oster-
reicher is a consultant to the
Secretariat for Promotion of
Christian Unity, which is head-
ed by Augustin Cardinal Bea,
the principal proponent of the
decree relating to Jews.

The crucifixon blame is ex-
pected to be one of the major
issues to face the next Ecu-
menical Council session set
for Sept. 14 to Nov. 20.

Meanwhile, it became appar-
ent from an interview published
by Osiervatore Romano that
Pope Paul VI plans to establish
a new major arm of Church
administration, to be called
Secretariat for Non - Christian
Religions. This department will

Msgr. Oesterreicher said that
the proper place for Chapter
Four, the statement on the
Jews; was in the schema on
ecumenism because of theol-
ogical reasons. He said "man's
salvation" and the history of
the Jewish people were world
history and also were the roots
of the Church which was in
fact, "a church of the Jews
given to the Gentiles."

While saying that the goal
was "final reconciliation" of
Christianity with the syna-
gogue, he stressed that the
schema on ecumenism ex-
cluded efforts at conversion
of Jews. He added that "one
fruit of the planned decree
should be a lessening of ten-
sions between Catholics and
Jews and removal of age-old
misunderstandings" through
the projected disavowal of the
interpretation of the Gospels
which sows contempts for
Jews.

He reaffirmed that the decree
contained a condemnation of
anti-Semitism in that it "not
only rejects outbursts of hatred
and persecutions to which Jews
have been subjected but it also
says that the Church deplores
them with a mother's heart.
This is stronger than mere cen-
sure," he added, "because it
implies that the Church itself
is affected by abuse and oppres-
sion of the Jews."
Msgr. Oesterreicher said that
the decree, together with the
"masterful address" of Augustin
Cardinal Bea before the Coun-
cil on Nov. 18 had "exploded
the primitive notion" of collec-
tive guilt of the Jews in the
crucifixion. Cardinal Bea, pres-
i d e n t of the Secretariat for
Christian Unity, strongly crit-

mise on the differences between
the Bishops who wanted to
speak on Jews only and those
who wished to include all non-
Christian religions.
He proposed that the agenda
be broadened to include the
40,000,000 adherents of Islam-
ism in Africa, asserting that
they alone traditionally were
considered Abraham's children
among non-Jews; that Islamism
also embraces parts of both the
Old and the New Testaments.
He proposed a solemn declara-
tion on Judaism and Islamism !727•<,:g.;<>2#>%:::,<.:KNW
outside the Schema on Ecumen-
ism. •

While the Ecumenical Coun-
cil concluded its final work-
ing day without a decision to
discuss Chapters Four and
Five of its proposed schema
on ecumenism. Augustin Car-
dinal Bea, head of the Vati-
cian's Secretariat for the Pro-
motion of Christian Unity,
principal proponent of both
chapters, told the assembled
2,200 prelates at the • Council
that he expects written com-
ments on the chapters by
March, and will present both
subjects again for discussion
and voting when the Council
reconvenes, next September.

Cardinal Bea started his dis-
cussion' of the chapters—one of
which, Number Four, absolves
the Jewish people of respon-
sibility for the crucifixion of
Jesus—by telling the Council:
"We all regret that it is not

expressed by A. M. Sonnabend,
president of the American Jew-
ish Committee. "This inaction
on the part of the Council,
coming as it does at a time of
great hopefulness for increased
among Catholics and Jews, is a
source of deep disappointment,"
Sonnabend added.)

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Pope Paul VI May Visit Nazareth

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)

ROME — Pope Paul VI announced at the Ecumenical
Council's closing meeting of the current session Wednesday
that he would visit the Holy Land, the first such visit by a Pope.
He said he would visit the Holy Places where Jesus lived,
worked and died, which would include Nazareth in Israel. The
Pope's dramatic announcement made no specific mention of
Israel.

probably be headed by Cardinal
Koenig, Archbishop of Vienna.
The interview, with Cardinal
Koenig, outlined the aims of
that planned, new Secretariat.
which, she said, would engage
in efforts to develop "interreli-
gious collaboration." That goal,
he said, would be pursued
through "personal contacts, di-
alogues and approaches on a
high representative level," and
would be worldwide.
"All men," said Cardinal Koe-
nig, "are directed toward unity
and collaboration in the fields
of human progress, and this
should be promoted in the reli-
gious field too. All religions
should converge toward univer-
salism and unity which will
overcome conflicting tendencies,
so that later generations can
live together without distinction
as to race, language or culture,
as sons of one Father."

Fresh expressions of sup-
port for the proposed adop-
tion by the Ecumenical Coun-
cil of a statement rejecting
Jewish responsibility for the
crucifixion of Christ were
heard as the Council Fathers
continued debate on Nov. 28.
The Council postponed action
and gave no indication as to
when and in what form action
would be taken.

One of the developments Nov.
28 was a press conference spon-
sored by the United States
Bishops Panel of Msgr. Oester-
reicher, American priest who is
consultant to the Secretariat for
Christian Unity, which prepared
the statement on Jewish-Cath-
olic relations. The statement
warns Catholics against any
anti-Jewish prejudice stemming
from the crucifixion.

icized Bishops who opposed
adoption of the chapter on the
Jews.
Another development was an
address by Prof. Kristen Skyds-
gaard of Copenhagen, one of
the official Protestant observ-
ers at the Council, in which he
said that "whichever position
one takes toward the question
of where to locate the Chapter
on the Catholic attitude toward
Jews, it is clear that never has
it been so absolutely necessary
to pronounce this word as at
present. No criticism from the
outside should impede the
Church from expressing now a
clear condemnation of anti-
Semitism."

Also noted and commented
on was an article by Mazimos
Fourth Saigh, the Patriarch
of Antioch, in Beirut news-
papers, which was disseminat-
ed here, in which the Patri-
arch affirmed his belief that
the decree on the Jews was
"completely non-political" in
its purpose and character,
tending only to outlaw reli-
gious hatred and racist cam-
paigns in the "Christian Oc-
cident" by theoretical and
practical means.

Archbishop Pietro Sfair of
the Antiochan Masonite Rite
called in a speech for inclusion
of the Islamic religion in Chap-
ter Four but no other religions.
He said he proposed this be-
cause of the Islamic affinities
with Christianity and Judaism
and also because such an action
might alleviate antagonisms in
the Middle East and promote
peace there.
The Archbishop Hyacinth
Thiandoum of Kakar, Senegal,
suggested an African compro-

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